Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 20:24

and Adoram was over the forced labor, and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was the recorder;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Adoniram;   Adoram;   Ahilud;   Cabinet;   Hadoram;   Jehoshaphat;   King;   Officer;   Secretary (Recordist);   Tax;   Thompson Chain Reference - Jehoshaphat;   Recorder;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Tribute;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Sheba;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Government;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Hadoram;   Tribute;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Adoniram;   Ahilud;   Hadoram;   Recorder;   Samuel, the Books of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - King, Kingship;   Occupations and Professions in the Bible;   Recorder;   Taskmaster;   Transportation and Travel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - King;   Samuel, Books of;   Solomon;   Tribute, Toll, Taxing;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Adoniram ;   Ahilud ;   Hadoram ;   Jehoshaphat ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Adoram;   David;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Adoni'ram;   Ahi'lud;   Hado'ram;   Recorder,;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Adoniram;   Ahilud;   Government;   Jehoshaphat (1);   King;   Recorder;   Remember;   Samuel, Books of;   Solomon;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Adoniram;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Historiography;   Libraries;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Adoram was over the tribute - Probably the chief receiver of the taxes; or Chancellor of the Exchequer, as we term it.

Jehoshaphat - recorder - The registrar of public events.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-20.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Adoram - Not mentioned before by name or office. Apparently, therefore, the office was not instituted until the latter part of David‘s reign, and its duties probably were the collection of the tribute imposed upon vanquished nations, or the command of the forced levies employed in public works. Adoram was stoned to death in the beginning of the reign of Rehoboam 1 Kings 12:18.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-20.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And Adoram was over the tribute,.... Or over those that collected and brought it, as the Targum; this was a new office, and which respected both the revenue he received from his own people, and the tribute brought him from the nations conquered by him:

and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; who was in this office before, and now continued and established in it, 2 Samuel 8:16.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-20.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 20:24 And Adoram [was] over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud [was] recorder:

Ver. 24. And Adoram was over the tribute.] All was as before, [2 Samuel 8:15-18] David being fully reestablished; save that this Adoram praeerat pecuniae recipiendae, was treasurer for the tribute, which came in from those many nations, since subdued by David.

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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-20.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Over the tribute; the receiver and manager of the king’s public revenue. See Poole on "1 Kings 4:6".

Jehoshaphat was recorder: See Poole on "2 Samuel 8:16".

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-20.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

24.Adoram — Called also Adoniram and Hadoram, 1 Kings 4:6; 2 Chronicles 10:18. He received his appointment at a late period of David’s reign, and continued in office until the reign of Rehoboam, when he was stoned to death by the infuriated people, who had grown tired of excessive taxation. See 1 Kings 12:18.

Over the tribute — The Hebrews were required to pay tribute to Jehovah to sustain the service of the sanctuary. Exodus 30:11-16. The support of the kingdom, the court, and the building of public works required additional revenues, and the kings of Israel, when they had the power, exacted tribute from the foreign nations that were subject to them, and also, in times of emergency, from the Israelitish people themselves. This taxation became, in the reign of Solomon, so burdensome that after his death the people protested against it. 1 Kings 12:4. It was Adoram’s business to superintend all these revenues of the kingdom, but more particularly the levies of men which were, from time to time, required for the public works. The Hebrew word מס, here rendered tribute, means generally a tribute of bond-service, or levies of men impressed for various kinds of labour. So the word is used in 1 Kings 5:13-14. There it appears that Adoram’s duty was to oversee the levies that were bound to labour, whether they were levied from among the Israelites, or were bond-servants from among the heathen. This, perhaps, explains why this officer first appears at a late period of David’s reign, when the number of foreign captives, reduced to bond-service by the fortunes of war, had become so great as to require a special officer to superintend them.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-20.html. 1874-1909.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Adoram. Same name as Adoniram (1 Kings 4:6).

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-20.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(24) Adoram was over the tribute.—The same office was held by Adoniram in Solomon’s reign (1 Kings 4:6; 1 Kings 5:14), and by Adoram at the beginning of the reign of his successor (1 Kings 12:18). αll those may have been the same person, or at least of the same family. “The tribute” should rather be the levy, the forced labour so largely employed by Solomon. It is remarkable that there is no trace of such an office in 2 Samuel 8:16-18, nor in the parallel (1 Chronicles 18:14-17). It was a feature of Oriental despotism only introduced towards the close of David’s reign, and carried to much greater length under Solomon.

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These files are public domain.
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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-20.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:
Adoram
1 Kings 4:6; 12:18
recorder
or, remembrancer.
1 Kings 4:3
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 18:18 - the recorder;  2 Chronicles 34:8 - recorder;  Isaiah 36:3 - Shebna

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 20:24". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-20.html.