Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 15:12

And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counselor, from his city Giloh, while he was offering the sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong, for the people increased continually with Absalom.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Ahithophel;   Ambition;   Ark;   Cabinet;   Citizens;   Conspiracy;   Friends;   Giloh;   Usurpation;   Thompson Chain Reference - Ahithophel;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Giloh;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Absalom;   Wisdom literature;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Counsellor;   Giloh;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Giloh;   Judas Iscariot;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Crimes and Punishments;   Giloh;   King, Kingship;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahithophel;   Giloh;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel ;   Giloh ;   Gilonite ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Ahithophel;   David;   Jerusalem;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Gi'loh;   Gi'lonite, the,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahithophel;   Confederate;   David;   Giloh;   Government;   Ittai;   Philistines;   Treason;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Ahithophel;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Sacrifice;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Sent for Ahithophel - When Absalom got him, he in effect got the prime minister of the kingdom to join him.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-15.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Ahithophel - It has been with great probability supposed that Ahithophel was estranged from David by personal resentment for his conduct in the matter of Bath-sheba and Uriah (see 2 Samuel 11:3).

While he offered sacrifices - Rather, that Absalom sent for Ahithophel to be present when he offered the sacrifices; the intention being that all who partook of the sacrifice should be bound together to prosecute the enterprise. Absalom, too, would take advantage of the excitement of the great feast to inflame the ardour of the guests, and pledge them irrevocably to his cause.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-15.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Absalom sent for Ahithophel, the Gilonite, David's counsellor,.... To advise with about this treasonable affair he was engaged in, and to get out of him David's secrets, who was reckoned the best counsellor in the land; and he might rather hope he would come to him, if he was the grandfather of Bathsheba, as say the Jews, 2 Samuel 11:3; since he might be disgusted with and resent David's adultery with Bathsheba his granddaughter, and the murder of her husband Uriah: him he sent for:

from his city, even from Giloh; a city in the tribe of Judah, in the mountainous part of it, near to Hebron, where Absalom now was; and, according to BuntingF9Travels, &c. p. 149. , twenty miles from Jerusalem, see Joshua 15:48,

while he offered sacrifices; not Ahithophel, but Absalom, his peace offerings at Hebron, to which he invited Ahithophel to come and partake of:

and the conspiracy was strong; or there was a great number in the conspiracy, who were assembled together:

for the people increased continually with Absalom; being drawn to him by the comeliness of his person, his affable behaviour, the pomp and magnificence in which he appeared, the great number of the principal inhabitants of Jerusalem with him, and he the king's eldest son, and so heir to the crown; whereas it might begin to be rumoured about, that David designed Solomon, a son of Bathsheba, a young prince, to be his successor, which did not meet with general approbation at first.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-15.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Absalom sent for Ahithophel — who he knew was ready to join the revolt, through disgust and revenge, as Jewish writers assert, at David‘s conduct towards Bath-sheba, who was his granddaughter.

Giloh — near Hebron.

the conspiracy was strong — The rapid accession of one place after another in all parts of the kingdom to the party of the insurgents, shows that deep and general dissatisfaction existed at this time against the person and government of David. The remnant of Saul‘s partisans, the unhappy affair of Bath-sheba, the overbearing insolence and crimes of Joab, negligence and obstruction in the administration of justice - these were some of the principal causes that contributed to the success of this widespread insurrection.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-15.html. 1871-8.

Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary

Moreover, Absalom sent for Ahithophel, David's councillor, to come from his own town Giloh, when he offered the sacrifices. The unusual construction of את ישׁלח with מעירו may be explained from the pregnant character of the expression: he sent and bade come, i.e., he summoned Ahithophel out of his city. Giloh, Ahithophel's home, was upon the mountains of Judah, to the south or south-west of Hebron (see at Joshua 15:51). Ahithophel had no doubt been previously initiated into Absalom's plans, and had probably gone to his native city, merely that he might come to him with the greater ease; since his general place of abode, as king's councillor, must have been in Jerusalem. “And the conspiracy became strong; for the people multiplied continually with Absalom” (the latter is a circumstantial clause). These words give a condensed summary of the result of the enterprise.

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The Keil & Delitzsch Old Testament Commentary is a derivative of a public domain electronic edition.
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Keil, Carl Friedrich & Delitzsch, Franz. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/kdo/2-samuel-15.html. 1854-1889.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

Sacrifices — Which he did not in devotion to God; but merely that upon this pretence he might call great numbers of people together.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-15.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 15:12 And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David’s counsellor, from his city, [even] from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

Ver. 12. And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite.] Who doubtless of all his virtues made best vice of his dissimulation; as our historian saith of that Earl of Warwick in Edward VI’s days. See on 2 Samuel 15:10. Some think that Ahithophel joined with Absalom against David, in revenge of the abuse done by him to Bathsheba, - who is supposed to be Ahithophel’s grand-daughter, - and the murdering of Uriah, her husband.

For the people increased continually with Absalom.] Bewitched by his flatteries, as 2 Samuel 15:6, affecting novelties, αει γαρ το παρον βαρυ, (a) and incensed by Absalom’s boutefeaus, whose work was to black and blast good David and his government; but above all, God’s holy hand was in it for the chastising of David, according to what had been forethreatened.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-15.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 15:12. Absalom sent for Ahithophel Ahithophel's junction with Absalom seems to have given the finishing stroke to the rebellion. He was too sagacious to discover himself, till he saw all things favourable and prosperous on the part of Absalom; and they both very well judged that his accession to the conspiracy in those circumstances was the likeliest means to secure its success.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-15.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Ahithophel is thought to have been the author, or, at least, the fomenter of this rebellion; either because he was discontented with David, for which there might be many reasons; or because he saw the father was old and nigh his end, and he thought it best policy to worship the rising sun, and to follow the young prince, whom he observed to have so great an interest in the hearts of the people, and whom he supposed he could easily manage as he pleased, which he could not do with David.

While he offered sacrifices; which he did not in devotion to God, for he neither feared God, nor reverenced man; nor to implore God’s favour and assistance against his father, which he knew was a vain thing to expect; but merely that upon this pretence he might call great numbers of the people together, whereof many would come to join with him in the worship of God, and most to partake of the feasts which were made of the remainders of the sacrifices, according to the manner.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-15.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

12.Ahithophel the Gilonite — So called from Giloh, his native city in the southern hills of Judah. In nothing was the strength of Absalom’s conspiracy more manifest than in his attaching to his cause a man of so much influence as this wisest of David’s counsellors. His counsel was as an oracle of God, (2 Samuel 16:23,) and nothing seemed to disturb David more than the information that Ahithophel was among his foes. 2 Samuel 15:31.

The manner of Absalom’s sending for him, as here stated, seems to indicate that he was already privy to the plot. He had perhaps become disaffected toward David on account of his seduction of Bathsheba, his granddaughter.

Giloh — Somewhere to the south of Hebron, but its site is unknown. See at Joshua 15:51.

While he offered sacrifices — That is, while Absalom was offering the sacrifices connected with the festival which he made for his followers. “When we reflect,” says Ewald, “that the men who played the most important parts under Absalom — his general, Amasa, who was a near relative of Joab and of David, and Ahithophel, a citizen of Giloh — belonged to the tribe of Judah, and that the insurrection itself sprung into being at Hebron, the ancient capital of Judah, it becomes certain that some discontent in David’s own tribe here came into play.”

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-15.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 15:12. Absalom sent for Ahithophel, David’s counsellor — None are more capable of doing mischief to kings than those who have been of their privy council, and know their secrets. It is supposed by the Jews that Ahithophel was incensed against David for his conduct to Bath-sheba, who they think, was his grand-daughter, being the daughter of Eliam, 2 Samuel 11:3, and Eliam the son of Ahithophel, 2 Samuel 23:34. It doubtless must have been matter of great surprise and inexpressible affliction to David, to find the two men, whom of all others he seems to have most loved and confided in, combining against him, and compassing his death, Absalom and Ahithophel, his son and his counsellor. While he offered sacrifices — Or, rather, after he had offered sacrifices: for it seems he sent for him while he sat at dinner. And the conspiracy was strong — Ahithophel was too cunning to discover himself till he saw all things favourable and prosperous on the part of Absalom: and they both very well judged that his accession to the conspiracy, in those circumstances, was the likeliest means to ensure its success. For the people increased continually — Most of whom, it is probable, intended no harm at first, perhaps not even to divest David of his crown and dignity, much less to take away his life; but only to substitute Absalom as a coadjutor to him, for the executing of the royal authority during David’s life, and to be his successor after his death. However, it is evident they did proceed so far, at last, as to design to kill David for their own greater security. For so Ahithophel advised, and they all consented to it, 2 Samuel 17:2; 2 Samuel 17:4; which shows how dangerous it is to go out of the right way; for we do not know down what horrid precipices we may fall afterward. And it may serve as a warning to us never to begin any thing that is wrong, which may lead us to commit that in the issue which we abhorred at the first, when we find we cannot be safe in one wickedness, unless we commit a greater.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-15.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Achitophel, the grandfather of Bethsabee; to revenge whose dishonour, he had instigated the young prince to revolt, and had planned his rebellion; (Salien) so that he was every ready to lend his assistance. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-15.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

sent for. Septuagint reads "sent and called".

Ahithophel. David"s counsellor. Compare Psalms 41:9; Psalms 55:13. See note on "Uriah", 2 Samuel 11:3.

his city. Compare Joshua 15:51.

offered sacrifices. See App-43.

increased. Compare Psalms 3:1.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-15.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

Absalom sent for Ahithophel - who he knew was ready to join the revolt, through disgust and revenge, as Jewish writers assert, at David's conduct toward Bath-sheba, who was his granddaughter.

Giloh - near Hebron [ mi-Giloh (Hebrew #1542)]. [The nomina Gentilia, Giyloniy (Hebrew #1526), 'Iyloniy. (1 Kings 11:29; 1 Kings 12:15), lead us from the supposed form to the substantive termination -own-which liquids may drop, and express the remaining waw (w) vowel by he (h) (Ewald, sec. 163).]

The conspiracy was strong. The rapid accession of one place after another, in all parts of the kingdom, to the party of the insurgents, shows that deep and general dissatisfaction existed at this time against the person and government of David. The remnant of Saul's partisans, the unhappy affair of Bath-sheba, the overbearing insolence and crimes of Joab, negligence and obstruction in the administration of justice, were some of the principal causes that contributed to the success of this widespread insurrection (cf. Psalms 3:1).

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-15.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) Sent for Ahithophel.—Giloh, the city of Ahithophel, was one of the groups of towns just south of Hebron (Joshua 15:51), and Ahithophel may have gone there in readiness to be summoned by Absalom. Why he deserted David does not appear. It has been conjectured that he was aggrieved at David’s treatment of Bath-sheba, who is supposed to have been his granddaughter. Bath-sheba’s father was Eliam (2 Samuel 11:3) and Ahithophel had a son Eliam (2 Samuel 23:34), but there is no evidence that these were the same, and if they had been, Ahithophel probably would have felt honoured rather than aggrieved that his daughter should have been made queen. It is more likely that Ahithophel and many others of the tribe of Judah were alienated because, in the rapidly growing empire of David, their relative importance was of necessity constantly diminishing. It is noteworthy that the rebellion was cradled in Judah, and seems to have found there its chief strength.

There is a difference of opinion whether Psalms 41 was written on this occasion; but its ninth verse certainly applies very pointedly to Ahithophel; and his conduct, both in his treachery and his suicide, forms a striking parallel to that of Judas, to whom this verse is applied in John 13:18. Many writers also consider that Psalms 55 was composed with reference to Ahithophel.

While he offered sacrifices.—Absalom had arranged these, apparently with pomp and circumstance, to continue through several days. This gave time for the conspiracy to gain strength, and the accompanying feasting allowed Absalom an excellent opportunity for using his popular arts, and with such success that “the people increased continually with Absalom.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-15.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.
Ahithophel
31; 16:20-23; 17:14,23
David's
Psalms 41:9; 55:12-14; Micah 7:5,6; John 13:18
Giloh
Joshua 15:51
while he offered
Numbers 23:1,14,30; 1 Kings 21:9,12; Psalms 50:16-21; Proverbs 21:27; Isaiah 1:10-16; Titus 1:16
the people
Psalms 3:1,2; 43:1,2
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 16:23 - both;  2 Samuel 19:10 - whom;  1 Kings 1:7 - And he conferred;  1 Kings 1:9 - slew;  1 Chronicles 27:33 - Ahithophel;  Psalm 4:5 - Offer;  Psalm 55:13 - my guide;  Psalm 109:3 - fought;  Psalm 109:5 - hatred;  Proverbs 17:11 - GeneralEcclesiastes 4:16 - no end;  Acts 23:13 - which

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 15:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-15.html.