Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 14:14

He took all the gold and silver and all the utensils which were found in the house of the Lord , and in the treasuries of the king's house, the hostages also, and returned to Samaria.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Hostage;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Jehoash;   Jerusalem;   Temple;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Jerusalem;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Amaziah;   Beth-Shemesh;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Jehoash;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Kings, First and Second, Theology of;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Amaziah;   Hostage;   Jehoash;   Jerusalem;   Temple, Solomon's;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shemesh;   Hostage;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Jerusalem;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Amaziah ;   Joash ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Amaziah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Earnest;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Amaziah;   Gold;   Jehoash;   Temple;   Treasure;   Treasury (of Temple);   War;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Amaziah, King of Judah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And he took - hostages - התערבות hattaaruboth, pledges; from ערב arab, to pledge, give security, etc., for the performance of some promise. See the meaning of this word interpreted in the note on Genesis 38:17; (note). It is likely that Amaziah gave some of the nobles or some of his own family as hostages, that he might regain his liberty; and they were to get their liberty when he had fulfilled his engagements; but of what kind these were we cannot tell, nor, indeed, how he got his liberty.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-14.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

This is the only distinct mention of “hostages” in the Old Testament. It would seem that the Oriental conquerors generally regarded the terror of their arms as sufficient to secure the performance of the engagements contracted toward them.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-14.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the Lord,.... In 2 Chronicles 25:24 it is added, "with Obededom", who, and his family, had the care of them by lot, see 1 Chronicles 26:15.

and in the treasures of the king's house; which were also spoiled and plundered:

and hostages; either such as the king of Judah had taken from Edom, as pledges of their fidelity, that they might not rebel; or which the king of Israel took of Judah, even sons of the princes, as the Targum, for security, that they would give him no more trouble:

and returned to Samaria; without attempting to bring the kingdom of Judah into subjection to him, which he might suppose he could not hold, and having enough to do with the Syrians, his avowed enemies.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-14.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and g hostages, and returned to Samaria.

(g) That is, which the Israelites had given to them from Judah for an assurance of peace.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-14.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 14:14 And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king’s house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria.

Ver. 14. And he took all the gold and silver, &c.] He took not the crown, as he might have done, as fearing he could hardly hold it, but, by reaching after it, might hazard all; for he well knew how fast affected the people generally were to the house of David.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-14.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Hostages; to assure their peaceable carriage towards him.

Returned to Samaria: he did not keep Jerusalem, nor seek to gain the possession and dominion of that kingdom; partly because he thought he could not keep it, considering the difficulty he found in keeping his own from such potent and near enemies as the Syrians were, and the great affection which all Judah bare to David’s house; and partly because God so inclined his heart, that he might make good his promise to David and his family.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-14.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14.Hostages — Literally, sons of security. These were doubtless prominent men of Judah whom Jehoash demanded for the liberation of Amaziah. Having taken these to secure himself against further trouble with Amaziah he allowed the latter to remain in Jerusalem, where he continued to wear the title of king for fifteen years after the death of his conqueror.

Some have thought that on account of humiliation and repentance Amaziah was specially favoured by God, and spared so long after his defeat, but that Jehoash was suddenly cut off for his sacrilegious spoliation of the temple.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-14.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Hostages, as he left Amasias, on condition he should pay tribute, (Menochius) and took "the children of the nobles" (Chaldean) to secure his fidelity. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-14.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

hostages. Hebrew sons of the securities. Occurs only here and in 2 Chronicles 25:24.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-14.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) That were found.—This expression seems to hint that there was not much treasure to carry off. (Comp. 2 Kings 13:18.)

Hostages.—Literally, the sons of sureties. Having humbled the pride of Amaziah, Jehoash left him in possession of his throne, taking hostages for his future good behaviour. Similar acts of clemency are recorded of themselves by the Assyrian kings of the dynasty of Sargon.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-14.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And he took all the gold and silver, and all the vessels that were found in the house of the LORD, and in the treasures of the king's house, and hostages, and returned to Samaria.
all the gold
24:13; 25:15; 1 Kings 7:51; 14:26; 15:18
and hostages
18:23; *marg:
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 25:24 - all the gold;  Isaiah 36:8 - pledges

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 14:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-14.html.