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Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

1 Timothy 4:11

Prescribe and teach these things.


Adam Clarke Commentary

These things command and teach - Let it be the sum and substance of thy preaching, that true religion is profitable for both worlds; that vice destroys both body and soul; that Christ tasted death for every man; and that he saves to the uttermost all them that believe in his name.


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Bibliography
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/1-timothy-4.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

These things command and teach - As important doctrines, and as embracing the sum of the Christian system. It follows from this, that a minister of the gospel is solemnly bound to teach that there is a sense in which God is the Saviour of all people. He is just as much bound to teach this, as he is that only those will be saved who believe. It is a glorious truth - and it is a thing for which a man should unceasingly give thanks to God that he may go and proclaim that He has provided salvation for all, and is willing that all should come and live.


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Bibliography
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-timothy-4.html. 1870.

Coffman's Commentaries on the Bible

These things command and teach.

Every word Paul addressed to Timothy is Christian doctrine. The order to command and teach those things extends to all times and to all congregations seeking to do the will of the Lord. Paul's instructions in this letter were not merely personal advice to Timothy, but solid doctrinal guidelines for the church of all ages.


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James Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.

Bibliography
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-timothy-4.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

These things command and teach. What are to be commanded, command, and what are to be taught, teach; command to refuse and reject all profane and fabulous doctrines, and exhort to the exercise of true godliness, and teach the profitableness of that, and declare the promises made unto it, and assert the truth and acceptableness of them; command, order, and encourage believers to labour and suffer reproach for the sake of Christ, and his Gospel, in hope of enjoying the said promises, and teach them to trust in the God of their lives, and the Saviour of all men; and whereas to this authoritative way of teaching, Timothy's youth might be objected by himself, and others; it follows,


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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rightes Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855

Bibliography
Gill, John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/1-timothy-4.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

These truths, to the exclusion of those useless and even injurious teachings (1 Timothy 4:1-8), while weighing well thyself, charge also upon others.


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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/1-timothy-4.html. 1871-8.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

11Instruct and teach these things He means that the doctrine is of such a kind, that men ought not to be weary of it, though they heard it every day. There are, no doubt, other things to be taught; but there is emphasis in the demonstrative these; for it means that they are not things of small importance, of which it is enough to take a passing and brief notice; but, on the contrary, that they deserve to be repeated every day, because they cannot be too much inculcated. A prudent pastor ought, therefore, to consider what things are chiefly necessary, that he may dwell on them. Nor is there reason to dread that it shall become wearisome; for whosoever is of God will gladly hear frequently those things which need to be so often uttered.


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Bibliography
Calvin, John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/1-timothy-4.html. 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

11 These things command and teach.

Ver. 11. These things command and teach] Teach the tractable, command the obstinate, lay God’s charge upon all.


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Bibliography
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/1-timothy-4.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

1 Timothy 4:11. Command Give in charge. See ch. 1 Timothy 1:3; 1 Timothy 1:5; 1 Timothy 1:18.


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Bibliography
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/1-timothy-4.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Still our apostle proceeds in farther direction and advice to Timothy, both as to his preaching and his practice, both as to his doctrine and conversation.

1. As to his preaching, he requires it to be done with due authority: These things command and teach, that is, these things teach commandingly, and with a necessary authority; the ministers of God speak from God, therefore may command from God.

2. As to his conversation, he exhorts him to exercise such a becoming gravity in his deportment, that, though he was very young, none might despise him or his function because of his youth: where piety and modesty meet in young ministers, it will preserve their youth from contempt; and where levity and vanity are found, it will expose not only youth, but gray hairs also, to contempt and scorn.

3. He directs them to be not only a precedent to all ministers, but a pattern to all believers: Be thou an example of the believers, and that,

1. In word, or speech; look that thy discourse be wise and instructive, not idle and impertinent, much less frothy and profane, but let something for edification always drop from thy lips.

2. In conversation, look that thy gravity be beyond thy years, make up in thy deportment what is wanting in thy age observe a just equality, neither too amusing nor too prostrate, behave not thyself neither above nor below thyself.

3. In charity, show benevolence and exercise beneficence towards all mankind, according to thy ability and opportunity: nothing gives a minister a greater advantage for the success of his labours than charitable distributions; this gives us a throne in the hearts of our people, when wisely managed.

4. In spirit, that is, in zeal and warmth of spirit, in fervency and affection, in an active and sprightly zeal for the glory of God and the good of souls, such a zeal as may render thee industrious in feeding, governing, and instructing thy flock.

5. In faith, that is, in fidelity to, and constancy in, the true religion, not enduring either to be huffed or wheedled out of the truth; for it is a sacred depositum, an holy treasure, which we must transmit to our posterity, as our forefathers did to us with their precious blood.

6. In purity, in chastity and cleanliness, abstaining from sensual lusts, from wantonness and worldly-mindedness; choose spiritual delights now, for they are the entertainment which we must live upon to eternal ages.

By all this we see how much it is in a minister's own power to procure a due esteem to himself, at least to prevent his own contempt, since an holy and exemplary deportment, faithful and constant labours, never fail to do that in some measure: but if we fail here, what other methods soever we use, we shall find God making good his threatening, 1 Samuel 2:30, that they which despise him shall be lightly esteemed; nor will any titles, dignities, or pre- eminences above others, secure the guilty from the efficacy of this curse, which will cleave to their persons, yea, to their memories, like a girdle to their loins.


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Bibliography
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/1-timothy-4.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

11.] Command (see ch. 1 Timothy 1:3) these things (viz. those insisted on since ver.7) and teach them.


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Bibliography
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/1-timothy-4.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

1 Timothy 4:11. παράγγελλε ταῦτα καὶ δίδασκε] Timothy is to proclaim to the community that which Paul has enjoined to him. ταῦτα refers not only to what is in 1 Timothy 4:10 (according to Hofmann: “to God’s living power and willingness to help”), but to everything that has been said previously in regard to εὐσέβεια. The two verbs παραγγέλλειν and διδάσκειν tell how he is to proclaim these things. They are not distinguished from each other as referring, the one to private, the other to public instruction, nor as expressing, the one, generally public proclamation, the other, more especially exact instruction, explanation, information (Matthies); but παραγγέλλειν, which in the N. T. has constantly the sense of “command,” indicates that Timothy is to hold up these things ( ταῦτα) to the community as the standard of their conduct.


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Bibliography
Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/1-timothy-4.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

1 Timothy 4:11. (37) ταῦτα) these things, dismissing all other things.


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Bibliography
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/1-timothy-4.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

All the things before mentioned, in this or the former parts of this Epistle, he willeth Timothy to make the matter of his sermons and other discourses.


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Bibliography
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/1-timothy-4.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Command and teach; teach all men these truths, and command them, from God, to believe and obey them. As the declarations of God are all true, and his commands good, those who have confidence in him will labor hard, and if need be suffer much to induce others to believe and obey him; knowing that this is the will of God, and that all who comply with it will be saved.


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Bibliography
Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Family Bible New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/1-timothy-4.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges

11. παράγγελλε ταῦτα. These things command; sc. the mode and measure of bodily discipline which has been under discussion. The recurrence is noteworthy of the somewhat vague ταῦτα (1 Timothy 3:14, 1 Timothy 4:6; 1 Timothy 4:15, 1 Timothy 5:7, 1 Timothy 6:3) as the counterpart to the trivial teachings which are repudiated.

καὶ δίδασκε. And teach; i.e. the doctrine on which the practical rules of discipline depend. δίδασκε refers to the theory of conduct, παράγγελλε to practice.


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Bibliography
"Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cgt/1-timothy-4.html. 1896.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

b. Timothy directed to complete his self-qualification for this charge, 1 Timothy 4:11-16.

11. These things—Embracing the whole epistle thus far, as the nature of the directions shows.

Command—Applying to the Church organization in ii, and 1 Timothy 3:1-13.

Teach—Applying to the doctrines of all the preceding paragraphs.


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Bibliography
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-timothy-4.html. 1874-1909.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘These things command and teach.’

And these are the things that Timothy must command and teach


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Bibliography
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/1-timothy-4.html. 2013.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

Paul charged Timothy to insist regularly on these things that he had just been saying and to teach them to the Ephesians (cf. 1 Timothy 5:7; 1 Timothy 6:2; 2 Timothy 2:2; 2 Timothy 2:14; Titus 2:15). The verbs are in the present tense in Greek suggesting continuing action. These are the first two of10 imperatives in 1 Timothy 4:11-16. Evidently Timothy needed some prodding to make him more assertive.


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Bibliography
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/1-timothy-4.html. 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

1 Timothy 4:11. The exhortation becomes more personal, as if the writer called to mind all that he had observed of the strength and weakness of his young disciple, and felt for and with him in the work and responsibility to which he had been, it may be, so unexpectedly called.

Command and teach. The first word points to single precepts and counsels, the latter to more systematic instruction.

These things, i.e. the precepts of this chapter specially.


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Bibliography
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/1-timothy-4.html. 1879-90.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

1 Timothy 4:11. παράγγελλε: In point of time, teaching precedes commanding. The tone of command can only be used in relation to fundamentals which have been accepted, but are in danger of being forgotten. Similar directions recur in 1 Timothy 5:7 and 1 Timothy 6:3.


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Bibliography
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/1-timothy-4.html. 1897-1910.

Mark Dunagan Commentary on the Bible

“Prescribe and teach these things”: The things just mentioned and what follows. The term “prescribe” means to order, command and charge and is in the present tense, to continual to do so. Compare with 1:3; 6:13 and 17. The preacher needs to preach the word of God with authority (Titus 2:15).


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Bibliography
Dunagan, Mark. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Mark Dunagan Commentaries on the Bible". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dun/1-timothy-4.html. 1999-2014.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

command. See Acts 1:4. Compare 1 Timothy 1:3.


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Bibliography
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/1-timothy-4.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

These things command and teach.

These truths, to the exclusion of those useless and even injurious teachings (1 Timothy 4:1-8), while weighing well thyself, charge also upon others.


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Bibliography
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/1-timothy-4.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) These things command and teach.—“These things”—i.e., the real meaning of “godliness,” that practical everyday piety which, in contradistinction to the severe and strained asceticism of a limited and narrow section of society, should enter into all homes and influence all lives without distinction of class or race, age or sex. “These things” in the Church of Ephesus must form a part of the public commands and charges to the congregations, must likewise enter into private Christian teaching.


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Bibliography
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/1-timothy-4.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

These things command and teach.
6:2; 2 Timothy 4:2; Titus 2:15; 3:8

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Bibliography
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-timothy-4.html.

The Bible Study New Testament

Command. In the point of time, you first teach, and then command. This command must refer to basics which have been accepted, but are in danger of being forgotten. "Timothy, there will be times when you must speak out with the authority you have as an evangelist. Silent example or mild suggestion may not be enough." For an example, see the Lord's warning to Ephesus in Revelation 2:4-5 and notes.


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Bibliography
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4:11". "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/1-timothy-4.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 24th, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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