Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 10:5

the food of his table, the seating of his servants, the attendance of his waiters and their attire, his cupbearers, and his stairway by which he went up to the house of the Lord , there was no more spirit in her.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Butler;   Church;   Cupbearer;   Queen;   Solomon;   Women;   Thompson Chain Reference - Butlers;   Table;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sabeans;   Walls;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Arabia;   Solomon;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Israel;   Spirit;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Butler;   Cup-Bearer;   Sheba;   Solomon;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Cupbearer;   Dress;   Minister;   Solomon;   Temple;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Book(s);   Butler;   Cupbearer;   Queen;   Riddle;   Seba, Sabeans;   Table;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Cupbearer;   Israel;   Meals;   Minister;   Sheba, Queen of;   Solomon;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Queen (2);   King James Dictionary - Amber;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Cup-Bearer;   Shallecheth ;   Sheba ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Cup-bearer;   Sheba;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Cupbearer,;   Minister;   Palace;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ascent;   Butler;   Cupbearer;   Government;   King;   Meals;   Psychology;   Queen;   Queen of Sheba;   Table;   Temple;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Government;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The meat of his table - The immense supply of all kinds of food daily necessary for the many thousands which were fed at and from his table. See 1 Kings 4:22-23; (note).

And the sitting of his servants - The various orders and distinctions of his officers.

The attendance of his ministers - See the account of these and their attendance, 1 Kings 4:1, etc.

And their apparel - The peculiarity of their robes, and their splendor and costliness.

And his cup-bearers - The original משקיו mashkaiv may as well be applied to his beverage, or to his drinking utensils, as to his cup-bearers.

And his ascent by which he went up - It seems very strange that the steps to the temple should be such a separate matter of astonishment. The original is יהוה בית יעלה אשר ועלתו which all the versions have translated, And the holocausts which he offered in the house of the Lord. The Vulgate, Septuagint, Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic, all express this sense: so does the German translation of Luther, from which, in this place, we have most pitifully departed: And seine Brandopfer, die er in dem Hause des Herrn opferte; "And his burnt-offering which he offered in the house of the Lord."

There was no more spirit in her - She was overpowered with astonishment; she fainted. I have seen precisely the same effect produced; a lady who was herself an artist, viewing some exquisitely finished oriental paintings, was so struck with astonishment that she twice nearly fainted, and was obliged to leave the room. What happened to the queen of Sheba is a natural and not an uncommon effect which will be produced in a delicate sensible mind at the sight of rare and extraordinary productions of art.

Of the profusion of Solomon's sacrifices we have already had proof, 1 Kings 8:63; 1 Kings 9:25.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-kings-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And the meat of his table - Compare 1 Kings 4:22-23. The scene here described receives very apt illustration from the Assyrian banquet scenes, where we have numerous guests sitting, dressed handsomely in fringed robes, with armlets upon their arms, and bracelets round their wrists, attendants standing behind them, and magnificent drinking-cups, evidently of a costly metal, in the hands of the guests, which are filled from a great wine-bowl at one end of the chamber.

And his ascent by which he went up - A rendering preferable to “the burnt-offering which he cffered in.” The “ascent” was probably a private way by which the king passed from his palace on the western hill, across the ravine (Tyropoeum) and up the eastern hill, to the west side of the temple area (compare the marginal reference).

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-10.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

1 Kings 10:5

The meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants.

At the king’s table

“To be carved for at table by a great prince would be counted as great a favour as the meal itself. To take outward blessings out of God’s hand, to see that He remembereth us, and sendeth in our provision at every turn; this endeareth the mercy, and increaseth our delight therein.” What, indeed, would most men give if they could say, “The queen herself carved for me, and was most anxious that I should be well supplied”? But each believer has the Lord Himself for his Provider. He loads our table, and fills our cup. Providence is no other than God providing. He measures out our joys, weighs our sorrows, appoints our labours, and selects our trials. There is no morsel on the saint’s plate which is not of the Lord’s cawing, unless he has been so foolish as to put forth his hand unto iniquity. (C. H. Spurgeon.)

The king and his servants

Those who entertain a king reckon upon receiving his train. It is not fit that he should come alone. So those who receive Jesus by faith into their hearts, receive also His Church, His ministers, His Word, and His cause. They take the Saviour and all His belongings. As the old proverb hath it, “Love me, love my dog,” so they love all who belong to Jesus for their Lord’s sake. Where Jesus comes with pardon, He brings all the graces with Him and we are right glad to entertain them all: not only faith, but love, hope, patience, courage, zeal, and the whole band of virtues. It would be idle to say, “Christ is in me,” if none of the graces of His Spirit lodged within our souls. (C. H. Spurgeon.)

His ascent by which he went up into the house of the Lord.--

Ascent to worship

There are no such steps as these to be found anywhere in the world. A step to honour, a step to riches, a step to worldly glory, these are everywhere, but what are these to the steps by which men do ascend to the house of the Lord. He then that entereth into the house of the Lord is an ascending man; as it is said of Moses, he went up into the mount of God. It is ascending to go into the house of God. The world believes not this; they think it is going downward to go up to the house of God; but they are in a horrible mistake. The steps then by which men go up into the temple are, and ought to be, opposed to those which men take to their lusts and empty glories. Hence such steps are said not only to decline from God, but to take hold of the path to death and hell (Psalms 44:18; Proverbs 2:18; Proverbs 5:5; Proverbs 7:25-27). (John Bunyan.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "1 Kings 10:5". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/1-kings-10.html. 1905-1909. New York.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the meat of his table,.... The various sorts of it, the different dishes, and the multitude of them; see 1 Kings 4:22.

and the sitting of his servants; at table, either with him, or at tables by themselves, yet in his presence; for these were his nobles and courtiers, who were placed in order, according to their rank and degree, which showed wisdom:

and the attendance of his ministers; or the "standing"F17מעמך "statum", Tigurine version, Vatablus, Junius & Tremellius; "stationem", Piscator. of those that waited, both at the king's table, and the tables of the lords, who each had their proper place and business assigned; so that the utmost decorum was observed, and no confusion or disorder to be seen:

and their apparel: their several liveries, which were distinct according to the posts and offices in which they were, and which no doubt were rich and splendid, as well as various:

and his cup bearers; to serve him and his nobles with wine when called for; though the word signifies liquorsF18משקיו "et potum ejus", Tig. vers. so Abarbinel , and may design the various sorts of wines, and other drinkables, used by him, of which there was great plenty:

and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the Lord; the steps which he had made to go up from his palace to the temple; which were so curiously devised, and so artificially wrought, that it gave the queen, among other things, a sensible proof of his great wisdom, as well as of his religion and piety. The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, Syriac, and Arabic versions, and some others, render the words, "and the burnt offerings which he offered in the house of the Lord"; and so JosephusF19Ut supra. (Antiqu. l. 8. c. 6. sect. 5.) understood them; she was shown the service of the house of the Lord, as much as could be admitted, and perhaps was told the meaning of it; all which she saw, both in his own house, and in the house of God, and greatly surprised her:

so that there was no more spirit in her; she was quite astonished; like one in an ecstasy, she had no power for a time to speak, what she saw and heard so affected her.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the b meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.

(b) That is, the whole order, and trade of his house.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-10.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.

Sitting — The order and manner in which his courtiers, or other subjects (who all were his servants in a general sense) sat down at meals, at several tables in his court.

Attendance — Upon the king, both at his table, and in his court; and when he went abroad to the temple or other places.

Apparel — Both the costliness of it, and especially the agreeableness of it to their several places and offices.

Went up — From his own palace. See2Kings16:18, but the ancients, and some others, translate the words thus, and the burnt-offerings which he offered up in the house of the Lord; under which, is the chief, all other sacrifices are understood: when she saw the manner of his offering sacrifices to the Lord; which doubtless she would not neglect to see; and in the ordering of which she might discern many characters of excellent wisdom, especially when she had so excellent an interpreter as Solomon was, to inform her of the reasons of all the circumstances of that service.

No spirit — She was astonished, and could scarcely determine whether she really saw these things, or whether it was only a pleasant dream.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-10.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 10:5 And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD there was no more spirit in her.

Ver. 5. And his ascent.] Called elsewhere the king’s entry, [2 Kings 16:18] and the king’s gate. [1 Chronicles 9:18] A costly and stately piece of work, doubtless. See 1 Kings 10:12.

There was no more spirit in her.] She was in an ecstacy of deep admiration; like as afterwards was Nicostratus in Aelian, who finding a curious piece of work, and being wondered at by one, and asked what pleasure he could take to stand gazing as he did on the picture, answered, Hadst thou mine eyes, thou wouldst not wonder, but rather be ravished as I am, at the inimitable art of this rare piece.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-10.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

1 Kings 10:5. There was no more spirit in her A common mode of expression to signify the highest degree of admiration; implying, says Houbigant, aliquem esse admiratione obstupefactum, that the person is stunned with admiration.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-kings-10.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The sitting of his servants, i.e. the order and manner in which his courtiers or other subjects (who all were his servants in a general sense) sat down at meals, at several tables in his court.

The attendance of his ministers, to wit, upon the king, both at his table, and elsewhere in his court; and when he went abroad to the temple or other places,

Their apparel; both the costliness of it:, and especially the conveniency of it to their several places and offices.

His ascent by which he went up unto the house of the Lord from his own palace. See 2 Kings 16:18. But the ancients, and some others translate the words thus, and the burnt-offerings which he offered up in the house of the Lord; under which, as the chief, all other sacrifices are understood: when she saw the manner of his offering sacrifices to the Lord, which doubtless she would not neglect to see; and in the ordering of which she might discern really characters of excellent wisdom, especially when she had so excellent an interpreter as Solomon was to inform her of the reasons of all the circumstances of that service.

There was no more spirit in her; she was astonished, and rapt up in a kind of ecstasy, and could scarce determine whether she did really see these things, or whether it was not only a pleasant dream.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

5.Meat of his table — The vast quantity and variety of his provisions.

See 1 Kings 4:22-23.

The sitting of his servants — Rather, the seats, or dwelling-places, of his servants. The apartments in the royal palace where they kept themselves ready at any moment to obey the orders of the king.

The attendance — Or, the standing-places. The serving posts or positions of duty assigned to the ministers. All of these were doubtless arranged and adorned in a splendid style.

His ministers משׁרתיו, a higher order of servants than those whose sitting-places have just been mentioned. They were attendants on the king’s person, stood in his presence, and all their duties brought them more or less into immediate proximity to Solomon.

Cup-bearers — Or butlers; whose office it was to take charge of the royal plate, and to pour out and bring wine to the king. See note on Nehemiah 1:11. Some understand the word of the drinking-vessels which he used.

His ascent — Not the king’s gravity and pious demeanour as he went up to worship in the temple, (Henry,) nor the burnt offering which he offered in the house of the Lord, as the older versions and many commentators thought, but the private entrance or passage-way, magnificently wrought, by which he ascended to the temple from some part of his own house. Compare 2 Kings 16:18; 1 Chronicles 26:16. From this it appears that the palace was at a lower elevation than the temple, and probably on the southern slope of Moriah. See note at the beginning of chap. 7.

No more spirit in her — She was completely overwhelmed with wonder and astonishment.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-10.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

In her. She fainted away in rapture and astonishment. (Haydock) --- Thus the church of the Gentiles is taught, by the gospel, to lay aside the spirit of pride, &c. (Worthington)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-10.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

sitting = seated assembly.

attendance = standing.

ascent. The covered stairway connecting Mount Zion (Jebus) with Mount Moriah. Compare 2 Kings 16:18. Ascent is the word for burnt or "ascending offering", by the merits of which we ascend now.

spirit. Hebrew. ruach. App-9.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD there was no more spirit in her.

And the meat of his table - including the immense amount, variety, and luxuriousness of the daily provisions (cf. 1 Kings 4:22-23), as well as the sumptuous splendour of the equipage at the royal table (1 Kings 10:21).

And the sitting of his servants, [ uwmowshab (Hebrew #4186) `

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-10.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the meat of his table, and the sitting of his servants, and the attendance of his ministers, and their apparel, and his cupbearers, and his ascent by which he went up unto the house of the LORD; there was no more spirit in her.
the meat
4:22,23
attendance
Heb. standing. cup-bearers. or, butlers. ascent. The original weölatho asher yaäleh baith yehowah, is rendered by the LXX. and Vulgate, [kai ten olokowtosin autou en anepheren en oiko Kuriou;] et holocausta, quæ offerebat in domo Domini, "And the burnt offerings (or holocausts) which he offered in the house of the Lord;" with which the Chaldee, Syriac, and Arabic agree; and so also Luther, llnd feine Brandopfer, bie er in bem Daufe bes Derrn opferte; and this seems to be the true sense of the passage.
2 Kings 16:18; 1 Chronicles 9:18; 26:16; 2 Chronicles 23:13; Ezekiel 44:3; 46:2
there was no
Joshua 5:1; 2 Chronicles 9:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 40:11 - hand;  Genesis 42:28 - their heart;  2 Kings 11:5 - the watch;  Jeremiah 38:14 - third;  Matthew 6:29 - even;  Mark 6:39 - GeneralLuke 7:25 - are in

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 10:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-10.html.