Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezra 6:8

Moreover, I issue a decree concerning what you are to do for these elders of Judah in the rebuilding of this house of God: the full cost is to be paid to these people from the royal treasury out of the taxes of the provinces beyond the River, and that without delay.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Church and State;   Israel, Prophecies Concerning;   Liberality;   Rulers;   Thompson Chain Reference - Temple;   Worship;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Kings;   Temple, the Second;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Haggai;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Aram;   Ezra;   Haggai;   Persia;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Leadership;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Temple, the Second;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Darius;   Ezra, the Book of;   Magi;   Persia;   Temple;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Darius;   Zerubbabel;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Darius;   Nehemiah, Book of;   Ox, Oxen, Herd, Cattle;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Dari'us;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Persia;   Smith Bible Dictionary - Governor;   Per'sia;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Jerusalem;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Goods;   Toll;   Tribute;  

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

DARIUS' ORDERS THAT EXPENSES WERE TO BE PAID OUT OF TAX REVENUES

"Moreover I make a decree what ye shall do to these elders of the Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the River, expenses be given with all diligence to these men, that they be not hindered. And that which they have need of, both young bullocks, and rams, and lambs, for burnt-offerings to the God of heaven; and also wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the word of the priests that are at Jerusalem, let it be given them day by day without fail; that they may offer sacrifices of sweet savor unto the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king, and of his sons."

"And pray for the life of the king, and of his sons" (Ezra 6:10). "Jeremiah's admonition for the Jews to seek the peace of Babylon during their residence there in the captivity (Jeremiah 29:7), was interpreted as a requirement that they should pray for their rulers, which the Jews do even until this day. In view of the kindness to them of the Persian kings, they would not have neglected to do this."[12] Furthermore this has come down even into Christianity as an apostolic order (1 Timothy 2:1-2).

"Offerings to the God of heaven" (Ezra 6:9,10). Many able commentators have warned us that actions and words as we find here should not be construed as meaning that men like Darius were genuine believers in the one true God. "Such acknowledgements as this we find here by Persian kings they could make without any renunciation of their polytheism. They could honor Jahve as a mighty god, yea, even as the mightiest god, without being unfaithful to the pagan gods of their fathers."[13]

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/ezra-6.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Moreover, I make a decree, what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews, for the building of this house of God,.... This must be considered as an additional decree of Darius, which was peculiarly made by him, in which more was granted in favour of the Jews, and as an encouragement to them to go on with the building of the temple; though JosephusF1Antiqu. l. 11. c. 4. sect. 6. says this is no other than a confirmation of the decree of Cyrus; for, according to him, all that is here granted to them, or threatened to others, from hence to the end of Ezra 6:10, was contained in the decree:

that of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the river; what was collected out of his dominions on that side the river Euphrates, towards the land of Israel: according to HerodotusF2Thalia, sive, l. 3. c. 89-95. , this Darius was the first of the kings of Persia that exacted tribute; under Cyrus and Cambyses only presents were brought; but he imposed a tribute, and was therefore called καπηλος, an huckster, as Cambyses had the name of lord, and Cyrus that of father: the same writer gives an account of the several nations he received it from, and the particular sums, which in all amounted to 14,560 Euboic talents of gold; among whom are mentioned all Phoenicia and Syria, called Palestine, the tribute of which parts is the tribute beyond the river he referred to: and this king was well disposed to the Jewish nation, temple, and worship, before he was king, if what JosephusF3Antiqu. l. 11. c. 3. sect. 1. says is true, that, while a private man, he vowed to God that, if he should be king, he would send all the sacred vessels that were in Babylon to the temple at Jerusalem: and out of the above tribute it is ordered:

that forthwith expenses be given unto these men, that they be not hindered; from going on with the building, for want of money to buy materials, and pay the workmen.

Copyright Statement
The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezra-6.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Moreover I make a decree what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king's goods, [even] of the tribute beyond the river, forthwith expenses be given unto these men, that they be d not hindered.

(d) For lack of money.
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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/ezra-6.html. 1599-1645.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezra 6:8 Moreover I make a decree what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king’s goods, [even] of the tribute beyond the river, forthwith expenses be given unto these men, that they be not hindered.

Ver. 8. Moreover I make a decree] So did some of the heathen emperors for the persecuted Christians, Charles V for the Lutherans (at the motion of Albertus, archbishop of Mentz, and Ludovicus, palatine of Rhine), and Henry III of France for the Protestants; which yet was but sorrily observed though sworn to. It is written by an Italian (no stranger to the court of Rome) that their proverb is, Mercatorum est, non regum stare iuramentis, that it is for merchants, and not for kings, to keep to their oaths.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezra-6.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

From proceeding in their work for want of money.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezra-6.html. 1685.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Hindered. Thus Darius trod in the footsteps, or perhaps exceeded the liberality of Cyrus. (Haydock)

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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezra-6.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

I make a decree. This was a new decree of Darius Hystaspis.

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Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezra-6.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Moreover I make a decree what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the river, forthwith expences be given unto these men, that they be not hindered.

Of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the river ... expences be given. The decree granted them the privilege of drawing from his provincial treasury of Syria, to the amount of whatever they required for the furthering of the work, and providing sacrifice for the service of the temple, that the priests might daily pray for the health of the king and the prosperity of the empire.

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/ezra-6.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(8) Moreover.—I also make my decree.

Of the king’s goods.—From the tribute collected to be sent to Persia sums were previously to be deducted.

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Bibliographical Information
Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ezra-6.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Moreover I make a decree what ye shall do to the elders of these Jews for the building of this house of God: that of the king's goods, even of the tribute beyond the river, forthwith expenses be given unto these men, that they be not hindered.
I make a decree
Chal. by me a decree is made. the king's.
4; 4:16,20; 7:15-22; Psalms 68:29-31; Haggai 2:8
hindered
Chal. made to cease.
4:21,23; 5:5
Reciprocal: Leviticus 22:25 - a stranger's;  2 Chronicles 30:5 - established;  Ezra 7:20 - bestow it;  Nehemiah 9:37 - it yieldeth;  Nehemiah 11:23 - the king's;  Ezekiel 45:17 - the prince's;  Daniel 6:26 - make;  Romans 13:6 - pay;  2 Corinthians 9:14 - by

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These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 6:8". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezra-6.html.