Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Kings 9:6

"But if you or your sons indeed turn away from following Me, and do not keep My commandments and My statutes which I have set before you, and go and serve other gods and worship them,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Backsliders;   Blessing;   Government;   Idolatry;   Probation;   Solomon;   The Topic Concordance - Disobedience;   Forsaking;   Idolatry;   Service;   Turning;   Worship;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Jerusalem;   Kings, First and Second, Theology of;   Sanctuary;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Crimes and Punishments;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Temple of Jerusalem;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Alliance;   Israel;   Solomon;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Dream;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Conversion;   Kings, Books of;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

At all turn - Rather, “If ye shall wholly turn from following Me.” (See 2 Chronicles 7:19.) The Israelites were not to be cut off, except for an entire defection.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-kings-9.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

But if you shall at all turn from following me, you or your children,.... From my worship, as the Targum; either Solomon or his successors, or the people of Israel and their posterity; should they turn their backs on God and his worship, meaning not in a single instance, or in some small degree; but as in the original, "if in turning ye turn"F5אם שוב תשבון "si avertendo aversi fueritis", Pagninus, Montanus, &c. , that is, utterly, and entirely, or wholly turn from him and his worship to other gods, as follows:

and will not keep my commandments and my statutes, which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them: neglecting the will and worship of God, go into idolatrous practices, as Solomon himself did.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-kings-9.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

[But] if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will b not keep my commandments [and] my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them:

(b) God declares that disobedience against him, is the cause of his displeasure, and so of all misery.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/1-kings-9.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Kings 9:6 [But] if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments [and] my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them:

Ver. 6. But if you shall at all turn.] Heb., Turning turn; utterly and totally turn, sliding back from me by a perpetual backsliding; [Jeremiah 8:5] if ye shall hold fast deceit, and refuse to return (ibid.).

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-kings-9.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

If ye shall at all turn from following me; or rather,

if ye shall wholly turn, & c.; if you shall wilfully and obstinately depart from God, and violate his laws, as the doubling of the word implies. Whereby he also intimates that he would not be so rigid and severe towards them, as to mark every thing that was amiss; but would bear with much, as he did in David &c., only that he would not endure a total defection from him.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-kings-9.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

But if you shall turn away from following me, you or your children, and not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but shall go and serve other gods, and worship them, then I will cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them,”

The contrasting alternative is then put, the possibility that they will turn away from following YHWH. (For ‘turning away from following YHWH’ see especially Joshua 22:18). Note the movement from singular to plural. The initial charge was personal to Solomon in the circumstances (although of course continually applicable), while the alternative leaves open the fact that it might be his sons who will later do it (‘you or your children’). And the thought is that they might fail to keep His commandments and statutes, and might go and serve other gods and worship them. The huge pressure on Israelites to do this, in a land where there were ‘ancient’ false sanctuaries everywhere, and where all nations round about had their prominent idols, has to be experienced to be understood. Such sanctuaries were easily available and provided a quick solution and an easy way out, as well as appealing to man’s primitive instincts. And they would be constantly being urged to it by previous inhabitants of the land. Furthermore they provided elements which excited the lower nature and made no excessive moral demands. That was why YHWH had taken such trouble to guard against them (Exodus 20:3-6; Exodus 23:24; Exodus 23:32-33; Exodus 34:12-14; Leviticus 19:4; Leviticus 26:1; Leviticus 26:30; Deuteronomy 4:19; Deuteronomy 7:4; Deuteronomy 8:19; Deuteronomy 11:16; Deuteronomy 13:2-13; Deuteronomy 17:3; Deuteronomy 28:14; Deuteronomy 30:17; Joshua 24:16; Judges 2:19; Judges 10:13; 1 Samuel 8:8). As will be seen from the references ‘serve other gods’ is typically Deuteronomic, while for ‘serve other gods and worship them’ see uniquely Deuteronomy 11:16. For the ease with which Israel could be turned to the worship of other gods see Numbers 25:2.

The consequence of their serving other gods and worshipping them will be that they will be cut off from the land which God has given them, the point being that the land was given to them because He was their Overlord and they were His people, and on rebelling against Him they would thus no longer have any right to it. Compare Leviticus 18:24-28; Leviticus 20:22. The phrase ‘be cut off out of the land’ is unique in respect of Israel. But a very similar idea is found in Leviticus 18:24-28; Leviticus 20:22 where His people were warned that they might be spewed out of the land for the same reason, (something which would have the same effect), while the godless nations had previously been ‘cast out’ of the land for the same reason (Leviticus 18:24. Those in Israel who did this would also be ‘cut off from among My people’ (Leviticus 18:29). This phrase ‘cut off from among My people’ occurs regularly in Exodus, Leviticus and Numbers, but is not found in Deuteronomy. In Leviticus 20:3; Leviticus 20:5 it has reference to idol worship. For being ‘cut off’ from God see Leviticus 22:3. (Being ‘cut off’ is thus not a Deuteronomic idea).

The theoretical idea that Israel could lose their land if they were disobedient was clearly a well known one, and does not therefore require a specific reference to the Exile. Indeed a similar idea of what could happen to YHWH’s House is found in Micah 3:12 where the Exile was certainly not in mind. They were to see their privileges as constantly dependent on obedience.

For ‘the land which I have given them’ see Numbers 20:12; Deuteronomy 9:23; Deuteronomy 25:19. For the idea behind it see Numbers 20:24; Numbers 27:12; Numbers 32:7; Numbers 32:9; Numbers 33:53; Deuteronomy 3:20; Deuteronomy 26:15. The point is that they have a duty and resonibility to Him as their Benefactor and Overlord.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/1-kings-9.html. 2013.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

But if. This threat had been denounced by Moses, (Deuteronomy xxix. 24.) and was repeated by Jeremias, (xxii. 8.) when it was on the point of being put in execution. (Menochius)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-kings-9.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

children = sons.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-kings-9.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

But if ye shall at all turn from following me, ye or your children, and will not keep my commandments and my statutes which I have set before you, but go and serve other gods, and worship them:
if ye
1 Samuel 2:30; 2 Samuel 7:14-16; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 7:19-22; 15:2
go
11:4-10; Joshua 23:15,16
Reciprocal: Leviticus 14:45 - break down;  Joshua 22:18 - following;  1 Samuel 15:11 - turned;  2 Kings 22:17 - have forsaken;  Ezra 5:12 - he gave;  Ezra 9:7 - for our iniquities;  Nehemiah 1:8 - If ye transgress;  Isaiah 1:28 - they that;  Jeremiah 26:4 - If;  Ezekiel 12:16 - and they

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Kings 9:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-kings-9.html.