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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 58

 

 

Introduction
1David reproves wicked judges;
3describes the nature of the wicked;
6devotes them to God's judgments;
10whereat the righteous shall rejoice.

Verse 1
Do ye indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do ye judge uprightly, O ye sons of men?
(Title
&) Al-taschith. or, Destroy not. A golden Psalm.
57:1; 59:1; *titles
Do
72:1-4; Deuteronomy 16:18,19; 2 Samuel 23:3; 2 Chronicles 19:6,7; Isaiah 11:3-5; 32:1; Jeremiah 23:5,6
O congregation
82:1,2; Numbers 11:16; Deuteronomy 1:15,16; 2 Samuel 5:3; Matthew 26:3; 27:1; Luke 23:50,51; Acts 5:21
O ye
82:6,7

Verse 2
Yea, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.
in heart
21:11; Ecclesiastes 3:16; Isaiah 59:4-6; Jeremiah 22:16,17; Ezekiel 22:12,27; Micah 3:1-3,9-12; John 11:47-53
weigh
94:20; Isaiah 10:1; 26:7

Verse 3
The wicked are estranged from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.
estranged, etc
51:5; Job 15:14; Proverbs 22:15; Isaiah 48:8; Ephesians 2:3
as soon, etc
Heb. from the belly.
22:10; Isaiah 46:3

Verse 4
Their poison is like the poison of a serpent: they are like the deaf adder that stoppeth her ear;
poison
140:3; Ecclesiastes 10:11; Romans 3:13; James 3:8
like
Heb. according to the likeness of. serpent.
Matthew 3:7; 23:33
the deaf
Jeremiah 8:17
adder or asp
Pethen, is no doubt the boeten of the Arabians, which M. Forskal describes as spotted with black and white, about one foot in length, nearly half an inch thick, oviparous, and its bite almost instant death. It is the aspic of the ancients, and is so called the literati of Cyprus, though the common people call it [kouphe] deaf.
Job 20:14,16; Isaiah 11:8

Verse 5
Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, charming never so wisely.
Which
That serpents might be charmed or rendered harmless was well known to the ancients. Virgil, and many others state the fact:--Frigidus in pratis cantando, rumpitur anguis. "In the meadows the cold snake is burst by incantation."
charming never so wisely
or, be the charmer never so cunning.
Deuteronomy 18:11; Isaiah 19:3

Verse 6
Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O LORD.
Break their
3:7; 10:15; Job 4:10,11; 29:17; Ezekiel 30:21-26
young
17:12; 91:13; Numbers 23:24; Isaiah 31:4; Hosea 5:14; Micah 5:8

Verse 7
Let them melt away as waters which run continually: when he bendeth his bow to shoot his arrows, let them be as cut in pieces.
22:14; 64:7,8; 112:10; Exodus 15:15; Joshua 2:9-11; 7:5; 2 Samuel 17:10; Isaiah 13:7

Verse 8
As a snail which melteth, let every one of them pass away: like the untimely birth of a woman, that they may not see the sun.
a snail
&-- Shabbelool, in Chaldee tivlala, the snail, is probably so called from the Arabic balla, to wet, moisten, because of the glutinous slime emitted from its body, by which it appears to waste itself away in its own motion; and in the same manner the wicked prove their own destruction.
pass
37:35,36; Matthew 24:35; James 1:10
untimely
Job 3:16; Ecclesiastes 6:3

Verse 9
Before your pots can feel the thorns, he shall take them away as with a whirlwind, both living, and in his wrath.
thorns
118:12; Ecclesiastes 7:6
as
10:2,5; 55:23; 73:18-20; Job 18:18; 20:5-29; Proverbs 1:27; 10:25; 14:32; Isaiah 17:13; 40:24; Jeremiah 23:19
both living, etc
Heb. as living as wrath.
Numbers 16:30

Verse 10
The righteous shall rejoice when he seeth the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked.
righteous
52:6; 64:10; 68:1-3; 107:42; Judges 5:31; Proverbs 11:10; Revelation 11:17,18; 18:20; Revelation 19:1-6
wash
68:23; Job 29:6; Revelation 14:20

Verse 11
So that a man shall say, Verily there is a reward for the righteous: verily he is a God that judgeth in the earth.
Verily there is
73:13-15; 92:15; Malachi 3:14; Romans 2:5
a reward for
Heb. fruit of the, etc.
Isaiah 3:10; Romans 6:21,22
verily he
9:16; 64:9; 67:4; 33:18; 96:13; 98:9; Malachi 2:17; 2 Peter 3:4-10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 58:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-58.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 11th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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