Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezra 6:2

In Ecbatana in the fortress, which is in the province of Media, a scroll was found and there was written in it as follows: "Memorandum—
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Achmetha;   Church and State;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Medes;   Palace;   Rulers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Palaces;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Books;   Kings;   Medo-Persian Kingdom;   Palaces;   Temple, the Second;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Achmetha;   Haggai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Aram;   Ezra;   Media;   Persia;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Achmetha;   Cyrus;   Darius;   Ecbatana;   Roll;   Temple, the Second;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Achmetha;   Ecbatana;   Ezra, the Book of;   Medes;   Persia;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Achmetha;   Decree;   Temple of Jerusalem;   Zerubbabel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Achmetha;   Darius;   Medes, Media;   Nehemiah, Book of;   Ono;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Achmetha ;   Dari'us;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Achmetha;   Assyria;   Medes;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Ecbat'ana;   Medes, Me'dia;   Per'sia;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Book;   Jerusalem;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Achmetha;   Ecbatana;   Medes;   Record;   Roll (Scroll);   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Achmetha;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Cyrus;   Media;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

At Achmetha - Ecbatana in India, whither it is probable all the records of Cyrus had been carried. This was a sort of summer residence for the kings of Persia.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ezra-6.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

“Achmetha” is the “Ecbatana,” or “Agbatana,” of the Greeks, the Persian name for which, as we find in the Behistun Inscription, was HaGMaTANa.

We must suppose that, when Babylon had been searched in vain, the other cities which possessed record-offices were visited, and the decree looked for in them. Ecbatana was the capital of Cyrus.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/ezra-6.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And there was found at Achmetha,.... Which Jarchi and Aben Ezra take to be the name of a vessel in which letters and writings were put for safety; but it was no doubt the name of a place; the Vulgate Latin version has it Ecbatana; and so JosephusF19Antiqu. l. 11. c. 4. sect. 6. ; which was the name of a city in Media, where the kings of that country had their residence in the summer timeF20Curtius, l. 5. c. 8. Vid. Alex. ab Alex. Genial. Dier. l. 3. c. 6. ; for it has its name from heatF21Hiller. Onomastic. Sacr. p. 618. ; the Persian kings dwelt at Shushan in the winter, and at Ecbatana in the summerF23Athen. Deipnosophist, l. 12. c. 1. ; hence they are compared by AelianF24De Animal. l. 3. c. 13. to cranes, birds of passage, because of their going to and from the above places:

in the palace that is in the province of the Medes, here was found

a roll; which was the decree of Cyrus, which perhaps he took with him when he went thither:

and therein was a record thus written; as follows.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezra-6.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

And there was found at a Achmetha, in the palace that [is] in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein [was] a record thus written:

(a) In which were the acts of the kings of the Medes and Persians.
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Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/ezra-6.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

Achmetha — long supposed to be the capital of Greater Media (the Ecbatana of classical, the Hamadan of modern times), [is] at the foot of the Elwund range of hills, where, for its coolness and salubrity, Cyrus and his successors on the Persian throne established their summer residence. There was another city, however, of this name, the Ecbatana of Atropatene, and the most ancient capital of northern Media, and recently identified by Colonel Rawlinson in the remarkable ruins of Takht-i-Soleiman. Yet as everything tends to show the attachment of Cyrus to his native city, the Atropatenian Ecbatana, rather than to the stronger capital of Greater Media, Colonel Rawlinson is inclined to think that he deposited there, in his fortress, the famous decree relating to the Jews, along with the other records and treasures of his empire [Nineveh and Persepolis].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/ezra-6.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And there was found at Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was a record thus written:

Achmetha — The royal city of the Medes and Persians.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/ezra-6.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezra 6:2 And there was found at Achmetha, in the palace that [is] in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein [was] a record thus written:

Ver. 2. And there was found at Achmetha] Or Ecbatana. This was occasioned by the malice of the Jews’ adversaries, and proved a great furtherance to the finishing of the temple. Sic canes lingunt ulcera Lazari. So dogs licked the sores of Lazarus. All things work together for good to them that love God, Romans 8:28. Venenum aliquando pro remedio fuit, At length a poison will be for a medicine. saith Seneca.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezra-6.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Here the king’s answer may seem to begin, and this following account he sends to them, and after that lays down his commands.

Achmetha; the royal city of the Medes and Persians.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezra-6.html. 1685.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

2.Achmetha — The Chaldee form of the Persian Hagmatana or Hagmatan, and the Ecbatana of the classical writers. Its site is usually identified with the modern Hamadan. Herodotus (i, 98) describes it as a great city, whose walls were built circle within circle, each wall out-topping the one beyond it by the height of its battlements. This was done by means of the conical hill on which the city was built. The circular walls were seven in number, and the royal palace and treasury were within the innermost wall. It was originally the capital of the Medes, and hence its location here noticed as in the province of the Medes, but it was subsequently made the summer residence of the Persian kings. Hither it would seem the royal records had been transferred for greater security. The Behistun inscription shows that Babylon revolted at the beginning of Darius’s reign, but was soon reconquered, and that may have been the occasion of this transfer of the archives, and among them this celebrated roll containing Cyrus’s decree for the restoration of the exiles, and the rebuilding of their temple. Perhaps, however, the record in question had never been deposited at Babylon, but placed originally among the archives kept at Achmetha.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezra-6.html. 1874-1909.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Ecbatana. Chaldean achmetha, signifies "a jug, or chest." (Calmet) --- "They found in the chest of the palace, under the inscription of Media." (Munster) (Pagnin) --- "And a roll was found (some add, in Amatha) in the city, in a chest, (or tower; Greek: Barei) and this memorial was written in it." (Septuagint) Protestants style the place, "Achmetha." (Haydock) --- Arabic, "Athana." Syriac, "Ahmathane." The memoirs of Cyrus had probably been conveyed to Ecbatana, which was built by Dejoces, the first king of the Medes, and greatly enlarged by his successor, Phraortes. (Calmet) --- Province. Media now only formed a province of the empire. (Tirinus)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezra-6.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Achmetha = Ecbatana, the capital of ancient Media.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezra-6.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And there was found at Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was a record thus written:

There was found at Achmetha, [ b

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ezra-6.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(2) At Achmetha.—That is, Ecbatana, the Median capital of Cyrus. It is probable that the original roll of parchment had been destroyed at Babylon by Smerdis, but a copy of it was found here, probably in a Chaldean transcript.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ezra-6.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And there was found at Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of the Medes, a roll, and therein was a record thus written:
at Achmetha
or, at Ecbatana, or, in a coffer. ['argaz (zgr))] probably from the Persian [chm] kham, "a house for a summer residence," with a prefix, [a] aleph, and the Chaldee termination [ta] tha, most likely denotes Ecbatana, as the Vulgate and Josephus read, the summer residence of the Persian monarchs. It was situated in a mountainous region at the foot of mount Orontes, or Jasonius, according to Ammianus, on the southern confines of Media and Persia, and according to Pliny, 750 miles from Seleucia the Great, 20 miles from the Caspian passes, 450 miles from Susa, and the same from Gazæ Atropatene, and in lat. 37 degrees 45 min., long. 88 degrees, according to Ptolemy. The building of the city is ascribed to Semiramis by Diodorus, but to Deioces by Eusebius, (in Chron. 1.1,) and Herodotus, who states that it was surrounded by seven walls, strong and ample, built in circles one within another, rising each above each by the height of their respective battlements; each being distinguished by a different colour, the first white, the second black, the third purple, the fourth blue, the fifth orange, the sixth plated with silver, and the seventh with gold. The largest of these was nearly the extent of Athens, i.e., 200 furlongs, according to Dion Chrysostom; but Diodorus Siculus states the circumference of Ecbatana to be 250 furlongs. Within the inner circle stood the king's palace and the royal treasury, so much celebrated for its splendour and riches by Polybius. It is highly probable, as D'Anville and Major Rennel suppose, that the present Hamadan, whose ruins attest its former splendour, occupies the site of Ecbatana. It is situated in Al Gebal, at the foot of the lofty mountain Alwend, about 80 leagues from Ispahan, and also from Bagdad.
Reciprocal: Ezra 2:1 - the children;  Ezra 4:19 - search;  Ezra 5:17 - let there be;  Nehemiah 7:6 - the children;  Jeremiah 36:2 - a roll;  Acts 2:9 - Medes

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 6:2". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezra-6.html.