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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Zechariah 1

 

 

Introduction
1Zechariah exhorts to repentance.
7The vision of the horses.
12At the prayer of the angel comfortable promises are made to Jerusalem.
18The vision of the four horns and the four carpenters.

Verse 1
In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,
the eighth
7; 7:1; Ezra 4:24; 6:15; Haggai 1:1,15; 2:1,10,20
Zechariah
Ezra 5:1; Matthew 23:35; Luke 11:51
Iddo
Nehemiah 12:4,16

Verse 2
The LORD hath been sore displeased with your fathers.
Lord
2 Kings 22:16,17,19; 23:26; 2 Chronicles 36:13-20; Ezra 9:6,7,13; Nehemiah 9:26,27; Psalms 60:1; 79:5,6; Jeremiah 44:6; Lamentations 1:12-15; 2:3-5; 3:42-45; 5:7; Ezekiel 22:31; Daniel 9:11,12; Zephaniah 2:1-3; Matthew 23:30-32; Acts 7:52
sore displeased
Heb. with displeasure.

Verse 3
Therefore say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye unto me, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will turn unto you, saith the LORD of hosts.
Turn
Deuteronomy 4:30,31; 30:2-10; 1 Kings 8:47,48; 2 Chronicles 15:4; 30:6-9; Nehemiah 9:28; Isaiah 31:6; 55:6,7; Jeremiah 3:12-14,22; 4:1; 25:5; 35:15; Lamentations 3:39-41; Ezekiel 33:11; Hosea 6:1; 14:1; Joel 2:12; Malachi 3:7; Luke 15:18-20; James 4:8-10; Jeremiah 12:15; 29:12-14; 31:18-20; Hosea 14:4; Micah 7:19,20; Luke 15:21,22

Verse 4
Be ye not as your fathers, unto whom the former prophets have cried, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Turn ye now from your evil ways, and from your evil doings: but they did not hear, nor hearken unto me, saith the LORD.
as
2 Chronicles 29:6-10; 30:7; 34:21; Ezra 9:7; Nehemiah 9:16; Psalms 78:8; 106:6,7; Ezekiel 18:14-17; 1 Peter 1:18
unto
7:11-13; 2 Chronicles 24:19-22; 36:15,16; Nehemiah 9:26,30; Isaiah 30:9-11; Jeremiah 6:16,17; 13:16-18; 17:19-23; 25:3-7; 35:15; 36:2,3-10; 44:4,5; Ezekiel 3:7-9; Micah 2:6; Acts 7:51,52; 1 Thessalonians 2:15,16
Turn
3; Isaiah 1:16-19; 31:6; Jeremiah 3:12; 7:3-7; 18:11; Ezekiel 18:30-32; 33:11; Hosea 14:1; Amos 5:13-15,24; Matthew 3:8-10; Acts 3:19; 26:20
but
Jeremiah 11:6-8; 13:9,10; 26:5; 36:23,24; 44:16

Verse 5
Your fathers, where are they? and the prophets, do they live for ever?
Job 14:10-12; Psalms 90:10; Ecclesiastes 1:4; 9:1-3; 12:5,7; Acts 13:36; Hebrews 7:23,24; Hebrews 9:27; 2 Peter 3:2-4

Verse 6
But my words and my statutes, which I commanded my servants the prophets, did they not take hold of your fathers? and they returned and said, Like as the LORD of hosts thought to do unto us, according to our ways, and according to our doings, so hath he dealt with us.
my words
Isaiah 55:1
did
Numbers 23:19; 32:23; 2 Chronicles 36:17-21; Isaiah 44:26; Jeremiah 26:15; 44:28; Ezekiel 12:25-28; Daniel 9:11,12; Matthew 24:35
take hold of
or, overtake.
Deuteronomy 28:15,45; Jeremiah 12:16; Amos 9:10; 1 Thessalonians 5:4
they returned
Job 6:29; Malachi 3:18
Like
Lamentations 1:18; 2:17; 4:11,12; Ezekiel 37:11
thought
Numbers 33:56; Jeremiah 23:20
according to our ways
Deuteronomy 28:20; Isaiah 3:8-11; Jeremiah 4:4; 18:8-11; Ezekiel 20:43; Hosea 9:15; 2:6-11

Verse 7
Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,
A. M. 3845. B.C. 519. the eleventh
Sebat
Sebat is the Chaldee name of the eleventh month of the ecclesiastical year, but the fifth of the civil year, answering to part of January and February.

Verse 8
I saw by night, and behold a man riding upon a red horse, and he stood among the myrtle trees that were in the bottom; and behind him were there red horses, speckled, and white.
by night
Genesis 20:3; 1 Kings 3:5; Job 4:13; Daniel 2:19; 7:2,13
behold
13:7; Joshua 5:13; Psalms 45:3,4; Isaiah 63:1-4
riding
6:2-7; Revelation 6:4; 19:19-21
among
Song of Solomon 2:16; 6:2; Isaiah 41:19; 55:13; 57:15; Revelation 2:1
speckled
or, bay.
6:6,7

Verse 9
Then said I, O my lord, what are these? And the angel that talked with me said unto me, I will shew thee what these be.
what
19; 4:4,11; 6:4; Daniel 7:16; 8:15; Revelation 7:13,14
the angel
2:3; 4:5; 5:5; 6:4,5; Genesis 31:11; Daniel 8:16; 9:22,23; 10:11-14; Revelation 17:1-7; 19:9,10; 22:8-16

Verse 10
And the man that stood among the myrtle trees answered and said, These are they whom the LORD hath sent to walk to and fro through the earth.
the man
8,11; 13:7; Genesis 32:24-31; Hosea 12:3-5
These
11; 4:10; 6:5-8; Job 2:1,2; Psalms 103:20,21; Ezekiel 1:5-14; Hebrews 1:14

Verse 11
And they answered the angel of the LORD that stood among the myrtle trees, and said, We have walked to and fro through the earth, and, behold, all the earth sitteth still, and is at rest.
they answered
8,10; Psalms 68:17; 103:20,21; Matthew 13:41,49; 24:30,31; 25:31; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; Revelation 1:1
We
6:7; Daniel 10:20
is
15; 1 Thessalonians 5:3

Verse 12
Then the angel of the LORD answered and said, O LORD of hosts, how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem and on the cities of Judah, against which thou hast had indignation these threescore and ten years?
the angel
8,10,11; Exodus 23:20-23; Isaiah 63:9; Hebrews 7:25
how
Psalms 74:10; 69:5; 102:13; Isaiah 64:9-12; Revelation 6:10
thou hast
7:5; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Jeremiah 25:11,12; 29:10; Daniel 9:2

Verse 13
And the LORD answered the angel that talked with me with good words and comfortable words.
with good
14-16; 2:4-12; 8:2-8,19; Isaiah 40:1,2; Jeremiah 29:10; 30:10-22; 31:3-14; Amos 9:11-15; Zephaniah 3:14-20

Verse 14
So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy.
the angel
9,13; 2:3,4; 4:1
Cry
17; Isaiah 40:1,6
I am
8:2,3; Isaiah 9:7; 38:22; 42:13; 59:17; 63:15; Hosea 11:8; Joel 2:18; Nahum 1:2

Verse 15
And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: for I was but a little displeased, and they helped forward the affliction.
2,11; Isaiah 47:7-9; Jeremiah 48:11-13; Amos 6:1; Revelation 18:7,8
for
Isaiah 54:8; Hebrews 12:6,7
and
Psalms 69:26; 83:2-5; 137:7; Isaiah 10:5-7; 47:6; Jeremiah 51:24,34,35; Ezekiel 25:3-7,12-17; 26:2; 29:6,7; 25:3-9; 36:4,5; Amos 1:3-13; Obadiah 1:10-16

Verse 16
Therefore thus saith the LORD; I am returned to Jerusalem with mercies: my house shall be built in it, saith the LORD of hosts, and a line shall be stretched forth upon Jerusalem.
I am
2:10,11; 8:3; Isaiah 12:1; 54:8-10; Jeremiah 31:22-25; 33:10-12; Ezekiel 37:24-28; 39:25-29; 48:35
my house
4:9; Ezra 6:14,15; Isaiah 44:26-28; Haggai 1:14
and
2:1,2; Job 38:5; Isaiah 34:11; Jeremiah 31:39,40; Ezekiel 40:3; 47:3

Verse 17
Cry yet, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; My cities through prosperity shall yet be spread abroad; and the LORD shall yet comfort Zion, and shall yet choose Jerusalem.
My cities
Nehemiah 11:3,20; Psalms 69:35; Isaiah 44:26; 61:4-6; Jeremiah 31:23,24; 32:43,44; Jeremiah 33:13; Ezekiel 36:10,11,33; Amos 9:14; Obadiah 1:20
prosperity
Heb. good. the Lord shall.
Isaiah 40:1,2; 49:13; 51:3,12; 52:9; 54:8; 66:13; Jeremiah 31:13; Zephaniah 3:15-17
choose
2:12; 3:2; 2 Chronicles 6:6; Psalms 132:13,14; Isaiah 14:1; 41:8,9; Romans 11:28,29; Ephesians 1:4

Verse 18
Then lifted I up mine eyes, and saw, and behold four horns.
lifted
2:1; 5:1,5,9; Joshua 5:13; Daniel 8:3
four
2 Kings 15:29; 17:1-6; 18:9-12; 24:1-25; Daniel 2:37-43; 7:3-8; 8:3-14; Daniel 11:28-35

Verse 19
And I said unto the angel that talked with me, What be these? And he answered me, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, Israel, and Jerusalem.
What
9,21; 2:2; 4:11-14; Revelation 7:13,14
scattered
21; 8:14; Ezra 4:1,4,7; 5:3; Jeremiah 50:17,18; Daniel 12:7; Habakkuk 3:14

Verse 20
And the LORD shewed me four carpenters.
four
9:12-16; 10:3-5; 12:2-6; Deuteronomy 33:25; Judges 11:16,18; 1 Samuel 12:11; Nehemiah 9:27; Isaiah 54:15-17; Obadiah 1:21; Micah 5:5,6,8,9

Verse 21
Then said I, What come these to do? And he spake, saying, These are the horns which have scattered Judah, so that no man did lift up his head: but these are come to fray them, to cast out the horns of the Gentiles, which lifted up their horn over the land of Judah to scatter it.
These are the
19; Daniel 12:7
fray
That is, to terrify, or affright, from the French effrayer.
which
Psalms 75:4,5; Lamentations 2:17

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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