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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 73

 

 

Introduction
1The prophet, prevailing in a temptation,
2shews the occasion thereof, the prosperity of the wicked;
13the wound given thereby, diffidence;
15the victory over it, knowledge of God's purpose, in destroying the wicked, and sustaining the righteous.

Verse 1
Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.
(Title
&) of. or, for.
50:1; 74:1; 83:1; *titles; 1 Chronicles 6:39; 15:17; 16:7,37; 25:1-6; 2 Chronicles 29:30
Truly
or, Yet.
2:6; 42:11
God
18-28; 84:11; Isaiah 63:7-9; Luke 12:32
to such
John 1:47; Romans 2:28,29; 4:16; 9:6,7
of a clean heart
Heb. clean of heart.
51:10; Jeremiah 4:14; Matthew 5:8; Titus 3:5; James 4:8

Verse 2
But as for me, my feet were almost gone; my steps had well nigh slipped.
But
5:7; 17:15; 35:13; Joshua 24:15; 1 Samuel 12:23; 1 Chronicles 22:7; Job 21:4
feet
116:8; 1 Samuel 2:9; Romans 7:23,24
steps
17:5; 38:16; 94:18; Job 12:5

Verse 3
For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
I was
37:1,7; Job 21:7; Proverbs 3:31; 24:1; Jeremiah 12:1; James 4:5

Verse 4
For there are no bands in their death: but their strength is firm.
no
17:14; Job 21:23,24; 24:20; Ecclesiastes 2:16; 7:15; Luke 16:22
firm
Heb. fat.
17:10

Verse 5
They are not in trouble as other men; neither are they plagued like other men.
They are
12; Job 21:6; Proverbs 3:11,12; Jeremiah 12:1,2; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:8; Revelation 3:19
in trouble as other
Heb. in the trouble of other. like. Heb. with.

Verse 6
Therefore pride compasseth them about as a chain; violence covereth them as a garment.
Therefore
Deuteronomy 8:13,14; 32:15; Esther 3:1,5,6; 5:9-11; Job 21:7-15; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Jeremiah 48:11,29; Ezekiel 28:2-5; Daniel 4:30
as a chain
Judges 8:26; Proverbs 1:9; Song of Solomon 4:9; Isaiah 3:19; Ezekiel 16:11
violence
Proverbs 3:31; *marg:; Proverbs 4:17; Micah 2:1,2; 3:5; James 5:4-6
covereth
109:18,29; 1 Peter 5:5

Verse 7
Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.
eyes
17:10; 119:70; Job 15:27; Isaiah 3:9; Jeremiah 5:28; Ezekiel 16:49
have, etc
Heb. pass the thoughts of the heart.
12; 17:14; 1 Samuel 25:2,36; Luke 12:16-19

Verse 8
They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression: they speak loftily.
corrupt
53:1-4; Proverbs 30:13,14
speak wickedly
10:2,10,11; 12:4,5; Exodus 1:9,10; 1 Samuel 13:19; 1 Kings 21:7-29; Jeremiah 7:9-11; Hosea 7:16
speak loftily
2 Peter 2:10; Jude 1:16

Verse 9
They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth.
set
Exodus 5:2; 2 Chronicles 32:15; Job 21:14; Daniel 3:15; 7:25; Revelation 13:6
tongue
52:4; Luke 18:4; James 3:6

Verse 10
Therefore his people return hither: and waters of a full cup are wrung out to them.
waters
75:8

Verse 11
And they say, How doth God know? and is there knowledge in the most High?
How
9; 10:11; 94:7; Job 22:13,14; Ezekiel 8:12; Zephaniah 1:12
is there
44:21; 139:1-6; Hosea 7:2

Verse 12
Behold, these are the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase in riches.
these
37:35; 52:7; Jeremiah 12:1,2; Luke 16:19; James 5:1-3
prosper
they
17:14; 62:10; Jeremiah 5:17,28; Hosea 12:7,8

Verse 13
Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocency.
Verily
Job 9:27,31; 21:15; 34:9; 35:3; Malachi 3:14
washed
24:4; 26:6; 51:10; Hebrews 10:19-22; James 4:8

Verse 14
For all the day long have I been plagued, and chastened every morning.
For all
34:19; 94:12; Job 7:3,4,18; 10:3,17; Jeremiah 15:18; Amos 3:2; Hebrews 12:5; 1 Peter 1:6
chastened
Heb. my chastisement was.

Verse 15
If I say, I will speak thus; behold, I should offend against the generation of thy children.
offend
1 Samuel 2:24; Malachi 2:8; Matthew 18:6,7; Romans 14:15,21; 1 Corinthians 8:11-13
generation
22:30; 24:6; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 16
When I thought to know this, it was too painful for me;
When
36:6; 77:19; 97:2; Proverbs 30:2,3; Ecclesiastes 8:17; Romans 11:33
too painful for me
Heb. labour in mine eyes.
39:6; Luke 18:32-34; John 16:18,19

Verse 17
Until I went into the sanctuary of God; then understood I their end.
Until
27:4; 63:2; 77:13; 119:24,130
then
37:37,38; Job 27:8; Ecclesiastes 8:12,13; Jeremiah 5:31; Luke 12:20; 16:22,23

Verse 18
Surely thou didst set them in slippery places: thou castedst them down into destruction.
Surely
35:6; Deuteronomy 32:35; Jeremiah 23:12
thou castedst
37:20,24,35-38; 55:23; 92:7; 94:23; 2 Thessalonians 1:9

Verse 19
How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.
How
58:9; Job 20:5; Isaiah 30:13; Acts 2:23; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; Revelation 18:10
they are
Numbers 17:12,13; 1 Samuel 28:20; Job 15:21; 20:23-25; Proverbs 28:1; Isaiah 21:3,4; Daniel 5:6

Verse 20
As a dream when one awaketh; so, O Lord, when thou awakest, thou shalt despise their image.
As a
90:5; Job 20:8; Isaiah 29:7,8
when
7:6; 78:65
their
39:6

Verse 21
Thus my heart was grieved, and I was pricked in my reins.
my heart
3; 37:1,7
in my
Job 16:13; Lamentations 3:13

Verse 22
So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before thee.
So
69:5; 92:6; Proverbs 30:2; Ecclesiastes 3:18
ignorant
Heb. I knew not. as a.
32:9; Isaiah 1:3
before thee
Heb. with thee.

Verse 23
Nevertheless I am continually with thee: thou hast holden me by my right hand.
Nevertheless
16:8; 23:4; 139:1-12,18; Genesis 17:1; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Hebrews 13:5
thou hast
37:17,24; 63:8; Isaiah 41:10,13; 42:1

Verse 24
Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory.
Thou
16:7; 25:9; 32:8; 48:14; 143:8-10; Proverbs 3:5,6; 8:20; Isaiah 30:21; 48:17; Isaiah 58:8,11; Luke 11:13; John 16:13; James 1:5
receive
49:15; 84:11; Luke 23:46; John 14:3; 17:5,24; Acts 7:59; 2 Corinthians 5:1; 1 Peter 1:4,5

Verse 25
Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire beside thee.
Whom
16:5,11; 17:15; 37:4; 43:4; 63:3; 89:6; Matthew 5:8; Philippians 3:8; 1 John 3:2; Revelation 21:3,22,23
none upon
42:1,2; 104:34; 143:6-8; Isaiah 26:8,9; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Matthew 10:37; Philippians 3:8

Verse 26
My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.
flesh
63:1; 84:2; 119:81,82; Job 13:15; 2 Corinthians 4:8-10,16-18; Philippians 1:21; 2 Timothy 4:6-8; 2 Peter 1:14
but
18:2; 27:14; 138:3; Isaiah 40:29-31; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10
strength
Heb. rock. portion.
16:5,6; 119:57; 142:5; Lamentations 3:24; Revelation 21:3,4,7

Verse 27
For, lo, they that are far from thee shall perish: thou hast destroyed all them that go a whoring from thee.
lo
119:155; Job 21:14,15; Isaiah 29:13; Jeremiah 12:2; Matthew 15:7,8; Ephesians 2:13,17
that go
Exodus 34:15; Numbers 15:39; James 4:4; Revelation 17:1-5

Verse 28
But it is good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in the Lord GOD, that I may declare all thy works.
But
65:4; 84:10; 116:7; Lamentations 3:25,26; Luke 15:17-20; Hebrews 10:19-22; James 4:8; 1 Peter 3:18
that I may
66:16; 71:17,24; 107:22; 118:17; The LXX., Vulgate, Arabic, and Ethiopic, add "in the gates of the daughter of Zion;" which makes a better conclusion; but it is not acknowledged by any MS. yet collated.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 73:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-73.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 12th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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