Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Kings 24:17

Then the king of Babylon made his uncle Mattaniah king in his place, and changed his name to Zedekiah.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Mattaniah;   Zedekiah;   Thompson Chain Reference - Israel;   Israel-The Jews;   Kings of Israel;   Mattaniah;   Zedekiah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Babylon;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Egypt;   Nebuchadnezzar;   Zedekiah;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Babylon;   Jeremiah;   Judah, tribe and kingdom;   Zedekiah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Mattaniah;   Zedekiah;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Daniel;   Mattaniah;   Nedabiah;   Zedekiah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Exile;   Kings, 1 and 2;   Mattaniah;   Naming;   Zedekiah;   Zerubbabel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Jeremiah;   Mattaniah;   Sheshbazzar;   Zarakes;   Zedekiah,;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Genealogies of Jesus Christ;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Babylon ;   Mattaniah ;   Zedekiah ;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Mattani'ah;   Zedeki'ah;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Name;   Zedekiah;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Change;   Daniel;   God, Names of;   Mattaniah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead - He was the son of Josiah, and brother to Jehoiakim.

Changed his name to Zedekiah - See the note on 2 Kings 23:34.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-kings-24.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Mattaniah, son of Josiah and brother of Jehoahaz, but thirteen years his junior, adopted a name significant of the blessings promised by Jeremiah to the reign of a king whose name should be “Yahweh, our righteousness” Jeremiah 23:5-8.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-kings-24.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead,.... The third son of Josiah, 1 Chronicles 3:15.

and changed his name to Zedekiah; for the same reason the king of Egypt changed the name of Eliakim, 2 Kings 23:34 to signify his subjection to him; though some think it was to put him in mind of the justice of God, as the name signifies, that would overtake him, should he be treacherous to him, and rebel against him; so the Jewish Midrash.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-kings-24.html. 1999.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

Over the lower classes of the people who had been left behind Nebuchadnezzar placed the paternal uncle of the king, who had been led away, viz., Mattaniah, and made him king under the name of Zedekiah. He was the youngest son of Josiah (Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 37:1); was only ten years old when his father died, and twenty-one years old when he ascended the throne; and as the uncle of Jehoiachin, who being only a youth of eighteen could not have a son capable of reigning, had the first claim to the throne. Instead of דּדו, his uncle, we have in 2 Chronicles 36:10 אהיו, his brother, i.e., his nearest relation. On the change in the name see at 2 Kings 23:34. The name צדקיּהוּ, i.e., he who has Jehovah's righteousness, was probably chosen by Mattaniah in the hope that through him or in his reign the Lord would create the righteousness promised to His people.

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
Bibliographical Information
Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-kings-24.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Zedekiah — That he might admonish him of (what this name signifies) the justice of God, which had so severely punished Jehoiakim for his rebellion; and would no less certainly overtake him, if he should be guilty of the same perfidiousness.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-kings-24.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Kings 24:17 And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father’s brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Ver. 17. And the king of Babylon had made Mattaniah.] His name signifieth God’s gift, the same as Nathanael, Theodore, Diodate. Good Josiah gave all his children good names but they proved all stark naught.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-kings-24.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

That he might admonish him of (what this name signifies)

the justice of God, which had so severely punished Jehoiakim for his rebellion; and would no less certainly overtake him, if he should be guilty of the same rebellion and perfidiousness of which his predecessor was guilty.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-kings-24.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

17.His father’s brother — He was half-brother to Jehoiakim, but own brother to Jehoahaz. Compare 2 Kings 24:18 with 2 Kings 23:31; 2 Kings 23:36.

Changed his name — See note on 2 Kings 23:34.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-kings-24.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Kings 24:17. And changed his name to Zedekiah — That he might admonish him of (what his name signifies) the justice of God, which had so severely punished Jehoiakim for his rebellion; and would no less certainly overtake him, if he should be guilty of the same perfidiousness.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-kings-24.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Uncle, the third son of Josias, who was placed on the throne. (Haydock) --- The eldest, (Menochius) called Johanan, seems to have died in his youth. (Calmet) --- Sedecias means, "the justice of God," (Tirinus) as Nabuchodonosor had adjured him, or made him swear by God; (2 Paralipomenon xxxvi. 15.; Haydock) and thus insinuated, that, if he proved faithless, he should feel the effects of God's justice, as it happened. (Tirinus)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-kings-24.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

changed his name. See note on 2 Kings 23:34.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-kings-24.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.

Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead. Adhering to his former policy of maintaining a show of monarchy, Nebuchadnezzar appointed the third and youngest son of Josiah (1 Chronicles 3:15), full brother of Jehoahaz, and uncle of the captive Jehoiachin. But according to the custom of conquerors, who changed the names of the great men they took captive in war, in token of their supremacy, he gave him the new name of Zedekiah - i:e., 'The righteousness of God.' This being a purely Hebrew name, it seems that he allowed the puppet king to choose his own name, which was confirmed. His heart toward God was the same as that of Jehoiakim impenitent and heedless of Gods word.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-kings-24.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(17) Mattaniah his father’s brother.—He was the third son of Josiah (comp. Jeremiah 1:3; Jeremiah 37:1), and full brother of Jehoahaz-Shallum (2 Kings 23:31). Jehoiachin was childless at the time (comp. 2 Kings 24:12; 2 Kings 24:15 with 2 Kings 25:7 and Jeremiah 22:30). In the exile he had offspring (1 Chronicles 3:17-18). (The LXX. reads, his son, υἱὸν, a corruption of θεῖον, uncle).

And changed his name to Zedekiah.—His former name meant “gift of Jah;” his new one, “Jah is righteousness” (or “myrighteousness”). The prophecy of Jeremiah (Jeremiah 23:1-9), denouncing “the shepherds that destroy and scatter the flock” and promising a future king, whose name shall be “Jehovah is our righteousness” (lahweh çidgçnu), evidently refers to the delusive expectations connected with Zedekiah’s elevation. Nebuchadnezzar’s act of clemency in putting another native prince on the throne may have been the execution of a promise made at the surrender of the city.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-kings-24.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the king of Babylon made Mattaniah his father's brother king in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.
the king
2 Chronicles 36:10,11; Jeremiah 37:1; 52:1
his father's brother
He was son of Josiah, brother to Jehoiakim, and uncle of Jehoiachin.
1 Chronicles 3:15,16; 2 Chronicles 36:10
changed
The change of name was to shew Nebuchadnezzar's supremacy, and that Zedekiah was only his vassal or viceroy. The custom of changing names, we are assured by travellers, still exists in the East.
23:34; 2 Chronicles 36:4
Reciprocal: 1 Chronicles 3:14 - Josiah;  Jeremiah 1:3 - unto the end;  Jeremiah 21:1 - when;  Ezekiel 17:5 - the seed;  Ezekiel 17:13 - hath taken;  Daniel 1:7 - gave names

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Kings 24:17". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-kings-24.html.