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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 79

 

 

Introduction
1The psalmist complains of the desolation of Jerusalem.
8He prays for deliverance;
13and promises thankfulness.

Verse 1
O God, the heathen are come into thine inheritance; thy holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on heaps.
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. (Title.) A Psalm. This Psalm is supposed, with much probability, to have been written on the destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
74:1; *title, marg:
the heathen
74:3,4; 80:12,13; 2 Kings 21:12-16; 25:4-10; 2 Chronicles 36:3,4,6,7,17; Luke 21:24; Revelation 11:2
into
74:2; 78:71; Exodus 15:17; Isaiah 47:6
holy
74:7,8; 2 Kings 24:13; Lamentations 1:10; Ezekiel 7:20,21; 9:7
have laid
2 Kings 25:9,10; 2 Chronicles 36:19; Jeremiah 26:18; 39:8; 52:13; Micah 3:12

Verse 2
The dead bodies of thy servants have they given to be meat unto the fowls of the heaven, the flesh of thy saints unto the beasts of the earth.
Jeremiah 7:33; 15:3; 16:4; 34:20

Verse 3
Their blood have they shed like water round about Jerusalem; and there was none to bury them.
Their
10; Matthew 23:35; Romans 8:36; Revelation 16:6; 17:6; 18:24
and there, etc
Either there was no friend or relation left to bury them, or none was allowed to perform this last sad office. The despotism of eastern princes often proceeds to such a degree of extravagance as to fill the mind with astonishment and horror. In Morocco, no person dares to bury the body of a malefactor without an order from the emperor; and Windus, speaking of a man who was to have been sawn in two, informs us, that "his body must have remained to be eaten by the dogs, if the emperor had not pardoned him."
141:7; Jeremiah 8:1,2; 14:16; 15:3; 16:4; 25:33; 34:20; Revelation 11:9

Verse 4
We are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
become
44:13,14; 80:6; 89:41; Deuteronomy 28:37; Jeremiah 24:9; 25:18; 42:18; Lamentations 2:15,16; Lamentations 5:1; Ezekiel 35:12; 36:3,15
scorn
1 Kings 9:7; Nehemiah 2:19; 4:1-4

Verse 5
How long, LORD? wilt thou be angry for ever? shall thy jealousy burn like fire?
How long
13:1,2; 74:1,9,10; 80:4; 89:46; Revelation 6:10
wilt
85:5; 103:9; Isaiah 64:9; Micah 7:18
jealousy
Deuteronomy 29:20; 32:16,22; Ezekiel 36:5; Zephaniah 1:18; 3:8

Verse 6
Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.
Pour
69:24; Isaiah 42:25; Revelation 16:1-21
upon
Isaiah 13:1-22; 21:1-17; 23:1-18; Jeremiah 10:25; 25:29; 46:1-51
not known
9:16,17; Isaiah 45:4,5; John 16:3; 17:25; Acts 17:23; Romans 1:28; 2 Thessalonians 1:8
not called
14:4; 53:4; 145:18; Romans 10:12-14; 1 Corinthians 1:2

Verse 7
For they have devoured Jacob, and laid waste his dwelling place.
For they
80:13; Isaiah 9:12; Jeremiah 50:7; 51:34,35; Zechariah 1:15
laid
2 Chronicles 36:21; Isaiah 24:1-12; 64:10,11

Verse 8
O remember not against us former iniquities: let thy tender mercies speedily prevent us: for we are brought very low.
remember
25:7; 130:3; Exodus 32:34; 1 Kings 17:18; Isaiah 64:9; Hosea 8:13; 9:9; Revelation 18:5
former iniquities
or, the iniquities of them that were before us.
Genesis 15:16; Ezekiel 2:3; Daniel 9:16; Matthew 23:32-36
let thy
21:3; 69:16,17
we are
106:43; 116:6; 142:6; Deuteronomy 28:43

Verse 9
Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name's sake.
for the
115:1; 2 Chronicles 14:11; Malachi 2:2; Ephesians 1:6
purge
25:11; 65:3; Daniel 9:9,19
for thy
Joshua 7:9; Isaiah 43:25; 48:9; Jeremiah 14:7,21; Ezekiel 20:9,14

Verse 10
Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is their God? let him be known among the heathen in our sight by the revenging of the blood of thy servants which is shed.
Wherefore
42:3,10; 115:2; Joel 2:17; Micah 7:10
let him
9:16; 58:11; 83:17,18; Exodus 6:7; 7:5; Ezekiel 36:23; 39:21,22
by the
Jeremiah 51:35; Revelation 18:20
revenging
Heb. vengeance.
Romans 12:19

Verse 11
Let the sighing of the prisoner come before thee; according to the greatness of thy power preserve thou those that are appointed to die;
sighing
12:5; 69:33; 102:20; Exodus 2:23,24; Isaiah 42:7
according
146:6,7; Numbers 14:17-19; Matthew 6:13; Ephesians 3:20
thy power
Heb. thine arm.
Isaiah 33:2
preserve thou those that are appointed to die
Heb. reserve the children of death.
102:20; *marg:

Verse 12
And render unto our neighbours sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, wherewith they have reproached thee, O Lord.
render
Genesis 4:15; Leviticus 26:21,28; Isaiah 65:5-7; Jeremiah 32:18; Luke 6:38
wherewith
See on Ps.
44:16; 74:18-22

Verse 13
So we thy people and sheep of thy pasture will give thee thanks for ever: we will shew forth thy praise to all generations.
thy people
74:1; 95:7; 100:3
we will
45:17; 74:18,22; 145:4; Isaiah 43:21
all generations
Heb. generation and generation.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 79:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-79.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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