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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 71

Introduction

1David, in confidence of faith, and experience of God's favour, prays both for himself, and against the enemies of his soul.
14He promises constancy.
17He prays for perseverance.
19He praises God, and promises to do it cheerfully.

Verse 1

In thee, O LORD, do I put my trust: let me never be put to confusion.
do I
22:5; 25:2,3; 31:1-3; 125:1; 146:5; 2 Kings 18:5; 1 Chronicles 5:20; Romans 9:33; 1 Peter 2:6
let me
Isaiah 45:17; Jeremiah 17:18
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 21:14 - deliver; Nehemiah 6:9 - Now therefore; Psalm 25:20 - let

Verse 2

Deliver me in thy righteousness, and cause me to escape: incline thine ear unto me, and save me.
in thy
17:2; 31:1; 34:15; 43:1; 143:1,11; Daniel 9:16
cause
1 Corinthians 10:13
incline
10:17,18; 17:6; 116:1,2
Reciprocal: Psalm 25:20 - let; Psalm 31:2 - Bow; Psalm 71:16 - thy righteousness; Psalm 102:2 - incline; Isaiah 37:17 - Incline

Verse 3

Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: thou hast given commandment to save me; for thou art my rock and my fortress.
my strong habitation
Heb. to me for a rock of habitation.
31:2,3; 91:1,2; Proverbs 18:10; Isaiah 33:16
thou hast
44:4; 68:28; 91:11,12; Ezekiel 9:6; Revelation 7:2,3
my rock
18:2; 144:2
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:2 - rock; 2 Samuel 22:2 - General; Job 33:24 - Deliver; Psalm 90:1 - Lord; Psalm 91:9 - most high; Psalm 144:1 - my strength; Isaiah 23:11 - the Lord; Nahum 1:7 - strong hold; Nahum 1:14 - given

Verse 4

Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked, out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man.
out of the
17:8,9,13; 59:1,2; 140:1-4; 2 Samuel 16:21,22; 17:1,2,12-14,21
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 19:7 - all the evil; Psalm 43:1 - the deceitful; Psalm 140:4 - Keep me

Verse 5

For thou art my hope, O Lord GOD: thou art my trust from my youth.
For thou
13:5; 39:7; 42:11; 119:81,166; Jeremiah 17:7,13,17; Romans 15:13
my trust
17; 22:9,10; 1 Samuel 16:13; 17:33-37,45-47; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Luke 2:40; 2 Timothy 3:15
Reciprocal: Psalm 27:9 - thou; Psalm 62:5 - my; Psalm 130:7 - Let Israel; Psalm 146:5 - whose; Isaiah 49:1 - The Lord; Jeremiah 1:5 - Before I; Jeremiah 3:4 - the guide

Verse 6

By thee have I been holden up from the womb: thou art he that took me out of my mother's bowels: my praise shall be continually of thee.
By thee
22:9,10; Proverbs 8:17; Isaiah 46:3,4; Jeremiah 3:4
thou art
139:15,16; 145:1,2; Isaiah 49:1,5; Jeremiah 1:5; Luke 1:31,32; Galatians 1:15
my praise
14; 34:1; Ephesians 5:20
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 7:12 - Hitherto; Job 3:11 - when I came; Psalm 27:9 - thou; Psalm 119:117 - Hold; Psalm 138:8 - forsake; Psalm 139:13 - covered me; Isaiah 44:2 - formed; Isaiah 44:24 - and he

Verse 7

I am as a wonder unto many; but thou art my strong refuge.
as a wonder
&-- Kemopaton, "as a prodigy:" my low estate,--my slaying the lion and bear,--conquering the Philistine,--escaping the fury of Saul,--being raised to the throne of Israel,--enduring such uncommon trials and afflictions,--and experiencing such wonderful deliverances, all mark me out as the subject of "wonder unto many; but Thou art my strong Refuge."
Isaiah 8:18; Zechariah 3:6; Luke 2:34; Acts 4:13; 1 Corinthians 4:9; 2 Corinthians 4:8-12; 6:8-10
thou art
62:7; 142:4,5; Jeremiah 16:19
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:3 - my refuge; Isaiah 52:14 - many; Zechariah 3:8 - for; Matthew 27:14 - marvelled; Mark 15:5 - Pilate; Acts 9:21 - amazed; Acts 16:25 - and the; Hebrews 10:33 - made

Verse 8

Let my mouth be filled with thy praise and with thy honour all the day.
15,24; 35:28; 51:14,15; 145:1,2; 146:2
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:1 - my mouth; Psalm 34:1 - General; Psalm 84:4 - they will; Psalm 89:1 - with; Psalm 108:1 - my glory; Psalm 141:3 - Set a watch; Psalm 145:21 - My mouth

Verse 9

Cast me not off in the time of old age; forsake me not when my strength faileth.
Cast
18; 92:13-15; Isaiah 46:4; 2 Timothy 1:12; 4:18
old age
This determines the period when this Psalm was composed; for it was in David's old age that the rebellion of Absalom took place.
when
73:26; 90:10; 2 Samuel 19:35; 21:15-17; Ecclesiastes 12:1-7
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 19:7 - all the evil; 2 Kings 18:30 - make you; Psalm 31:10 - strength; Psalm 37:25 - I have; Psalm 43:2 - why dost; Psalm 51:11 - Cast; Psalm 86:17 - that they; Proverbs 3:16 - Length; Isaiah 36:15 - General; Philemon 1:9 - Paul

Verse 10

For mine enemies speak against me; and they that lay wait for my soul take counsel together,
and they
10:9; 56:6; Proverbs 1:11
lay wait for
Heb. watch or observe.
37:32,33; 1 Samuel 19:11; Jeremiah 20:10
take
2:2; 83:3; 2 Samuel 17:1-14; Matthew 26:3,4; 27:1
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 23:7 - God hath; Psalm 31:15 - deliver; Psalm 35:15 - in mine; Psalm 119:42 - So shall; Isaiah 36:4 - What; Daniel 9:25 - restore and to build Jerusalem; John 11:53 - they

Verse 11

Saying, God hath forsaken him: persecute and take him; for there is none to deliver him.
God
3:2; 37:25,28; 41:7,8; 42:10; Matthew 27:42,43,46,49
for there
7:2; 50:22; 2 Chronicles 32:13,14; Daniel 3:15
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:3 - They are entangled; 1 Samuel 23:7 - God hath; 2 Kings 18:30 - make you; 2 Chronicles 32:11 - The Lord our God; Psalm 22:1 - why hast; Psalm 22:8 - let him; Psalm 35:15 - in mine; Psalm 119:42 - So shall; Isaiah 36:4 - What; Jeremiah 33:24 - thus; Mark 15:34 - why; Luke 23:35 - derided; Romans 7:24 - who

Verse 12

O God, be not far from me: O my God, make haste for my help.
O God
22:11,19; 35:22; 38:21,22; 69:18
make
70:1,2; 143:7
Reciprocal: Psalm 31:14 - Thou; Psalm 141:1 - make haste

Verse 13

Let them be confounded and consumed that are adversaries to my soul; let them be covered with reproach and dishonour that seek my hurt.
Let them be, etc
"They shall be confounded," etc.: these are prophetic denunciations.
24; 6:10; 35:4,26; 40:14,15; Isaiah 41:11; Jeremiah 20:11
covered
109:29; 132:18; 1 Peter 5:5
Reciprocal: Esther 9:2 - as sought; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 25:3 - let; Psalm 44:15 - covered; Psalm 70:2 - Let; Jeremiah 51:51 - shame; John 8:9 - went out

Verse 14

But I will hope continually, and will yet praise thee more and more.
But
43:5; Job 13:15; Lamentations 3:21,26; Hebrews 10:35; 1 Peter 1:13; 1 John 3:3
praise
6; Philippians 1:9; 1 Thessalonians 4:10; 2 Peter 3:18
Reciprocal: Psalm 30:12 - I will; Psalm 34:1 - General; Psalm 42:5 - hope; Psalm 119:49 - upon which; Psalm 145:1 - extol thee; Psalm 146:2 - While I live; Song of Solomon 4:11 - lips; Daniel 6:20 - servest; Romans 5:4 - and experience; 1 Thessalonians 3:9 - what

Verse 15

My mouth shall shew forth thy righteousness and thy salvation all the day; for I know not the numbers thereof.
My mouth
8,24; 22:22-25; 30:12; 40:9,10; 145:2,5-14
all the day
35:28; 89:16
I know
40:5,12; 139:17,18
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 16:23 - show forth; 2 Chronicles 19:2 - hate the Lord; Job 9:10 - great things; Job 26:3 - plentifully; Psalm 7:17 - according; Psalm 34:1 - General; Psalm 37:30 - General; Psalm 51:14 - tongue; Psalm 71:16 - thy righteousness; Psalm 84:4 - they will; Psalm 92:2 - show; Psalm 96:2 - show; Psalm 108:1 - my glory; Psalm 119:13 - I declared; Psalm 145:7 - sing; Psalm 145:21 - My mouth; Psalm 146:2 - While I live; Proverbs 5:2 - thy lips; Proverbs 15:7 - lips; Ecclesiastes 9:10 - thy hand; Ecclesiastes 10:12 - words; Song of Solomon 4:11 - lips; Isaiah 48:6 - and will; Micah 6:5 - know; Luke 6:45 - good man; John 7:26 - he speaketh; John 21:25 - there; Romans 1:16 - I am; Romans 10:3 - God's righteousness; 1 Corinthians 1:30 - righteousness; Philippians 3:9 - the righteousness; Colossians 4:6 - your; 1 Thessalonians 3:9 - what

Verse 16

I will go in the strength of the Lord GOD: I will make mention of thy righteousness, even of thine only.
I will go
29:11; Deuteronomy 33:25; Isaiah 40:31; 45:24,25; Zechariah 10:12; Ephesians 3:16; 6:10; Philippians 4:13; 2 Timothy 2:1
I will make
Isaiah 26:13; 63:7
thy righteousness
2,15,19,24; 51:14; Matthew 6:33; Romans 1:17; 3:21; 10:3; Philippians 3:9; 2 Thessalonians 1:6
Reciprocal: Psalm 7:17 - according; Psalm 89:16 - righteousness; Psalm 145:7 - sing; Isaiah 12:4 - declare; Isaiah 42:21 - well; Isaiah 54:17 - and their; Micah 4:5 - and we; Micah 6:5 - know; John 7:26 - he speaketh; Romans 1:16 - I am; 1 Corinthians 1:30 - righteousness

Verse 17

O God, thou hast taught me from my youth: and hitherto have I declared thy wondrous works.
thou hast
5; 119:9,102
hitherto
66:16; 1 Samuel 17:36,37; 2 Samuel 4:9; 22:1-51; 1 Chronicles 16:4-36
Reciprocal: Exodus 18:8 - told; 1 Samuel 7:12 - Hitherto; 1 Kings 18:12 - from my youth; 1 Chronicles 16:9 - talk ye; Job 6:10 - have not concealed; Job 27:11 - that which; Psalm 21:1 - in thy; Psalm 22:9 - thou didst; Psalm 26:7 - tell; Psalm 27:9 - thou; Psalm 73:28 - that I may; Psalm 107:31 - his wonderful; Psalm 118:17 - declare; Psalm 119:27 - so shall I talk; Psalm 119:43 - take not; Psalm 119:171 - my lips; Psalm 138:8 - forsake; Psalm 145:5 - will speak; Ecclesiastes 12:1 - Remember; Isaiah 45:21 - Tell ye; Isaiah 48:17 - which teacheth; Isaiah 54:13 - all; Jeremiah 3:4 - the guide; Luke 2:17 - General; Luke 8:38 - saying; John 17:6 - have manifested; Acts 2:11 - wonderful; Acts 21:16 - an old; Ephesians 4:29 - that which; Ephesians 6:4 - but; Philippians 2:16 - Holding; 2 Timothy 3:15 - from

Verse 18

Now also when I am old and grayheaded, O God, forsake me not; until I have shewed thy strength unto this generation, and thy power to every one that is to come.
Now
9; Genesis 27:1; 1 Samuel 4:15,18; Isaiah 46:4
when I am old and grey-headed
Heb. until old age and grey hairs. until I.
78:4,6; 145:4,5; Exodus 13:8,14-17; 1 Chronicles 29:10-30; Acts 13:36
strength
Heb. arm.
Isaiah 51:9; 53:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 42:38 - bring; Exodus 10:2 - And that; Deuteronomy 4:9 - teach them; Joshua 4:6 - when your; 1 Samuel 12:2 - I am old; 2 Samuel 19:7 - all the evil; 2 Samuel 21:15 - and David waxed faint; 1 Kings 18:12 - from my youth; Job 6:10 - have not concealed; Job 15:18 - from their; Psalm 22:22 - I will; Psalm 27:9 - thou; Psalm 37:25 - I have; Psalm 44:1 - have heard; Psalm 48:13 - that ye; Psalm 51:11 - Cast; Psalm 66:16 - Come; Psalm 92:14 - in old age; Psalm 102:18 - This; Psalm 118:17 - declare; Psalm 119:43 - take not; Psalm 138:4 - when they hear; Psalm 138:8 - forsake; Ecclesiastes 12:1 - Remember; Ecclesiastes 12:5 - the almond; Isaiah 45:21 - Tell ye; Daniel 4:2 - I thought it good; Joel 1:3 - General; Luke 2:17 - General; Luke 8:38 - saying; John 15:16 - that your; Acts 21:16 - an old; Romans 5:4 - and experience; Ephesians 4:29 - that which; Ephesians 6:4 - but; Philippians 1:22 - this; Philemon 1:9 - Paul; 2 Peter 1:15 - I will

Verse 19

Thy righteousness also, O God, is very high, who hast done great things: O God, who is like unto thee!
Thy righteousness
36:5,6; 57:10; 139:6; Proverbs 15:24; 24:7; Isaiah 5:16; 55:9
who hast
72:18; 126:2,3; Job 5:9
who is like
God is alone,--who can resemble Him? He is that eternal, illimitable, unimpartible, unchangeable, incomprehensible, uncompounded, ineffable Being, whose essence is hidden from all created intelligences, and whose counsels cannot be fathomed by any creature.
35:10; 86:8; 89:6-8; Exodus 15:11; Isaiah 40:18,25; Jeremiah 10:7
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 3:24 - what God; 1 Samuel 2:2 - rock; Psalm 22:22 - I will; Psalm 71:16 - thy righteousness; Psalm 89:8 - like; Psalm 145:7 - sing; Isaiah 42:21 - well; Isaiah 54:17 - and their; Daniel 4:3 - great; Joel 2:21 - for; Micah 6:5 - know; Micah 7:18 - a God; Luke 1:49 - hath; Romans 10:3 - God's righteousness

Verse 20

Thou, which hast shewed me great and sore troubles, shalt quicken me again, and shalt bring me up again from the depths of the earth.
which
40:1-3; 60:3; 66:10-12; 88:6-18; 138:7; 2 Samuel 12:11; Mark 14:33,34; Mark 15:34; 2 Corinthians 11:23-31; Revelation 7:14
quicken
80:18; Isaiah 26:19; Hosea 6:1,2; Acts 2:24,32-34
shalt bring
16:10; 40:2; 86:13; Isaiah 38:17; Ezekiel 37:12,13; Jonah 2:6; Ephesians 4:9
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:19 - the Lord; 2 Chronicles 32:22 - guided; Psalm 30:3 - brought; Psalm 31:7 - for; Psalm 34:19 - Many; Psalm 66:16 - and I will; Psalm 86:17 - thou; Psalm 119:25 - quicken; Psalm 130:1 - Out of; Ecclesiastes 12:2 - nor; Isaiah 33:18 - heart; Isaiah 38:16 - General; Lamentations 3:1 - the man; Daniel 4:3 - great; Hosea 13:14 - ransom; Mark 16:6 - he is risen; Romans 12:12 - Rejoicing; Colossians 2:13 - he

Verse 21

Thou shalt increase my greatness, and comfort me on every side.
increase
72:11; 2 Samuel 3:1; Isaiah 9:7; 49:6; Revelation 11:15
comfort
32:10; 2 Corinthians 1:4,5; 2:14; 7:6,13; 1 Thessalonians 3:9
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:19 - the Lord; 1 Chronicles 17:8 - made thee; 2 Chronicles 32:22 - guided; Job 1:10 - about; Psalm 86:17 - thou; Psalm 138:7 - thou wilt

Verse 22

I will also praise thee with the psaltery, even thy truth, O my God: unto thee will I sing with the harp, O thou Holy One of Israel.
psaltery
Heb. instrument of psaltery.
92:1-3; 150:3-5; Habakkuk 3:18,19
even
25:10; 56:4; 89:1; 98:3; 138:2; Micah 7:20; Romans 15:8
O thou
89:18; 2 Kings 19:22; Isaiah 5:16,19,24; 12:6; 30:11,12; 43:3; 57:15; 60:9
Reciprocal: Psalm 31:14 - Thou; Psalm 43:4 - upon; Psalm 101:1 - unto thee; Psalm 109:30 - greatly; 1 John 2:20 - the Holy

Verse 23

My lips shall greatly rejoice when I sing unto thee; and my soul, which thou hast redeemed.
My lips
63:5; 104:33; Luke 1:46,47
my soul
103:4; Genesis 48:16; 2 Samuel 4:9; Revelation 5:9
Reciprocal: Psalm 30:12 - I will; Psalm 31:5 - thou; Psalm 34:22 - redeemeth; Psalm 43:4 - my exceeding joy; Psalm 100:2 - Serve; Psalm 101:1 - unto thee; Psalm 108:1 - my glory; Psalm 109:30 - greatly; Psalm 119:171 - my lips; Psalm 145:21 - My mouth; Song of Solomon 4:11 - lips; Lamentations 3:58 - thou hast redeemed; Acts 2:26 - my tongue; Colossians 3:16 - singing; Colossians 4:6 - your

Verse 24

My tongue also shall talk of thy righteousness all the day long: for they are confounded, for they are brought unto shame, that seek my hurt.
My tongue
8,15; 37:30; Deuteronomy 11:19; Proverbs 10:20,21; Matthew 12:35; Ephesians 4:29
for they
13; 18:37-43; 92:11; 1 Corinthians 15:25 Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 4:8 - sought; Esther 9:2 - as sought; Psalm 31:17 - wicked; Psalm 35:4 - confounded; Psalm 35:28 - General; Psalm 71:16 - thy righteousness; Psalm 73:28 - that I may; Psalm 77:12 - talk; Psalm 108:1 - my glory; Psalm 119:171 - my lips; Psalm 145:5 - will speak; Psalm 145:21 - My mouth; Song of Solomon 4:11 - lips; Colossians 4:6 - your; James 3:9 - Therewith

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 71". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-71.html.