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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 106

 

 

Introduction
1The psalmist exhorts to praise God.
4He prays for pardon of sin, as God pardoned the fathers.
7The story of the people's rebellion, and God's mercy.
47He concludes with prayer and praise.

Verse 1
Praise ye the LORD. O give thanks unto the LORD; for he is good: for his mercy endureth for ever.
(Title
&) As part of the preceding Psalm is found in 1 Ch ch. 16, so the first and two last verses of this are found in the same place; and it is highly probable this was composed upon the same occasion as the former, to which it seems to be a continuation; for as that celebrates the mercies of God to Israel, so this confesses and deplores the rebellions of Israel against Jehovah.
Praise ye the Lord
Heb. Hallelujah.
105:45
O give
100:4,5; 107:1; 118:1; 136:1; 1 Chronicles 16:34; Ezra 3:11; Jeremiah 33:11; 1 Thessalonians 5:18
for he
103:17; 119:68; Matthew 19:17; Romans 5:20,21

Verse 2
Who can utter the mighty acts of the LORD? who can shew forth all his praise?
utter
40:5; 139:17,18; 145:3-12; Job 5:9; 26:14; Romans 11:33; Ephesians 1:19; 3:18
all his praise
Nehemiah 9:5

Verse 3
Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that doeth righteousness at all times.
Blessed
1:1-3; 84:11,12; 119:1-3; Mark 3:35; Luke 6:47-49; 11:28; John 13:17; John 15:14; James 1:25; Revelation 7:15; 22:14
keep
119:106; Isaiah 56:1,2; Jeremiah 22:15,16; Luke 11:42; John 14:21-23
doeth
15:2; 119:44; Isaiah 64:5; Ezekiel 18:21,22; Luke 1:74,75; Acts 24:16; Romans 2:7; Galatians 6:9; Revelation 22:14
at all times
119:20,112; Deuteronomy 5:19; 11:1

Verse 4
Remember me, O LORD, with the favour that thou bearest unto thy people: O visit me with thy salvation;
Remember
25:7; 119:132; Nehemiah 5:19; 13:14,22,31; Luke 23:42
visit
Luke 1:68,69; Acts 15:14

Verse 5
That I may see the good of thy chosen, that I may rejoice in the gladness of thy nation, that I may glory with thine inheritance.
may see
105:6,43; Deuteronomy 7:6; John 15:16; Acts 9:15; Ephesians 1:4; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; James 2:5; 1 Peter 2:9; Revelation 17:14
rejoice
14:7; 48:11; Isaiah 12:6; 35:10; 66:10; Joel 2:23; Zephaniah 3:14; Zechariah 9:9; John 16:22; Philippians 3:3
glory
Isaiah 45:25; Ephesians 1:18

Verse 6
We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly.
78:8; Leviticus 26:40; Numbers 32:14; 1 Kings 8:47; Ezra 9:6,7; Nehemiah 9:16,32-34; Daniel 9:5-8; Matthew 23:32; Acts 7:51,52

Verse 7
Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked him at the sea, even at the Red sea.
Our
Deuteronomy 29:4; 32:28,29; Proverbs 1:22; Isaiah 44:18; Mark 4:12; 8:17-21; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12
they
78:42; 105:5; Deuteronomy 15:15; Ephesians 2:11
multitude
45; 5:7; 51:1; Isaiah 63:7; Lamentations 3:32
but
Exodus 14:11,12

Verse 8
Nevertheless he saved them for his name's sake, that he might make his mighty power to be known.
he saved
143:11; Numbers 14:13-16; Deuteronomy 32:26,27; Joshua 7:9; Jeremiah 14:7,21; Ezekiel 20:9,14,22,44; Daniel 9:17-19
that he
111:6; Exodus 9:16; 15:6; Romans 9:17

Verse 9
He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up: so he led them through the depths, as through the wilderness.
He rebuked
In the descriptions of the Psalmist, everything has life. The sea is an animated being, behaves itself proudly, is rebuked, and retires in confusion.
18:15; 66:6; 78:13,52,53; 114:3-7; 136:13-16; Exodus 14:21,22,27-29; Nehemiah 9:11; Isaiah 11:14-16; Nahum 1:4; Matthew 8:26
so he
77:19,20; Isaiah 63:11-14

Verse 10
And he saved them from the hand of him that hated them, and redeemed them from the hand of the enemy.
And he
Exodus 14:30; 15:9,10; Deuteronomy 11:4; Nehemiah 9:11
redeemed
107:2; 136:24; Exodus 15:13; Job 6:22,23; Micah 6:4

Verse 11
And the waters covered their enemies: there was not one of them left.
78:53; Exodus 14:13,27,28; 15:5,10,19

Verse 12
Then believed they his words; they sang his praise.
Exodus 14:31; 15:1-21; Luke 8:13; John 8:30,31

Verse 13
They soon forgat his works; they waited not for his counsel:
They soon forgat
Heb. They made haste, they forgat. Three days afterwards, at the waters of Marah.
78:11; Exodus 15:17,24; 16:2; 17:7
waited
Proverbs 1:25,30; Isaiah 48:17,18

Verse 14
But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert.
But
78:18,30; Numbers 11:4,33,34; Deuteronomy 9:22; 1 Corinthians 10:6
lusted exceedingly
Heb. lusted a lust. tempted.
78:18-20,40,41; 95:8,9; Exodus 17:2; Numbers 14:22; 1 Corinthians 10:9; Hebrews 3:8-10

Verse 15
And he gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul.
he gave
78:29-31; Numbers 11:31-34; Isaiah 10:16; 24:16
but sent
They despised the manna, calling it light or innutritive food. God gave them flesh as they desired, but no blessing accompanied it; and, in consequence, they did not fatten, but grew lean upon it; and many, surfeited by excess, died of disease. Instead of razon, "leanness," however, Bp. Lowth supposes we should read zeraƶn, "nausea or loathing," which appears to be supported by several ancient versions, and by Nu 11:20, where this portion of the history of the Israelites is recorded, and where the word zara is used, and rendered, "it be loathsome."

Verse 16
They envied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the saint of the LORD.
envied
Numbers 16:1,3-50
the saint
Exodus 28:36; Leviticus 21:6-8,10-12; Numbers 16:7

Verse 17
The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company of Abiram.
Numbers 16:29-33; 26:10; Deuteronomy 11:6

Verse 18
And a fire was kindled in their company; the flame burned up the wicked.
Numbers 16:35-40,46; Hebrews 12:29

Verse 19
They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image.
Exodus 32:4-8,35; Deuteronomy 9:12-16,21; Nehemiah 9:18; 1 Corinthians 10:7

Verse 20
Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass.
Thus
89:17; Jeremiah 2:11; Romans 1:22,23
their glory
That is, their God, who ought to have been the peculiar object of their glory.
into
Exodus 20:4,5; Isaiah 40:18-25

Verse 21
They forgat God their saviour, which had done great things in Egypt;
forgat
13; 78:11,12,42-51; Deuteronomy 32:17,18; Jeremiah 2:32
God
Isaiah 12:2; 45:21; 63:8; Hosea 1:7; Luke 1:47; Titus 1:3; 2:10; 3:4-6
which
74:13,14; 135:9; Deuteronomy 4:34; 6:22; 7:18,19; Nehemiah 9:10,11

Verse 22
Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red sea.
Wondrous
The plagues he inflicted on the Egyptians. Egypt is called the land of Ham, or rather, Cham, because it was peopled by Mizraim the son of Ham, and grandson of Noah. Plutarch informs us, that the Egyptians called their country [Chemia] Chemia; and the Copts give it the name of Chemi, [Chemi] to the present day.
78:51; 105:23,27-36
terrible
Exodus 14:25-28; 15:10

Verse 23
Therefore he said that he would destroy them, had not Moses his chosen stood before him in the breach, to turn away his wrath, lest he should destroy them.
he said
Exodus 32:10,11,32; Deuteronomy 9:13,14,19,25; 10:10; Ezekiel 20:13,14
his chosen
105:6,26; Numbers 16:5; Matthew 12:18; John 15:16,19
stood
Exodus 32:14; Jeremiah 5:1; Ezekiel 13:5; 22:30; James 5:16

Verse 24
Yea, they despised the pleasant land, they believed not his word:
they despised
Genesis 25:34; Numbers 13:32; 14:31; Matthew 22:5; Hebrews 12:16
the pleasant land
Heb. a land of desire.
Deuteronomy 8:7-9; 11:11,12; Jeremiah 3:19; Ezekiel 20:6
they believed
Numbers 14:11; Deuteronomy 1:32; Hebrews 3:12,18,19; 4:2,6,14; Jude 1:5

Verse 25
But murmured in their tents, and hearkened not unto the voice of the LORD.
murmured
Numbers 14:1-4,27-29; Deuteronomy 1:26,27
hearkened
95:7-9; Numbers 14:22; Hebrews 3:7,8,15

Verse 26
Therefore he lifted up his hand against them, to overthrow them in the wilderness:
Therefore
95:11; Numbers 14:28-35; Deuteronomy 1:34,35; Hebrews 3:11,18
lifted
Genesis 14:22,23; Exodus 6:8; Deuteronomy 32:40-42; Ezekiel 20:15; Revelation 10:5,6

Verse 27
To overthrow their seed also among the nations, and to scatter them in the lands.
overthrow
Heb. make them fall. to scatter.
44:11; Leviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:26,27; 28:37,64,65; 32:26,27; Ezekiel 20:23

Verse 28
They joined themselves also unto Baalpeor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead.
joined
Numbers 25:1-3,5; 31:16; Deuteronomy 4:3; 32:17; Joshua 22:17; Hosea 9:10; Revelation 2:14
of the dead
The word maithim signifies dead men; for the idols of the heathen were generally men,--warriors, kings, or lawgivers,-- who had been deified after their death; though many of them had been execrated during their life.
115:4-8; Jeremiah 10:8-10; 1 Corinthians 10:19,20

Verse 29
Thus they provoked him to anger with their inventions: and the plague brake in upon them.
with their
39; 99:8; Deuteronomy 32:16-21; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Romans 1:21-24
the plague
Numbers 25:9; 1 Corinthians 10:8

Verse 30
Then stood up Phinehas, and executed judgment: and so the plague was stayed.
Numbers 25:6-8,14,15; Deuteronomy 13:9-11,15-17; Joshua 7:12; 1 Kings 18:40,41; Jonah 1:12-15

Verse 31
And that was counted unto him for righteousness unto all generations for evermore.
Numbers 25:11-13; Deuteronomy 24:13; Mark 14:3-9

Verse 32
They angered him also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes:
angered
78:40; 81:7; Numbers 20:2,6,13
so that
Numbers 20:12,23,24; 27:13,14; Deuteronomy 1:37; 3:26; 4:21

Verse 33
Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.
Because
Numbers 20:10,11
he spake
39:1; 141:3; Genesis 30:1; 35:16-18; Job 2:10; 38:2; 40:4,5; 42:7,8; James 3:2

Verse 34
They did not destroy the nations, concerning whom the LORD commanded them:
did not
Joshua 15:63; 16:10; 17:12-16; 23:12,13; Judges 1:19,21,27-35; Matthew 17:19-21
concerning
Numbers 33:52,55,56; Deuteronomy 7:2,16,23,24; 20:16,17; 1 Samuel 15:3,22,23

Verse 35
But were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works.
But
Joshua 15:63; Judges 1:27-36; 2:2,3
learned
Isaiah 2:6; 1 Corinthians 5:6; 15:33

Verse 36
And they served their idols: which were a snare unto them.
And
78:58; Exodus 34:15,16; Judges 2:12,13,17,19; 3:5-7; 10:6; 2 Kings 17:8-11,16,17; 2 Chronicles 33:2-9; Ezekiel 16:15-63; 20:28-32
which
Exodus 23:33; Deuteronomy 7:16; Joshua 23:13; Judges 2:3,14,15

Verse 37
Yea, they sacrificed their sons and their daughters unto devils,
they sacrificed
However unnatural and horrid human sacrifices may appear, it is certain, that they did not only exist, but almost universally prevailed in the heathen world, especially among the Canaanites and Phoenicians.
Deuteronomy 12:30,31; 18:10; 2 Kings 16:3; 17:17; 21:6; Isaiah 57:5; Jeremiah 7:31; 32:35; Ezekiel 16:20,21; 20:26; 23:37,47
devils
Leviticus 17:7; Deuteronomy 32:17; 2 Chronicles 11:15; 1 Corinthians 10:20; Romans 9:20

Verse 38
And shed innocent blood, even the blood of their sons and of their daughters, whom they sacrificed unto the idols of Canaan: and the land was polluted with blood.
shed
Deuteronomy 21:9; 2 Kings 21:16; 24:4; Jeremiah 2:34
the land
Numbers 35:33; Isaiah 1:15; 26:21; Ezekiel 7:23; 22:3

Verse 39
Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a whoring with their own inventions.
defiled
Isaiah 24:5,6; 59:3; Ezekiel 20:18,30,31,43
went
Exodus 34:16; Leviticus 17:7; 20:5,6; Numbers 15:39; Jeremiah 3:1,2,6-9; Ezekiel 16:15-63; Ezekiel 23:3-49; Hosea 9:1; Revelation 17:1-6
their own

Verse 40
Therefore was the wrath of the LORD kindled against his people, insomuch that he abhorred his own inheritance.
the wrath
78:59-62; Judges 2:14,20; 3:8; Nehemiah 9:27-38
insomuch
Leviticus 20:23; Deuteronomy 32:19; Zechariah 11:8
his own
74:1; Deuteronomy 9:29; Lamentations 2:7

Verse 41
And he gave them into the hand of the heathen; and they that hated them ruled over them.
he gave
Deuteronomy 32:30; Judges 2:14; 3:8,12; 4:1,2; 6:1-6; 10:7-18; Nehemiah 9:27-38
and they
Deuteronomy 28:25,29,33,48

Verse 43
Many times did he deliver them; but they provoked him with their counsel, and were brought low for their iniquity.
Many
Judges 2:16-18; 1 Samuel 12:9-11
with their
29; 1:1; 81:12
brought low
or, impoverished, or weakened.
Judges 5:8; 6:5; 1 Samuel 13:19

Verse 44
Nevertheless he regarded their affliction, when he heard their cry:
Judges 2:18; 3:9; 4:3; 6:6-10; 10:10-16; 1 Samuel 7:8-12; 2 Kings 14:26,27; Nehemiah 9:27-38

Verse 45
And he remembered for them his covenant, and repented according to the multitude of his mercies.
And he
105:8; Leviticus 26:40-42; 2 Kings 13:23; Luke 1:71,72
repented
90:13; 135:14; Exodus 32:14; Deuteronomy 32:36; Judges 2:18; 2 Samuel 24:16; Hosea 11:8; Amos 7:3,6
to the
51:1; 69:16; Isaiah 63:7; Lamentations 3:32

Verse 46
He made them also to be pitied of all those that carried them captives.
1 Kings 8:50; Ezra 9:9; Jeremiah 15:11; 42:12

Verse 47
Save us, O LORD our God, and gather us from among the heathen, to give thanks unto thy holy name, and to triumph in thy praise.
Save us
14:7; 126:1; 1 Chronicles 16:35
gather
Jeremiah 32:37-41; Ezekiel 36:24-28; 37:21-28; 39:25-29
to give
107:1-3; 2 Corinthians 2:14; Revelation 7:10-12

Verse 48
Blessed be the LORD God of Israel from everlasting to everlasting: and let all the people say, Amen. Praise ye the LORD.
Blessed
41:13; 72:18,19; 89:52; 1 Chronicles 29:10; 1 Corinthians 14:16
Praise ye the Lord
Heb. Hallelujah.
1; 105:45; *marg:

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 106:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-106.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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