Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 10:17

He made 300 shields of beaten gold, using three minas of gold on each shield, and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armory;   Gold;   King;   Maneh;   Pound;   Shield;   Solomon;   Thompson Chain Reference - Shields;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Arms, Military;   Forests;   Gold;   Shields;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Cedar;   Pound;   Sabeans;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - King;   Solomon;   Weights;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Armour;   Army;   Baalbec;   Beaten Gold;   Forest;   Maneh;   Pound;   Shield;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Arms;   Commerce;   Jerusalem;   Mizpah;   Nail;   Phoenice;   Rehoboam;   Solomon;   Weights and Measures;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Beaten Gold;   House of the Forest of Lebanon;   Palace;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Armour, Arms;   Government;   Israel;   Sheba, Queen of;   Solomon;   Weights and Measures;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Forest;   Weights and Measures;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hiram;   Tyre;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Pound;   Shield;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Arms;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Armor;   Armory;   Cedar;   Forest;   Gold;   Maneh;   Temple;   Weights and Measures;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Armory;   Numismatics;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

He made three hundred shields - The מגן magen was a large shield by which the whole body was protected.

Mr. Reynolds computes that the two hundred targets, on each of which were employed three hundred shekels of gold, were worth £28,131 16s. 9 1/2d.

And the three hundred shields, in forming each of which three pounds of gold were employed, were worth £210,976 7s. 7d.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

These shields, together with the 500 taken by David from Hadadezer 2 Samuel 8:7 were hung round the outer walls of a building, reckoned as belonging to the “house of the Forest of Lebanon,” but separate from it, and called sometimes “the Tower of David” Isaiah 22:8. The practice of hanging shields outside walls for ornamentation seems to have existed at Tyre Ezekiel 27:10-11, Rome, Athens, and elsewhere. Traces of it are thought to be found in the Assyrian sculptures.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-10.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold,.... Which were a lesser sort:

three pounds of gold went to one shield; or three hundred shekels, as in 2 Chronicles 9:16 a hundred shekels made one pound; so that these were but half the value of the former, and one of them was worth but two hundred and twenty five pounds: EupolemusF15Apud Euseb. Praepar. Evangel. l. 9. c. 34. , an Heathen writer, makes mention of those golden shields Solomon made, and which were made for show, and not for war, as follows:

and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon; one part of which was made an armoury of, see Song of Solomon 4:4.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-10.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.

Shields — Smaller than targets.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-10.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 10:17 And [he made] three hundred shields [of] beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.

Ver. 17. And he made three hundred shields.] Nothing so big as those targets, [1 Kings 10:16] but lost with them.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-10.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Three pound, or, three hundred shekels, as it is expressed 2 Chronicles 9:16.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Shields — Ordinary shields, such as were carried on the arm.

Three pounds — Three mina. 2 Chronicles 9:16 reads three hundred shekels; according to which these shields were half the weight of the targets or long shields described in the previous verse; that is, about nine pounds. Both the greater and smaller shields were probably made of wood and overlaid with gold, and were designed more for ornament than for use. They were hung up in one of the great halls of Solomon’s palace, (see note on 1 Kings 7:2,) whence they were subsequently carried away by Shishak king of Egypt. 1 Kings 14:25-26.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-10.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Targets, smaller than the former, and resembling a crescent. Ducit Amazonidum lunatis agmina peltis. (Virgil, Æneid i.) (Calmet)

--- Paralipomenon reads, shields. --- Fine. Septuagint, "ductile." Hebrew sseut, "beaten, refined," &c. --- Hundred is omitted in Hebrew and Septuagint, (Haydock) but is found in 2 Paralipomenon (ix. 16.) where we read 300 of gold, in like manner as 600 of gold in the preceding verse, without specifying the particular weight in either. These targets or shields, seem to have been heavier than the former, and designed only for ornament, being placed in the great hall, as they weighed each 375 Roman pounds, or 18,000 sicles; (Calmet) unless minæ, pound, be here put for sicle; as Josephus ([Antiquities?] ii. 3.) says that sons of Jacob sold their brother for twenty pieces of silver, Genesis xxxvii. 28. (Menochius) --- Salien thinks that 200 shields were each worth 600 sicles, and these 300 targets weighed each 300 sicles of gold. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

shields. Taken away by Shishak in the reign of Rehoboam (1 Kings 14:26).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Pound—that is, maneh, equal (see 2 Chronicles 10:16) to one hundred shekels.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he made three hundred shields of beaten gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of Lebanon.
in the house
7:2
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:36 - beaten;  2 Samuel 8:7 - shields;  1 Kings 10:21 - the house;  1 Kings 14:26 - the shields of gold;  1 Chronicles 18:7 - shields;  2 Chronicles 9:15 - two;  2 Chronicles 12:9 - the shields;  Isaiah 22:8 - the armour

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-10.html.