Morrish Bible Dictionary
The people of Gibeon and perhaps of the three confederate cities Chephirah, Beeroth, and Kirjath-jearim. Joshua 9:17 . They were Hivites, and 'mighty' men. Having deceived Joshua into making a treaty with them, they were made hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of God. Joshua 9:23 . Saul, upon an occasion not recorded, had slain some of the Gibeonites, and it apparently had been passed over and forgotten; but God could not allow the oath of His people to be violated; He therefore brought a famine on the land. On David inquiring of the Lord, it was revealed that the famine was because of the slaying of the Gibeonites. They were appealed to, and reparation offered them. They claimed that as it was Saul who had sought to destroy them from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel, seven of his descendants should be given to them. These they hanged in the hill before the Lord, and God was entreated for the land. 2 Samuel 21:1-14 . In this passage the Gibeonites are called 'Amorites,' a common designation of the Canaanites, which does not clash with their being called Hivites in Joshua 9:7 . Ismaiah, one of David's thirty mighty men, was a Gibeonite.1 Chronicles 12:4 . Some of them returned from exile and helped to build the wall of Jerusalem. Nehemiah 3:7; Nehemiah 7:25 .
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Morrish, George. Entry for 'Gibeonites'. Morrish Bible Dictionary. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/mbd/g/gibeonites.html. 1897.