Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 10:19

There were six steps to the throne and a round top to the throne at its rear, and arms on each side of the seat, and two lions standing beside the arms.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - King;   Lion;   Solomon;   Throne;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sabeans;   Throne;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - King;   Solomon;   Throne;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Israel;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Solomon;   Throne;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Commerce;   Ivory;   Lion;   Mizpah;   Phoenice;   Solomon;   Throne;   Holman Bible Dictionary - House of the Forest of Lebanon;   Palace;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Government;   Israel;   Ivory;   Sheba, Queen of;   Solomon;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Numbers as Symbols;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hiram;   Tyre;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Throne;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Commerce;   Forest;   King;   Lion;   Stay;   Temple;   Throne;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The throne was round behind: and there were stays on either side - This description seems to indicate that the throne was in the form of one of our ancient round-topped, two-armed chairs. This throne or chair of state was raised on a platform, the ascent to which consisted of six steps. What we call stays is in the Hebrew ידת yadoth, hands, which serves to confirm the conjecture above.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Representations of thrones are frequent in the Egyptian and Assyrian sculptures. They have no steps up to them, but frequently stand upon square bases. The back appears to be flat at the top, not rounded. Assyrian thrones have “stays” or arms on either side, and they stand generally upon lion‘s feet. They are always accompanied by a footstool.

Lions stood beside the stays - The arms of Assyrian thrones are occasionally supported by figures of animals. The throne of Rameses II at Medinet Abou has a sphinx at the side and a lion below the sphinx. The figure of the lion is naturally adopted by any imaginative race as an emblem of sovereignty. In the present case its adoption seems to have grown directly out of the poetic imagery of inspired prophets, who, living before the time of Solomon, had compared Israel Numbers 23:24; Numbers 24:9, and more particularly Judah Genesis 49:9, to a lion. The “twelve lions” of 1 Kings 10:20 were probably intended to be emblematic of the twelve tribes. Josephus adds to the description of Solomon‘s throne here given, that the seat was supported by a golden ox or bull, with its head turned over its shoulder. As the lion was especially emblematic of Judah, so was the ox or bull of Ephraim. (Hosea 4:16; Hosea 10:11; Jeremiah 31:18, etc.)

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-10.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

The throne had six steps,.... Up to the footstool of the throne, which was of gold, 2 Chronicles 9:18 and was high, that everyone in court might see him, and the better hear the sentence he gave:

and the top of the throne was round behind; had a semicircle at the top of it, like an alcove:

and there were stays on either side on the place of the seat; or "hands"F17ידת "manus", V. L. Montanus, &c. αγκωνες "brachiola", Sept. in 2 Chron. ix. 18. , such as the arms of a chair, to lean and rest upon:

and two lions stood beside the stays; which were not only ornamental, and for support of the stays, but expressive of majesty, and of undaunted courage and resolution to do justice, and of the danger such expose themselves to, who oppose magistrates in the discharge of their office; and in which Solomon was a type of Christ, the lion of the tribe of Judah; and for the same reasons were the like portraits on the steps, as follows.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne [was] round behind: and [there were] g stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays.

(g) As the chair bows, or places to lean upon.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-10.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne was round behind: and there were stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays.

Round — Made like the half of a circle.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-10.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 10:19 The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne [was] round behind: and [there were] stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays.

Ver. 19. The throne had six steps.] Whereby when the king ascended to his throne, he was imminded both of his dignity and duty; since Sedes prima et vita ima, would be incongruous and reproachful.

And the top of the throne, &c.] The canopy encircled the king’s head, for his greater ease and state, and to note God’s protection.

And there were stays.] Heb., Hands, to rest his arms on.

And two lions stood beside the stays.] To show that his throne should not easily be overturned.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-10.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Round behind; made like the half of a circle.

Two lions: these and the following lions seem added, to express either the tribe from which Solomon sprung, compared to a lion, Genesis 49:9; or rather, that majesty and power wherewith a prince is adorned and armed, which his subjects cannot resist; or the duty of a prince in the execution of judgment, which ought to be done with great courage and magnanimity.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

19.Top of the throne was round behind — That is, it had a curved, or rounded back.

Stays — The arms, as those of an easy chair, on which the king, when seated, might rest his hands or arms. This throne, with all its imposing surroundings, was set in the porch described at 1 Kings 7:7.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-10.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Behind, like an alcove, (Haydock) placed in the porch of the palace, chap. vii. 8. --- Hands, for the elbows to rest on. In Paralipomenon, St. Jerome translates, "little" arms. The feet might also be made in this shape. Josephus ([Antiquities?] viii. 5.) represents them as forming the seat: (Calmet) and the Septuagint place them on each side: "the fore-parts of oxen, projecting from the back of the throne, and hands on the throne, on each side of the seat." In Paralipomenon also, we find a foot-stool of gold. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

top = canopy.

stays = supports. Literally hands.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-10.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

The throne had six steps, and the top of the throne was round behind: and there were stays on either side on the place of the seat, and two lions stood beside the stays.
behind
Heb. on the hinder part thereof. stays. Heb. hands.
Reciprocal: Ecclesiastes 2:4 - I builded

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:19". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-10.html.