Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 17:28

brought beds, basins, pottery, wheat, barley, flour, parched grain, beans, lentils, parched seeds,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Barzillai;   Bean;   Corn;   David;   Lentiles;   Liberality;   Love;   Mahanaim;   Thompson Chain Reference - Flour;   Lentils;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Armies of Israel, the;   Compassion and Sympathy;   Herbs, &C;   Liberality;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Ahithophel;   Corn;   Hushai;   Lentile;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Food;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Army;   Basin;   Beans;   Gift;   Lentiles;   Wheat;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Barzillai;   Beans;   Food;   Gad (1);   Gilead;   Lentiles;   Machir;   Nahash;   Pulse;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Barley;   Beans;   Ironsmith;   Machir;   Parched Corn or Grain;   Plants in the Bible;   Rogelim;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Bason;   Beans;   Food;   House;   Parched Corn;   Potter, Pottery;   Pulse;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Bason;   Beans,;   Lentils,;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Absalom;   Pulse;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Beans;   Ma'chir;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Barley;   Bean;   Lentil;   Pulse;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adonijah;   Ammon;   Barzillai;   Basin;   Beans;   Earthen, Vessels;   Food;   Lentils;   Meals;   Parched;   Pulse;   Samuel, Books of;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Beans;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Agriculture;   Barzillai;   Basin;   Beans;   Cookery;   Corn;   Couch;   Food;   Gifts;   Lentils;   Nahash;   Pottery;   Wheat;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Brought beds - These no doubt consisted in skins of beasts, mats, carpets, and such like things.

Basons - ספות sappoth . Probably wooden bowls, such as the Arabs still use to eat out of, and to knead their bread in.

Earthen vessels - יוצר כלי keley yotser . Probably clay vessels, baked in the sun. These were perhaps used for lifting water, and boiling those articles which required to be cooked.

Wheat, and barley, etc. - There is no direct mention of flesh-meat here; little was eaten in that country, and it would not keep. Whether the sheep mentioned were brought for their flesh or their milk. I cannot tell.

According to Mr. Jones, "the Moors of west Barbary use the flour of parched barley, which is the chief provision they make for their journeys, and often use it at home; and this they carry in a leathern satchel." These are ordinarily made of goat-skins. One of them now lies before me: it has been drawn off the animal before it was cut up; the places where the fore-legs, the tail, and the anus were, are elegantly closed, and have leathers thongs attached to them, by which it can be slung over the back of man, ass, or camel. The place of the neck is left open, with a running string to draw it up, purse-like, when necessary. The skin itself is tanned; and the upper side is curiously embroidered with red, black, blue, yellow, and flesh-coloured leather, in very curious and elegant forms and devices. Bags of this kind are used for carrying wine, water, milk, butter, grain, flour, clothes, and different articles of merchandise. This is, as I have before stated, the Scripture bottle. Mr. Jones farther says: "Travellers use zumeet, tumeet, and limereece. Zumeet is flour mixed with honey, butter, and spice; tumeet is flour done up with organ oil; and limereece is flour mixed with water for drink. This quenches the thirst much better than water alone; satisfies a hungry appetite; cools and refreshes tired and weary spirits; overcoming those ill effects which a hot sun and fatiguing journey might well occasion."

This flour might be made of grain or pulse of any kind: and probably may be that which we here term parched corn and parched pulse; and in the forms above mentioned was well calculated, according to Mr. Jones's account, for the people hungry, weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness. This was a timely supply for David and his men, and no doubt contributed much to the victory mentioned in the following chapter.

A Remarkable account of maternal affection in a she-bear: "In the year 1772, the Seahorse frigate and Carcass bomb, under the command of the Hon. Captain C. J. Phipps, afterwards Lord Mulgrave, were sent on a voyage of discovery to the north seas. In this expedition the late celebrated admiral Lord Nelson served as midshipman. While the Carcass lay locked in the ice, early one morning, the man at the masthead gave notice that three bears were making their way very fast over the frozen sea, and were directing their course towards the ship. They had no doubt been invited by the scent of some blubber of a seahorse that the crew had killed a few days before, which had been set on fire, and was burning on the ice at the time of their approach. They proved to be a she-bear and her two cubs, but the cubs were nearly as large as the dam. They ran eagerly to the fire, and drew out from the flames part of the flesh of the seahorse that remained unconsumed, and ate voraciously. The crew from the ship threw great lumps of flesh of the seahorse, which they had still left upon the ice, which the old bear fetched away singly, laid every lump before her cubs as she brought it, and dividing it, gave each a share, reserving but a small portion to herself. As she was fetching away the last piece, they levelled their muskets at the cubs, and shot them both dead; and in her retreat they wounded the dam, but not mortally. It would have drawn tears of pity from any but unfeeling minds, to have marked the affectionate concern expressed by this poor beast in the dying moments of her expiring young. Though she was sorely wounded, and could but just crawl to the place where they lay, she carried the lump of flesh she had fetched away, as she had done the others before, tore it in pieces and laid it down before them; and when she saw that they refused to eat, she laid her paws first upon one, and then upon the other, and endeavored to raise them up; all this while it was piteous to hear her moan. When she found she could not move them, she went off; and being at some distance, looked back and moaned. This not availing to entice them away, she returned, and smelling around them, began to lick their wounds. She went off a second time, as before; and having crawled a few paces, looked again behind her, and for some time stood moaning. But still her cubs not rising to follow her, she returned to them again, and with signs of inexpressible fondness went round one, and round the other, pawing them and moaning. Finding at last that they were cold and lifeless, she raised her head towards the ship, and growled a curse upon the murderers, which they returned with a volley of musket balls. She fell between her cubs, and died licking their wounds."

Had this animal got among the destroyers of her young, she would have soon shown what was implied in the chafed mind of a bear robbed of her whelps.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-17.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Brought beds,.... For David and his men, who, fleeing from Jerusalem in haste, could bring none with them, and therefore were ill provided while in the plains of the wilderness; the Septuagint version says there were ten of them, and that they were of tapestry, wrought on both sides, and such the ancients usedF26Vid. Aristophan. in Pluto, p. 55. , see Proverbs 7:16; and so ten basins in the next clause:

and basins, and earthen vessels; to put their food and liquors in, and eat and drink out of, and for other services:

and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn; or "kali", which was made of the above corn ground into meal, and mixed with water or milk, and eaten with honey or oil, as there was another sort made of pulse, later mentioned:

and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse; or "kali", made of these in the above manner. Some thinkF1Sterringa, Animadv. Philol. Sacr. p. 48. coffee is meant, but without reason.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-17.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

o Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched [corn], and beans, and lentiles, and parched [pulse],

(o) God shows himself most liberal to his, when they seem to be utterly destitute.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-17.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 17:28 Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched [corn], and beans, and lentiles, and parched [pulse],

Ver. 28. Brought beds, &c.] Strangers relieve David, whom his own son persecuteth. While the divine bounty serveth us in good meat, though not in our own dishes, we have good reason to be thankful.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-17.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Beds and basons, i.e. all sorts of household stuff, as well as other provisions, all which David now wanted.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-17.html. 1685.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Beds, will all the necessary furniture, coverlets, &c. Roman Septuagint, "ten beds, with fur on both sides." --- Tapestry. Some would translate, "bottles," (Chaldean) or "cauldrons;" (Roman Septuagint) but other editions agree with the Vulgate. --- Vessels. These are necessary, as much as things of greater magnificence. Precious metals were then rarely used in the kitchen. --- Pulse, (cicer) or "parched peas." Hebrew kali, is thus twice translated, as it had been rendered parched corn. It signifies any thing "parched." The ancients made great use of such food in journeys, as the Ethiopians and Turks do still. (Atheneus ii. 13.; Busbec. iii.; Bellon. ii. 53.) (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-17.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6), 2 Samuel 17:28 and 2 Samuel 17:29, emphasising the items.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-17.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse,

No JFB commentary on this verse.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-17.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Brought beds, and basons, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse,
beds
These no doubt consisted of skins of beasts, mats, carpets, and such like.
16:1,2; 1 Samuel 25:18; Isaiah 32:8
basons
or, cups. Sappoth, probably wooden bowls, such as the Arabs still eat out of, and knead their bread in.
earthen vessels
Keley yotzair, literally, "vessels of the potter." So when Dr. Perry visited the temple of Luxor in Egypt, he says, "We were entertained by the Caliph here with great civility and favour; he sent us, in return of our presents, several sheep, a good quantity of eggs, bardacks," etc. The bardacks, he informs us, were earthen vessels, used "to cool and refresh their water in, by means of which it drinks very cool and pleasant in the hottest seasons of the year." See Harmer, ch. vi.
Obadiah 1:3
wheat
Mr. Jones says, "Travellers use zumeet, tumeet, and limereece. Zumeet is flour mixed with honey, butter, and spice; tumeet is flour done up with organ oil: and limereece is flour mixed with water, for drink. This quenches thirst much better than water alone, satisfies a hungry appetite; cools and refreshes tired and weary spirits," etc.
Reciprocal: Judges 8:5 - loaves;  Ruth 2:14 - parched;  1 Samuel 17:17 - parched corn

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 17:28". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-17.html.