Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 11:18

All the people of the land went to the house of Baal, and tore it down; his altars and his images they broke in pieces thoroughly, and killed Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of the Lord .
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Baal;   Church;   Iconoclasm;   Joash;   Mattan;   Zeal, Religious;   Thompson Chain Reference - Awakenings and Religious Reforms;   Iconoclasm;   Idolatrous;   Leaders;   Priests;   Reforms, Religious;   Religious;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Athaliah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Priest;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Judgments of God;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Jehoash;   Mattan;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Joash;   Mattan;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Athaliah;   Image of God;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Lord;   Mattan;   People of the Land;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Athaliah;   Chronicles, I;   Government;   Jehoash;   Jerusalem;   Marriage;   Mattan;   Molech, Moloch;   Priests and Levites;   Throughly;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Am Ha'arez ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Athaliah ;   Baal, Baalim ;   Guard;   Mattan ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Mattan;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Athaliah;   Joash;   Queen;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Mat'tan;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Anoint;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Judah;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Image;   Jehoiada;   Mattan;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

His altars and images brake they in pieces - It is probable that Athaliah had set up the worship of Baal in Judah, as Jezebel had done in Israel; or probably it had never been removed since the days of Solomon. It was no wonder that Jehoiada began his reform with this act, when we learn from 2 Chronicles 24:7, that the sons of Athaliah, that wicked woman, had broken up the house of God; and also all the dedicated things of the house of the Lord did they bestow upon Baalim.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-11.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

A temple had been built to Baal at Jerusalem itself by Athaliah, Ahaziah, or Jehoram. According to Josephus, it was constructed in the reign of Jehoram. Its exact position is uncertain.

Images - The word used here is not the same as in 2 Kings 10:26, but a word which implies likeness. The Phoenicians had fashioned images, besides their unfashioned pillar-idols.

The priest appointed … - The temple worship having been discontinued during Athaliah‘s rule, it devolved on Jehoiada now to re-establish it (see marginal reference). He had already summoned the Levites out of all the cities of Judah 2 Chronicles 23:2, and had made use of them in the events of the day. He therefore proceeded at once to assign the custody of the temple to a particular course, before conducting the young king to the palace.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-11.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And all the people of the land,.... That were at Jerusalem, and the parts adjacent, that came from the country, hearing what was done: went into the house of Baal; a temple of his Athaliah had built, either in Jerusalem, or near it; perhaps on the mount of Olives, called the mount of corruption, 2 Kings 23:13 from the idolatry there committed:

and brake it down, his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly; made an entire destruction of them all, temple, altars, the images of Baal and other deities:

and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altar; either as he was sacrificing, or that he might be a sacrifice, or where he had fled for refuge:

and the priest appointed officers over the house of the Lord; priests to offer sacrifices, Levites to sing the praises of God, porters at the door of the temple, and watches in it, and restored the courses of the priests, and everything to its proper order, which had been neglected, or had ceased, during the usurpation of Athaliah; see 2 Chronicles 23:18.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-11.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the r altars. And the s priest appointed officers over the house of the LORD.

(r) Even in the place where he had blasphemed God, and thought to have been helped by his idol, there God poured his vengeance on him.

(s) That is, Jehoiada.

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-11.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 11:18 And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of the LORD.

Ver. 18. And brake it down.] As Israel had done before them.

And the priest.] Jehoiada. See on 2 Kings 11:9.

Over the house of the Lord.] Which the sons of that wicked woman Athaliah, perhaps her bastards, had broken up, and bestowed all the dedicated things of the house of the Lord upon Balaam. [2 Chronicles 24:7] So that there was but need of officers, or offices, to set things in order again.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-11.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Before the altar; to which possibly he fled for refuge; or rather, he was brought thither as a fit sacrifice to his God.

Officers over the house of the Lord; of which see more particularly, 2 Chronicles 23:18,19.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-11.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

18.Went into the house of Baal — So firmly had the worship of Baal fastened itself upon the whole Israelitish nation that Jerusalem, as well as Samaria, had its temple to this god. Jehu destroyed the Baal worship in Samaria, (compare 2 Kings 10:18-28;) Jehoiada and his adherents that in Jerusalem.

Appointed officers over the house of the Lord — Reorganized the temple service, which had been partially interrupted and disturbed by the revolution effected in the kingdom.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-11.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 11:18. All the people went into the house of Baal — They began immediately to make good their covenant in part, by destroying the worship of Baal, which had been introduced in Judah by Jehoram, (2 Kings 8:18,) and was continued by Ahaziah, 2 Kings 8:27. And slew the priest of Baal before the altars — To which possibly he fled for refuge, or rather he was brought thither as a fit sacrifice to his god. The priest appointed officers over the house of the Lord — To see that the service was regularly performed by the proper persons, in due time, and according to the instituted manner. See the margin.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-11.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Altar. Many of the sacred ornaments belonging to the temple had been transported to the house of Baal, probably on Mount Olivet, where Solomon had formerly erected such buildings, 3 Kings xi. 5., and 2 Paralipomenon xxiv. 7. The reform of the state justly, therefore, began with the destruction of this profane and sacrilegious place. --- Lord, according to the former regulations, which had been lately ill observed, to prevent any thing unclean from coming in, 2 Paralipomenon xxiii. 19. (Calmet) --- Septuagint, "the priest placed overseers (Greek: episkopons) in the house of the Lord. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-11.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(18) All the people of the land went into the house of Baal.—Immediately after the covenant had been renewed, of which the extirpation of the foreign Baal-worship was a consequence. In the fervour of their newly-awakened enthusiasm for Jehovah, the assembly may have hurried off at once to the work of demolition. It seems to be implied that the “house of Baal” stood on the Temple mount, in ostentatious rivalry with the sanctuary of Jehovah. (Comp, the introduction of idolatrous altars into the Temple itself by Manasseh, 2 Kings 21:4-5; 2 Kings 21:7; 2 Kings 23:12.) This house of Baal had, perhaps, been built by Athaliah. (Comp. 1 Kings 16:31-32.)

His altars . . . his images.—Or, its (the Temple’s) altars . . . its images.

And the priest appointed officers over the house of the Lord.—The obviously close connection of this statement with what precedes, almost proves that the sanctuary of Baal had stood within the Temple precincts, probably in the outer court. After the destruction of it, Jehoiada appointed certain overseers—probably Levites of rank—to prevent any future desecration of the Temple by the practice of idolatrous rites (comp. Ezekiel 8:5-16), or by wanton attacks of the Baal-worshippers, who might be cowed, but were certainly not exterminated (comp. 2 Chronicles 24:7); and to see that the legitimate cultus was properly carried out. (The sentence tells us what was done some time afterwards, in consequence of the reformation; thus finishing the subject in hand at the expense of the strict order of time.)

Mattan.—Mattan is short for Mattanbaal, “gift of Baal,” a Phœnician name occurring in Punic and Assyrian inscriptions (the Muthumballes of Plautus). Comp. also Mitinna and Mattén, as names of Tyrian kings (Inscr. of Tig. Pil. ii.; Herod. Vii. 98).

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-11.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And all the people of the land went into the house of Baal, and brake it down; his altars and his images brake they in pieces thoroughly, and slew Mattan the priest of Baal before the altars. And the priest appointed officers over the house of the LORD.
went
9:25-28; 10:26; 18:4; 23:4-6,10,14; 2 Chronicles 23:17; 34:4,7
brake they
18:4; Exodus 32:20; Deuteronomy 12:3; 2 Chronicles 21:17; Isaiah 2:18; Zechariah 13:2
slew Mattan
Deuteronomy 13:5,9; 1 Kings 18:40; Zechariah 13:2,3
appointed
2 Chronicles 23:18-20
officers
Heb. offices.
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 17:16 - Baal;  2 Kings 23:20 - he slew;  Jeremiah 29:26 - officers

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 11:18". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-11.html.