Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Samuel 3:27

So when Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside into the middle of the gate to speak with him privately, and there he struck him in the belly so that he died on account of the blood of Asahel his brother.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Abner;   Accusation, False;   Asahel;   Assassination;   Confidence;   Homicide;   Jealousy;   Joab;   Retaliation;   Revenge;   Treachery;   Thompson Chain Reference - Abner;   Asahel;   Assassination;   Avenger;   Crimes;   Joab;   Meekness-Retaliation;   Nation, the;   Retaliation;   Treachery;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Gates;   Malice;   Revenge;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Joab;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Abner;   Joab;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Asahel;   Sirah;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Israel;   Joab;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Asahel ;   Joab ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Asahel;   David;   Dwelling;   Joab;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Asahel;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Hebrew Monarchy, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Crime;   David;   Hebron (1);   Joab;   Leasing;   Relationships, Family;   Rib;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Abner;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Abishai;   Abner;   Asahel;   Blood-Relationship;   Medicine;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

And smote him there - Joab feared that, after having rendered such essential services to David, Abner would be made captain of the host: he therefore determined to prevent it by murdering the man, under pretense of avenging the death of his brother Asahel.

The murder, however, was one of the most unprovoked and wicked: and such was the power and influence of this nefarious general, that the king dared not to bring him to justice for his crime. In the same way he murdered Amasa, a little time afterwards. See 2 Samuel 20:10. Joab was a cool-blooded, finished murderer. "Treason and murder ever keep together, like two yoke-devils."

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/2-samuel-3.html. 1832.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And when Abner was returned to Hebron,.... Alone, and not the twenty men with him; not to David's court, but just to the city, to the gate of it:

Joab took him aside in the gate: where he was waiting for him, and met him; this was a public place, where people were continually passing and repassing, and where courts of judicature used to be held; wherefore Abner might think himself safe here with Joab, and have no suspicion at all of his design, and shows how fearless Joab was of God or men:

to speak with him quietly; peaceably, in a friendly manner, as all his gestures towards him showed; so that Abner made no difficulty of turning aside with him, supposing he had something to communicate to him from the king, which he had forgot:

and smote him under the fifth rib, that he died; in the same place that Abner had smote his brother, of which see 2 Samuel 2:23; and this he did:

for the blood of Asahel his brother; for Abner's shedding his brother's blood; but this was not the only reason, and perhaps not the chief; but, as JosephusF8Antiqu. l. 7. c. 1. sect. 5. observes, because he was fearful if Abner was received into the friendship of the king, he would be preferred unto him, and take his place as general of the army, as being an older and more experienced officer; so Procopius Gazaeus, and Theodoret.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/2-samuel-3.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 Samuel 3:27 And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth [rib], that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.

Ver. 27. To speak with him quietly.] Or, Peaceably, or privately. Tremellius rendereth it imprudeutem, unwitting: the LXX, εν παραλογισμω, by a fallacy.

And smote him under the fifth rib.] Basely and treacherously, but not without divine providence: that David might come a fairer way to the kingdom, than by Abner’s perfidy.

For the blood of Asahel his brother.] This was the pretext, and might be some cause; but the main reason was, lest Abner should by David be promoted above him.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/2-samuel-3.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

2 Samuel 3:27. For the blood of Asahel his brother How empty and ill-founded are the purposes of vain man! Abner, who promises kingdoms, (2 Samuel 3:10.) cannot secure to himself one single hour of life. David had sent him away, and he departed in peace; but being called back by Joab, he fell. Envy, doubtless, and jealousy of Abner's merit with David in gaining over the tribes to him, were principal motives to this base action, as well as revenge for the blood of Asahel.

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/2-samuel-3.html. 1801-1803.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

In the gate; in the entrance into the city before he came to the king; and in the place where conferences used to be.

Quietly; with appearance of great civility and kindness. Or, secretly, as having some matter of great importance to utter, which none but himself must hear.

Smote him there under the fifth rib; as he did Asahel, 2 Samuel 2:23.

For the blood of Asahel his brother; to revenge the death of Asahel; and withal (though that be not here mentioned) to secure his own standing, and rid his hands of so great and powerful a competitor. And thus was Joab’s design; but God had other designs in it, both to punish Abner’s manifest wickedness, and particularly his rebellion against David, and against God and his own conscience therein; and that David might not owe his kingdom to Abner, and to his revenge and treachery, but wholly to God’s wise and powerful providence.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/2-samuel-3.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

27.For the blood of Asahel — This ostensibly, but doubtless another reason, was a jealous fear lest Abner should supersede him in office and power with David.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/2-samuel-3.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Middle. Septuagint, "sides." --- Brother; (who had been wounded in the same place) a just punishment of Abner's licentiousness. (Salien) --- This was given out as the pretext of the murder; but envy seems to have been the chief promoter. (Menochius) --- Joab treated Amasa in the same manner, chap. xx. 10. Ambition was his god. (Calmet) --- Abisai was ready to assist him to murder Abner, ver. 30. Thus the fairest prospects of union seemed to vanish, and David was sincerely grieved, as he manifested in the most decided manner, confessing it was only the want of power which prevented him from bringing these merciless and potent brothers, his own nephews, to immediate punishment, ver. 39. (Haydock)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/2-samuel-3.html. 1859.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(27) Aside in the gate.—The gateway was a customary place of conference in the East, and Joab there awaited Abner’s return; he then took him “aside” to some place of privacy, as the LXX. reads, “by the side of the gate.” On the phrase “fifth rib,” see Note on 2 Samuel 2:23. The reason for this cold-blooded and treacherous murder on the part of Joab is expressly said to be “for the blood of Asahel his brother;” but no doubt his revenge was quickened by jealousy.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/2-samuel-3.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.
took him
20:9,10; Deuteronomy 27:24; 1 Kings 2:5,32
quietly
or, peaceably.
Jeremiah 41:2,6,7
and smote
Joab was afraid that Abner, after rendering such essential service to David, would be made the general of the army; and therefore, under pretence of avenging the death of his brother, he treacherously assassinated the unsuspecting and too-confiding Abner: and such was the power of this cool-blooded and nefarious murderer, that the king dared not bring him to justice for his crime. But, while Joab's conduct cannot be too severely reprobated, the justice of God is apparent in Abner's punishment; who, from ambition, had pertinaciously, against his conscience, opposed the declared will of God; and was induced by base resentment to desert Ish-bosheth, and offer his services to David: see ver. 6-10; 4:6.
for the blood
2:19-23
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:8 - talked;  Exodus 21:14 - slay;  Numbers 35:20 - if he thrust;  1 Samuel 14:50 - the name of the captain;  1 Samuel 26:5 - Abner;  2 Samuel 2:22 - how then;  2 Samuel 2:23 - the fifth rib;  2 Samuel 3:12 - my hand;  2 Samuel 3:25 - that he came;  2 Samuel 4:11 - require;  2 Samuel 11:16 - he assigned;  2 Samuel 11:21 - Thy servant;  2 Samuel 13:26 - let my brother;  2 Samuel 14:19 - of Joab;  1 Chronicles 11:6 - Joab;  1 Chronicles 21:6 - Joab;  1 Chronicles 27:21 - Abner;  Nehemiah 6:2 - Come;  Psalm 55:23 - bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days;  Proverbs 7:26 - GeneralProverbs 10:18 - that hideth;  Proverbs 26:26 - Whose hatred is covered by deceit;  Jeremiah 9:8 - one;  Jeremiah 41:1 - they did;  Hosea 6:8 - polluted with blood;  Matthew 26:48 - Whomsoever

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 3:27". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-samuel-3.html.