Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 21:11

So the men of his city, the elders and the nobles who lived in his city, did as Jezebel had sent word to them, just as it was written in the letters which she had sent them.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Confiscation;   Conspiracy;   Covetousness;   Dishonesty;   Falsehood;   Government;   Homicide;   Indictments;   Jezebel;   Judge;   King;   Naboth;   Perjury;   Slander;   Usurpation;   Women;   Thompson Chain Reference - Jezebel;   Queens;   Women;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Jezebel;   Jezreel;   Justice;   Naboth;   Vine;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ahab;   Jezebel;   King;   Lie;   Steal;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Government;   Leadership;   Punishment;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Fast;   Writing;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Fasting;   Judges;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Esdraelon;   Festivals;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Letter;   Naboth;   Queen;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Government;   Jezebel;   Justice;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Jezebel ;   Jezreelite, Jezreelitess ;   Naboth ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Naboth;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Elder;   Elijah;   Jezebel;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Law of Moses;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Jezebel;   Judge;   Naboth;   Noble;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The ready submission of the elders and nobles implies a deep moral degradation among the Israelites, the fruit of their lapse into idolatry.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-21.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE MEN OF JEZREEL OBEY JEZEBEL'S EVIL COMMANDS TO THE LETTER

"And the men of his city, even the elders and the nobles who dwelt in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them. They proclaimed a fast, and set Naboth on high among the people. And the two men, the base fellows, came in and sat before him: and the base fellows bare witness against him, even against Naboth, in the presence of the people, saying, Naboth did curse God and the king. Then they carried him forth out of the city, and stoned him to death with stones. Then they sent to Jezebel, saying, Naboth is stoned, and is dead. And it came to pass, when Jezebel heard that Naboth was stoned, and was dead, that Jezebel said to Ahab, Arise, take possession of the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, which he refused to give thee for money; for Naboth is not alive, but dead. And it came to pass that when Ahab heard that Naboth was dead, that Ahab rose up to go down to the vineyard of Naboth the Jezreelite, to take possession of it."

Behold, what idolatry had done for Israel! The morals of a whole city such as Jezreel were shamefully corrupt. Note that all of the elders of the city and the nobles of Jezreel were all partners is this diabolical murder and robbery of one of their citizens. No man's honor, or his life, was safe in that kind of a city. Jezebel and that weak and worthless Ahab had done this to the kingdom of Israel, not merely to Jezreel, but to the whole nation.

What about Naboth's heirs? Jezebel's knowledge of the Books of Moses enabled her to take care of that also. The pretence of that false trial was modeled after the example of Joshua and the stoning of Achan (Joshua 7), and it will be remembered that not only Achan, but his wife and all of his sons and daughters were also stoned with him. Yes Jezebel took care of everything. They stoned all of Naboth's sons (2 Kings 9:26) at the same time as the stoning of Naboth so that there would not be any heirs!

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-kings-21.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the men of the city, even the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them,.... That Jezebel should contrive so execrable a scheme, and that there should be such sons of Belial among the common people to swear to such falsehoods, need not seem strange; but that the elders and nobles of the city, the chief magistrates thereof, should be so sadly and universally depraved as to execute such a piece of villany, is really surprising. Idolatry, when it prevails, takes away all sense of humanity and justice:

and as it was written in the letters which she had sent unto them; they punctually, exactly, obeyed the orders in them, as follows.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-21.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the e men of his city, [even] the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, [and] as it [was] written in the letters which she had sent unto them.

(e) Thus the worldlings contrary to God's commandment, who does not consent to the shedding of innocent blood, would rather obey the wicked commandments of princes than the just laws.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-21.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 21:11 And the men of his city, [even] the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, [and] as it [was] written in the letters which she had sent unto them.

Ver. 11. Did as Jezebel had sent unto them.] So wretched were those times, that whatsoever pleased the prince, pleased all. But, oh, how miserable is that people whose rulers, instead of punishing, plot and encourage wickedness! When a distillation of evil falleth from the head upon the lungs of any state, there must needs follow a deadly consumption.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-21.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The elders and the nobles did as Jezebel had sent unto them; which is not at all strange in them who had for a long time cast off the fear and sense of God, and prostituted their consciences and religion to please their king, and sold themselves to all manner of wickedness, and could not now make a safe and honourable retreat, and durst not disobey Jezebel’s command, by whom they knew the king was wholly governed, and who could easily have taken away their lives in the same manner, if they had refused to kill Naboth.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-21.html. 1685.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

1 Kings 21:11. The men of his city did as Jezebel had sent to them — Which is not at all strange, considering that they had for a long time cast off the fear of God; prostituted their consciences and religion to please their king; and sold themselves to all manner of wickedness; so that they could not now make a safe and honourable retreat. Besides, they durst not disobey Jezebel’s command, by whom they knew the king was wholly governed, and who could easily have taken away their lives, in the same manner, if they had refused to kill Naboth: and it is not unlikely that she sent private messengers to tell them, by word of mouth, what she expected from them, and how she would reward them; as well as public letters to authorize what they did. Princes never want instruments to execute their pleasure; but it is strange that, in this case, there should be none among the judges and great men that abhorred such villany: it argues the great corruption of their manners by idolatry.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/1-kings-21.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

as = according as.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-21.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) And the men of his city . . . did.—The pains taken in the invention of this foul plot, and the ready acquiescence of the rulers of the city in carrying it out, are characteristic of the baser forms of organised Eastern despotism—not venturing to take life by simple violence without some cause apparently shown, and yet always able to poison the springs of justice, and do murder under form of law. In Israel, where the king was held to be but a vicegerent of God, subject, in theory, under the old constitution or “manner of the kingdom” (1 Samuel 10:25), to the supreme law, the need of clothing crime with legal form would be especially felt.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-kings-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the men of his city, even the elders and the nobles who were the inhabitants in his city, did as Jezebel had sent unto them, and as it was written in the letters which she had sent unto them.
did as Jezebel
Exodus 1:17,21; 23:1,2; Leviticus 19:15; 1 Samuel 22:17; 23:20; 2 Kings 10:6,7; 2 Chronicles 24:21; Proverbs 29:12,26; Daniel 3:18-25; Hosea 5:11; Micah 6:16; Matthew 2:12,16; Acts 4:19; 5:29
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 13:29 - servants;  2 Samuel 19:21 - Shall not;  2 Kings 9:33 - Throw her down;  2 Kings 16:11 - built an altar;  Job 22:8 - But as;  James 2:6 - and

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 21:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-21.html.