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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 19

 

 

Introduction
1The creatures shew God's glory.
7The excellency of the divine law.
12David prays for grace.

Verse 1
The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.
(Title
&) A Psalm. It is uncertain when this highly finished and beautiful ode was composed; though some think it was written by David in the wilderness when persecuted by Saul.
The heavens
8:3; 33:6; 115:16; 148:3,4; Isaiah 40:22-26; Jeremiah 10:11,12; Romans 1:19,20
the firmament
Rakeeâ, from rakâ, to stretch out, the expanse, not only containing the celestial bodies, but also the air, light, rain, dews, etc., all of which display the infinite power and wisdom of their Almighty Creator.
150:1,2; Genesis 1:6-8,14,15; Daniel 12:3

Verse 2
Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.
Day unto
24:7-10; 78:3-6; 134:1-3; 148:12; Exodus 15:20,21; Isaiah 38:19
nigh unto
74:16; 136:8,9; Genesis 1:17,18; 8:22

Verse 3
There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard.
There
Or, "They have no speech, nor words, nor is their voice heard; yet into all the earth hath gone out their sound, and to the extremity of the world their words." The Hebrew, kav, rendered, line, like the Greek [phthoggos] by which the LXX., (who are followed by St. Paul), render it, no doubt signifies the sound as well as the cord which emits it. The Vulgate, Jerome, and Symmachus, render it to the same purpose.
Deuteronomy 4:19
where
or, without these their voice is heard. Heb. without their voice heard.

Verse 4
Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
Their
98:3; Isaiah 49:6; Romans 10:18; 2 Corinthians 10:13-16
line
or, rule, or, direction. In them.
Genesis 1:14-18; Malachi 4:2

Verse 5
Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race.
bridegroom
Isaiah 61:10; 62:5; John 3:29
rejoiceth
Ecclesiastes 1:5; 1 Corinthians 9:24-26; Philippians 3:13,14; Hebrews 12:1,2

Verse 6
His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
His going
139:9; Job 25:3; Ecclesiastes 1:5; Colossians 1:23
circuit
Job 22:14

Verse 7
The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.
law
or, doctrine.
78:1-7; 119:72,96-100,105,127,128; 147:19,20; Deuteronomy 6:6-9; 17:18-20; Joshua 1:8; Job 23:12; Romans 3:2; 15:4
perfect
18:30; 111:7; Deuteronomy 32:4; Romans 12:2; James 1:17
converting
or, restoring.
23:3; 119:9; James 1:21-25
testimony
93:5; 119:14,24,111,152; Isaiah 8:16,20; John 3:32,33; 5:39; Acts 10:43; 2 Timothy 1:8; 1 John 5:9-12; Revelation 19:10
sure
111:7; 2 Samuel 23:5; 2 Timothy 2:19; Hebrews 6:18,19
making
119:130; Proverbs 1:4,22,23; Colossians 3:16; 2 Timothy 3:15-17

Verse 8
The statutes of the LORD are right, rejoicing the heart: the commandment of the LORD is pure, enlightening the eyes.
statutes
105:45; 119:12,16,80,171; Genesis 26:5; Exodus 18:16; Deuteronomy 4:5,6; Ezekiel 36:27
right
119:128; Nehemiah 9:13
rejoicing
40:8; 119:14,24,54,92,121,143; Deuteronomy 12:11,12; 16:11,14; Nehemiah 8:12; Isaiah 64:5; Jeremiah 15:16; Romans 7:22
is pure
12:6; 119:40; Proverbs 30:5; Romans 7:12-14
enlightening
13:3; 119:98-100,105,130; Proverbs 2:6; 6:23; Romans 2:17-20; 3:20; 7:7; Galatians 2:19; 3:10-13,21

Verse 9
The fear of the LORD is clean, enduring for ever: the judgments of the LORD are true and righteous altogether.
The fear
34:11-14; 36:1; 115:13; Genesis 22:12; 42:18; 1 Samuel 12:24; 1 Kings 18:3,4,12; Nehemiah 5:15; Proverbs 8:13; Acts 10:22; Romans 3:10-18
enduring
111:10; 112:1-6
judgments
10:5; 36:6; 72:1,2; 119:7,39,62,75,106,137,138,142,1; 147:19; Exodus 21:1; Deuteronomy 4:8; Isaiah 26:8; Romans 2:2; 11:22; Revelation 15:3; 16:7; 19:2
true
Heb. truth.

Verse 10
More to be desired are they than gold, yea, than much fine gold: sweeter also than honey and the honeycomb.
than gold
119:72,127; Job 28:15-17; Proverbs 3:13-15; 8:10,11,19; 16:16
sweeter
63:5; 119:103; Job 23:12; Proverbs 24:13
honeycomb
Heb. the dropping of honey-combs.
1 Samuel 14:26-29

Verse 11
Moreover by them is thy servant warned: and in keeping of them there is great reward.
Moreover
119:11; 2 Chronicles 19:10; Proverbs 6:22,23; Ezekiel 3:17-21; 33:3-9; Matthew 3:7; Acts 20:31; 1 Corinthians 4:14; 1 Thessalonians 5:14; Hebrews 11:7
keeping
Proverbs 3:16-18; 11:18; 29:18; Isaiah 3:10,11; Matthew 6:4,6,18; Hebrews 11:6,26; James 1:25; 2 John 1:8; Revelation 14:13

Verse 12
Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.
can
40:12; Job 6:24; Isaiah 64:6; 1 Corinthians 4:4; Hebrews 9:7
cleanse
51:5-10; 65:3; 1 John 1:7
secret
90:8; 139:2,23,24; Leviticus 4:2-35; Jeremiah 17:9

Verse 13
Keep back thy servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me: then shall I be upright, and I shall be innocent from the great transgression.
Keep
Genesis 20:6; 1 Samuel 25:32-34,39
presumptuous
Exodus 21:14; Numbers 15:30,31; Deuteronomy 17:12,13; 2 Peter 2:10
let
119:133; Romans 6:12-14,16-22
upright
7:10; 11:7; 84:11; Acts 24:16
I shall
18:23; 1 Chronicles 10:13,14
great
Heb. much.

Verse 14
Let the words of my mouth, and the meditation of my heart, be acceptable in thy sight, O LORD, my strength, and my redeemer.
Let
5:1,2; 51:15; 66:18-20; 119:108; Genesis 4:4,5; Proverbs 15:8; Romans 15:16; Hebrews 11:4; 13:15; 1 Peter 2:5
strength
Heb. rock.
18:1,2
redeemer
Job 19:25; Isaiah 43:14; 44:6; 47:4; 54:5; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 1:18,19; Revelation 5:9

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 19:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-19.html.

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