Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 20:23

Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Cabinet;   Cherethites;   Joab;   King;   Officer;   Pelethites;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Armies of Israel, the;   Kings;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sheba;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Cherethites;   Joab;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Cherethim;   Jehoiada;   King;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Benaiah;   Cherethims;   King;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Benaiah;   Carites;   Occupations and Professions in the Bible;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Benaiah;   Carites;   Cherethites and Pelethites;   Guard Body-Guard;   Jehoiada;   King;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Benaiah ;   Cherethims, Cherethites ;   Pelethites ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Cherethites;   David;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Bena'iah;   Cher'ethites;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Benaiah;   Carites;   Government;   Guard;   Jehoiada;   King;   Philistines;   Samuel, Books of;   Solomon;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Benaiah;   Captain;   Carites;   Cherethites;   Government;   King;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Joab was over all the host - He had murdered Amasa, and seized on the supreme command: and such was his power at present, and the service which he had rendered to the state by quelling the rebellion of Sheba, that David was obliged to continue him; and dared not to call him to account for his murders without endangering the safety of the state by a civil war.

Benaiah - over the Cherethites - Benaiah was over the archers and slingers.

See the notes on 2 Samuel 8:18.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-20.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Now Joab … - This is by no means an unmeaning repetition. Joab had been dismissed to make room for Amasa, and was now, as the result of his successful expedition against Sheba, and the death of Amasa, reinstated in his command. Moreover, this was a fresh beginning of David‘s reign, and therefore a statement of his chief officers is as proper as in 2 Samuel 8:16, when he had just established himself on the throne of Israel. Compare 1 Kings 4:2-6.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-20.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

LIST OF DAVID'S CHIEF OFFICERS

"Now Joab was in command of all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of the Cherethites and the Pelethites; And Adoram was in charge of the forced labor; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder; and Sheva was secretary; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests; and Ira the Jairite was also David's priest."

"With this list of David's chief officers, the narrator closes the history of David's reign. The remaining four chapters of Second Samuel form a kind of appendix."[19]

"Joab was in command of all the army of Israel" (2 Samuel 20:23). "The king did not venture to dispute Joab's right to resume his post of commander-in-chief."[20] As DeHoff said, "Joab had murdered Amasa and seized supreme command. David was not deceived as to the kind of man Joab was, but he needed him as a leader at that time."[21]

The similarity of this list and the one in 2 Samuel 8:16-18 has been made the basis of claiming the lists to be variations of the same listing; but, as Keil wrote, "This list belongs to a later period in David's reign."[22] This is certainly true, because David's use of forced labor did not take place in the first part of his reign but in the latter part of it. This use of forced labor by David was adopted by his son Solomon and greatly developed by him.[23] It was this very thing that fueled the rebellion against Solomon's son Rehoboam.

"And Ira ... was also David's priest" (2 Samuel 20:26). The word priest here is probably a reference not to a priest at all, but to one of the officials in David's government. (See a thorough discussion of this in my commentary on 2 Samuel 8, pp. 110-112.)

David never forgave Joab for the murder of Absalom, Abner and Amasa; and near the end of his life, David left orders for his son Solomon to destroy Joab. Still, evil as Joab surely was, he was the principal military architect of building and sustaining the throne of David, a fact that David never seemed to recognize.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/2-samuel-20.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Now Joab was over all the host of Israel,.... Established in the post in which he formerly was; either having been never displaced, which though David thought to do, he was not able to effect it, because of his power and influence with the people; or if he had displaced him, which by some things in this chapter seemed to be the case, yet Amasa being dead, and the rebellion crushed by Joab, which still made him more haughty, and increased his popularity, David saw it most advisable to replace him; and because mention is made of him, as established in his office as general over the whole army, an account is given of the rest of David's officers; and the rather, as it was a sort of beginning his reign anew, after quelling the above rebellions:

and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites, and over the Pelethites; was continued in his post, see 2 Samuel 8:18.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-20.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Samuel 20:23-26. David‘s great officers.

Now Joab was over all the host of Israel — David, whatever his private wishes, found that he possessed not the power of removing Joab; so winking at the murder of Amasa, he re-established that officer in his former post of commander-in-chief. The enumeration of David‘s cabinet is here given to show that the government was re-established in its wonted course.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-20.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Over all the host — The good success of this, and of the former expedition, under the conduct of Joab, had so fixed his interest in the army, and others of David's fastest friends, that the king could not without danger displace him.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-20.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 20:23 Now Joab [was] over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [was] over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Ver. 23. Now Joab was over all the host.] He would be so; neither was it in David’s power to put him by; so great a sway bare he in the army, who were all for General Joab. Neither, indeed, could David well spare him, so necessary was his service.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-20.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 20:23. Now Joab was over all the host of Israel Joab, having successfully put an end to the rebellion of Sheba, returned to Jerusalem to the king, and returned with such a weight of popularity, as effectually to shield his atrocious murder of Amasa from all attempts of inquiry or chastisement. "The crime," as Florus expresses it, "was within the glory:" and not only so, but reinstated him likewise in the supreme command over the army. Thus did it seem good to the divine wisdom to permit Joab's unruly and impetuous ambition, at one time separate from all sense of duty, and at another joined to it, to punish the guilt of four notorious rebels in succession, Abner, Absalom, Amasa, and Sheba, with dreadful deaths; two of them, indeed, treacherous and sudden; but all, in the retributions of Providence, judicial and just. Dr. Delaney thinks, that David published at this time the 133rd Psalm, entirely to compose all contests and disagreements among the tribes.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-20.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Joab was over all the host of Israel: the good success of this and of the former expedition, under the conduct of Joab, had so fixed his interest in the army, and others of David’s fastest friends, that the king could not without danger to the public weal displace him.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-20.html. 1685.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Benaiah. Compare 2 Samuel 8:18; 2 Samuel 23:20. 1 Kings 1:8; 1 Kings 2:34.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-20.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Now Joab was over all the host. David, whatever his private wishes, found that he possessed not the power of removing Josh; so, winking at the murder of Amasa, he re-establisbed that officer in his former post of commander-in-chief. The enumeration of David's cabinet is here given to show that the government was re-established in its normal course.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-20.html. 1871-8.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:
Now Joab
8:16-18; 1 Chronicles 18:15-17
and Benaiah
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 2:13 - Joab;  2 Samuel 8:18 - the Cherethites;  2 Samuel 15:18 - Cherethites;  2 Samuel 23:20 - Benaiah;  2 Samuel 23:23 - over his guard;  2 Samuel 24:2 - Joab;  1 Kings 1:7 - Joab;  1 Kings 4:2 - the princes;  1 Chronicles 11:6 - Joab;  1 Chronicles 11:22 - Benaiah;  1 Chronicles 11:25 - David;  1 Chronicles 18:17 - Benaiah

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:23". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-20.html.