Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 10:15

When the Arameans saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Hadadezer;   Zobah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Syria;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Joab;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Hadadezer;   Joab;   Shobach;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Edom;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ammonites;   Disciples;   Hadad-Ezer;   Helam;   Samuel, Books of;   Syria;   Zoba(h);   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abishai;   Ammon, Ammonites;   Joab;   Maacah;   Shobach;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hanun;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Da'vid;   Hadare'zer;   Sho'bach;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Joab;   Zobah;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Hadadezer;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

THE FINAL RALLY OF SYRIANS AGAINST DAVID WAS REPULSED

"But when the Syrians saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they gathered themselves together. And Hadadezer sent, and brought out the Syrians who were beyond the Euphrates; and they came to Helam, with Shobach the commander of the army of Hadadezer at their head. And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together and crossed the Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians arrayed themselves against David, and fought with him. And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew of the Syrians the men of seven hundred chariots, and forty thousand horsemen, and wounded Shobach the commander of their army, so that he died there. And when all the kings who were servants of Hadadezer saw that they had been defeated by Israel, they made peace with Israel, and became subject to them. So the Syrians feared to help the Ammonites any more."

"And they came to Helam" (2 Samuel 10:16). This place is somewhere west of the Jordan River, probably northward in the direction of Syria; but, "Its location is not known."[17] Hadadezer, the dominant ruler of the whole Mesopotamian area was stung by the defeat of his mercenaries by Joab; and, through pride, he gathered an even greater army and confronted David at Helam. With the defeat of this great force and the slaying of their commander, David at last established the Euphrates River as the eastern boundary of God's Israel. Hadadezer and the petty kings tributary to him made peace with Israel and paid tribute to David. Some have suggested that Hadadezer might not have submitted to David, but Keil stated that this passage, "Shows very clearly that Hadadezer also made peace with Israel and submitted,"[18] to David's rule. Still, all of this left the problem of Rabbah unresolved.

Some have been perplexed by the discrepancies in the numbers (of casualties, etc) here as compared with the parallel account in 1 Chronicles 19, but D. F. Payne attributed this to, "Textual corruption,"[19] which may very well be the true explanation.

This rather extended account here is understood by many scholars as a more complete account of the abbreviated narrative in that 8th chapter summary of all of David's wars. This could be true, but we do not consider it as certain.

It is significant that David himself commanded this expedition against Hadadezer. It would have been far better for David if he had likewise personally led the siege against Rabbah and not have stayed in Jerusalem, where great temptations overwhelmed him.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel,.... Considered it in their minds, and conversed with one another about it, and fearing what would be the consequence of it:

they gathered themselves together; not only the forces got together again, that fled before Joab, but all the kings of Syria united their forces together, as appears from 2 Samuel 10:19; supposing that David would avenge himself on them for assisting the Ammonites against him; and therefore judged it advisable to raise a large army, that they might be in a condition to receive him.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-10.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Samuel 10:15-19. The Syrians defeated.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-10.html. 1871-8.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 10:15 And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.

Ver. 15. They gathered themselves together.] That they might be broken in pieces, [Isaiah 8:9] as all Immanuel’s enemies must.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-10.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Partly, to wipe out the stain of cowardice which they had now contracted; partly, to prevent that vengeance which they supposed David would execute upon them for their last attempt; and partly, to shake off the yoke that David had lately put upon them.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-10.html. 1685.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Together, expecting that David would punish them farther. (Menochius)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-10.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.

No JFB commentary on this verse.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-10.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.
A. M. 2968. B.C. 1036. An. Ex. Is. 455. gathered
Psalms 2:1; Isaiah 8:9,10; Micah 4:11,12; Zechariah 14:2,3; Revelation 19:19-21
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:23 - Hadadezer

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:15". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-10.html.