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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 9

 

 

Introduction
1David praises God for executing judgment.
11He incites others to praise him.
13He prays that he may have cause to praise him.

Verse 1
I will praise thee, O LORD, with my whole heart; I will shew forth all thy marvellous works.
A. M. 2941. B.C. 1063. (Title.) Muthlabben. Probably, "the death of the champion:" so the Chaldee has, "A Psalm of David, to be sung concerning the death of the man who went out between ({mibbeyney}) the camps;" evidently considering {labben,} of the same import as {bainayim,} "a middle-man or champion," as Goliath is termed, 1 Sa 17:4, concerning whose defeat this psalm is generally supposed to have been composed
praise
7:17; 34:1-4; 103:1,2; 145:1-3; 146:1,2; 1 Chronicles 29:10-13; Isaiah 12:1; Hebrews 13:15; Revelation 5:9-14
with my
86:12; 111:1; 138:1; Luke 10:27
shew
14; 51:15; 106:2; 1 Chronicles 16:12,24; Isaiah 43:21; 60:6; Revelation 15:3

Verse 2
I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most High.
I will be
5:11; 27:6; 28:7; 43:4; 92:4; 97:12; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Philippians 4:4
O thou
7:17; 56:2,3; 83:18; 97:9; Daniel 5:18

Verse 3
When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fall and perish at thy presence.
they shall
68:1,2; 76:7; 80:16; Isaiah 64:3; 2 Thessalonians 1:9; Revelation 6:12-17; 20:11

Verse 4
For thou hast maintained my right and my cause; thou satest in the throne judging right.
For
16:5; 140:12
maintained, etc
Heb. made my judgment. right. Heb. in righteousness.
45:6,7; 47:8; 89:14; 96:13; 98:9; Isaiah 11:4; 1 Peter 2:23

Verse 5
Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever.
rebuked
2:1,8,9; 78:55; 79:10; 149:7; 1 Samuel 17:45-51; 2 Samuel 5:6-16; 8:1-15; 2 Samuel 10:6-9; 21:15-22; 22:44-46; Revelation 19:15
destroyed
5:6; 1 Samuel 25:32; 31:4; 2 Samuel 17:23; Malachi 4:3
put out
Deuteronomy 9:14; Proverbs 10:7; 13:9

Verse 6
O thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities; their memorial is perished with them.
O thou, etc
or, The destructions of the enemy are come to a perpetual end, and their cities hast thou destroyed, etc.
7:5; 8:2; Exodus 15:16; Micah 7:8,10
destructions
46:9; Exodus 14:13; Isaiah 10:24,25; 14:6-8; Nahum 1:9-13; 1 Corinthians 15:26,54-57; Revelation 20:2
thou hast
1 Samuel 30:1; 31:7; Isaiah 10:6,7,13,14; 14:17; 37:26; Jeremiah 51:25
memorial
2 Kings 19:25; Isaiah 14:22,23; Jeremiah 51:62-64

Verse 7
But the LORD shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment.
But
90:2; 102:12,24-27; Hebrews 1:11,12; 13:8; 2 Peter 3:8
he hath
50:3-5; 103:19; Revelation 20:11

Verse 8
And he shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness.
50:6; 94:15; 96:13; 98:9; 99:4; Genesis 18:25; Isaiah 11:4,5; Acts 17:31; Romans 2:5,6,16; Revelation 20:12,13

Verse 9
The LORD also will be a refuge for the oppressed, a refuge in times of trouble.
The Lord
18:2; 32:7; 37:39; 46:1; 48:3; 62:8; 91:1,2; 142:4; Deuteronomy 33:27; Proverbs 18:10; Isaiah 4:5,6; 8:14; 32:2; Nahum 1:7; Luke 13:34; Hebrews 6:18
be a refuge
Heb. be a high place.
20:1; 46:7; *marg:
in times
50:15; 77:1,2; 108:12

Verse 10
And they that know thy name will put their trust in thee: for thou, LORD, hast not forsaken them that seek thee.
know
91:14; Exodus 34:5-7; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Proverbs 18:10; John 17:3; 2 Corinthians 4:6; 2 Timothy 1:12; 1 John 2:3; 5:20
put
5:11; 57:1; 146:5,6; Isaiah 26:3,4
hast
105:3,4; Isaiah 45:19; 46:3,4; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 29:13; 2 Corinthians 1:9,10

Verse 11
Sing praises to the LORD, which dwelleth in Zion: declare among the people his doings.
Sing
33:1-3; 47:6,7; 96:1,2; 148:1-5,13,14
which
78:68; 132:13,14; Isaiah 12:6; 14:32; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 14:1
declare
66:2,5; 96:10; 105:1,2; 107:22; 118:17; Isaiah 12:4-6; John 17:26

Verse 12
When he maketh inquisition for blood, he remembereth them: he forgetteth not the cry of the humble.
When
Genesis 9:5; 2 Kings 24:4; Isaiah 26:21; Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:50,51; Revelation 6:9,10; 16:6
he forgetteth
10:14,17; 22:24; 34:6; 102:17; Exodus 3:7,9; Luke 18:7,8
humble
or, afflicted.
Judges 10:16

Verse 13
Have mercy upon me, O LORD; consider my trouble which I suffer of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death:
Have
51:1; 119:132
consider
13:3; 25:19; 119:153; 142:6; Nehemiah 9:32; Lamentations 1:9,11
thou
30:3; 56:13; 86:13; 107:18; 116:3,4; Isaiah 38:10; John 2:6

Verse 14
That I may shew forth all thy praise in the gates of the daughter of Zion: I will rejoice in thy salvation.
That
51:15; 79:13; 106:2
in the gates
22:22,25; 35:18; 42:4; 109:30,31; 116:18,19; 118:19,20; 149:1,2
daughter
Isaiah 37:22; 62:11; Micah 4:13
I will
13:5; 20:5; 21:1; 35:9; 51:12; 1 Samuel 2:1; Isaiah 12:3; Habakkuk 3:18; Luke 1:47

Verse 15
The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.
7:15,16; 35:8; 37:15; 57:6; 94:23; Proverbs 5:22; 22:8

Verse 16
The LORD is known by the judgment which he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands. Higgaion. Selah.
known
48:11; 58:10,11; 83:17,18; Exodus 7:5; 14:4,10,31; Deuteronomy 29:22-28; Joshua 2:10,11; Judges 1:7; 1 Samuel 6:19,20; 17:46; 2 Kings 19:19,34,35
wicked
11:6; 140:9; Proverbs 6:2; 12:13; Isaiah 8:15; 28:13
Higgaion, that is, Meditation
5:1; 19:14; 92:3; *marg:

Verse 17
The wicked shall be turned into hell, and all the nations that forget God.
The wicked
Proverbs 14:32; Isaiah 3:11; 5:14; Matthew 25:41-46; Romans 2:8,9; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9; Revelation 20:15; 21:8
forget
44:17,20; 50:22; 106:13; Job 8:13; Jeremiah 2:32; 3:21; 13:25; 18:15; Hosea 2:13

Verse 18
For the needy shall not alway be forgotten: the expectation of the poor shall not perish for ever.
For the
12; 12:5; 72:4,12-14; 102:17,20; 109:31; Luke 1:53; 6:20; James 2:5
expectation
Proverbs 23:18; 24:14

Verse 19
Arise, O LORD; let not man prevail: let the heathen be judged in thy sight.
Arise
3:7; 7:6; 10:12; 44:23,26; 68:1,2; 74:22,23; 76:8,9; 80:2; Isaiah 42:13,14; 51:9; Zephaniah 3:8
let not
Genesis 32:28; 1 Samuel 2:9; 2 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 42:13
let the
2:1-3; 79:6; 149:7; Jeremiah 10:25; Joel 3:12; Micah 5:15; Zechariah 14:18; Revelation 19:15

Verse 20
Put them in fear, O LORD: that the nations may know themselves to be but men. Selah.
Put
76:12; Exodus 15:16; 23:27; Deuteronomy 2:25; Jeremiah 32:40; Ezekiel 30:13
may
82:6,7; Isaiah 31:3; Ezekiel 28:2,9; Acts 12:22,23

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 9:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-9.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, December 5th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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