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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 72

 

 

Introduction
1David, praying for Solomon, shews the goodness and glory of his kingdom, and in type of Christ's kingdom
18He blesses God.

Verse 1
Give the king thy judgments, O God, and thy righteousness unto the king's son.
A. M. 2989. B.C. 1015. (Title.) A Psalm. This Psalm seems to have been composed by David in his last days, when he had set his beloved son on the throne. "Then," says Calmet, "transported with joy and gratitude, he addressed this Psalm to God, in which he prays Him to pour out His blessings on the young king, and upon the people. He then, wrapped up in a divine enthusiasm, ascends to a higher subject; and sings the glory of the Messiah, and the magnificence of his reign."
for
or, of.
127:1; *title
Give
1 Kings 1:39-53; 1 Chronicles 22:12,13; 29:19; 2 Chronicles 1:10; Isaiah 11:2; John 3:34; Hebrews 1:8,9
the king's
1 Kings 1:47,48; 2:1-4; Jeremiah 23:5,6

Verse 2
He shall judge thy people with righteousness, and thy poor with judgment.
He shall
12-14; 45:6,7; 1 Kings 3:5-10; Isaiah 11:3-5; 32:1,17; Jeremiah 33:15; Revelation 19:11
thy poor
12:5; 82:3,4; Job 34:19

Verse 3
The mountains shall bring peace to the people, and the little hills, by righteousness.
mountains
16; Isaiah 32:16,17; 52:7; Ezekiel 34:13,14; Joel 3:18
little
65:12
by righteousness
85:10,11; 96:11-13; 98:8,9; Daniel 9:24; 2 Corinthians 5:19-21

Verse 4
He shall judge the poor of the people, he shall save the children of the needy, and shall break in pieces the oppressor.
He shall judge
12-14; 109:31; Isaiah 11:4; Ezekiel 34:15,16; Zechariah 11:7,11; Matthew 11:5
break
2:9; 94:5; Job 19:2; 34:24; Proverbs 20:26; Jeremiah 51:20-23
the oppressor
Isaiah 9:4; 51:12,13; Daniel 2:34,35; Zechariah 9:8-10; Revelation 18:6-8,20,24; 19:2

Verse 5
They shall fear thee as long as the sun and moon endure, throughout all generations.
They shall
1 Samuel 12:18; 1 Kings 3:28
as long
7,17; 89:29,36,37; Isaiah 9:7; Daniel 2:44; 7:14,27; Luke 1:32,33; 1 Corinthians 15:24,25; Ephesians 3:21; Revelation 11:15

Verse 6
He shall come down like rain upon the mown grass: as showers that water the earth.
like
Deuteronomy 32:2; 2 Samuel 23:4; Proverbs 16:15; 19:12; Isaiah 5:6; 14:3-5; Ezekiel 34:23-26; Hosea 6:3; 14:5-7

Verse 7
In his days shall the righteous flourish; and abundance of peace so long as the moon endureth.
In his days
132:15-18; Isaiah 11:6-9; 32:3-8,15-20; 35:1-10; 54:11-17; 55:10-13; Isaiah 60:1,22; 61:3-6,10,11; Malachi 4:2; Acts 4:32
abundance
1 Kings 4:25; 1 Chronicles 22:8,9; Isaiah 2:4; 9:6,7; Daniel 2:44; Luke 1:33; 2:14; Ephesians 2:14-17
so long as the moon endureth
Heb. till there be no moon.

Verse 8
He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth.
He shall
2:8; 80:11; 89:25,36; Exodus 23:31; 1 Kings 4:21-24; Zechariah 9:10; Revelation 11:15
the ends
22:27,28

Verse 9
They that dwell in the wilderness shall bow before him; and his enemies shall lick the dust.
They that
1 Kings 9:18,20,21; Isaiah 35:1,2
his enemies
2:9; 21:8,9; 110:1,6; Luke 19:27
lick
Isaiah 49:23; Micah 7:17

Verse 10
The kings of Tarshish and of the isles shall bring presents: the kings of Sheba and Seba shall offer gifts.
45:12; 68:29; 1 Kings 10:1,10,25; 2 Chronicles 9:21; Isaiah 43:6; 49:7; 60:3,6,9; Matthew 2:11

Verse 11
Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations shall serve him.
all kings
2:10-12; 138:4,5; Isaiah 49:22,23; Revelation 11:15; 17:14; 21:24,26
all nations
86:9; Isaiah 11:9; 54:5; Romans 11:25; Revelation 20:1-6

Verse 12
For he shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper.
For
4; 10:17; 82:3,4; 102:17,20; Job 29:12; Isaiah 41:17; Luke 4:18; 7:22; 2 Corinthians 8:9; Hebrews 7:25; Revelation 3:17,18
him
Ecclesiastes 4:1; Isaiah 63:4,5

Verse 13
He shall spare the poor and needy, and shall save the souls of the needy.
shall save
109:31; Job 5:15,16; Ezekiel 34:16; Matthew 5:3; 18:11; James 2:5,6

Verse 14
He shall redeem their soul from deceit and violence: and precious shall their blood be in his sight.
he shall
25:22; 130:8; Genesis 48:16; 2 Samuel 4:9; Luke 1:68-75; Titus 2:14
precious
116:15; Matthew 23:30-36; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16; Revelation 6:9-11; 17:6; 18:20-24; 19:2

Verse 15
And he shall live, and to him shall be given of the gold of Sheba: prayer also shall be made for him continually; and daily shall he be praised.
And he
21:4; John 11:25; 14:19; 1 John 1:2; Revelation 1:18
to him
1 Kings 10:14; Matthew 2:11
shall be given
Heb. one shall give. prayer.
19; 45:4; Matthew 6:10; 21:9; John 16:23,24; 1 Corinthians 1:2,3; 2 Corinthians 13:14; 1 Thessalonians 3:11; 2 Timothy 4:22; Hebrews 10:19-22
daily
2 Chronicles 2:11,12; 9:1,4-8,23,24; John 5:23; Philippians 2:11; 2 Peter 3:18; Jude 1:25; Revelation 1:5,6; 5:8-14

Verse 16
There shall be an handful of corn in the earth upon the top of the mountains; the fruit thereof shall shake like Lebanon: and they of the city shall flourish like grass of the earth.
There
Job 8:7; Isaiah 30:23; 32:15,20; Matthew 13:31-33; Mark 16:15,16; Acts 1:15; Acts 2:41; 4:4; 1 Corinthians 3:6-9; Revelation 7:9
upon
Isaiah 2:2,3
the fruit
92:12-14; Isaiah 29:17; 35:2; Hosea 14:5-7
of the city
6; 1 Kings 4:20; Isaiah 44:3-5; Jeremiah 33:22; Revelation 7:14

Verse 17
His name shall endure for ever: his name shall be continued as long as the sun: and men shall be blessed in him: all nations shall call him blessed.
His name
45:17; 89:36; Isaiah 7:14; Matthew 1:21,23; Luke 1:31-33; Philippians 2:10
shall endure
Heb. shall be. his name, etc. Heb. shall be as a son to continue his father's name for ever.
Ephesians 3:14; Colossians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:3
men
Genesis 12:3; 22:18; Acts 3:16; Galatians 3:14; Ephesians 1:3
all nations
Jeremiah 4:2; Luke 1:48; Revelation 15:4

Verse 18
Blessed be the LORD God, the God of Israel, who only doeth wondrous things.
Blessed
41:13; 68:35; 106:48; 1 Chronicles 29:10,20
who only
77:14; 86:10; 136:4; Exodus 15:11; Job 9:10; Daniel 4:2,3

Verse 19
And blessed be his glorious name for ever: and let the whole earth be filled with his glory; Amen, and Amen.
blessed
Nehemiah 9:5; Revelation 5:13
and let
Numbers 14:21; Isaiah 6:3; 11:9; Habakkuk 2:14; Zechariah 14:9; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 6:10,13
Amen
41:13; 89:52; Numbers 5:22; 1 Kings 1:36; Jeremiah 28:6; Revelation 1:18; 22:20

Verse 20
The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.
The prayers
This was probably the last Psalm he ever wrote; and with it ends the second book of the Psalter.
2 Samuel 23:1; Job 31:40; Jeremiah 51:64; Luke 24:51

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 72:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-72.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, December 6th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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