Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezra 8:35

The exiles who had come from the captivity offered burnt offerings to the God of Israel: 12 bulls for all Israel, 96 rams, 77 lambs, 12 male goats for a sin offering, all as a burnt offering to the Lord .
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Liberality;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Captivity;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Lamb, Lamb of God;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Judea;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ezra, Book of;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ezra;   Ezra, Book of;   Goat;   Johanan;   Sabannus;   Satraps;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Captivities of Israel;   Goat;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Exile;   Goat;   Number;   Zechariah, Book of;   Kitto Biblical Cyclopedia - Burnt-offerings;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Exile;   Goat;   Sin-Offering;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Twelve bullocks for all Israel - Though of tribes there were only Judah and Benjamin, yet they offered a bullock for every tribe, as if present. There can be little doubt that there were individuals there from all the twelve tribes, possibly some families of each; but no complete tribe but those mentioned above.

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Bibliographical Information
Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ezra-8.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Compare the marginal reference. The idea of offerings for all Israel pervades in this case the entire sacrifice, with the exception of the lambs, whose number (77) is unique, and has not been accounted for.

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Bibliographical Information
Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/ezra-8.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

SACRIFICES WERE OFFERED FOR THE TWELVE TRIBES OF ISRAEL

"The children of the captivity, that were come out of exile, Offered burnt-offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he-goats for a sin-offering: all this was a burnt-offering unto Jehovah. And they delivered the king's commissions unto the king's satraps, and to the governors beyond the River: and they furthered the people and the house of God."

"Twelve bullocks for all Israel, ..." (Ezra 8:35). All except one of the sacrifices mentioned here were either twelve or multiples of that number, indicating that, "Ezra believed that the restored community represented all twelve of the tribes of Israel."[19]

Matthew Henry believed that these offerings "for all Israel" indicated that, "The union of the two Israels was then accomplished, as prophesied by Ezekiel 37:22."[20]

Keil pointed out that, "The sin-offering had served as an atonement for Israel; and that the burnt-offering typified the surrender of the entire nation of Israel to the service of the Lord, and was a declaration that those who had returned were henceforth resolved, together with all Israel, to dedicate themselves to the service of the Lord their God."[21]

"They delivered the king's commissions to the ... satraps" (Ezra 8:36). These were the Persian lieutenants and governors under Artaxerxes the king who were in charge of all that vast territory west of the Euphrates River. "These satraps were the military chiefs in charge of the provinces, and they were also endowed with the authority as well."[22] As a result of this royal directive, "They furthered the people and the house of God as Artaxerxes had commanded."[23]

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
Bibliographical Information
Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/ezra-8.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Also the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity,.... Namely, those that now came along with Ezra:

offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel; by way of thankfulness for their deliverance from captivity, and for their safe journey:

twelve bullocks for all Israel: according to the number of the tribes; and there might be some of every tribe that now came up:

ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs; these and the bullocks were burnt offerings:

twelve he goats for a sin offering; according to the number of the twelve tribes, also to make atonement for sins they had been guilty of:

all this was a burnt offering unto the Lord; excepting the twelve he goats, which were a sin offering.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezra-8.html. 1999.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Also the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity, offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he goats for a sin offering: all this was a burnt offering unto the LORD.

Sin offering — For it is the atonement that secures every mercy to us, which will not be truly comfortable, unless iniquity be taken away, and our peace made with God. They offer twelve bullocks, twelve he-goats, and ninety six rams, (eight times twelve) signifying the union of the two kingdoms. They did not any longer go two tribes one way, and ten tribes another; but all the twelve met by their representatives at the same altar.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/ezra-8.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezra 8:35 [Also] the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity, offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he goats [for] a sin offering: all [this was] a burnt offering unto the LORD.

Ver. 35. Also the children of those that had been] In token of presenting their bodies a living sacrifice, holy and acceptable to God their deliverer, Romans 12:1. Let us that are freed from sin’s slavery become the servants of righteousness, Romans 6:18; and being delivered from the hands of our enemies, serve God without fear in holiness and righteousness all the days of our lives, Luke 1:74-75.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezra-8.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Which were come out of the captivity, to wit, these new comers, whom God had safely conducted hither.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezra-8.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

Ezra 8:35

‘The children of the captivity, who were come out of exile, offered burnt-offerings to the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety six rams, seventy seven lambs, twelve he-goats for a sin-offering, all this was a burnt-offering to YHWH.’

The personal pronouns here change from ‘we’ to ‘they’. This was necessary because here it was all the children of the captivity who participated, not just those who had come with Ezra. It was ‘the children of the captivity who had come out of exile’ regardless of when they had come, and this is confirmed by the mention of the offerings being for ‘all Israel’. Clearly the High Priest and the incumbent priests would be equally involved. Thus Ezra’s returnees were welcomed by the previous returnees, and all together offered offerings and sacrifices.

There were twelve bullocks for all Israel, one per tribe; and ninety six rams, possibly, but not necessarily, seen as eight per tribe (but note the number of lambs), and seventy-seven lambs. To the people of that day seventy seven would indicate intensified divine perfection. They tended to read into numbers ideas rather than quantity. And these were all offered as whole burnt offerings, that is as offerings of homage and dedication to YHWH which were wholly burnt up. Additional to these were the twelve he-goats sacrificed as a sin-offering, one for each of the tribes of Israel, necessary in order to deal with the sin of Israel so that Israel could be dedicated to God and approach Him in worship. The ‘twelve tribes’, would be seen as including the priests and the Levites. All these offerings and sacrifices were seen as ‘a burnt offering to YHWH’, symbolic of atonement, dedication and worship.

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Bibliographical Information
Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/ezra-8.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

35.The children’ which were come — That is, these who had just now coma up from Babylon with Ezra.

Twelve bullocks for all Israel — See note on Ezra 6:17. “The idea of offerings for all Israel pervades the entire sacrifice, with the exception of the lambs, whose number (77) is peculiar, and has not been accounted for.” — Rawlinson.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezra-8.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Ezra 8:35. Which were come out of the captivity — Namely, those new- comers whom God had safely conducted thither. Offered burnt-offerings unto the God of Israel — Whereby they acknowledged the Lord for their God, and expressed their gratitude for their restoration. Twelve he-goats for a sin-offering — For it is the atonement that secures every mercy to us, which will not be truly comfortable, unless iniquity be taken away, and our peace be made with God. They offer twelve bullocks, twelve he-goats, and ninety-six rams, (eight times twelve,) signifying the union of the two kingdoms. They did not any longer go two tribes one way, and ten tribes another; but all the twelve met by their representatives at the same altar.

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Bibliographical Information
Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/ezra-8.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Israel. Some of the different tribes certainly returned, chap. vi. 17.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezra-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Also, &c. The fourth of the ten Sedarim (or cycles for public reading) begins here and goes on to Nehemiah 2:10, where it ends; thus uniting the two books in one. See note, p. 632.

children = sons.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezra-8.html. 1909-1922.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Also the children of those that had been carried away, which were come out of the captivity, offered burnt offerings unto the God of Israel, twelve bullocks for all Israel, ninety and six rams, seventy and seven lambs, twelve he goats for a sin offering: all this was a burnt offering unto the LORD.
offered burnt
Leviticus 1:1-7; 2 Chronicles 29:31,32; Psalms 66:10-15; 116:12-19; Luke 1:74,75
twelve bullocks
6:17; Numbers 7:27
Reciprocal: Exodus 29:14 - it is a;  Leviticus 4:3 - for a sin;  Leviticus 4:21 - a sin offering;  Numbers 15:24 - one kid;  2 Chronicles 29:21 - seven;  Acts 26:7 - our

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 8:35". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezra-8.html.