Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 21:12

then David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh-gilead, who had stolen them from the open square of Beth-shan, where the Philistines had hanged them on the day the Philistines struck down Saul in Gilboa.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Beth-Shean;   David;   Jabesh-Gilead;   Jonathan;   Thompson Chain Reference - Jabesh-Gilead;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Punishments;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shean, or Beth-Shan;   Mephibosheth;   Rizpah;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shean;   David;   Gilboa;   Jonathan;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Bethshean;   Burial;   David;   Jonathan;   Saul;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Beth-Shean;   Burial;   Court Systems;   Jabesh-Gilead;   Jonathan;   Market Place;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Baal (1);   Crucifixion;   Gilboa;   Haggai;   Israel;   Rizpah;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Bethshan, Bethshean ;   Gibeonites ;   Gilboa ;   Jabesh, Jabeshgilead ;   Mephibosheth ;   Rizpah ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Jabesh;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Gilbo'a;   Jon'athan,;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Punishments of the Hebrews;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Beth-Shean;   Burial;   Cremation;   Gilboa, Mount;   Hanging;   Salvation;   Samuel, Books of;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Burial and sepulchers;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Beth-Shan;   Gilboa;   Rizpah;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Took the bones of Saul - The reader will recollect that the men of Jabesh-gilead burned the bodies of Saul and his sons, and buried the remaining bones under a tree at Jabesh. See 1 Samuel 31:12, 1 Samuel 31:13. These David might have digged up again, in order to bury them in the family sepulcher.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-21.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

From the street of Beth-shan - This was the wide place just inside the gate of an Oriental city, bounded therefore by the city wall (compare the marginal reference). Here, as the place of concourse, the Philistines had fastened the bodies.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-21.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And David went and took the bones of Saul, and the bones of Jonathan his son, from the men of Jabeshgilead,.... Which, according to BuntingF20Travels, &c. p. 122, 143. , was fifty two miles from Jerusalem; though perhaps David did not go thither in person to fetch them, but by his messengers, see 2 Samuel 21:14,

which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa; the history of all which see in 1 Samuel 31:8.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-21.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

2 Samuel 21:12-22. David buries the bones of Saul and Jonathan in their father‘s sepulcher.

David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son, etc. — Before long, the descent of copious showers, or perhaps an order of the king, gave Rizpah the satisfaction of releasing the corpses from their ignominious exposure; and, incited by her pious example, David ordered the remains of Saul and his sons to be transferred from their obscure grave in Jabesh-gilead to an honorable interment in the family vault at Zelah or Zelzah (1 Samuel 10:2), now Beit-jala.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/2-samuel-21.html. 1871-8.

Scofield's Reference Notes

Philistines

Cf. 1 Samuel 31:3-5 (See Scofield "1 Samuel 31:3")

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These files are considered public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available in the Online Bible Software Library.
Bibliographical Information
Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on 2 Samuel 21:12". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/2-samuel-21.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 21:12 And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa:

Ver. 12. And David went and took the bones of Saul, &c.] To show that he loved his enemies, which is no small conquest: it is an act of heroical charity. Full ill might Joab have told David that he hated his friends, for he loved his enemies.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-21.html. 1865-1868.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

12.Took the bones — See 1 Samuel 31:10-13, and notes there.

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Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-21.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

2 Samuel 21:12. He defended it — So that the Philistines could neither burn the corn, nor carry it away, nor tread it down. The Lord wrought a great victory — By his hand. How great soever the bravery of the instruments is, the praise of the achievement is to be given to God. These fought, but God wrought the victory. It must be observed that this Shammah, although one of the three most mighty men, is not particularly named in the book of Chronicles; it being the manner of the Scriptures, as the Jews observe, to notice that briefly in one place, which hath been explained at large in another; as this action of Shammah is here in this book.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/2-samuel-21.html. 1857.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

men = lords, or masters (Hebrew. baalim). Compare 1 Samuel 31:10, 1 Samuel 31:13.

street. The open space by the gate (2 Chronicles 32:6. Nehemiah 8:1, Nehemiah 8:3, Nehemiah 8:16).

when = in the day.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-21.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh-gilead, which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa:

David went and took the bones of Saul ... Erelong the descent of copious showers, or perhaps an order of the king, gave Rizpah the satisfaction of releasing the corpses from their ignominious exposure; and, incited by her pious example, David ordered the remains of Saul and his sons to be transferred from their obscure grave in Jabesh-gilead to an honourable interment in the family vault at Zelah, or Zelzah (1 Samuel 10:2), now Beit-jala.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/2-samuel-21.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(12) Took the bones of Saul.—Moved by the story of Rizpah’s tender care, and wishing to show that he cherished no enmity against the house of Saul, David buried honourably the remains of Saul and of his descendants. In 1 Samuel 31:10 it is said that the Philistines fastened the body of Saul “to the wall of Beth-shan;” here, that the men of Jabesh-gilead took them secretly from the street. The two statements are quite consistent, for the exact place where the Philistines hung up to public view the body of the slain and defeated monarch was the broad space or square, just inside the gate, where the people were wont to gather; and it was from the same place that they were taken. Most MSS. of the LXX. add to the previous verse: “And they were taken down, and Dan the son of Joa, of the descendants of the giant, took them down.”

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-21.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa:
the bones of Saul
2:5-7; 1 Samuel 31:11-13
Beth-shan
Joshua 17:11
Beth-shean
1 Samuel 31:10
in Gilboa
1:6,21; 1 Samuel 28:4; 31:1; 1 Chronicles 10:1,8
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 31:13 - their bones;  1 Chronicles 10:12 - the oak;  Psalm 32:3 - When

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 21:12". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-21.html.