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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Hanging

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hang´ing ( תּלה , tālāh , "to hang up," "suspend," 2 Samuel 21:12; Deuteronomy 28:66; Job 26:7; Psalm 137:2; Song of Solomon 4:4; Hosea 11:7 ): Generally, where the word is used in connection with punishments, it appears to have reference to the hanging of the corpse after execution. We find but two clear instances of death by hanging, i.e. strangulation - those of Ahithophel and Judas ((2 Samuel 17:23; Matthew 27:5 ), and both these were eases of suicide, not of execution. The foregoing Hebrew word is clearly used for "hanging" as a mode of execution in Esther 5:14; Esther 6:4; Esther 7:9; Esther 8:7; Esther 9:13 , Esther 9:14 , Esther 9:25; but probably the "gallows" or "tree" (עץ , ‛ēc ) was a stake for the purpose of impaling the victim. It could be lowered for this purpose, then raised "fifty cubits high" to arrest the public gaze. The Greek word used in Matthew 27:5 is ἀπάγχεσθαι , apágchesthai , "to strangle oneself." See HDB , article "Hanging," for an exhaustive discussion.

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Hanging'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/h/hanging.html. 1915.

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