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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 144



1David blesses God for his mercy both to him and to man.
5He prays that God would powerfully deliver him from his enemies.
9He promises to praise God.
11He prays for the happy state of the kingdom.

Verse 1
Blessed be the LORD my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, and my fingers to fight:
&) A Psalm of David. Calmet and others think that this Psalm was composed by David after the death of Absalom; and from a collation of it with Ps 18, in which the same ideas and form of expression occur, there can be no doubt of both having proceeded from the same pen, and that David was the author.
my strength
Heb. my rock.
18:2,31; 71:3; 95:1; Deuteronomy 32:30,31; Isaiah 26:4; *marg:; Isaiah 45:24
18:34; 44:3,4; 60:12; 2 Samuel 22:35; 2 Corinthians 10:4; Ephesians 6:10,11
to war
or, to the war, etc.

Verse 2
My goodness, and my fortress; my high tower, and my deliverer; my shield, and he in whom I trust; who subdueth my people under me.
My goodness
or, mercy. my fortress.
2 Samuel 22:2,3,40-48; Jeremiah 16:19
who subdueth
18:47; 110:3

Verse 3
LORD, what is man, that thou takest knowledge of him! or the son of man, that thou makest account of him!
what is man
8:4; Job 7:17; 15:14; Hebrews 2:6
or the son

Verse 4
Man is like to vanity: his days are as a shadow that passeth away.
39:5,6; 62:9; 89:47; Job 4:19; 14:1-3; Ecclesiastes 1:2,14; 12:8
his days
102:11; 103:15,16; 109:23; 2 Samuel 14:14; 1 Chronicles 29:15; Job 8:9; Ecclesiastes 8:13

Verse 5
Bow thy heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke.
18:9; Isaiah 64:1,2
104:32; Exodus 19:18; Nahum 1:3-6; Habakkuk 3:3-6; Hebrews 12:18

Verse 6
Cast forth lightning, and scatter them: shoot out thine arrows, and destroy them.
Cast forth
18:13,14; 77:17,18; 2 Samuel 22:12-15
shoot out
7:12; 21:12; 45:5; Deuteronomy 32:23,42

Verse 7
Send thine hand from above; rid me, and deliver me out of great waters, from the hand of strange children;
18:16; 2 Samuel 22:17; Matthew 27:43
Heb. hands. deliver me.
69:1,2,14,15; 93:3,4; Revelation 12:15,16; 17:15
the hand
11; 54:3; Nehemiah 9:2; Malachi 2:11

Verse 8
Whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood.
10:7; 12:2; 41:6; 58:3; 62:4; 109:2,3; Isaiah 59:5-7
their right hand
Isaiah 44:20; Matthew 5:30; Revelation 13:16,17

Verse 9
I will sing a new song unto thee, O God: upon a psaltery and an instrument of ten strings will I sing praises unto thee.
sing a new
33:2,3; 40:3; 98:1; 149:1; Revelation 5:9,10; 14:3
81:1-3; 108:2,3; 150:3-5; 1 Chronicles 25:1-6

Verse 10
It is he that giveth salvation unto kings: who delivereth David his servant from the hurtful sword.
that giveth
18:50; 33:16-18; 2 Samuel 5:19-25; 8:6-14; 2 Kings 5:1
or, victory.
Isaiah 45:1-6; Jeremiah 27:6-8
who delivereth
140:7; 1 Samuel 17:45,46; 2 Samuel 21:16,17

Verse 11
Rid me, and deliver me from the hand of strange children, whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood:
and deliver me
7,8; 2 Samuel 10:6-19; 16:5-14; 17:1-14

Verse 12
That our sons may be as plants grown up in their youth; that our daughters may be as corner stones, polished after the similitude of a palace:
as plants
115:14,15; 127:4,5; 128:3; Isaiah 44:3-5; Lamentations 4:2
as corner stones
Job 42:15; Proverbs 31:10-27; Isaiah 3:16-24
Heb. cut. the similitude.
Song of Solomon 8:8,9; 1 Peter 3:3-6

Verse 13
That our garners may be full, affording all manner of store: that our sheep may bring forth thousands and ten thousands in our streets:
our garners
107:37,38; Leviticus 26:5,10; Deuteronomy 28:8; Malachi 3:10; Luke 12:16-20
all manner of store
Heb. from kind to kind. our sheep.
Genesis 30:29-31; Deuteronomy 7:13,14; 8:3; 28:4

Verse 14
That our oxen may be strong to labour; that there be no breaking in, nor going out; that there be no complaining in our streets.
strong to labour
Heb. able to bear burdens, or loaden with flesh. no breaking in.
Deuteronomy 28:7,25; Judges 5:8; 6:3,6; 1 Samuel 13:17-23; 31:7; Jeremiah 13:17-19; 14:18; Lamentations 1:4-6; Zechariah 8:3-5

Verse 15
Happy is that people, that is in such a case: yea, happy is that people, whose God is the LORD.
yea, happy
33:12; 65:4; 89:15; 146:5; Deuteronomy 33:29; Ephesians 1:3


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 144:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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