Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 17:17

Then they made their sons and their daughters pass through the fire, and practiced divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord , provoking Him.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Assyria;   Babylon;   Character;   Fire;   Idolatry;   Judgments;   Rulers;   Scofield Reference Index - Israel;   Thompson Chain Reference - Bondage, Spiritual;   Fortune Telling;   Liberty-Bondage;   Magic;   Sin;   Sold under Sin;   Sorcery;   The Topic Concordance - Disobedience;   Fear;   Following;   Idolatry;   Rejection;   Unbelief;   Vanity;   Worship;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Character of the Wicked;   Divination;   Forsaking God;   Idolatry;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Egypt;   Fire;   Shalmaneser;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Baal;   Idol, idolatry;   Israel;   Magic;   Molech;   Samaria, samaritans;   Uncleanness;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Amos, Theology of;   Chronicles, Theology of;   Ethics;   Leadership;   Magic;   Persecution;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Samaritans;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Divination;   Idol;   Kings, the Books of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   Dan;   High Place;   Hinnom, Valley of;   Host of Heaven;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Idolatry;   Israel;   Magic, Divination, and Sorcery;   Samaria;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Soothsaying;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Baal, Baalim ;   Israel ;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Shalmanezer;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Captivity;   Hezekiah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Enchantments;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Kingdom of Israel;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Astrology;   Calf, Golden;   Enchantment;   Firstborn;   Sacrifice, Human;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Divination;   Witchcraft;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Sold themselves to do evil - Abandoned themselves to the will of the devil, to work all iniquity with greediness.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-17.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Compare 2 Kings 16:3 note, and see Leviticus 20:2-5 note.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-17.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire,.... To Baal or Moloch, which were the same, and represented the sun, which, as the above writer observes, presides in the element of fire; this was done either by way of lustration, or so as to be burnt, see 2 Kings 16:3.

and used divination and enchantments: to get knowledge of what was to be done at present, or of things to come, neglecting the word of God and his prophets, and acting against the express law of God, Deuteronomy 18:10.

and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the Lord, to provoke him to anger; as Ahab their king did, see 1 Kings 21:20, they were as much the servants of sin as if they had sold themselves to be slaves to it.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And they caused their sons and their daughters to h pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and i sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

(h) Read (2 Kings 16:3).

(i) Read of this phrase in (1 Kings 21:20), (1 Kings 21:25).

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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-kings-17.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 17:17 And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.

Ver. 17. And they caused their sons.] See on 2 Kings 16:3.

And used divination.] Dealt with the devil.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-17.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Sold themselves to do evil; of which phrase See Poole "1 Kings 21:20".

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-17.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.Pass through the fire — See at 2 Kings 16:3.

Used divination and enchantments — No record of this appears in the previous history of the ten tribes, but abundant evidence in the allusions of contemporary prophets. So Isaiah 2:6; Isaiah 8:19; Isaiah 19:3; Isaiah 47:13; Hosea 4:12; Micah 3:7.

Sold themselves — Voluntarily made themselves slaves to all the above-mentioned forms of wickedness.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-17.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Fire. See chap. xvi. 3. --- Delivered. Hebrew, "sold," 3 Kings xxi. 20., and 1 Machabees i. 16. (Calmet) --- To provoke. This was the consequence of their wickedness. (Worthington)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

pass through the fire. Compare Leviticus 18:21. Deuteronomy 12:31; Deuteronomy 18:10.

divination and enchantments: i.e. traffic with evil spirits and demons, and familiar spirits. Identical with modern spiritism. Compare Deuteronomy 18:10, and see 1 Samuel 28:8. Acts 16:16. Revelation 9:21.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-17.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) And they caused . . . fire.—The cultus of Moloch (2 Kings 16:3).

Used divination and enchantments.—Deuteronomy 18:10; Numbers 23:23. “Divinationibus inserviebant et auguriis” (Vulg.).

Sold themselves.—Idolatry is regarded as a servitude. (Comp. 1 Kings 21:20; 1 Kings 21:25.)

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-17.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and sold themselves to do evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke him to anger.
they caused
16:3; 21:6; Leviticus 18:21; 2 Chronicles 28:3; Psalms 106:37,38; Ezekiel 20:26,31; Ezekiel 23:37,39
used
21:6; Deuteronomy 18:10-12; 2 Chronicles 33:6; Isaiah 8:19; 47:9,12,13; Jeremiah 27:9; Micah 5:12; Acts 16:16; Galatians 5:26
sold
1 Kings 21:20,25; Isaiah 50:1
in the sight
11; 21:6
Reciprocal: Leviticus 19:26 - nor;  Leviticus 19:31 - GeneralLeviticus 20:2 - giveth;  Deuteronomy 4:25 - do evil;  2 Kings 17:31 - burnt their children;  2 Kings 23:10 - might make;  Psalm 51:4 - evil;  Psalm 106:36 - And;  Jeremiah 7:31 - to burn;  Jeremiah 19:5 - to burn;  Jeremiah 25:7 - that ye;  Ezekiel 2:3 - rebelled;  Ezekiel 16:21 - to pass;  Hosea 9:15 - I will drive;  Romans 7:14 - sold

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 17:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-17.html.