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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 18

 

 

Introduction
1David praises God for his manifold and marvellous blessings.

Verse 1
I will love thee, O LORD, my strength.
A. M. 2986. B.C. 1018. (Title.) the servant
36:1; *title; 116:16; 2 Samuel 22:1-51; Acts 13:36; Hebrews 3:5
in the day
34:19; Exodus 15:1-21; Judges 5:1-31; 1 Samuel 2:1-10; Isaiah 12:1-6
I will
116:1-6; 144:1,2; 1 John 4:19
my
32; 28:7,8; 118:14; Isaiah 12:2; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11

Verse 2
The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.
Lord
28:1; 62:2,7; Isaiah 32:2
fortress
91:2; 144:2; Jeremiah 16:19
strength
Heb. rock. whom.
Hebrews 2:13
buckler
91:4; Proverbs 2:7
horn
132:17; 2 Samuel 22:3
high
Proverbs 18:10

Verse 3
I will call upon the LORD, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine enemies.
I will
5:2,3; 28:1,2; 55:16; 62:8; 2 Samuel 22:4; Philippians 4:6,7
who
65:1,2; 76:4; Nehemiah 9:5; Revelation 4:11; 5:12-14
so shall
50:15; 91:15; Luke 1:71; Acts 2:21; Romans 8:31-39

Verse 4
The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.
sorrows
116:3; 2 Samuel 22:5,6; Isaiah 13:8; 53:3,4; Matthew 26:38,39; Mark 14:33,34; 2 Corinthians 1:9
floods
22:12,13,16; Jonah 2:2-7; Matthew 26:47,55; 27:24,25,39-44; Acts 21:30
ungodly men
Heb. Belial.

Verse 5
The sorrows of hell compassed me about: the snares of death prevented me.
The sorrows, or, cords
86:13; 88:3-8,15-17; Acts 2:24
snares
Ecclesiastes 9:12

Verse 6
In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried unto my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, even into his ears.
distress
3,4; 50:15; 130:1,2; Mark 14:36; Acts 12:5
heard
5:7; 11:4; 27:4,5; 2 Samuel 22:7; Habakkuk 2:20; Revelation 11:19
my cry
Exodus 2:23; 1 Kings 8:27-30; 2 Chronicles 30:27

Verse 7
Then the earth shook and trembled; the foundations also of the hills moved and were shaken, because he was wroth.
earth
114:4-7; Matthew 28:2; Acts 4:31; 16:25,26
foundations
46:2; Deuteronomy 32:22; Jeremiah 4:24; Ezekiel 38:19,20; Habakkuk 3:6,10; Zechariah 14:4; 1 Corinthians 13:2

Verse 8
There went up a smoke out of his nostrils, and fire out of his mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.
went
11:6; 21:9; 74:1; 104:32; 144:5,6; Genesis 19:28; Leviticus 10:2; Numbers 11:1; 16:35; Deuteronomy 29:20,23,24,
out of his
Heb. by his. fire.
Daniel 7:10; Amos 4:11; Nahum 1:5,6; Revelation 11:5

Verse 9
He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness was under his feet.
He bowed
Jehovah is here represented as a mighty warrior going forth to fight the battles of David. When He descended to the engagement, the very heavens bowed to render his descent more awful: His military tent was substantial darkness; the voice of His thunder was the warlike alarm which sounded to battle; the chariot in which He rode was the thick clouds of heaven, conducted by cherubs, and carried on by the irresistible force and rapid wings of an impetuous tempest; and the darts and weapons He employed were thunder-bolts, lightnings, fiery hail, deluging rains, and stormy winds! No wonder that when God arose all His enemies were scattered, and those that hated Him fled before Him.
68:4; 144:5-15; Deuteronomy 33:26; 2 Samuel 22:10; Isaiah 51:6; Joel 3:16; Matthew 24:29; Hebrews 12:26; 2 Peter 3:10; Revelation 20:11
darkness
Deuteronomy 5:22,23; Mark 15:33; John 13:7

Verse 10
And he rode upon a cherub, and did fly: yea, he did fly upon the wings of the wind.
rode
99:1; 2 Samuel 22:11,12; Ezekiel 1:5-14; 10:20-22
he did fly
104:3

Verse 11
He made darkness his secret place; his pavilion round about him were dark waters and thick clouds of the skies.
secret
27:5; 81:7; 91:1
thick
97:2; Deuteronomy 4:11; Joel 2:2

Verse 12
At the brightness that was before him his thick clouds passed, hail stones and coals of fire.
At the
97:3,4; Habakkuk 3:4,5; Matthew 17:2,5
hail
Exodus 9:23,24; Joshua 10:11; 2 Samuel 22:13-15; Revelation 16:21

Verse 13
The LORD also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave his voice; hail stones and coals of fire.
thundered
78:48; 104:7; Exodus 20:18; 1 Samuel 7:10; Job 40:9; John 12:29; Revelation 4:5; 8:5; Revelation 19:6
Highest
29:3,4; Ezekiel 10:5
coals
120:3,4; 140:10; Deuteronomy 32:24; *marg:; Habakkuk 3:5

Verse 14
Yea, he sent out his arrows, and scattered them; and he shot out lightnings, and discomfited them.
Yea
21:12; 77:17; Numbers 24:8; Deuteronomy 32:23,42; Joshua 10:10; Job 6:4; Isaiah 30:30; Habakkuk 3:11
he shot
144:6; Job 38:35; 40:9-12; Zechariah 9:14,15

Verse 15
Then the channels of waters were seen, and the foundations of the world were discovered at thy rebuke, O LORD, at the blast of the breath of thy nostrils.
channels
74:15; 106:9; Exodus 15:8; Joshua 3:13-16; 2 Samuel 22:16
foundations
104:5; Job 38:4-6; Jeremiah 31:37; Jonah 2:6; Micah 6:2
O Lord
2 Kings 19:7; Job 4:9; Isaiah 11:4; 30:27,28,33

Verse 16
He sent from above, he took me, he drew me out of many waters.
He sent
57:3; 144:7
drew
43; 40:1-3; Exodus 2:10; 2 Samuel 22:17
many waters
or, great waters.
Jonah 2:5,6; Revelation 17:15

Verse 17
He delivered me from my strong enemy, and from them which hated me: for they were too strong for me.
strong
38:19; 2 Samuel 22:1,18; Hebrews 2:14,15
them
40,41; 9:13; 25:19; 69:4-14; 118:7; Job 16:9; Luke 19:14
they were
35:10; Ephesians 6:10-12

Verse 18
They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but the LORD was my stay.
me in
Deuteronomy 32:35; 2 Samuel 22:19; Jeremiah 18:17; Obadiah 1:10-14; Zechariah 1:15
but
46:1,2,11; 1 Samuel 30:6

Verse 19
He brought me forth also into a large place; he delivered me, because he delighted in me.
brought
36; 31:8; 40:2; 118:5; Job 36:16
because
37:23; 2 Samuel 22:18-27; 1 Kings 10:9

Verse 20
The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
rewarded
58:11; 1 Samuel 24:17,20; Proverbs 11:18; Isaiah 49:4; 62:11; Matthew 6:4; 1 Corinthians 3:8
cleanness
24; 7:3; 24:4; 26:6; 1 Samuel 24:11-13; Hebrews 7:26

Verse 21
For I have kept the ways of the LORD, and have not wickedly departed from my God.
For I
17:4; 26:1; 119:10,11; Acts 24:16; 1 Thessalonians 2:10
have not
119:102; 1 Samuel 15:11; 1 John 2:19

Verse 22
For all his judgments were before me, and I did not put away his statutes from me.
For all
119:13,128; John 5:14
I did
119:112,117

Verse 23
I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from mine iniquity.
upright
7:1-8; 11:7; 17:3; 37:27; 1 Samuel 26:23; 1 Chronicles 29:17
before
Heb. with. I kept.
Matthew 5:29,30; 18:8,9

Verse 24
Therefore hath the LORD recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in his eyesight.
the Lord recompensed me
Ruth 2:12; Matthew 10:41,42; 2 Thessalonians 1:6,7; Hebrews 6:16
in his eyesight
Heb. before his eyes.

Verse 25
With the merciful thou wilt shew thyself merciful; with an upright man thou wilt shew thyself upright;
With the
41:1-4; 112:4-6; Nehemiah 9:17; Isaiah 57:1,2; 58:7,8; Matthew 18:33-35; Luke 6:35-38
thou wilt
Isaiah 26:7; Ezekiel 18:25-30; Romans 9:14

Verse 26
With the pure thou wilt shew thyself pure; and with the froward thou wilt shew thyself froward.
froward
109:17-19; Leviticus 26:23,24,27,28; Proverbs 3:34; Romans 2:4-6,9; James 2:13
shew thyself froward
or, wrestle.

Verse 27
For thou wilt save the afflicted people; but wilt bring down high looks.
save
9:18; 34:6,19; 40:17; 2 Samuel 22:28; Isaiah 57:15; 66:2; Luke 1:52,53; 2 Corinthians 8:9; James 2:5
bring
10:4; 17:10,13; 101:5; Proverbs 6:16,17; 30:12; Isaiah 3:9; 10:12; Luke 18:14

Verse 28
For thou wilt light my candle: the LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
thou wilt
112:4; Job 18:6; 29:3
candle
or, lamp.
132:17; 2 Samuel 22:29; 1 Kings 11:36; Proverbs 20:27; Isaiah 62:1
my God
Isaiah 42:16; Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:79; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 29
For by thee I have run through a troop; and by my God have I leaped over a wall.
by thee
44:6,7; 144:1,10; 1 Samuel 17:49; 23:2; 30:8; 2 Samuel 5:19,20,25; Ephesians 6:10-13; Colossians 2:15; Revelation 3:21
run
or, broken. by my God.
2 Samuel 22:30; 1 Corinthians 15:10; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10

Verse 30
As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him.
his way
19:7; 25:10; Deuteronomy 32:4; 2 Samuel 22:31; Daniel 4:37; Romans 12:2; Revelation 15:3
tried
or, refined.
12:6; 19:8-10; 119:140; Proverbs 30:5
a buckler
2; 17:7; 84:11,12

Verse 31
For who is God save the LORD? or who is a rock save our God?
86:8; Deuteronomy 32:31,39; 1 Samuel 2:2; 2 Samuel 22:32; Isaiah 45:5,21,22

Verse 32
It is God that girdeth me with strength, and maketh my way perfect.
girdeth
The girdle was a necessary part of the eastern dress: It strengthened and supported the loins; served to confine the garments close to the body; and to tuck them in when journeying. The strength of God was to his soul what the girdle was to his body.
28:7; 91:2; 93:1; Isaiah 45:5; 2 Corinthians 3:5
maketh
2 Samuel 22:33

Verse 33
He maketh my feet like hinds' feet, and setteth me upon my high places.
maketh
2 Samuel 2:18
high
Deuteronomy 32:13; 33:29; 2 Samuel 22:14; Habakkuk 3:19

Verse 34
He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.
teacheth
144:1; 2 Samuel 22:36; Isaiah 28:6; 45:1
so that
46:9; Jeremiah 49:35; Hosea 1:5

Verse 35
Thou hast also given me the shield of thy salvation: and thy right hand hath holden me up, and thy gentleness hath made me great.
shield
5:12; 28:7; Deuteronomy 33:29; 2 Samuel 22:36
right
17:7; 45:3
gentleness
or, with thy meekness thou hast multiplied me.
45:4; Isaiah 40:11; 22:3; 2 Corinthians 10:1; Galatians 5:22,23; James 3:17,18

Verse 36
Thou hast enlarged my steps under me, that my feet did not slip.
enlarged
4:1; Job 18:7; 36:16; Luke 12:50; 24:46-48
feet
Heb. ancles.
2 Samuel 22:37; Proverbs 4:12

Verse 37
I have pursued mine enemies, and overtaken them: neither did I turn again till they were consumed.
3:7; 9:3; 35:2,5; 118:11,12; Numbers 24:17-19; Isaiah 53:10-12; 63:1-6; Revelation 6:2; 19:19,20

Verse 38
I have wounded them that they were not able to rise: they are fallen under my feet.
1 Samuel 17:49-51; 23:5; 30:17; 2 Samuel 5:1-25; 8:1-18; 10:1-19; 18:7,8; 2Sa:; 22:39

Verse 39
For thou hast girded me with strength unto the battle: thou hast subdued under me those that rose up against me.
girded
32; Ezekiel 30:24,25
subdued
Heb. caused to bow.
66:3; 2 Samuel 22:40; 1 Chronicles 22:18; Isaiah 45:14; 1 Corinthians 15:25-28; Ephesians 1:22; Philippians 3:21
necks
Lamentations 5:5
that
34:21; 2 Samuel 22:41; Proverbs 8:36; John 15:23

Verse 41
They cried, but there was none to save them: even unto the LORD, but he answered them not.
2 Samuel 22:42,43; Job 35:12,13; Proverbs 1:28; Isaiah 1:15; 59:1,2; Jeremiah 11:11; Jeremiah 14:12; Ezekiel 8:18; Hosea 7:14; Micah 3:4; Zechariah 7:13; Luke 13:25

Verse 42
Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I did cast them out as the dirt in the streets.
beat
50:22; 2 Kings 13:7; Isaiah 41:2,15,16
cast
Isaiah 10:6; 25:10; Zechariah 10:5; Malachi 4:3

Verse 43
Thou hast delivered me from the strivings of the people; and thou hast made me the head of the heathen: a people whom I have not known shall serve me.
from
2 Samuel 2:9,10; 3:1; 5:1-7; Acts 5:31
made
22:27,28; 108:9; 2 Samuel 5:1-25; 8:1-18; 10:1-19; 22:44-46; Isaiah 49:6,22,23; 52:15; Romans 15:12,18; Ephesians 1:22
a people
Isaiah 52:15; 55:5; Hosea 1:10; Romans 16:26; 1 Peter 2:10; Revelation 11:15

Verse 44
As soon as they hear of me, they shall obey me: the strangers shall submit themselves unto me.
As soon, etc
Heb. at the hearing of the ear.
Romans 10:16,17
strangers
Heb. sons of the stranger.
66:3; 81:15; Deuteronomy 33:29; 2 Samuel 1:13; Isaiah 62:8; Ezekiel 44:7; *marg:
shall submit
or, yield feigned obedience. Heb. lie.
68:30; 81:15; 2 Samuel 22:44-46

Verse 45
The strangers shall fade away, and be afraid out of their close places.
strangers
Isaiah 24:4; Micah 7:17; James 1:11
afraid
Revelation 6:16

Verse 46
The LORD liveth; and blessed be my rock; and let the God of my salvation be exalted.
Lord
2 Samuel 22:47; Jeremiah 10:10; John 14:19; Revelation 1:18
blessed
2; 42:9
the God
25:5; 68:20; 79:9; Exodus 15:2; Isaiah 12:2; Luke 1:47
exalted
21:13; 57:5,11; 99:9

Verse 47
It is God that avengeth me, and subdueth the people under me.
avengeth
Heb. giveth avengements for me.
Deuteronomy 32:35; 2 Samuel 22:48; Nahum 1:2; Romans 12:19
subdueth
or, destroyeth.
47:3

Verse 48
He delivereth me from mine enemies: yea, thou liftest me up above those that rise up against me: thou hast delivered me from the violent man.
liftest
22:27-30; 59:1,2; 89:13; Philippians 2:9
violent man
Heb. man of violence.
7:16; 86:14; 140:1,4,11

Verse 49
Therefore will I give thanks unto thee, O LORD, among the heathen, and sing praises unto thy name.
will I give thanks
or, confess.
14:7; 30:12; 72:18,19; 138:4; 2 Samuel 22:50,51; Romans 15:9; 1 Timothy 6:13
sing
108:3; Matthew 26:30; Romans 15:9

Verse 50
Great deliverance giveth he to his king; and sheweth mercy to his anointed, to David, and to his seed for evermore.
Great
2:6; 78:71,72; 89:3,4; 144:10; 1 Samuel 2:10; 16:1; Acts 2:34-36; Philippians 2:9-11
to his
89:20-38; 132:10; 2 Samuel 7:13; 1 Chronicles 17:11-14,27; Isaiah 9:6,7; Luke 1:31-33,69; Romans 1:3; 11:29; Galatians 3:16

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 18:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-18.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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