Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 16:8

In the twenty-sixth year of Asa king of Judah, Elah the son of Baasha became king over Israel at Tirzah, and reigned two years.
New American Standard

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Anger;   Elah;   Tirzah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Elah;   Israel;   Israel-The Jews;   Kings of Israel;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Omri;   Zimri;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Palestine;   Shechem;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Elah;   Tirza;   Zimri;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahaz;   Baasha;   Elah;   Israel;   Samaria;   Zimri;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Arza;   Elah;   Jehu;   Omri;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Elah;   Tirzah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baasha ;   Elah ;   Tirzah ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Nimshi;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Asa;   Jehu;   Smith Bible Dictionary - E'lah;   Israel, Kingdom of;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Asa;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   Kingdom of Judah;   Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Elah (2);   Tirzah;   Zimri (1);   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Asa;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Two years - i. e., More than one year, or, at any rate, some portion of two distinct years (compare 1 Kings 16:10).

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These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-16.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

ELAH SUCCEEDED BAASHA; BUT ZIMRI MURDERED HIM

"In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, and reigned two years. And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him. Now he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza, who was over the household in Tirzah: and Zimri went in and smote him, and killed him, in the twenty and seventh year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned in his stead. And it came to pass, when he began to reign, as soon as he sat on his throne, that he smote all the house of Baasha: he left him not a single man-child, neither of his kinsfolk, nor of his friends. Thus did Zimri destroy all the house of Baasha, according to the word of Jehovah, which he spake against Baasha by Jehu the prophet, for all the sins of Baasha, and the sins of Elah his son, which they sinned, and wherewith they made Israel to sin, to provoke Jehovah, the God of Israel, to anger with their vanities. Now the rest of the acts of Elah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?"

"In the twenty and sixth year ... in the twenty and seventh year" (1 Kings 16:8,10). From this it is dear that Elah's reign was actually somewhat less than two years.

"Zimri ... conspired against him" (1 Kings 16:9). "Zimri did that to Baasha's son only that which Baasha had done before him. Baasha was hoist by his own petard. As for Elah, he was a dissolute and pusillanimous prince."[7]

"He was drinking himself drunk ... in the house of Arza" (1 Kings 16:9). This was certainly conduct, "unworthy of royalty, demonstrating the despicable character of Elah."[8] He should have been with his troops in battle. The Arza who was mentioned here had charge of the palace at Tirzah and was very likely a co-conspirator with Zimri.

"Zimri went in and smote him ... and reigned in his stead" (1 Kings 16:10). "In Zimri the third dynasty in Israel came to the throne, if indeed a line that ruled only seven days should be dignified with a title such as dynasty."[9] "Zimri was a professional soldier, perhaps not even an Israelite, since he is not identified with any tribe."[10] The short reign of this monarch, which lasted only seven days, is the shortest reign of any of the kings.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-16.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

In the twenty sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years. Not complete, for he died in the twenty seventh of Asa, 1 Kings 16:10 he reigned just the time that Nadab the son of Jeroboam did, 1 Kings 15:25.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-16.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

began Elah the son of Baasha to reign — (compare 1 Kings 15:33). From this it will appear that Baasha died in the twenty-third year of his reign (see on 1 Kings 15:2), and Elah, who was a prince of dissolute habits, reigned not fully two years.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-kings-16.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.

Two years — One compleat, and part of the other, verse10.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/1-kings-16.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 16:8 In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.

Ver. 8. Two years.] Current, but not fully complete. [1 Kings 16:15] So God paid Baasha in kind for his cruelty to Nadab. He loveth to retaliate.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-16.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

One complete, and part of the other, 1 Kings 16:10, which in Scripture account is reckoned for a year. See Poole "1 Kings 15:25".

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-16.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

ELAH’S REIGN, 1 Kings 16:8-14.

8.Elah — The records of this king are a sad repetition of that of Nadab, the son of Jeroboam. As Nadab ended the first, so did Elah end the second, dynasty of Israelitish kings.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-kings-16.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Years, in part, as he was slain in the 27th year of Asa, ver. 10.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-16.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.

Began Elah the son of Baasha to reign - (cf. 1 Kings 15:33.) From this it will appear that Baasba died in the 23rd year of his reign (see the notes at 1 Kings 15:2); and Elah who was a prince of dissolute habits, reigned not fully two years.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-kings-16.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

In the twenty and sixth year of Asa king of Judah began Elah the son of Baasha to reign over Israel in Tirzah, two years.
A. M. 3075. B.C. 929. In the twenty. Baasha began to reign in the third year of Asa, and reigned 24 years; yet he died and was succeeded by Elah in the 26th year of Asa; and, in like manner, Elah, who began to reign in the 26th year of Asa, and was killed in the 27th, is said to have reigned two years. Thus it is evident that a part of a year is calculated as a whole year. In the Chinese annals, the whole year in which a king dies is ascribed to his reign, the years of the succeeding king being reckoned only from the beginning of the following year
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 14:17 - Tirzah;  1 Kings 15:32 - there was war;  1 Kings 15:33 - twenty and four years;  1 Kings 16:6 - Elah;  1 Kings 16:15 - seven;  1 Kings 16:21 - divided;  1 Kings 16:23 - twelve years;  2 Kings 15:14 - Tirzah;  2 Kings 15:23 - and reigned two years;  2 Kings 21:19 - two years;  Proverbs 28:2 - the transgression

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 16:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-16.html.