Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 10:8

The sons of Ammon came out and drew up in battle array at the entrance of the city, while the Arameans of Zobah and of Rehob and the men of Tob and Maacah were by themselves in the field.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Beth-Rehob;   Ish-Tob;   Joab;   Maachah;   Rehob;   Syria;   Zobah;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Ammonites, the;   Syria;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Aram;   Beard;   Hadadezer or Hadarezer;   Maacah or Maachah;   Rehob;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Ammon;   Joab;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ammonite;   Hanun;   Ishtob;   Joab;   Maachah;   Medeba;   Nahash;   Rehob;   Syria;   Tob, the Land of;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Bethrehob;   Edom;   Hadarezer;   Ishtob;   Jephthah;   Maacah;   Rehob (1);   Tob;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ammonites;   Disciples;   Hadad-Ezer;   Ishtob;   Maacah;   Samuel, Books of;   Syria;   Tob;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Abishai;   Ahasbai;   Ammon, Ammonites;   Joab;   Maacah;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ambassador;   Ammon, Ammonites, Children of Ammon;   Aram ;   Ishtob ;   Maacah, Maachah ;   Rehob ;   Zoba, Zobah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Hanun;   Tob;   Zobah;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Da'vid;   Hadare'zer;   Ish'tob;   Ma'acah;   Tob;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - War;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Beth-Rehob;   Ish-Tob;   Joab;   Syrians;   Tob, the Land of;   Zobah;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Aram;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Aram-Maachah;   Beth-Rehob;   Hanun;   Joab;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

At the entering in of the gate - This was the city of Medeba, as we learn from 1 Chronicles 19:7.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Came out - From their city, Rabbah Deuteronomy 3:11, Deuteronomy 3:15 or 20 miles from Medeba, where 1 Chronicles 19:7 the Syrian army was encamped. Medeba (modern Madeba) was taken from Sihon Numbers 21:30, and fell to Reuben Joshua 13:9, Joshua 13:16; in the reign of Ahaz it seems to have returned to Moab Isaiah 15:2, and in the time of the Maccabees to the Amorites (1 Maccabees 9:36,37). In church history it was a bishop‘s see.

In the field - i. e. in the plain below the round rocky hill on which the city stood.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-10.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And the children of Ammon came out,.... Either out of Rabbah their metropolis, as JosephusF21Antiqu. l. 7. c. 6. sect. 2. ; or rather out of Medeba, as it seems from 1 Chronicles 19:7; a city that lay on the borders of their country, and was a frontier town, see Numbers 21:30;

and put the battle in array, at the entering in of the gate; of the city of Medeba; they were first within the city, but, upon the approach of Joab and his army, they came out and drew up in a line of battle at the gate of it:

and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field; at some distance from the city, the Ammonites not choosing to trust: mercenaries in it; and perhaps they placed these ambush in the field, to get Joab between two fires, as we now express it.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of d Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, [were] by themselves in the field.

(d) These were various parts of the country of Syria, by which it appears that the Syrians served where they might have entertainment, as now the Sweitzers do.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-10.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 10:8 And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, [were] by themselves in the field.

Ver. 8. At the entering in of the gate,] viz., Of Medeba; [1 Chronicles 19:7; 1 Chronicles 19:9] for that bush they thought good to keep on their backs, however the day should happen; and that stake to have still in store, however the dice chanced to turn. But how wretchedly reckless was Pompey, who never considered into what place he should retire if beaten by Julius Caesar, as he was at the Pharsalian field.

Were by themselves in the field.] As not fit to be trusted near the town, being such a multitude of mercenaries, and, in reference to David, who had lately subdued them, a rabble of rebels.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-10.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Of the gate, to wit, of Medeba, as it is expressed, 1 Chronicles 19:7, which was a frontier city. See Numbers 21:30. This place they chose for the fight, that they might both defend that city and their country, whereof that was the entrance, and, if need were, might retreat into it. The Syrians were by themselves in the field; that by their numerous forces they might fall upon the Israelites on the other side. Which were the most valiant and expert soldiers.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-10.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

8.At the entering in of the gate — That is, most obviously, at the gate of their capital city, Rabbah.

Syrians’ by themselves in the field — The record in 1 Chronicles 19:7 is, they pitched before Medeba, a city some distance south of Rabbah, and in the tribe of Reuben. See on Joshua 13:16.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-10.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ammon. David was disposed to have lived in peace with this nation: but they voluntarily provoked his arms, after he had made such havoc upon all the neighbouring idolaters, and thus draw down the scourge of Providence; who suffers those to be blinded whom he has resolved to punish. The preparations for this war seem to have been greater than usual, and it continued for a longer period, and in the end proved destructive to all. (Haydock) --- Gate of Medaba. (Paralipomenon) Besides the 33,000 auxiliaries (ver. 6) and the natives, 32,000 chariots of war were hired from beyond the Euphrates, 1 Paralipomenon xix. 7.

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-10.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) At the entering in of the gate.—The Ammonites and their allies formed separate armies, the former taking their stand immediately before the city, the latter “by themselves” at some distance, where the ground was more favourable for the manœuvres of their chariots.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.
at the entering
This was at the city of Medeba, a city upon the borders of the Ammonites, and in their possession.
1 Chronicles 19:7
Rehob
6; Numbers 13:21; Joshua 19:28; Judges 1:31
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 11:23 - Hadadezer;  1 Chronicles 19:9 - the kings;  2 Chronicles 13:14 - looked back;  Jeremiah 40:8 - Maachathite

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 10:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-10.html.