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Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

1 Timothy 4

Verse 1

Spirit. App-101 .

expressly = in express words. Greek. rhetos . Only here. in. App-104 .

latter . Greek. husteros , Only here as adjective.

times = seasons. See Genesis 49:1 . See App-196 .

some . App-12 .4.

depart = apostatise. Greek. aphistemi .

faith . App-150 .

seducing . Greek. planos . See 2 Corinthians 6:8 . spirits. App-101 .

doctrines = teachings.

devils = demons.

Verse 2

Speaking , &c. = By (Greek. en) the hypocrisy of liars (Greek. pseudologos . Only here).

having , &c. = having been seared with a hot iron as to their own conscience.

seared , &c. Greek. kauteriazomai , Only here.

Verse 3

Forbidding to marry . This has been taken as indicating the Church of Rome, but that church only enjoins the celibacy of priests and monks and nuns. Spiritism, or the teaching of demons, enjoins being united only to the "spiritual affinity" and has wrecked many homes.

abstain . Greek. apechomoi . See Acts 16:20 .

meats = efoods. Spiritist teaching is that animal food is unfavourable to the development of mediumistic power. The permission of Genesis 9:3 is significant, coming immediately after the outbreak of 1 Timothy 6:1-4 .

God . App-98 .

hath . Omit.

to be received = for (Greek. eis) reception. Greek. metalepsis , Only here.

with . App-104 .

thanksgiving . See 1 Timothy 2:1 .

of , &c, = by believers. App-150 .

know = have (fully) known. App-132 .

Verse 4

creature . Greek. ktisma . Here; James 1:18 . Revelation 6:13 ; Revelation 8:9 .

nothing . Greek. oudeis .

to be refused . Greek. apobletos . Only here. Compare Hebrews 10:35 .

if it be = - being.

Verse 5

by . App-104 . 1 Timothy 4:1 .

word . App-121 .,

prayer . App-134 .

Verse 6

If thou put , &c. Literally Putting . . . in remembrance. Greek. hupotithemi . Only here and Romans 16:4 .

minister . App-190 .

Jesus Christ , App-98 . The texts read "Christ Jesus" (XII).

nourished up . Greek. entrephomai . Only here.

whereunto = to which.

attained . Literally followed up. Greek. parakoloutheo . Here; Mark 16:17 . Luke 1:3 . 2 Timothy 3:10 .

Verse 7

refuse . Greek. paraiteomai . See Acts 25:11 .

profane = the profane. Referring to 1 Timothy 1:4 . See 1 Timothy 1:9 ,

old wives' . Greek. graodes . Only here.

fables . See 1 Timothy 1:4 .

exercise. Greek. gumnazo. Here; Hebrews 6:14 ; Hebrews 12:11 . 2 Peter 2:14 .

unto. App-104 .

godliness . See 1 Timothy 2:2 .

Verse 8

exercise. Greek. gunmasia . Only here.

profiteth, is profitable. Greek. ophelimos. Here; 2 Timothy 3:16 . Titus 3:8 .

little . onto (ue 1 Timothy 4:7 ) a, little (matter).

life. App-170 .

Verse 9

faithful, &c. See 1 Timothy 1:15 .

and . Omit.

acceptation . See 1 Timothy 1:15 .

Verse 10

therefore = for (Greek. eis) this.

suffer reproach = are reviled. The texts read "strive", as in 1 Corinthians 9:25 .

trust = have hoped.

in . App-104 .

living God . See Acts 14:15 .

Saviour . See 1 Timothy 1:1 .

all men . When our first perents incurred the penalty of immediate judicial death, the race would have been extinguished, had not God interposed, before dealing with the culprits, with the promise of the Redeemer, and so suspending the execution of the sentence denounced.

men . App-123 .

specially . Occurs in the N.T. twelve times. Rendered "specially", "especially "(nine); "most of all" (Acts 20:36 ); "chiefly" (Philippians 1:4 , Philippians 1:22 . 2 Peter 2:10 ).

those that believe = the believing. App-150 .

Verse 11

command . See Acts 1:4 . Compare 1 Timothy 1:3 .

Verse 12

no man . Greek. medeis .

youth . See Acts 26:4 .

be = become,

example . Greek. tupos . See John 20:25 .

believers . Same as "those that believe", 1 Timothy 4:10 .

conversation. Greek. anastrophe . See Galatians 1:1 , Galatians 1:13 .

charity . See 1 Timothy 1:5 .

in spirit . The texts omit.

purity . Greek. hagneia . Only here and 1 Timothy 5:2 .

Verse 13

give attendance = take heed, as 1 Timothy 4:1 (giving heed).

reading. See Acts 13:15 .

exhortation . Greek. paraklesis . See Acts 22:5 .

doctrine = teaching.

Verse 14

Neglect . Greek. ameleo . Here; Matthew 22:5 .Hebrews 2:3 ; Hebrews 2:8 , Hebrews 2:9 ; 2 Peter 1:12 .

not . App-105 .

gift. App-184 .

prophecy . Compare 1 Timothy 1:18 .

presbytery . See Acts 22:5 .

Verse 15

Meditate upon . Greek. meletao . See Acts 4:25 .

give, &c. Lit, be in them, i.e. occupied in them,

to . App-104 .

that = in order that. Greek. hina ,

profiting . Greek. prokope . See Philippians 1:1 , Philippians 1:12 .

appear = be manifest. App-106 .

Verse 16

Take heed . Greek. epecho . See Acts 3:5 .

unto = to, continue, Greek. epimend. See Acts 10:48 .

in. Omit.

both save = save both.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 1 Timothy 4". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/bul/1-timothy-4.html. 1909-1922.