Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Samuel 18:20

Now Michal, Saul's daughter, loved David. When they told Saul, the thing was agreeable to him.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Daughter;   David;   Humility;   Jealousy;   Malice;   Prudence;   Thompson Chain Reference - Michal;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Marriage;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Michal;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - David;   Marriage;   Michal;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Prayer;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - David;   Saul;   Holman Bible Dictionary - David;   Michal;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Marriage;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Michal ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Michal;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Marriage;   Merab;   Michal;   Relationships, Family;   Samuel, Books of;   Saul;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Marriage;  

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The thing pleased him - It partly relieved him from the charge of breaking his faith.

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These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-samuel-18.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

ANOTHER SCHEME BY SAUL TO GET DAVID KILLED

"Now Saul's daughter Michal loved David; and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him. Saul thought, Let me give her to him, that she may be a snare for him, and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him." Therefore Saul said to David a second time, "You shall now be my son-in-law." And Saul commanded his servants, "Speak to David in private and say, "Behold, the king has delight in you, and all his servants love you; now then become the king's son-in-law." And Saul's servants spoke those words in the ears of David. And David said, "Does it seem to you a little thing to become the king's son-in-law, seeing that I am a poor man and of no repute"? And the servants of Saul told him. "Thus and so did David speak." Then Saul said, "Thus shall you say to David, `The king desires no marriage present except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, that he may be avenged of the king's enemies.'" Now Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines."

"That she may be a snare for him" (1 Samuel 18:21). "The Hebrew word here suggests the idea of a trigger of a trap with bait laid upon it. It is also used metaphorically, as here, of that which allures a person to destruction."[6]

"Therefore Saul said to David a second time" (1 Samuel 18:21). This is either a summary of what Saul was about to do through his servants as intermediaries, which is possible, or a direct proposition to David. If it was the latter, David did not bother to reply; he had already been frustrated by Saul's false promises. At any rate, Saul employed his servants in an effort to persuade David to marry his daughter. David's explanation that he was not able to give the king a marriage present may also explain what prevented his marriage to Merab. If so, Saul's scheme to get David killed could have been tied to that very thing; and Saul promptly took advantage of it.

"The king desires no marriage present except a hundred foreskins of the Philistines" (1 Samuel 18:25). The Philistines were an uncircumcised people; and "the foreskin" was the part of the body cut off in the ceremony of circumcision. The delivery of a hundred such things would have been possible only by first killing a hundred Philistines. Saul, of course, knew this; and this was precisely the part of the arrangement which Saul relied upon to accomplish the murder of David by the hand of the Philistines.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-samuel-18.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Michal, Saul's daughter, loved David,.... His youngest daughter fell in love with him, because of the comeliness of his person, his gallant behaviour, his wise conduct, and the general esteem and reputation he was had in, as may be supposed:

and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him; not that his daughter loved David, or that he should be his son-in-law, but that he should have an opportunity, as he hoped, of destroying David, which he had lost by giving his elder daughter to another; as also of retrieving his credit with the people, which was greatly sunk by using David in the manner he did, who had become the darling of the people.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-samuel-18.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Michal Saul‘s daughter loved David — This must have happened some time after.

they told Saul, and the thing pleased him — Not from any favor to David, but he saw that it would be turned to the advancement of his malicious purposes, and the more so when, by the artful intrigues and flattery of his spies, the loyal sentiments of David were discovered.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-samuel-18.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

1 Samuel 18:20 And Michal Saul’s daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.

Ver. 20. And Michal Saul’s daughter loved David.] Some Latin copies have it, And David loved Michal, Saul’s other daughter. Both may be true; there was mutual liking.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-samuel-18.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Not for any respect he had to David, but for his own malicious and wicked ends, that he might make use of her love to David, to insnare and ruin him, which he thought might be done many ways, whereof one is here expressed.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-samuel-18.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

20.Michal’ loved David — Keil infers from this that perhaps one reason why Saul broke his promise was that Merab did not love David.

The thing pleased him — For, as the next verse shows, he hoped to make it a snare for David’s life.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-samuel-18.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Other, is not found in the Hebrew, Septuagint, &c. (Haydock) --- Some Latin copies read, "David loved Michol," (Calmet) as the Douay Bible translates; the authors living before the Popes had published their authentic editions. (Haydock) --- Both might be true. (Drusius)

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/1-samuel-18.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.

Michal [Septuagint, Melchol], Saul's daughter, loved David. This must have happened some time after.

They told Saul, and the thing pleased him - not from any favour to David, but he saw that it would be turned to the advancement of his malicious purpose, and the more so when, by the artful intrigues and flattery of his spies, the loyal sentiments of David were discovered.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-samuel-18.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(20) And Michal Saul’s daughter loved David.—But the love of the younger of the two royal princesses for her father’s brilliant officer gave the unhappy king a fresh excuse to expose David’s life to peril, while at the same time he appeared to be endeavouring to carry out an old formal promise.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-samuel-18.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Michal Saul's daughter loved David: and they told Saul, and the thing pleased him.
loved David
pleased him
Heb. was right in his eyes.
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 18:12 - afraid;  1 Samuel 25:44 - Michal;  2 Samuel 3:13 - Michal;  2 Samuel 17:4 - the saying;  1 Chronicles 13:4 - the thing

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 18:20". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-samuel-18.html.