Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 14:13

Then Jehoash king of Israel captured Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Beth-shemesh, and came to Jerusalem and tore down the wall of Jerusalem from the Gate of Ephraim to the Corner Gate, 400 cubits.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Beth-Shemesh;   Ephraim;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoash;   Jerusalem;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ephraim;   Gates;   Israel;   Jerusalem;   Jews;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Jerusalem;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shemesh;   Jerusalem;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - City;   Jehoash;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Amaziah;   Benjamin;   Beth-Shemesh;   Corner;   Ephraim, Gate of;   Jehoash;   Jerusalem;   Obadiah, Book of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Bethshemesh;   Hananeel, Tower of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shemesh;   Corner Gate;   Ephraim Gate;   Old Gate;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Beth-Shemesh;   Jerusalem;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amaziah ;   Bethshemesh ;   Ephraim, Gate of;   Joash ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Amaziah;   Ephraim;   Smith Bible Dictionary - E'phra-Im, Gate of,;   Jeho'ash;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Amaziah;   Jehoash;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amaziah, King of Judah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Took Amaziah king of Judah - It is plain that Amaziah afterwards had his liberty; but how or on what terms he got it, is not known. See on 2 Kings 14:14; (note).

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The object of breaking down the wall was to leave Jerusalem at the mercy of her rival; and it must have been among the conditions of the peace that the breach thus made should not be repaired.

Gates in Oriental cities are named from the places to which they lead. The gate of Ephraim must therefore have been a north gate: perhaps also known, later on, by the name of the “gate of Benjamin” Jeremiah 37:13; Zechariah 14:10. The corner gate was probably a gate at the northwest angle of the city, where the north wall approached the Valley of Hinnom. The entire breach was thus in the north wall, on the side where Jerusalem was naturally the weakest. Josephus says that Joash drove his chariot through the breach into the town, a practice not unusual with conquerors.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-14.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh,.... And then they looked one another in the face indeed, but Amaziah must look very silly:

and came to Jerusalem; the metropolis of Judah, with his royal prisoner:

and broke down the wall of Jerusalem; in at the breach of which he went with his chariot, as Josephus saysF5Antiqu. l. 9. c. 9. sect. 3. , in triumph:

from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits; the gate of Ephraim was to the north of the city, towards the tribe of Ephraim, from whence it had its name; and the corner gate was that which joined the northern and western walls together, or rather the northern and eastern walls; for Rauwolff saysF6Travels, par. 3. ch. 3. p. 228. by Ray. , there is still the corner gate in its old place, where the north and east walls meet on large and high rocks, and is still called by some the gate of Naphtali.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-14.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits.

Ahaziah — Amaziah's pedigree comes in somewhat abruptly, the son of Joash, the son of Ahaziah: Probably because he now smarted, for the iniquity of his ancestors.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-14.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 14:13 And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits.

Ver. 13. And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah.] Whom he used nothing so courteously as Alexander, Prince of the Bulgarians, did Andronicus II, Emperor of Constantinople, who had sent him a challenge, as here Amaziah did Jehoash. But when Alexander had beaten him out of the field, he nevertheless offered him a peace, and suffered him to return home with his shattered army, advising him to be better advised for the future, and to consider that in each year there are four different seasons; and that in a short moment there may be great changes in human affairs. (a)

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Came to Jerusalem; commanding entrance in Amaziah’s name, and with his consent, which he durst not deny.

The gate of Ephraim; which led to Ephraim.

Four hundred cubits; which was done, partly in scorn and contempt, and partly that he might re-enter and retake it, if they should attempt to renew the war.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.Brake down the wall of Jerusalem — The northern wall.

Gate of Ephraim — The same, doubtless, as the gate of Benjamin, (Jeremiah 37:13; Zechariah 14:10,) and so called from being the principal entrance to the city in the direction of these tribes. Its location was probably not far from the modern Damascus gate. Compare Nehemiah 8:16; Nehemiah 12:39.

Corner gate — Situated probably at the northwestern corner of the same wall. Compare Jeremiah 31:38; Zechariah 14:10.

Four hundred cubits — About seven hundred feet.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Cubits. Josephus says 300, and that he led Amasias in triumph through the ruins, (Antiquities ix. 10.) on the west side, (Calmet) or on the north. (Villalpand) (Menochius)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

cubits. See App-51.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-14.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah.—Comp, 2 Kings 14:8. Thenius thinks the formal specification of Amaziah’s descent indicates that this narrative was derived from “the Book of the Chronicles of the Kings of Israel.” At all events, it emphasises the importance of the incident, which is further indicated in the original by the order of the words: “And Amaziah king of Judah . . . did Jehoash king of Israel take . . .”

Came.—So the Hebrew margin. The Hebrew text has, brought him (way’bî’ô; a rare form). So Chronicles and the Vulg., but not the other versions. Jehoash brought Amaziah a prisoner to his own capital.

Brake down the wall.—Or, made a breach in the wall. No resistance appears to have been offered. Josephus relates that Amaziah was induced by menaces of death to order the gates to be thrown open to the enemy; a needless assumption, considering that the army had been routed and the king was a captive. He adds, that Jehoash rode in his chariot through the breach in the walls, leading Amaziah as a prisoner.

From the gate.—So Chronicles and the Syriac, Vulg., and Arabic here. The Hebrew text has, at the gate, which is due to the common confusion of the letters b and m (be, “in;” min, “from”). The following “unto” shows that “from” is right.

Of Ephraim.—This gate lay on the north side of the city, and was also called the “Gate of Benjamin.” It answers to the modern Damascus gate.

The corner gate.—This gate was at the north-west corner of the wall at the point where it trended southwards.

Four hundred cubits.—That is, about 222 yards. The insolence of a victorious enemy is sufficient to account for this conduct of Jehoash. It was also a forcible way of convincing Amaziah that even his strongest city was not proof against the prowess of Ephraim. Thenius thinks that Jehoash wanted to make room for the triumphal entry of his troops.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Jehoash king of Israel took Amaziah king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, at Bethshemesh, and came to Jerusalem, and brake down the wall of Jerusalem from the gate of Ephraim unto the corner gate, four hundred cubits.
took Amaziah
25:6; 2 Chronicles 33:11; 36:6,10; Job 40:11,12; Proverbs 16:18; 29:23; Isaiah 2:11,12; Daniel 4:37; Luke 14:11
the gate of Ephraim
2 Chronicles 25:23,24; Nehemiah 8:16; 12:39
the corner
Jeremiah 31:38; Zechariah 14:10
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 26:9 - the corner gate

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-14.html.