Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 11:17

Then Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord and the king and the people, that they would be the Lord's people, also between the king and the people.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Covenant;   Decision;   Joash;   King;   Zeal, Religious;   Thompson Chain Reference - Covenant;   Covenants and Vows;   Jehoiada;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Covenants;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Athaliah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Judgments of God;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehoash;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Joash;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Athaliah;   High Priest;   King, Kingship;   Kings, 1 and 2;   People of the Land;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Athaliah;   Chronicles, I;   Covenant;   Government;   Jehoash;   Jerusalem;   Marriage;   Priests and Levites;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Athaliah ;   Guard;   Jehoiada ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Athaliah;   Joash;   Queen;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Law of Moses;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Anoint;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Covenant, in the Old Testament;   Jehoiada;   Joel (2);  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Jehoiada made a covenant - A general covenant was first made between the Lord, the Supreme King, the king his viceroy, and the people, that they should all be the Lord's people; each being equally bound to live according to the Divine law.

Then, secondly, a particular covenant was made between the king and the people, by which the king was bound to rule according to the laws and constitution of the kingdom, and to watch and live for the safety of the public. And the people were bound on their part, to love, honor, succor, and obey the king. Where these mutual and just agreements are made and maintained, there can be nothing else than prosperity in the Church and the state.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A covenant - Rather, “the covenant,” which either was already an established part of a coronation (marginal reference “k”), or at least became such afterward.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-11.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

JOASH WAS ESTABLISHED UPON THE THRONE OF DAVID IN JUDAH

"And Jehoiada made a covenant between Jehovah and the king and the people, that they should be Jehovah's; between the king also and the people. And all the people of the land went to the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of Jehovah. And he took the captains over hundreds, and the Carites, and the guard, and all the people of the land; and they brought down the king from the house of Jehovah, and came by the way of the gate of the guard unto the king's house. And he sat on the throne of the kings. So all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was quiet. And Athaliah they had slain with the sword at the king's house."

"And Jehoiada made a covenant ... (2 Kings 11:17). "This covenant was simply a renewal of that covenant which the Lord had made with Israel through Moses (Exodus 34)."[19] It was a solemn declaration by which the people bound themselves to live as God's people and to obey his commandments and statutes and also agreed to obey their king who, under the divine government, was also bound to be guided by the Word of God as revealed in the Torah.

"This renewal of the covenant was necessary, because under their former kings the people had fallen away from the Lord and worshipped Baal."[20]

"And he sat on the throne of the kings" (2 Kings 11:19). Joash, then made king of Judah, was only seven years of age; but under the wise guidance of Jehoiada he was an effective ruler as long as Jehoiada lived. What happened after Jehoiada's death is another story.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-kings-11.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord and the king and the people, that they should be the Lord's people,.... Renewed the covenant between the Lord on the one part, and the king and the people on the other; assuring them, that as God had declared that he would be their God, he would yet be their God to bless and protect them, they continuing in obedience to him; and obliging them to promise that they would serve the Lord their God, and him only, and root out all idolatry from the land, and restore, and continue in, the pure worship of God:

between the king also and the people; he promising, on his part, that he would govern them according to the law of God, and protect them in their rights and properties, privileges and liberties; and they, on their part, that they would honour and obey him, and be his faithful subjects. In 2 Chronicles 23:16 Jehoiada is said to make this covenant between him, &c. which may be understood of the Lord; or if of himself, the meaning is, that it was made between him, the king and people, and the Lord.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-11.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And Jehoiada made a p covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD'S people; between the q king also and the people.

(p) That both the king and the people should maintain the true worship of God and destroy all idolatry.

(q) That he should govern and they obey in the fear of God.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-11.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD's people; between the king also and the people.

A covenant — A sacred covenant whereby he solemnly engaged both the king, and people, that they should be the Lord's people; that they should renounce, and root out all idolatry, and set up and maintain God's true worship.

Between the king — This was a civil covenant, whereby the king engaged himself to rule them justly, and in the fear of God; and the people obliged themselves to defend and obey him.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-11.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 11:17 And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD’S people; between the king also and the people.

Ver. 17. And Jehoiada made a covenant.] Both sacred and civil: and they set forthwith upon the work of reformation, which prospered in their hands: for they pulled down Baal’s temples, and slew Mattan the priest before his altars. [2 Kings 11:18]

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-11.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Kings 11:17. And Jehoiada made a covenant, &c.— "This could be no other than of protection and justice on his part, and of obedience on theirs; however, it makes it evident that kings may covenant with their people, contrary to Mr. Hobbes's doctrine."

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Bibliographical Information
Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-kings-11.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Between the Lord and the king and the people; a sacred covenant, whereby he solemnly engaged both the king and people, as it here follows,

that they should be the Lord’s people, i.e. that they should renounce and root out all idolatry, and set up and maintain God’s true worship. Compare 2 Kings 23:10.

Between the king also and the people: this was a civil covenant, whereby the king engaged himself to rule them justly, and in the fear of God; and the people obliged themselves to defend and obey him. Compare 2 Samuel 5:3.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-11.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Jehoiada made a covenant — Having succeeded thus far in reforming the kingdom, he would next renew the covenant with Jehovah. He made, in fact, two covenants: first, between the Lord and the king and the people, which involved their returning as a nation from Baal worship to the obedience and worship of the Lord; secondly, between the king also and the people, which involved that they would sacredly regard the duties and respect each party owed the other. The king must rule righteously, the people cheerfully obey.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-11.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 11:17. Jehoiada made a covenant between the Lord, &c. — A sacred covenant, whereby he solemnly engaged both the king and people, that they should be the Lord’s people — That they should renounce and root out all idolatry, and set up and maintain God’s true worship. Between the king also and the people — This was a civil covenant, whereby the king engaged himself to rule them justly, and in the fear of God; and the people obliged themselves to defend and obey him. Compare 2 Samuel 5:3.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-11.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

People. Joiada, as mediator (Calmet) between God, the king, and the people, engaged the two latter to be faithful to their common Lord, and to each other. They promised mutually to observe the laws, and, on that condition, the high priest gave them an assurance that God would protect them. (Haydock) --- The covenant entered into by their fathers (Exodus xix. 5.) was renewed. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-11.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD's people; between the king also and the people.

A covenant between the Lord and the king and the people. The covenant with the Lord was a renewal of the national covenant with Israel (Exodus 19:1-25; Exodus 20:1-26; Exodus 21:1-36; Exodus 22:1-31; Exodus 23:1-33; Exodus 24:1-18) "to be unto him a people of inheritance" (Deuteronomy 4:6; Deuteronomy 27:9). The covenant between the king and the people was the consequence of this, and by it the king bound himself to rule according to the divine law, while the people engaged to submit to give him all allegiance as the Lord's anointed. The immediate fruit of this renewal of the covenant was the destruction of the temple, and the slaughter of the priests of Baal (see the notes at 2 Kings 10:27), the restoration of the pure worship of God in all its ancient integrity, and the establishment of the young king on the hereditary throne of Judah.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-11.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) A covenant.—Rather, the covenant. The high priest solemnly renewed the original compact between Jehovah and the king and people—a compact which had been violated by the Baal-worship of recent reigns.

That they should be the Lord’s people.—Comp. Deuteronomy 4:20; Exodus 19:5-6.

Between the king also and the people.—For the protection of their mutual rights and prerogatives. (Comp. 1 Samuel 10:25.) The king was bound to govern according to the law of Jehovah—“the testimony” which had been put upon him (2 Kings 11:12). (Comp. Note on 2 Chronicles 23:16.) The people were to be loyal to the house of David.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Jehoiada made a covenant between the LORD and the king and the people, that they should be the LORD'S people; between the king also and the people.
made a covenant
4; Deuteronomy 5:2,3; 29:1-15; Joshua 24:25; 2 Chronicles 15:12-14; 29:10; 34:31; Ezra 10:3; Nehemiah 5:12,13; 9:38; 10:28,29; 2 Corinthians 8:5
between the king
1 Samuel 10:25; 2 Samuel 5:3; 1 Chronicles 11:3; 2 Chronicles 23:16; Romans 13:1-6
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 29:12 - thou shouldest;  2 Kings 21:24 - made Josiah;  2 Kings 23:3 - stood;  2 Chronicles 23:3 - made a covenant;  Jeremiah 11:2 - GeneralJeremiah 34:8 - had

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-11.html.