Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 23:9

and after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the Philistines who were gathered there to battle and the men of Israel had withdrawn.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Armies;   Dodo;   Eleazar (Eleazer);   Philistines;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Philistines, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Eleazar;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Ahohite;   Dodo;   Eleazar;   Giants;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Ahoah;   Eleazar;   Eliezer;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Abishai;   Ahohite;   Dodai;   Dodo;   Eleazar;   Mighty Men;   Samuel, Books of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ahoah;   Dodo;   Giant;   Ithrite, the;   Samuel, Books of;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Ahoah, Ahohites ;   Army;   Dodo ;   Eleazar ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Eleazar;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Aho'ah;   Do'do;   Elea'zar;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Bethlehem;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Ahohite;   David;   Dodo;   Eleazar;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Dodo;   Eleazar;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

When they defied the Philistines that were there gathered - This is supposed to refer to the war in which David slew Goliath.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-23.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Gone away - Rather, went up to battle (2 Samuel 5:19; 2 Kings 3:21, etc.) against them. These words and what follows as far as “troop” 2 Samuel 23:11 have fallen out of the text in Chronicles. The effect of this is to omit EIeazar‘s feat, as here described, to attribute to him Shammah‘s victory, to misplace the flight of the Israelites, and to omit Shammah altogether from the list of David‘s mighty men.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-samuel-23.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite,.... Or the son of Ahohi, perhaps the same with Ahoah, a descendant of Benjamin, 1 Chronicles 8:4; this Eleazar was the next to the Tachmonite, the second worthy of the first class:

one of the three mighty men with David; the second of the three valiant men that were with David in his wars, and fought with him, and for him:

when they defied the Philistines; clapped their hands at them, gloried over them, daring them to come and light them; so did David and his mighty men, as Goliath had defied them before:

that were there gathered together to battle; at Pasdammim, as appears from 1 Chronicles 11:13,

and the men of Israel were gone away; fled when they saw the Philistines gather together to fight them, notwithstanding they had defied them; and so David, and his three mighty men, were left alone to combat with the Philistines.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-23.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were f gone away:

(f) Meaning, fled from the battle.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/2-samuel-23.html. 1599-1645.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

Gone away — That is, fled away, 1 Chronicles 11:13, being dismayed at the approach of their enemies.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/2-samuel-23.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 23:9 And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:

Ver. 9. When they defied the Philistines,] viz., At Pasdammim. [1 Chronicles 11:13]

And the men of Israel were gone away.] Fled, and forsook their captains; a shame to forsake such a captain, of whom it might be said, as was once of Fabius Maximus,

Hic patria est, murique urbis stant pectore in uno. ” - Silius.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-23.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

The Ahohite; of the children of Ahoah, 1 Chronicles 8:4.

One of the three, i. e. one of the first three, 2 Samuel 23:19.

Mighty men with David; who were with David at this time, or who usually attended upon David.

When they defied the Philistines; when he either in the name of all the Israelites, or with the countenance and help of some of them, challenged the Philistines to fight. Or, when some of, or among, the Philistines defied them, i. e. the Israelites, according to their manner, and the example of their great Goliath, 1 Samuel 17:25,36. Or, in Harpam (for some make it a proper name of a place) among the Philistines. Gone away, i. e. fled away, 1 Chronicles 11:13, being dismayed at the approach of their enemies. Heb. ascended, i. e. vanished away like smoke, which ascends, and so disappears, as that verb is oft used.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-23.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

9.Of the three mighty men — Referring, doubtless, to the three of this first class, namely, Jashobeam, Eleazar, and Shammah.

When they defied the Philistines — According to Chronicles this encounter took place at Pas-dammim, doubtless the same as Ephes-dammim of 1 Samuel 17:1, but it was not the same battle as there described.

The men of Israel were gone away — Retreated from him, so that he was left singlehanded before the enemy.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-23.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Dodo. In Latin, Patrui ejus, which is the interpretation of the Hebrew name Dodo. The same occurs in ver. 24, (Challoner) and signifies, "of his paternal uncle." (Haydock) --- Septuagint read Dudia, (Calmet) "of his father's brother." He, or his father, is styled Dudai, 1 Paralipomenon xxvii. 4. (Calmet) --- Septuagint (Alexandrian) translates both Dodo and Dodi, "the son of his father's brother," the son of Sousei, or (Vatican) Doudei. Dodi seems to be the more accurate here, as he is thus more distinguished from Dodo, ver. 24., and Chronicles v. 26.[1 Paralipomenon xi. 26.?] --- Defied. Hebrew is incorrect, and ought to be a proper name as is evident from the word there. Josephus calls it, Greek: arasamo, (perhaps originally, Greek: aphasdamo) Chronicles, Pasdammim, or Ephesdammim, 1 Kings xvii. 1. It is hardly probable that the Hebrews should defy or upbraid the Philistines, and immediately run away. We should therefore translate with 1 Paralipomenon men. "He was with David at Pasdammim. And when the Philistines were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away, he arose," &c. (Kennicott)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-23.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

the men of Israel were gone away. This is the time for true courage to be manifested. Compare 2 Samuel 23:11; 2 Timothy 1:15; 2 Timothy 4:16, 2 Timothy 4:17.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/2-samuel-23.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(9) Dodo the Ahohite.—So in the Hebrew margin here, and so also in 1 Chronicles 11:12; the text here has Dodai, as in 1 Chronicles 27:4, where he is mentioned as the general for the second month. The name is the same under slightly differing forms. “Ahohite” is a patronymic derived from Ahoah, son of Bela, Benjamin’s son (1 Chronicles 8:4).

When they defied . . . there gathered.—The words “there gathered” require the mention of some place, and the construction of the word for “defied” is unusual. The parallel passage in Chronicles reads, “He was with David at Pas-dammim, and there the Philistines,” &c. The difference between the two readings is not great in the original, and the latter is better. Pas-dammim is the Ephes-dammim of 1 Samuel 17:1, where Goliath defied the armies of Israel, and was slain by David.

Were gone away—Rather, were gathered to battle. So it is translated in the LXX., Vulg., and Syriac, and so the Hebrew requires. The error is a curious one, and seems to have arisen in this way: In 1 Chronicles 11:13 the mention of the battle in which Shammah was engaged (2 Samuel 23:11) is altogether omitted, and the expression “the people fled from before the Philistines” therefore becomes connected with this battle. Josephus follows that text, and our translators were probably misled by him. Several lines have dropped out from the text in Chronicles.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-23.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away:
Eleazar
1 Chronicles 11:12-14; 27:4
Dodai
defied.
Numbers 23:7,8; 1 Samuel 17:10,26,36,45,46
the men
Isaiah 63:3,5; Mark 14:50
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 17:8 - mighty men;  2 Samuel 23:16 - the three;  2 Samuel 23:19 - he attained;  Ecclesiastes 4:12 - and a

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 23:9". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-23.html.