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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Zechariah 4

 

 

Introduction
1By the golden candlestick is foreshewn the good success of Zerubbabel's foundation;
11by the two olive trees the two anointed ones.

Verse 1
And the angel that talked with me came again, and waked me, as a man that is wakened out of his sleep,
the angel
1:9,13,19; 2:3; 3:6,7
waked
1 Kings 19:5-7; Jeremiah 31:26; Daniel 8:18; 10:8-10; Luke 9:32; 22:45,46

Verse 2
And said unto me, What seest thou? And I said, I have looked, and behold a candlestick all of gold, with a bowl upon the top of it, and his seven lamps thereon, and seven pipes to the seven lamps, which are upon the top thereof:
What
5:2; Jeremiah 1:11-13
a candlestick
Exodus 25:31-38; 37:17-24; 40:24,25; 1 Kings 7:49,50; 1 Chronicles 28:15; 2 Chronicles 4:7; 2 Chronicles 4:20-22; 13:11; Jeremiah 52:19; Matthew 5:14-16; Revelation 1:12,20; 2:1
a bowl
Heb. her bowl.
1 Kings 7:50
seven
Exodus 25:37; Revelation 4:5
seven pipes to the seven camps
or, seven several pipes to the lamps, etc.

Verse 3
And two olive trees by it, one upon the right side of the bowl, and the other upon the left side thereof.
11,12,14; Judges 9:9; Romans 11:17,24; Revelation 11:4

Verse 4
So I answered and spake to the angel that talked with me, saying, What are these, my lord?
What
12-14; 1:9,19; 5:6; 6:4; Daniel 7:16-19; 12:8; Matthew 13:36; Revelation 7:13,14

Verse 5
Then the angel that talked with me answered and said unto me, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.
Knowest
13; Mark 4:13
No
Genesis 41:16; Psalms 139:6; Daniel 2:30; 1 Corinthians 2:12-15

Verse 6
Then he answered and spake unto me, saying, This is the word of the LORD unto Zerubbabel, saying, Not by might, nor by power, but by my spirit, saith the LORD of hosts.
Not
9:13-15; Numbers 27:16; 2 Chronicles 14:11; Isaiah 11:2-4; 30:1; 32:15; 63:10-14; Ezekiel 37:11-14; Hosea 1:7; Haggai 2:2-5; 1 Corinthians 2:4,5; 2 Corinthians 10:4,5; 1 Peter 1:12
might
or, army.
2 Chronicles 32:7,8; Psalms 20:6-8; 33:16,20,21; 44:3-7

Verse 7
Who art thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel thou shalt become a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone thereof with shoutings, crying, Grace, grace unto it.
O great
14:4,5; Psalms 114:4,6; Isaiah 40:3,4; 41:15; 64:1-3; Jeremiah 51:25; Daniel 2:34,35; Micah 1:4; 4:1; Nahum 1:5,6; Habakkuk 3:6; Haggai 2:6-9,21-23; Matthew 21:21; Luke 3:5; Revelation 16:20
headstone
9; Psalms 118:22; Isaiah 28:16; Matthew 21:42; Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17; Acts 4:11; Ephesians 2:20; 1 Peter 2:7
shoutings
Ezra 3:11-13; 6:15-17; Job 38:6,7; Revelation 5:9-13; 19:1-6
Grace
Jeremiah 33:11; Romans 11:6; Ephesians 1:6,7; 2:4-8

Verse 9
The hands of Zerubbabel have laid the foundation of this house; his hands shall also finish it; and thou shalt know that the LORD of hosts hath sent me unto you.
have
Ezra 3:8-13; 5:16
his hands
6:12,13; Ezra 6:14,15; Matthew 16:18; Hebrews 12:2
and
2:8,9,11; 6:15; Isaiah 48:16; John 3:17; 5:36,37; 8:16-18; 17:21

Verse 10
For who hath despised the day of small things? for they shall rejoice, and shall see the plummet in the hand of Zerubbabel with those seven; they are the eyes of the LORD, which run to and fro through the whole earth.
despised
Ezra 3:12,13; Nehemiah 4:2-4; Job 8:7; Proverbs 4:18; Daniel 2:34,35; Hosea 6:3; Haggai 2:3; Matthew 13:31-33; 1 Corinthians 1:28,29
for they, etc
or, since the seven eyes of the Lord shall rejoice.
Isaiah 66:11,14; Luke 15:5-10,32
and shall
Amos 7:7,8
plummet
Heb. stone of tin. those.
3:9; Revelation 8:2
they are
1:10,11; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Proverbs 15:3; Revelation 5:6

Verse 11
Then answered I, and said unto him, What are these two olive trees upon the right side of the candlestick and upon the left side thereof?
What
3; Revelation 11:4

Verse 12
And I answered again, and said unto him, What be these two olive branches which through the two golden pipes empty the golden oil out of themselves?
What be
Matthew 20:23; Revelation 11:4
through
Haggai 1:1; *marg:
Heb
by the hand of. empty, etc. or, empty out of themselves oil into gold. the golden. Heb. the gold.

Verse 13
And he answered me and said, Knowest thou not what these be? And I said, No, my lord.
Knowest
5; Hebrews 5:11,12

Verse 14
Then said he, These are the two anointed ones, that stand by the Lord of the whole earth.
These
6:13; Exodus 29:7; 40:15; Leviticus 8:12; 1 Samuel 10:1; 16:1,12,13; Psalms 2:6; *marg:; Psalms 89:20; 110:4; Isaiah 61:1-3; Daniel 9:24-26; Haggai 1:1-12; Hebrews 1:8,9; Hebrews 7:1,2; Revelation 11:4
anointed ones
Heb. sons of oil.
Isaiah 5:1; *marg:
that
3:1-7; 6:5; Deuteronomy 10:8; 1 Kings 17:1; Jeremiah 49:19; Luke 1:19
the Lord
Joshua 3:11,13; Isaiah 54:5; Micah 4:13

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 4:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/zechariah-4.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, May 24th, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
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