Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

2 Timothy 3:2

For men will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, revilers, disobedient to parents, ungrateful, unholy,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Nave's Topical Bible - Apostasy;   Blasphemy;   Character;   Children;   Citizens;   Commandments;   Covetousness;   Fellowship;   Formalism;   Ingratitude;   Minister, Christian;   Persecution;   Pride;   Selfishness;   Wicked (People);   Worldliness;   Scofield Reference Index - Apostasy;   Thompson Chain Reference - Children;   Corruption;   Dishonouring Parents;   Evil;   Home;   Nation, the;   Parents;   Selfishness;   Selfishness-Unselfishness;   Social Selfishness;   Thanklessness;   Times, Evil;   The Topic Concordance - Knowledge;   Last Days;   Turning;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Blasphemy;   Character of the Wicked;   Covetousness;   Holiness;   Ingratitude;   Pride;   Selfishness;  
Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Pride;   Teach, Teacher;   Thankfulness, Thanksgiving;   Timothy, First and Second, Theology of;   Wealth;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Jesus Christ;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Age, Old;   Antichrist;   Divination;   Idol;   Miracles;   Timothy, the Second Epistle to;   Tyre;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Pride;   Titus, Epistle to;   2 Thessalonians;   2 Timothy;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Blasphemy;   Love, Lover, Lovely, Beloved;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ascension of Isaiah;   Baruch, Apocalypse of;   Blasphemy ;   Boasting;   Brotherly Love;   Commandment;   Paul;   Timothy and Titus Epistles to;   Truth;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Perilous Times;   Prophets, the;   5 Covetousness Love of Money;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Paul;  
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Boast;   Covetousness;   Disobedience;   Gnosticism;   Jude, the Epistle of;   Lover;   Peter, Simon;  
Every Day Light - Devotion for October 25;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

For men shall be - The description in this and the following verses the Papists apply to the Protestants; the Protestants in their turn apply it to the Papists; Schoettgen to the Jews; and others to heretics in general. There have been both teachers and people in every age of the Church, and in every age of the world, to whom these words may be most legitimately applied. Both Catholics and Protestants have been lovers of their own selves, etc.; but it is probable that the apostle had some particular age in view, in which there should appear some very essential corruption of Christianity.

Lovers of their own selves - Φιλαυτοι· Selfish, studious of their own interest, and regardless of the welfare of all mankind.

Covetous - Φιλαργυροι· Lovers of money, because of the influence which riches can procure.

Boasters - Αλαζονες· Vain glorious: self-assuming; valuing themselves beyond all others.

Proud - Ὑπερηφανοι· Airy, light, trifling persons; those who love to make a show - who are all outside; from ὑπερ, above, and φαινω, to show.

Blasphemers - Βλασφημοι· Those who speak impiously of God and sacred things, and injuriously of men.

Disobedient to parents - Γονευσιν απειθεις· Headstrong children, whom their parents cannot persuade.

Unthankful - Αχαριστοι· Persons without grace, or gracefulness; who think they have a right to the services of all men, yet feel no obligation, and consequently no gratitude.

Unholy - Ανοσιοι· Without piety; having no heart reverence for God.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

For men shall be lovers of their own selves - It shall be one of the characteristics of those times that men shall be eminently selfish - evidently under the garb of religion; 2 Timothy 3:5. The word here used - φίλαυτος philautos- does not elsewhere occur in the New Testament. It means a lover of oneself, “selfish.” Such a love of self as to lead us to secure our salvation, is proper. But this interferes with the rights and happiness of no other persons. The selfishness which is condemned, is that regard to our own interests which interferes with the rights and comforts of others; which makes self the central and leading object of living; and which tramples on all that would interfere with that. As such, it is a base, and hateful, and narrow passion; but it has been so common in the world that no one can doubt the correctness of the prophecy of the apostle that it would exist “in the last times.”

Covetous - Greek, Lovers of silver; i. e., of money; Luke 6:14; see the notes at 1 Timothy 6:20.

Boasters - see the notes at Romans 1:30.

Proud - see the notes at Romans 1:30.

Blasphemers - see the notes at Matthew 9:3.

Disobedient to parents - see the notes at Romans 1:30.

Unthankful - see Luke 6:35. The word here used occurs in the New Testament only in these two places. Ingratitude has always been regarded as one of the worst of crimes. It is said here that it would characterize that wicked age of which the apostle speaks, and its prevalence would, as it always does, indicate a decline of religion. Religion makes us grateful to every benefactor - to God, and to man.

Unholy - see the notes at 1 Timothy 1:9.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

For men shall be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, haughty, railers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,

There are many such lists of sins in Paul's writings; and none of them is exhaustive or complete. What is given here in the twenty earmarks of an apostate world is a general description of the type of characters meant.

Lovers of self ... Self-love is pride, selfishness and a total unawareness of God; and the other sins enumerated actually derive from this basic root of all wickedness.

Lovers of money ... The Pharisees who crucified Jesus were described by the gospel of Luke as "lovers of money"; and, in all ages, the money-lovers have never stopped crucifying the Son of God. The New Testament describes covetousness as idolatry, and so it is (Luke 16:14).

Boastful, haughty, railers ... What a graphic picture of the unregenerated opponent of the truth is this! The words hardly need any explanation.

Disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy ... The breakdown of family discipline, the graceless and ungrateful behavior of spoiled and undisciplined children which inevitably follows, and the gross wickedness that inevitably derives from such conditions are characteristic of the current history of our times; but in various degrees these sins have always been present in our society. Paul's teaching is that the intensification and proliferation of these shall indeed mark the final apostasy.

Copyright Statement
Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For men shall be lovers of their own selves,.... Not in a good sense, as men may be, and as such are who love their neighbours as themselves, and do that to others they would have done to themselves; and who take all prudent and lawful care to preserve the life and health of their bodies, and seek in a right way the salvation of their immortal souls: but in a bad sense, as such may be said to be, who only love themselves; their love to God, and Christ, and to the saints, being only in pretence, not in reality; and who do all they do in a religious way, from a principle of self-love, and to selfish and mercenary ends; either to gain glory and applause from men, or to merit something for themselves at the hands of God, without any view to the glory of God, the honour and interest of Christ, and the good of others; and ascribe all they have and do to themselves, to their industry, diligence, power, free will, worth, and merit, and not to the grace of God: and this character may be seen in the principles and practices of the church of Rome, in their doctrines of merit and free will, in works of supererogation &c. "Coveteous"; lovers of silver, greedy of filthy lucre, doing nothing but for money; everyone looking for his gain from his quarter; making merchandise of the souls of men; and which are reckoned among the wares of Babylon, the Romish antichrist, Revelation 18:13. "No penny, no pater noster".

Boasters; of their wealth and riches, of their honour and grandeur; I sit a queen, &c. Revelation 18:7, of their numbers, of their holiness, of the infallibility of their popes, of their having the true knowledge, and certain sense of the Scriptures, and of having all power in heaven and in earth.

Proud; as have been the popes of Rome; exalting themselves above all that is called God, above all princes, kings, and emperors of the earth; deposing one, excommunicating another, treading upon their necks, obliging them to hold their stirrups while they mounted their horses; the pride of the popes, cardinals, priests, and the whole clergy of the church of Rome, is notorious.

Blasphemers; of God, and of his Son Jesus Christ; sitting in the temple as God, as antichrist does, showing himself that he is God; assuming that to himself which belongs to God only, which is to forgive sin; calling himself Christ's vicar on earth; taking upon him to enact new laws, and to dispense with the laws of God, and Christ; and has a mouth speaking great things, and blasphemies against God, his name, his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven, 2 Thessalonians 2:4.

Disobedient to parents: as many of the votaries of the antichristian church have been; who have withdrew themselves from under the care of their parents, and their fortunes too out of their hands, when they have been in their power; and have shut themselves up in cloisters, monasteries, and nunneries, without the leave and consent, or knowledge of their parents.

Unthankful: to God, for what is enjoyed by them, ascribing all to themselves, and to their merit and good works; and to men, to the princes of the earth, by whom they were first raised to, and supported in their dignity; as the popes of Rome were by the Roman emperors, and whom they in return tyrannized over, and dethroned at pleasure.

Unholy; notwithstanding his holiness the pope at the head of them their holy father, and holy mother church, and holy priests, and holy orders they talk of; yet are without the fear of God, or any regard to him, living most unholy lives and conversations, Daniel 11:37.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, a unholy,

(a) Who make no account, either of right or honesty.
Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

men — in the professing Church. Compare the catalogue, Romans 1:29, etc., where much the same sins are attributed to heathen men; it shall be a relapse into virtual heathendom, with all its beast-like propensities, whence the symbol of it is “a beast” (Revelation 13:1, Revelation 13:11, Revelation 13:12, etc.; Revelation 17:3, Revelation 17:8, Revelation 17:11).

covetous — Translate, “money-loving,” a distinct Greek word from that for “covetous” (see on Colossians 3:5). The cognate Greek substantive (1 Timothy 6:10) is so translated, “the love of money is a (Greek, not ‹the‘) root of all evil.”

boasters — empty boasters [Alford]; boasting of having what they have not.

proud — overweening: literally, showing themselves above their fellows.

blasphemous — rather, “evil-speakers,” revilers.

disobedient to parents — The character of the times is even to be gathered especially from the manners of the young [Bengel].

unthankful — The obligation to gratitude is next to that of obedience to parents.

unholy — irreligious [Alford]; inobservant of the offices of piety.

Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Lovers of self (πιλαυτοιphilautoi). Old compound adjective (πιλοσ αυτοςphilosπιλαργυροιautos), here only in N.T.

Lovers of money (αλαζονεςphilarguroi). Old compound adjective, in N.T. only here and Luke 16:14. See note on 1 Timothy 6:10.

Boastful (υπερηπανοιalazones). Old word for empty pretender, in N.T. only here and Romans 1:30.

Haughty (βλασπημοιhuperēphanoi). See also Romans 1:30 for this old word.

Railers (γονευσιν απειτειςblasphēmoi). See note on 1 Timothy 1:13.

Disobedient to parents (αχαριστοιgoneusin apeitheis). See note on Romans 1:30.

Unthankful (ανοσιοιacharistoi). Old word, in N.T. only here and Luke 6:35.

Unholy (αστοργοιanosioi). See note on 1 Timothy 1:9.

Without natural affection (astorgoi). See note on Romans 1:31.

Copyright Statement
The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
Bibliographical Information
Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Lovers of their own selves ( φίλαυτοι )

Better, lovers of self. N.T.olxx. Aristotle, De Repub. ii. 5, says: “It is not loving one's self, but loving it unduly, just as the love of possessions.”

Covetous ( φιλάργυροι )

Better, lovers of money. Only here and Luke 16:14. For the noun φιλαργυρία loveof money, see on 1 Timothy 6:10. Love of money and covetousness are not synonymous. Covetous is πλεονέκτης ; see 1 Corinthians 5:10, 1 Corinthians 5:11; Ephesians 5:6. See on Romans 1:29.

Boasters ( ἀλαζόνες )

Or swaggerers. Only here and Romans 1:30. See on ἀλαζονείαις boastings James 4:16.

Proud ( ὑπερήφανοι )

Or haughty. See on ὑπερηφανία pride Mark 7:22.

Blasphemers ( βλάσφημοι )

See on 1 Timothy 1:13. Better, railers. See also on, βλασφημία blasphemy Mark 7:22.

Unthankful ( ἀχάριστοι )

Only here and Luke 6:35.

Unholy ( ἀνόσιοι )

Only here and 1 Timothy 1:9(note).

Copyright Statement
The text of this work is public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,

For men — Even in the church.

Will be — In great numbers, and to an higher degree than ever.

Lovers of themselves — Only, not their neighbours, the first root of evil.

Lovers of money — The second.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

Ибо люди будут. Надо отметить, в чем именно апостол видит суровость и жестокость этого времени. Не в войне, не в голоде, не в болезнях, не в каких-то других несчастьях и неудобствах, причиняемых нашей плоти, а в превратных и злых людских нравах. Действительно, для благочестивых и боящихся Бога людей нет ничего горше, чем видеть подобную нравственную порчу. Подобно тому, как для них нет ничего важнее Божией славы, так и оскорбление Бога и презрение к Нему мучает их больше всего. Затем, обратим внимание на то, о ком именно говорит апостол. Не о внешних врагах, открыто восстающих на имя Христово, но о своих домашних, которые желают считаться членами Церкви. Ведь Бог хочет упражнять Свою Церковь до такой степени, чтобы она терпела в своем лоне эту заразу, даже если страшится ее взращивать. Поэтому, если сегодня с нами смешаны многие, кого мы заслуженно можем проклинать, научимся терпеливо стенать под этим бременем, слыша, что именно такова участь Христианской Церкви.

Далее, кажется странным, что те, которым Павел вменяет столь много разнообразных гнусностей, могут по его же свидетельству иметь вид благочестия. Но ежедневный опыт приводит нас к выводу, что это – не столь уж удивительно. Ибо наглость и нечестие лицемеров просто невероятны. Однажды лживым образом присоединившись к Богу, они затем бесстыднейше пытаются оправдать любые, даже самые тяжкие пороки. Сколькими мерзостями кишела некогда жизнь фарисеев? И, однако же, о них думали, как о великих святых, словно они были чисты от любых подозрений. Так и сегодня, несмотря на то, что в папском клире присутствует грязь, зловоние которой распространилось по всему миру, паписты не прекращают надменно и по-мошеннически присваивать себе все титулы и права святых.

Итак, сказанное Павлом о том, что лицемеры, даже страдая от тягчайших пороков, тем не менее, пытаются прикрыться личиной благочестия, не должно казаться странным с учетом находящихся у нас перед глазами примеров. Действительно, мир достоин того, чтобы его обманывали подобные мошенники, коль скоро он либо презирает истинную святость, либо не может ее выносить. Кроме того, Павел перечисляет такие виды пороков, которые не видны сразу и даже, как правило, сопровождаются притворной святостью. Какому лицемеру не свойственна гордость? Кто из них не самолюбив? Кто не презирает других? Кто не жесток или неистов? Кто не лжив? Но все это сокрыто от людских взоров. Было бы излишне подробно разбирать здесь отдельные слова, коль скоро они не нуждаются в истолковании. Пусть читатели отметят только, что φιλαυτίαν, поставленная здесь на первое место, является как бы источником, из которого проистекают все перечисляемые затем пороки. Ведь тот, кто любит самого себя, присваивает себе все, презирает всех остальных, не кроток, потакает себе в сребролюбии, в вероломстве, в гневливости, в непокорности родителям, в небрежении добром и тому подобном. Поскольку же намерение Павла состояло в том, чтобы заклеймить подобной отметиной лжепророков, сделав их гнусность очевидной для всех, наше дело раскрыть глаза и постараться увидеть тех, на кого нам словно показывают пальцем.




Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". 1840-57.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

2 For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,

Ver. 2. Lovers of their own selves] This sinful self-love is the root of all the rest that follow in this black beadroll.

Boasters] Or, arrogant, as that Pyrgopolynices, Isaiah 10:8-11, Thrasonical {a} Lamech, Genesis 4:23, where he brags and goes on to out dare God himself. Spaniards are said to be impudent braggers, and extremely proud in the lowest ebb of fortune.

{a} Resembling Thraso or his behaviour; given to or marked by boasting; bragging, boastful, vainglorious. ŒD

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. 1865-1868.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Here our apostle reckons up the several sins which would abound in these last days, and make the times perilous: persons professing Christianity shall appear inordinate self-lovers, insatiably covetous, vain-glorious, boasters, proud, despisers of others, blasphemers of God, and Christ, and the Holy Spirit, by denying the prescience and foreknowledge of the former, the divinity and godhead of the latter.

Learn hence, That sins, especially great sins, seldom go single and alone, but commonly generate and beget one another. Thus here, self-love begets covetousness, covetousness pride, and pride blasphemy. Thus men fall from one sin to another, and proceed from one degree of wickedness to another.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Burkitt, William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

2.] for (reason for χαλεποί) men ( οἱ generic: the men who shall live in those times) shall be selfish ( οἱ πάντα πρὸς τὴν ἑαυτῶν ὠφέλειαν ποιοῦντες, Theod-Mops. Aristotle, in his chapter περὶ φιλαυτίας, Eth. Nicom. ix. 8, while he maintains that there is a higher sense in which τὸν ἀγαθὸν δεῖ φίλαυτον εἶναι,—allows that οἱ πολλοί use the word of τοὺς ἑαυτοῖς ἀπονέμοντας τὸ πλεῖον ἐν χρήμασι, καὶ τιμαῖς, καὶ ἡδοναῖς ταῖς σωματικαῖς: and adds, δικαίως δὴ τοῖς οὕτω φιλαύτοις ὀνειδίζεται, covetous (ref.: we have the subst., 1 Timothy 6:10, and the verb, 2 Maccabees 10:20), empty boasters ( ἀλαζόνες, καυχώμενοι ἔχειν ἃ μὴ ἔχουσιν, Theod-Mops.: see ref. and definitions from Aristotle in note), haughty ( μεγάλα φρονοῦντες, ἑπὶ τοῖς οὖσιν, Theod-Mops.: ref. and note), evil speakers ( κατηγορίαις χαίροντες, Theod-Mops. Not ‘blasphemers,’ unless, as in ref. 1 Tim., the context specifies to what the evil-speaking refers), disobedient to parents (‘character temporum colligendus imprimis etiam ex juventutis moribus.’ Bengel), ungrateful,unholy (ref. ἐπιμέλειαν τοῦ δικαίου μὴποιούμενοι, Theod-Mops., and Beza’s ‘quibus nullum jus est nec fas’ are perhaps too wide: it is rather ‘irreligious’), without natural affection (ref. and note), implacable (it does not appear that the word ever means ‘truce-breakers,’ οὐ βέβαιοι περὶ τὰς φιλίας, οὐδὲ ἀληθεῖς περὶ ἃ συντίθενται,—as Theod-Mops. In all the places where it occurs in a subjective sense, it is, ‘that will make’ or ‘admit no truce:’ e.g., Æsch. Agam. 1235, ἄσπονδόν τʼ ἀρὰν φίλοις πνέουσαν: Eur. Alcest. 426, τῷ κάτωθεν ἀσπόνδῳ θεῷ: Demosth. p. 314. 16, ἄσπονδος κ. ἀκήρυκτος πόλεμος: the same expression, ἄσπ. πόλεμος, occurs in Polyb. i. 65. 6. For the primary objective sense, ‘without σπονδή,’ see Thucyd. i. 37; ii. 22; v. 32, and Palm and Rost’s Lex.), calumniators (reff.), incontinent (we have the subst. ἀκρασία, 1 Corinthians 7:5), inhuman ( ὠμοί, ἀπάνθρωποι, Œc.), no lovers of good ( ἐχθροὶ παντὸς ἀγαθοῦ, Thl.), traitors, headlong (either in action, ‘qui præcipites sunt in agendo,’ Beng.: or in passion (temper), which would in fact amount to the same), besotted by pride (see note, 1 Timothy 3:6), lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God ( τὸν λαὸνφιλήδονον κ. φιλοπαθῆ μᾶλλον ἢ φιλάρετον κ. φιλόθεον. Philo, de agric. § 19, vol. i. p. 313), having a (or the?) form (outward embodiment: the same meaning as in ref., but here confined, by the contrast following, to the mere outward semblance, whereas there, no contrast occurring, the outward embodiment is the real representation. “The more correct word would be μόρφωμα (Æsch. Ag. 873, Eum. 412), μόρφωσις being properly active, e.g., σχηματισμὸς κ. μόρφωσις τῶν δενδρῶν, Theophr. de caus. plant, iii. 7. 4: there is, however, a tendency in the N. T.: as in later writers, to replace the verbal nouns in - μα by the corresponding nouns in - σις: cf. ὑποτύπωσις, ch. 2 Timothy 1:13.” Ellicott) of piety, but having repudiated (not pres., ‘denying,’ as E. V.,—‘renouncing,’ as Conyb.; their condemnation is, that they are living in the semblance of God’s fear, but have repudiated its reality) the power of it (its living and renewing influence over the heart and life).

Cf. throughout this description, Romans 1:30-31. Huther remarks, “We can hardly trace any formal rule of arrangement through these predicates. Here and there, it is true, a few cognate ideas are grouped together: the two first are connected by φίλος: then follow three words betokening high-mindedness: γονεῦσιν ἀπειθεῖς is followed by ἀχάριστοι: this word opens a long series of words beginning with privative, but interrupted by διάβολοι: the following, προδόται, προπετεῖς, seem to be a paronomasia: the latter of these is followed by τετυφωμένοι as a cognate idea: a few more general predicates close the catalogue. But this very interpenetration serves to depict more vividly the whole manifoldness of the manifestation of evil.” And from these turn away (ref.: cf. ἐκτρέπεσαι, 1 Timothy 6:20. This command shews that the Apostle treats the symptoms of the last times as not future exclusively, but in some respects present: see note above, 2 Timothy 3:1):

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Alford, Henry. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. 1863-1878.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:2. ἔσονται οἱ ἄνθρωποι, men shall be) Such shall be of higher rank and of greater number in the Church than ever formerly: 2 Timothy 3:5. They shall be worse even than those who had abused the light of nature alone, Romans 1:29, etc.: where we explain many things in the notes, which are here repeated.— φίλαυτοι, lovers of their own selves) The first root of evil.— φιλάργυροι, lovers of money) The second root.— γονεῦσιν ἀπειθεῖς, disobedient to parents) The character of the times is to be gathered even especially from the manners of the young.— ἀχάριστοι, ungrateful) The obligation of a grateful mind is next to that of filial duty.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

For men shall be lovers of their own selves; that is, the generality of men shall be persons that will neither love God nor men, in comparison with themselves; charity, which seeketh not her own, shall wax cold, men shall be wholly for themselves.

Covetous; lovers of silver immoderately, so as they will get it any way, and when they have it will be as sordidly tenacious of it.

Boasters; vaunting of themselves, vain-glorious, boasting of what they have not.

Proud; lifted up in an opinion of themselves.

Blasphemers; speaking evil of God and men.

Disobedient to parents; stubborn and rebellious against those that bare them.

Unthankful, both to God and men, for kindnesses received from either.

Unholy; profane and impure.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

People would be (1) self-centered and narcissistic (Gr. philautoi), (2) lovers of money (philargyroi, cf. 1 Timothy 3:3; 1 Timothy 3:8), (3) boastful of their own importance (alazones), and (4) proud, arrogant in attitude (hyperephanoi). They would be (5) abusive toward others (blasphemoi), (6) unresponsive to parental discipline, (7) ungrateful, unthankful, unappreciative (acharistoi), and (8) impure, unholy (anosioi).

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". 2012.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

2 Timothy 3:2. Covetous. The alliterative emphasis is better given by ‘lovers of themselves, lovers of money.’

Proud. Better, ‘haughty.’

Blasphemers. The context would rather imply that the word is used in the sense of ‘railers or ‘revilers.’

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

. Cyprian, expounding these words, says: "Let not faithful man, who keepeth in mind our Lord's and apostle's admonition, marvel, if he see in latter times proud and stubborn men, enemies of God's priests, go out of the Church to attack the same, since both our Lord and his apostle have predicted that such things would be."

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

men. App-123.,

lovers, &c Greek. philautes. Only here.

covetous = lovers of money. Greek. philarguros. Only here and Luke 16:14.

boasters. Greek. alazon, See Romans 1:30.

proud. Greek. huperephanos. See 2 Timothy 1:30.

disobedient, &c. See Romans 1:30.

unthankful. Greek. acharistos. Only here and Luke 6:35.

unholy. See 1 Timothy 1:9.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,

Men - generally [ hoi (Greek #3588) anthroopoi (Greek #444)]; the majority in the professing church. Compare Romans 1:29, etc., where much the same sins are attributed to pagan: it shall be a relapse into virtual pagan-dom, with its beastlike propensities; whence its symbol is "a beast" (Revelation 13:1; Revelation 13:11-12, etc.; Revelation 17:3; Revelation 17:8; Revelation 17:11).

Lovers of their own selves - the opposite of 'love:' the root and essence of sin.

Covetous, [ filarguroi (Greek #5366)] - 'money-loving' (the daughter of self-love'): distinct from [ pleonektees (Greek #4123): Ephesians 5:5] "covetous" (note, Colossians 3:5). The cognate substantive, 1 Timothy 6:10, is translated, 'the love of money is a root of all evil.'

Boasters, [ alazones (Greek #213)] of having what they have not.

Proud, [ hupereefanoi (Greek #5244)] - overweening, 'haughty,' showing themselves above their fellows: and so

Blasphemers (of their heavenly Father: consequently) disobedient to parents on earth. The character of the times is even to be gathered from the manners of the young (Bengel).

Unthankful. Ingratitude is sure to follow disobedience to parents.

Unholy, [ anosioi (Greek #462)] (1 Timothy 1:9) - the inwardly impure; or else inobservant of the offices of piety.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) For men shall be lovers of their own selves.—Hofmann and others have attempted to portion out these vices into groups. But any such effort seems artificial. A certain connection seems to exist in some part; but when pressed to preserve the groups, a strained meaning has to be given to some of the terms. It seems, therefore, best simply to understand the catalogue as representing the various more prominent vices which appeared on the surface of Christian society, and threatened the very existence of the Church, even in those early times when Timothy ruled over the congregations of Christians at Ephesus. Hofmann, however, divides the catalogue contained in 2 Timothy 3:2-4 into three groups, consisting of five, six, and seven terms, respectively.

Lovers of their own selves.—Selfishness well heads the dreary list. It is the true root of all sin.

Covetous.—More accurately rendered, lovers of money. This “love of money” has been happily termed “the daughter of selfishness.”

Boasters.—Those who arrogate to themselves honour which does not fairly belong to them.

Proud.—These are they who contemptuously look down on others beneath them, either in social position or wealth, or perhaps in natural gifts. The Latin, ostentatio, represents the vice which affects the first of these classes—“the boasters;” and superbia, that which affects the second class—“the proud.”

Blasphemers.—The two vices just mentioned refer to man’s conduct to his brother man; this alludes to his behaviour towards his God. The pride with which he looks down on his fellows develops itself into insolence in thought, if not in word, towards his God: and this is termed blasphemy.

Disobedient to parents.—The blasphemer of the Father which is in heaven is only too likely to train up little ones who, in their turn, will display a disobedience and disrespect of their earthly parents. The home life of the man who chooses not to know God in his heart will too easily reflect his evil thoughts and senseless pride.

Unthankful.—Or, ungrateful. The children who begin life with disobedience to their parents, with rare exceptions, are ungrateful to all others who may show them kindness in their life journey.

Unholy.—Unholy through their want of inward purity. (See 1 Timothy 1:9.)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy,
4; Romans 15:1-3; 2 Corinthians 5:15; Philippians 2:21; James 2:8
Luke 12:15; Romans 1:29; Colossians 3:5; 2 Peter 2:3,14,15; Jude 1:11,16; Revelation 18:12,13
Psalms 10:3; 49:6; 52:1; Isaiah 10:15; Acts 5:36; Romans 1:29-31; 11:18; 2 Thessalonians 2:4; James 4:16; 2 Peter 2:18; Jude 1:16
Proverbs 6:17; 1 Timothy 6:4; James 4:6; 1 Peter 5:5
Daniel 7:25; 11:36; 1 Timothy 1:20; 2 Peter 2:12; Jude 1:10; Revelation 13:1,5,6; 16:9,11,21
Matthew 15:6; Mark 7:11,12; Romans 1:30
Reciprocal: Leviticus 11:29 - creeping things that creep;  Psalm 107:31 - Oh that men;  Proverbs 14:2 - but;  Proverbs 24:19 - Fret;  Isaiah 48:1 - not in truth;  Jeremiah 7:9 - steal;  Daniel 7:8 - a mouth;  Micah 7:6 - son;  Matthew 13:47 - and gathered;  Luke 10:32 - GeneralLuke 20:47 - for;  Acts 8:9 - giving;  Acts 17:17 - daily;  Romans 1:21 - they glorified;  Romans 3:10 - none;  Romans 16:18 - by;  Ephesians 5:3 - covetousness;  Titus 3:3 - living

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books

"For men shall be lovers of their own selves, covetous, boasters, proud, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy, 3 "Without natural affection, trucebreakers, false accusers, incontinent, fierce, despisers of those that are good," 4 "Traitors, heady, highminded, lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God;"

SAY WHAT? WOW! Who upset Paul? He was on a roll there. Let"s look at those one at a time - I think these are not so nice people.

"Lovers of their own selves:" I think the world and much of the church is in this category. We in America are so self serving we never see the other person. This is why we have all the rudeness, road rage, and problems between people in this country.

As Dr. Phil once ask a person "Who declared you the center of the universe?"

This is the translation of one Greek word - "philautos" - it is translated "own self" "loving oneself" or "too intent on oneself"

I"m stuck on me would be the modern thought. I am so important and I certainly know it, but I"m not sure you do yet so let me tell you.

The word used here is made up of two words - "philos" which means friend or to be friendly and the word "owtos" which means him or themselves. So we would see it as the thought of a friend of oneself.

We have all seen the character on the road that thinks he owns the entire road and that all must get out of his way. The other day I was biking just east of my home and there were two cars sitting at a stop sign. The second in line tooted his horn slightly to which the other man floored his gas to get across the intersection - slammed on his brakes and piled out of his car hollering at the other driver that was at least half a block up the road by then. I was waiting for traffic to clear so I could go across the street - I crossed as quickly as I could lest he decide I didn't belong in his space either.

"Covetous:" Loving money or avariciousness. This is the same first word as the previous with a different word following - it relates to being friendly with silver. In our day we can't say money because there is little coinage that contains any silver, but the thought is of money or of any silver item - material covetousness might be a good way to put it today.

Loving money often leads to many other problems of materialism. If it goes far enough, you can enter into theft and deception to gain that which you love.

It might be noted that this is not a deep love but a friendliness toward money. Some relate love of money only to the super greedy when this seems to just relate to anyone that has a friendship with money.

Might I step on some toes here? I wonder if a church can be a lover of money - wanting to increase itself, its buildings, its library, and its congregation. I think this is distinctly possible.

Years ago I read an article on institutionalism and the principle that an institution that comes to a point where it is doing all it does to perpetuate itself has become institutional. Indeed, I think many churches are in this boat today. They raise funds and build buildings for the betterment of the institution rather than for the purpose of extending the spiritual kingdom of God.

"boasters:" This word comes from a word that means vagrancy and means empty pretender or as it is translated a boaster.

Sadly we have these in our churches today. In the Midwest, and I am sure all over the country people are so stuck on numbers that they often stretch the imagination with how their church is doing.

A friend asked if I knew anything about a church near us. It was the church we had been attending. The average attendance often left more people playing instruments and on the platform than in the congregation.

I told him and he started to laugh. He had been talking to the pastor at a pastor's get together about his church and the pastor had left the impression that the church was fairly large.

Since it is God that gives the increase, why must man attempt to impress others with their abilities?

Even in the pew, I suspect many tend toward the uplifting of themselves when they have opportunity.

"Proud:" This comes from a word that relates to putting oneself over another. Humm, seems we just saw this in the previous illustration. Bad enough a believer is involved in one sin, but in the process gets a two for one deal.

"Blasphemers:" Railing, reproachful, and slanderous fit the word used here. Usually this is used of the way someone speaks of God. Even the cursing of lost men fall into this category.

Any language that takes away from the correct image of God should be called blasphemous.

In a limited sense wasn"t this what the pastor was doing. Detracting from what God was actually doing in the church? The pastor had no need to inflate the image of his church. God had been the increaser - as long as the pastor was doing the best he could, God is doing the rest. If God isn"t adding numbers then it would seem that He didn"t want to at the time.

The pastor was doing well in his sermons, he was shepherding his flock and he was calling on the lost in his area. The blessing he was missing was in waiting upon the Lord for His increase.

"Disobedient to parents:" This word simply means "not compliant." The not following of a parent's instructions.

How sad this is in a believer's family, but if the parent has done his level best, then the child is making choices for themselves. These choices will be on their head rather than the parent if the parent has done his best before the Lord.

Many are the parent that has been talked down to by people that do not get this point. A person should know the erring child before condemning the parent.

While on deputation I was taken to lunch by an older couple that had lost their son to sin many years before. They were still trying to operate under the guilt a pastor had laid upon them years before. In talking to the folks it was obvious this son had gone his own way knowing he was going against his parent's wishes as well as God"s wishes.

When I explained this truth to them they were so greatly relieved that they both were crying. How dare a church leave a couple thinking that they were responsible for their child's wrongs when the man was making adult decisions in disobedience to God.

"Unthankful:"This word relates to being ungracious or unpleasing. It is the opposite of forgiving. Not being thankful for what one has or is given.

The exaggerating pastor fits in this category as well. He is not thankful for God using him as God has chosen to use him. I would clarify that this man, as many, probably didn"t give a second thought to embellishing stories, but the point is that they ought to give a second though to it.

I call these fellows "bean counters in clerical clothing" - always counting noses instead of caring for sheep.

"Unholy:" Wicked is another way this word can be translated. Being the opposite of holy, looking at Christ and then forming an image of His opposite would give you the thought of unholy - not a pleasant thought at all.

As the old rock song mentions "the beat goes on," this list just goes on. What an indictment of these people.

"Without natural affection:" Without natural affection and unsociable are suggested usages. However, the word relates to not having natural affection toward a wife, a child, a parent etc. Clarke mentions of the word "Without that affection which parents bear to their young, and which the young bear to their parents. An affection which is common to every class of animals; consequently, men without it are worse than brutes."

I"ve been accused of being unsociable - probably the thought that it is not natural to not be sociable since humans are normally sociable. I am not sure this is as true as it used to be in America. Due to many social issues Americans are becoming less sociable all the time.

One of our son's teachers called when he was in grade school to inform me that she wanted our son to be tested for some possible rehabilitation. I asked what his big problem was and I was informed that he was very shy.

I told the teacher I was very shy and that I didn't think either of us needed testing or rehabilitation. I told her I was capable of operating in the world and that I was sure my son would be capable of doing the same.

In my own defense and the multitude of other "un-sociables" shyness is not a fault, but a general state of nature - we function differently in the mind according to doctors.

However, these people are not normal in their affections - this could well relate to homosexuality, or it could relate to the thought of not liking to be honest, moral etc. The natural way of socialized man is to be monogamous and we all know how our country stands on that issue today.

Canada now allows same sex marriage and some of the states are considering it. I understand that about one third of homosexual couples are now raising children - tell me the world and our grandchildren do not have terrible times coming!

It was reported this week that researchers were extracting eggs from aborted babies in the hope of fertilizing them for infertile couples.

Can you imagine a child asking her mother where she came from - well dear a doctor dug around in the remains of an aborted baby and found an egg and made you.

Actually this most likely relates to the spouse that decides they don't love their spouse anymore. This is not a natural state between spouses, so is not right. It would also relate to a child that does not love his folks. It would also relate to the parent that has lost love for their offspring.

"Trucebreakers:" This word relates to not being able to come to agreement or one that won"t come under a covenant rather than the implied breaker of a covenant or agreement. In practical application it most likely relates to not desiring to come under a covenant with God - refusing God"s terms.

In 2003 we know that Saddam is a trucebreaker - he does not want to come under the rule of the United Nations nor the United States. He also fits another shade of meaning to the term which is this - one that promises anything because they plan on doing nothing.

"False accusers:" This is the Greek word "diabolos" or devil - false accuser. One that is the same in action as the devil - relating to his system of thought or action.

The Devil's action in the fall seems to be the emphasis under which he received this name. He basically proclaimed that God was inferior to himself. He attempts in all that he does to place himself above God.

"Incontinent:" Without self control or intemperate is the meaning of this word. Lacking the desire to or the control of one"s self.

If a person is in this list then there may well be external controls upon them that keep them doing wrong.

Some might suggest that it is their sin nature. True it is the natural man, but probably relates to the bent toward self and serving self. The concept of the sin nature tends to relieve the person of believing in any responsibility for personal sin. Self acting for itself is what is responsible for the sin committed. This seems more in keeping with Scripture - this in my mind is the problem rather than a "sin nature" - that thing that drives us to sin - not that far off thing, deep inside that we can"t do anything about that many teach.

"Fierce:" Not tame or fierce can be the meaning of this word. Imagine the fury of the wild horse that roams the wilderness, or the wild tiger of Africa - these seem to picture this term - a person that has never been under, nor responded to civil training or God"s grace.

Lewis and Clark when they entered the western country ran into Grizzly Bears - bears that were fierce - animals that the Indians warned them about. Lewis and Clark could not imagine an animal to be feared, but when they found out that eight and nine shots would not stop these furry balls, they found that the Indians had a very distinctly true point.

This is someone that you meet on the street that cuts you off, that is totally rude to you, is the one that glares at you for no apparent reason - this is normally called totally depraved - totally without God"s influence in their life. This is one that can do nothing else than what is natural to them.

"Despisers of those that are good:" Another way to translate this is one that opposes good or good men. Another way to describe total depravity - completely geared toward self and self fulfillment.

I can"t picture a better term for those in our government today that oppose all that is good - those that oppose stopping abortion, those that oppose prayer in the schools, those that oppose the ten commandments on the court room wall, those that oppose anything Godly and support all that is un-Godly.

"Traitors:" The sense of giving forward into the enemies hands may picture this term. This is one that turns you over to the enemy.

This again continues the picture of the previous terms, one that opposes anything good and attempts to deliver any that are good into the hand of evil.

"Heady:" This relates to rash or reckless. Not considering the consequences of the actions taken. One that gives no thought to future ramifications. We could probably roll this thought up into one word for our day - "teenager" - a general statement, not that all teens are rash and reckless, but many are.

"Highminded:" This is in the perfect tense which indicates action that is permanent continuing into the future to a sure end. It is also a passive term which indicates there are outside forces acting upon the person to bring this action. It has the thought of proud, or deceiving others into thinking highly of another. It can relate to wrapping in smoke as to disguise the true identity.

The term belongs with the phrase below - some will be lovers of self in verse two - a long list of description and the next phrase that tells us that they are proud, wrapped in false smoke of righteousness but love pleasure more than God. You can"t describe self better than that can you?

The proof of the previous is found in verse five - they have a form of godliness, but have nothing to do with God.

"Lovers of pleasures more than lovers of God:" Now, I know that we are speaking of lost unregenerate people but I can"t help but relate this phrase to some believers - we do act like the lost at times - how many love the pleasure of staying in bed or going to some pleasurable exercise rather than going to church and showing their love for God on a Sunday morning? Enough said.

Copyright Statement
Copyright 2008. Used by Permission. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopy, recording or otherwise without the prior permission of the author, except as provided by U.S.A. copyright laws. Do feel free to make copies for friends that might be interested as long as you do not make profit from the copies. This is God's work and I don't want anyone to profit from it in a material way.
Bibliographical Information
Derickson, Stanley. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Stanley Derickson - Notes on Selected Books".

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.Men—The men with the article; the people, that is, of the Church and professedly religious community, (and much worse as in Romans 1:25-32.) This catalogue of qualities belonged, of course, to the paganism of the age, as the history of the times plentifully and sadly shows.

Lovers of their own selves—Not merely possessing rational self-love but selfishness.

Covetous—Silver-loving. Note on Luke 16:14.

Boasters— Braggarts of qualities superior to others.

Proud—With a reserved sense of their own excellence.

Blasphemers—Reproachers not only of God, but of man also.

Unholy—Unjust and irreligious.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

2 Timothy 3:2. : mankind in general, not . This list of human vices should be compared with that given in Romans 1:29sqq.; , , , are common to both passages. appropriately heads the array, egoism or self-centredness being the root of almost every sin, just as love which “seeketh not its own” (1 Corinthians 13:5) is “the fulfilment of the law” (Romans 13:10). is used favourably by Aristotle in the sense of self-respect (Nic. Eth. ix. 8. 7). But “once the sense of sin is truly felt, self-respect becomes an inadequate basis for moral theory. So Philo (de Prof. 15) speaks of those who are ” (Dean Bernard, in loc).

: covetousness ( , Romans 1:29) naturally springs from, or is one form of, selfishness; but we cannot suppose with Chrys. that there is a similar sequence intended all through.

Other compounds of .- in the Pastorals, besides the five that occur here, are , Titus 1:8, , , Titus 2:4, , Titus 3:4, , 1 Timothy 3:2, Titus 1:8.

, : elati, superbi. The , boastful, betrays his character by his words; the , haughty, more usually by his demeanour and expression.

: abusive, railers (R.V.); not necessarily blasphemers (A.V.).

and naturally go together; since, as Bengel observes, gratitude springs from filial duty.



Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". The Expositor's Greek Testament. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

2. Men will be selfish. Paul uses the word ANTHROPOI which means mankind in general (both men and women), but 2 Timothy 3:6shows he is thinking especially of the false teachers. The sins mentioned in these verses have always been in the world. The new quality is that these things will be done openly and defended (as was being done right then). See Romans 1:28-32and notes, All the other sins begin and end in selfishness!!! Greedy Money-mad! Boastful that he has God’s approval. Conceited because he thinks God is obligated to him. Insulting in the things they say about God and his chosen people (the Christians). See Judges 1:14-15. Disobedient. Since the Jews called religious leaders and teachers parents, this could also mean rebellion against true teachers such as Timothy. Ungrateful to those who try to help them. Irreligious. The unholy. See 1 Timothy 1:9-10and notes.




Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "The Bible Study New Testament". College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

2For men will be It is proper to remark, first, in what he makes the hardship of those “dangerous” or “troublesome” times to consist; not in war, nor in famine, nor in diseases, nor in any calamities or inconveniences to which the body is incident, but in the wicked and depraved actions of men. And, indeed, nothing is so distressingly painful to godly men, and to those who truly fear God, as to behold such corruptions of morals; for, as there is nothing which they value more highly than the glory of God, so they cannot but suffer grievous anguish when it is attacked or despised.

Secondly, it ought to be remarked, who are the persons of whom he speaks. They whom he briefly describes are not external enemies, who openly assail the name of Christ, but domestics, who wish to be reckoned among the members of the Church; for God wishes to try his Church to such an extent as to carry within her bosom such plagues, though she abhors to entertain them. So then, if in the present day many whom we justly abhor are mingled within us, let us learn to groan patiently under that burden, when we are informed that this is the lot of the Christian Church.

Next, it is wonderful that those persons, whom Paul pronounces to be guilty of so many and so aggravated acts of wickedness, can keep up the appearance of piety, as he also declares. But daily experience shows that we ought not to regard this as so wonderful; for such is the amazing audacity and wickedness of hypocrites, that, even in excusing the grossest crimes, they are excessively impudent, after having once learned falsely to shelter themselves under the name of God. In ancient times, how many crimes abounded in the life of the Pharisees? And yet, as if they had been pure from every stain, they enjoyed a reputation of eminent holiness.

Even in the present day, although the lewdness of the Popish clergy is such that it stinks in the nostrils of the whole world, still, in spite of their wickedness, they do not cease to arrogate proudly to themselves all the rights and titles of saints. Accordingly, when Paul says that hypocrites, though they are chargeable with the grossest vices, nevertheless deceive under a mask of piety, this ought not to appear strange, when we have examples before our eyes. And, indeed, the world deserves to be deceived by those wicked scoundrels, when it either despises or cannot endure true holiness. Besides, Paul enumerates those vices which are not visible at first sight, and which are even the ordinary attendants of pretended holiness. Is there a hypocrite who is not proud, who is not a lover of himself, who is not a despiser of others, who is not fierce and cruel, who is not treacherous? But all these are concealed from the eyes of men. (183)

To spend time in explaining every word would be superfluous; for the words do not need exposition. Only let my readers observe that φιλαυτία, self-love, which is put first, may be regarded as the source from which flow all the vices that follow afterwards. He who loveth himself claims a superiority in everything, despises all others, is cruel, indulges in covetousness, treachery, anger, rebellion against parents, neglect of what is good, and such like. As it was the design of Paul to brand false prophets with such marks, that they might be seen and known by all; it is our duty to open our eyes, that we may see those who are pointed out with the finger.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Calvin, John. "Commentary on 2 Timothy 3:2". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". 1840-57.