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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Revelation 3

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1The angel of the church of Sardis is reproved;
3exhorted to repent, and threatened if he do not repent.
8The angel of the church of Philadelphia,
10is approved for his diligence and patience;
15the angel of Laodicea rebuked for being neither hot nor cold,
19and admonished to be more zealous.
20Christ stands at the door and knocks.

Verse 1
And unto the angel of the church in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know thy works, that thou hast a name that thou livest, and art dead.
unto
1:11,20
he that
1:4; 4:5; 5:6; John 1:16,33; 3:34; 7:37-39; 15:26,27; 20:22; Acts 2:33; 1 Peter 1:11
and the
1:16,20; 2:1
I know
2:2,9,13,19
and art
Luke 15:24,32; Ephesians 2:1,5; Colossians 2:13; 1 Timothy 5:6; James 2:26; Jude 1:12

Verse 2
Be watchful, and strengthen the things which remain, that are ready to die: for I have not found thy works perfect before God.
watchful
16:15; Isaiah 56:10; 62:6,7; Ezekiel 34:8-10,16; Zechariah 11:16; Matthew 24:42-51; Matthew 25:13; Mark 13:33-37; Acts 20:28-31; 2 Timothy 4:1-4; 1 Peter 4:7; 5:8
strengthen
2:4; Deuteronomy 3:28; Job 4:4-5; 16:5; Isaiah 35:3; Luke 22:31,32; Acts 18:23
thy works
1 Kings 11:4; 15:3; 2 Chronicles 25:2; Isaiah 57:12; Daniel 5:27; Matthew 6:2-4; 23:5,28-38

Verse 3
Remember therefore how thou hast received and heard, and hold fast, and repent. If therefore thou shalt not watch, I will come on thee as a thief, and thou shalt not know what hour I will come upon thee.
Remember
2:5; Ezekiel 16:61-63; 20:43; 36:31; Hebrews 2:1; 2 Peter 1:13; 3:1
and hold
11; 2:25; 1 Timothy 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:13
repent
19; 2:5,21,22
I will
16:15; Matthew 24:42,43; Luke 12:39,40; 1 Thessalonians 5:2,4,5,6; 2 Peter 3:10
know
Matthew 25:13; Mark 13:33,36

Verse 4
Thou hast a few names even in Sardis which have not defiled their garments; and they shall walk with me in white: for they are worthy.
names
11:13; *Gr: ; Acts 1:15
even
1 Kings 19:18; Isaiah 1:9; Romans 11:4-6
which
7:14; 19:8; Isaiah 52:1; 59:6; 61:3,10; 64:6; Zechariah 3:3-6; Jude 1:23
walk
5,18; 4:4; 6:11; 7:9,13; 19:14; Esther 8:15; Psalms 68:14; Ecclesiastes 9:8; Zechariah 3:4; Mark 16:5
for
Matthew 10:11; Luke 20:35; 21:36; 2 Thessalonians 1:5

Verse 5
He that overcometh, the same shall be clothed in white raiment; and I will not blot out his name out of the book of life, but I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels.
that
2:7; 1 Samuel 17:25
the same
4; 19:8
blot
Exodus 32:32,33; Deuteronomy 9:14; Psalms 69:28; 109:13
the book
13:8; 17:8; 20:12,15; 21:27; 22:19; Philippians 4:3
confess
Malachi 3:17; Matthew 10:32; Luke 12:8; Jude 1:24

Verse 6
He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
2:7

Verse 7
And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia write; These things saith he that is holy, he that is true, he that hath the key of David, he that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;
to the
1:11; 2:1
Philadelphia
he that is holy
4:8; 6:10; Psalms 16:10; 89:18; 145:17; Isaiah 6:3; 30:11; 41:14,16,20; 47:4; Isaiah 48:17; 49:7; 54:5; 55:5; Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34; Acts 3:14
he that is true
14; 1:5; 6:10; 15:3; 16:7; 19:2,11; 21:5; Matthew 24:35; John 14:6; 1 John 5:20
the key
1:18; Isaiah 22:22; Luke 1:32
he that openeth
5:3-5,9; Job 11:10; 12:14; Matthew 16:19

Verse 8
I know thy works: behold, I have set before thee an open door, and no man can shut it: for thou hast a little strength, and hast kept my word, and hast not denied my name.
I know
1,15; 2:2
an open
7; 1 Corinthians 16:9; 2 Corinthians 2:12; Colossians 4:3
a little
Daniel 11:34; 2 Corinthians 12:8-10; Philippians 4:13
and hast kept
10; 22:7; John 14:21-24; 15:20; 17:6; 2 Timothy 4:7
and hast not
2:13; Proverbs 30:9; Matthew 26:70-72; Luke 12:9; Acts 3:13,14; 1 Timothy 5:8; 1 John 2:22,23; Jude 1:4

Verse 9
Behold, I will make them of the synagogue of Satan, which say they are Jews, and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before thy feet, and to know that I have loved thee.
the synagogue
2:9
I will make them to
Exodus 11:8; 12:30-32; 1 Samuel 2:36; Esther 8:17; Job 42:8-10; Isaiah 49:23; 60:14; Zechariah 8:20-23; Acts 16:37-39

Verse 10
Because thou hast kept the word of my patience, I also will keep thee from the hour of temptation, which shall come upon all the world, to try them that dwell upon the earth.
the word
1:9; 13:10; 14:12
I also
Matthew 6:13; 26:41; 1 Corinthians 10:13; Ephesians 6:13; 2 Peter 2:9
all
Matthew 24:14; Mark 14:9; Luke 2:1; Romans 1:8
to try
Isaiah 24:17; Daniel 12:10; Zechariah 13:9; James 3:12; 1 Peter 4:12

Verse 11
Behold, I come quickly: hold that fast which thou hast, that no man take thy crown.
I come
1:3; 22:7,12,20; Zephaniah 1:14; Philippians 4:5; James 5:9
hold
3; 2:13,25
thy
2:10; 4:4,10; 1 Corinthians 9:25; 2 Timothy 2:5; 4:8; James 1:12; 1 Peter 5:3,4

Verse 12
Him that overcometh will I make a pillar in the temple of my God, and he shall go no more out: and I will write upon him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, which is new Jerusalem, which cometh down out of heaven from my God: and I will write upon him my new name.
overcometh
2:7; 17:14; 1 John 2:13,14; 4:4
pillar
1 Kings 7:21; Jeremiah 1:18; Galatians 2:9
I will
2:17; 14:1; 22:4
the city
21:2,10-27; Psalms 48:8; 87:3; Galatians 4:26,27; Hebrews 12:22
my new
22:4; Isaiah 65:15; Ephesians 3:15

Verse 13
He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
2:7

Verse 14
And unto the angel of the church of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;
the angel
1:11; 2:1
of the Laodiceans
or, in Laodicea.
Colossians 2:1; 4:16
the Amen
Isaiah 65:16; 2 Corinthians 1:20
the faithful
7; 1:5; 19:11; 22:6; Isaiah 55:4; Jeremiah 42:5
the beginning
Colossians 1:15

Verse 15
I know thy works, that thou art neither cold nor hot: I would thou wert cold or hot.
I know
1; 2:2
that
2:4; Matthew 24:12; Philippians 1:9; 2 Thessalonians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:22
I would
Deuteronomy 5:29; Psalms 81:11-13; 2 Corinthians 12:20
thou
Joshua 24:15-24; 1 Kings 18:21; Proverbs 23:26; Hosea 7:8; 10:2; Zephaniah 1:5,6; Matthew 6:24; Matthew 10:37; Luke 14:27,28; 1 Corinthians 16:22; James 1:8

Verse 16
So then because thou art lukewarm, and neither cold nor hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth.
I will spue thee out
2:5; Jeremiah 14:19; 15:1-4; Zechariah 11:8,9

Verse 17
Because thou sayest, I am rich, and increased with goods, and have need of nothing; and knowest not that thou art wretched, and miserable, and poor, and blind, and naked:
I am
2:9; Proverbs 13:7; Hosea 12:8; Zechariah 11:5; Luke 1:53; 6:24; 18:11,12; Romans 11:20,25; Romans 12:3; 1 Corinthians 4:8-10
have need
Deuteronomy 8:12-14; Proverbs 30:9; Jeremiah 2:31; Matthew 9:12
knowest
Romans 2:17-23
wretched
Matthew 5:3; Romans 7:24
blind
Isaiah 42:19; John 9:40,41; 2 Peter 1:9
naked
16:15; Genesis 3:7,10,11; Exodus 32:35

Verse 18
I counsel thee to buy of me gold tried in the fire, that thou mayest be rich; and white raiment, that thou mayest be clothed, and that the shame of thy nakedness do not appear; and anoint thine eyes with eyesalve, that thou mayest see.
counsel
Psalms 16:7; 32:8; 73:24; 107:11; Proverbs 1:25,30; 19:20; Ecclesiastes 8:2
buy
Proverbs 23:23; Isaiah 55:1; Matthew 13:44; 25:9
gold
Malachi 3:3; 1 Corinthians 3:12,13; 1 Peter 1:7
that thou
2:9; Luke 12:21; 2 Corinthians 8:9; 1 Timothy 6:18; James 2:5
white
4,5; 7:13; 16:15; 19:8; 2 Corinthians 5:3
the shame
16:15; Isaiah 47:3; Jeremiah 13:26; Daniel 12:2; Micah 1:11; Nahum 3:5
anoint
John 9:6-11; 1 John 2:20-27

Verse 19
As many as I love, I rebuke and chasten: be zealous therefore, and repent.
many
Deuteronomy 8:5; 2 Samuel 7:14; Job 5:17; Psalms 6:1; 39:11; 94:10; Proverbs 3:11,12; 15:10; Proverbs 15:32; 22:15; Isaiah 26:16; Jeremiah 2:30; 7:28; 10:24; 30:11; 31:18; Zephaniah 3:2; 1 Corinthians 11:32; 2 Corinthians 6:9; Hebrews 12:5-11; James 1:12
be
Numbers 25:11-13; Psalms 69:9; John 2:17; Romans 12:11; 2 Corinthians 7:11; Galatians 4:18; Titus 2:14
repent
2:5,21,22

Verse 20
Behold, I stand at the door, and knock: if any man hear my voice, and open the door, I will come in to him, and will sup with him, and he with me.
I stand
Song of Solomon 5:2-4; Luke 12:36
I will
John 14:21-23
will sup
19:9; Luke 12:37; 17:8

Verse 21
To him that overcometh will I grant to sit with me in my throne, even as I also overcame, and am set down with my Father in his throne.
him
2:7; 12:11; 1 John 5:4,5
to sit
1:6; 2:26,27; Matthew 19:28; Luke 22:30; 1 Corinthians 6:2,3; 2 Timothy 2:12
even
John 16:33
and am
5:6-8; 7:17; Daniel 7:13,14; Matthew 28:18; John 5:22,23; Ephesians 1:20-23; Philippians 2:9-21

Verse 22
He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches.
6,13; 2:7,11,17

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Revelation 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/revelation-3.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, January 19th, 2020
Second Sunday after Epiphany
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