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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 88

 

 

Introduction
1A prayer containing a grievous complaint.

Verse 1
O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee:
A. M. cir. 2473. B.C. cir. 1531. (Title.) for. or, of. Mahalath
53:1; *title
Maschil, etc
or, A Psalm of Heman the Ezrahite, giving instruction. Supposed to have been written by Heman, son of Zerah, and grandson of Judah, on the oppression of the Hebrews in Egypt.
Heman
1 Kings 4:31; 1 Chronicles 2:6
Lord
27:1,9; 51:14; 62:7; 65:5; 68:19; 79:9; 140:7; Genesis 49:18; Isaiah 12:2; Luke 1:47; 2:30; Titus 2:10,13; 3:4-7
I have
22:2; 86:3; Nehemiah 1:6; Isaiah 62:6; Luke 2:37; 18:7; 1 Thessalonians 3:10; 2 Timothy 1:3

Verse 2
Let my prayer come before thee: incline thine ear unto my cry;
79:11; 141:1,2; 1 Kings 8:31; Lamentations 3:8

Verse 3
For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draweth nigh unto the grave.
soul
14,15; 22:11-21; 69:17-21; 77:2; 143:3,4; Job 6:2-4; Isaiah 53:3,10,11; Lamentations 3:15-19; Matthew 26:37-39; Mark 14:33,34
life
107:18; Job 33:22

Verse 4
I am counted with them that go down into the pit: I am as a man that hath no strength:
counted
28:1; 30:9; 143:7; Job 17:1; Isaiah 38:17,18; Ezekiel 26:20; Jonah 2:6; 2 Corinthians 1:9
as a man
31:12; 109:22-24; Romans 5:6; 2 Corinthians 13:4

Verse 5
Free among the dead, like the slain that lie in the grave, whom thou rememberest no more: and they are cut off from thy hand.
Free
Isaiah 14:9-12; 38:10-12; Ezekiel 32:18-32
whom
136:23; Genesis 8:1; 19:29
cut
16; 31:22; Job 6:9; 11:10; Isaiah 53:8
from thy hand
or, by thy hand.

Verse 6
Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps.
lowest
40:2; 86:13; Deuteronomy 32:22
darkness
143:3; Proverbs 4:19; Lamentations 3:2; John 12:46; Jude 1:6,13
deeps
69:15; 130:1

Verse 7
Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted me with all thy waves. Selah.
Thy wrath
38:1; 90:7; 102:10; Job 6:4; 10:16; John 3:36; Romans 2:5-9; 1 Peter 2:24; Revelation 6:16,17
with
42:7; Jonah 2:3

Verse 8
Thou hast put away mine acquaintance far from me; thou hast made me an abomination unto them: I am shut up, and I cannot come forth.
put
18; 31:11; 143:4; 1 Samuel 23:18-20; Job 19:13-19; John 11:57
made
Isaiah 49:7; 63:3; Zechariah 11:8; Matthew 27:21-25; John 15:23,24
I am shut
Job 12:14; 19:8; Lamentations 3:7-9

Verse 9
Mine eye mourneth by reason of affliction: LORD, I have called daily upon thee, I have stretched out my hands unto thee.
38:10; 42:3; 102:9; Job 16:20; 17:7; Lamentations 3:48,49; John 11:35
called
1; 55:17; 86:3
stretched
44:20; 68:31; 143:6; Ezekiel 17:11; Job 11:13

Verse 10
Wilt thou shew wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise and praise thee? Selah.
Wilt thou
The interrogations in these verses imply the strongest negations.
6:5; 30:9; 115:17; 118:17; Isaiah 38:18,19; Mark 5:35,36
shall
Job 14:7-12; Isaiah 26:19; Ezekiel 37:1-14; Luke 7:12-16; 1 Corinthians 15:52-57

Verse 11
Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction?
in destruction
55:23; 73:18; Job 21:30; 26:6; Proverbs 15:11; Matthew 7:13; Romans 9:22; 2 Peter 2:1

Verse 12
Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?
dark
143:3; Job 10:21,22; Isaiah 8:22; Matthew 8:12; Jude 1:13; 5; 31:12; Ecclesiastes 2:16; 8:10; 9:5

Verse 13
But unto thee have I cried, O LORD; and in the morning shall my prayer prevent thee.
and in
5:3; 119:147,148; Mark 1:35
prevent thee
"Come before thee;" see on Ps 21:3.

Verse 14
LORD, why castest thou off my soul? why hidest thou thy face from me?
Lord
43:2; 77:7-9; Matthew 27:46
hidest
13:1; 44:24; 69:17; Job 13:24

Verse 15
I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.
afflicted
73:14; Job 17:1,11-16; Isaiah 53:3
while
22:14,15; Job 6:4; 7:11-16; Isaiah 53:10; Zechariah 13:7; Luke 22:44

Verse 16
Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.
fierce
38:1,2; 89:46; 90:7,11; 102:10; Isaiah 53:4-6; Romans 8:32; Galatians 3:13; Revelation 6:17
cut me
Isaiah 53:8; Daniel 9:26

Verse 17
They came round about me daily like water; they compassed me about together.
They
22:16; 42:7; 69:1,2; 116:3; Job 16:12,13; 30:14,15; Lamentations 3:5-7; Matthew 27:39-44
daily
or, all the day.

Verse 18
Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness.
Lover
8; 31:11; 38:11; Job 19:12-15
mine acquaintance
A figurative expression to denote that he now never saw them.

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 88:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-88.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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