Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Exodus 6:5

Furthermore I have heard the groaning of the sons of Israel, because the Egyptians are holding them in bondage, and I have remembered My covenant.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Covenant;   God;   Moses;   Prayer;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Numbers, book of;   Yahweh;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Flood, the;   God;   God, Names of;   Hear, Hearing;   Kinsman-Redeemer;   Praise;   Proverbs, Theology of;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Covenant;   Exodus;   Exodus, Book of;   Jamin;   Promise;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Moses;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Exodus, the Book of;   God;   God, Names of;   Groan;   Law in the Old Testament;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Arm;  

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel,.... For the Lord is not only the eternal and immutable Being in his purposes and promises, and a covenant keeping God; but he is compassionate and merciful, and sympathizes with his people in all their afflictions; he takes notice of their sighs and groans, as he now did those of his people in Egypt:

whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and which was the reason of their groaning; their bondage being so hard and rigorous, in which they were detained by Pharaoh, who refused to let them go, though Moses in the name of the Lord had required him to do it:

and I have remembered my covenant; concerning bringing them out of Egypt into the land of Canaan, which he would quickly do, and thereby make it appear he was mindful of his covenant, which is indeed never forgotten by him, though it may seem to be.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:5". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/exodus-6.html. 1999.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

Exodus 2:24; Psalms 106:4.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Exodus 6:5". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/exodus-6.html. 1828.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.

I have heard the groaning of the children of Israel — He means their groaning on occasion of the late hardships put upon them. God takes notice of the increase of his people's calamities, and observes how their enemies grow upon them.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:5". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/exodus-6.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Exodus 6:5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.

Ver. 5. I have also heard the groaning.] He heareth "the young ravens that cry" [Psalms 147:9] unto him but by implication only, and with a hoarse voice unfit to move pity (whence also they have their name in the Hebrew - ערב). How much more his own covenanters!

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:5". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/exodus-6.html. 1865-1868.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

also. Read "I also have:" i.e. as well as thou.

children = sons.

remembered My covenant. All Israel"s blessings based on this. See Exodus 2:24.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Exodus 6:5". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/exodus-6.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.
the groaning
2:24; 3:7; Psalms 106:44; Isaiah 63:9
I have remembered
2:24; Genesis 8:1; 9:15; Psalms 105:8; 106:45; Luke 1:54,72
Reciprocal: Genesis 15:14 - that;  Leviticus 26:42 - will I;  Numbers 20:16 - we cried;  Deuteronomy 26:7 - we cried;  Acts 7:34 - I have seen

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 6:5". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-6.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

5.And I have also heard the groaning. He assigns the reason why He so long had delayed to fulfill His promise, viz., because He would have His people sorely troubled, that He might more openly succor them in their affliction; besides, He chose that they should be unjustly oppressed by the Egyptians, in order that He might more justly rescue them from their tyrannical masters, as He had said to Abraham that He would avenge them after they had been afflicted. (Genesis 15:13.) He therefore reminds them by this circumstance, that the due time for helping them had come; because, if they had been always treated humanely, and the laws of hospitality had been observed towards them, there would have been no cause for shaking off the yoke; but now, after that the Egyptians, regardless of all justice, had broken faith with them, it was just that the groaning and cries of His cruelly afflicted people should be heard by God. But He always expressly asserts that this depended on the covenant, both that the Jews might acknowledge him to be only bound to them by regard to His own free promise, and also that, being persuaded that He is true to His promises, they might more surely expect deliverance. The meaning of God’s “remembering” His promise I have elsewhere said to be, that he shews His remembrance of it by what He does. (73) What follows in the next verse, “Say unto the children of Israel, I am the Lord,” is intended to remove their doubts. It was a thing as impossible to human apprehension, to tear away this weak and unwarlike people from their cruel tyrants, as to rescue sheep from the jaws of wolves, and to preserve them in safety after they had been mangled and wounded by their teeth. Therefore God begins by declaring his incomparable power, to shew that there is no difficulty with Him in performing anything whatever, although incredible. Therefore, he adds, that he would “redeem them with a stretched-out arm, and with great judgments,” as much as to say, I will give miraculous proofs of my mighty power, which shall surpass all human apprehension. By “judgments, ” (74) He means the manner of His dealing, which would at the same time testify His justice. For with the Hebrews this word means any disposition, method, order, or custom, and sometimes also measure. We say in French, facons notables ou estranges, (notable or strange fashions.)

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Bibliographical Information
Calvin, John. "Commentary on Exodus 6:5". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/exodus-6.html. 1840-57.