Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Ezra 8:36

Then they delivered the king's edicts to the king's satraps and to the governors in the provinces beyond the River, and they supported the people and the house of God.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Government;   Liberality;  
Dictionaries:
Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Euphrates;   Easton Bible Dictionary - Lieutenant;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Lieutenants;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Ezra, Book of;   Lieutenant;   Satrap(y);   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ezra;   Ezra, Book of;   Johanan;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Lieutenants,;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Governor;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Babylonish Captivity, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Captain;   Further;   Governor;   Satraps;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - Satrap;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

The king's lieutenants - אחשדרפני achashdarpeney : this is generally understood to mean lieutenant or deputy, and is probably of Persian origin, though here greatly corrupted. The Vulgate renders it regis satrapis, to the satraps of the king, which is the Persian satrab . A viceroy in Persian is soubah -dar ; viceroys, soubahdaran . Darafreen signifies a person in whom one has confidence; and achi is an epithet of a vizir. These two words conjoined will make nearly that of the text. But I do not give any of these etymologies with confidence. Other words might be proposed as candidates, but where there is so little certainty, conjecture is useless. Were it necessary a dissertation might be written on the Persian words, and Persian forms of speech, in this and the two following books; but probably after my toil few of my readers would thank me for my pains.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/ezra-8.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

The kings commissions - i. e., the orders issued to all governors of provinces near Judaea by Artaxerxes, given in Ezra 7:21-24.

The kings lieutenants - literally, “the king‘s satraps.” The word is used in its strict sense, referring to the chief rulers of Persian provinces, from which the “governors” or rulers of smaller districts are distinguished.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/ezra-8.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And they delivered the king's commissions unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors on this side the river,.... The governors of the provinces of Syria, Palestine, and Judea, which were on that side of Euphrates the land of Israel was:

and they furthered the people, and the house of God; or "lifted them up"F9ונשאו "elevaverunt", V. L. Piscator; "exaltaverunt", Pagninus, Montanus, Vatablus; "sublevarunt", Junius & Tremellius. , eased them of all burdens, and freed them from all impediments, and assisted them and furnished them with everything, as the decree of Artaxerxes enjoined them; and provided everything as they required for ornamenting the temple, and for the sacrifices of it; all which is to be understood of the king's lieutenants and governors, who obeyed his commands.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/ezra-8.html. 1999.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Ezra 8:36 And they delivered the king’s commissions unto the king’s lieutenants, and to the governors on this side the river: and they furthered the people, and the house of God.

Ver. 36. And they furthered the people] Heb. They gave them a lift, lent them a helping hand; not out of love to the work, but for fear of the king, and in pursuance of his commands and commissions. Thus the devil and his imps sometimes do God’s will, though with an ill will, Psalms 109:31. They continue this day according to thine ordinances; for all are thy servants. How much better were it to work from a right principle, not by constraint, but willingly; not for fear of wrath, but of a ready mind, 1 Peter 5:2; to love to be God’s servants, taking hold of his covenant, Isaiah 56:6, and saying to him, as the people did to Joshua, Joshua 1:16, or as the rulers and elders to Jehu, 2 Kings 10:5, "We are thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us."

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/ezra-8.html. 1865-1868.

Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary

REFLECTIONS

My soul! doth not this view of Ezra's return from Babylon, with the number of the people here named and recorded, suggest to thee the ransomed of Zion, which shall one day return with everlasting joy upon their heads; when Jesus shall again be seen on the holy mount, and with him, not only the hundred and forty and four thousand of all the tribes of Israel, but also a multitude which no man can number of all kindred's, nations, and languages! Oh! how delightful will be that appearance; and how sure and certain is the journey to it now. There is an highway opened, and it is indeed called the way of holiness. And it is truly called the way of holiness, for Jesus is himself the way; and the holiness of his person and finished - work, is the holiness of his people. The wayfaring men, though fools, cannot err therein. Here, precious Jesus, may I be found, returning from the Babylon of this world to the Jerusalem of a better. Yes! thou dearest Lord, thou art indeed the way, the only way, the sure way. For in thy person, thy redemption-work, thy covenant righteousness, thy atoning blood, followed with all the promises, and invitations, and assurances of thy gospel, my soul finds a sure way, and would walk in no other. Most fully convinced I am, that salvation is in no other; neither is there any other name under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved. Witness for me, that my soul is come in this way: And oh! fulfil that precious promise, Lord, to my soul, that all that do come thou wilt in no wise cast out.

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Hawker, Robert, D.D. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "Hawker's Poor Man's Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pmc/ezra-8.html. 1828.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

In the adorning and furnishing of it with these vessels and other conveniences; and in promoting God’s worship and service therein.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/ezra-8.html. 1685.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

Ezra 8:36

‘And they delivered the king’s commissions to the king’s satraps, and to the governors of Beyond the River, and they furthered the people and the house of God.’

The community leaders (they), then ensured the delivering of the king’s commissions, as contained in his decrees, to the Persian authorities, that is to the king’s satraps and to the governors of the administrative districts in Beyond the River. The plural satraps may suggest that there was at this time a satrap over Beyond the River as well as an overall satrap over the satrapy of Babylon (which initially at least included the province of Beyond the River), and that both made themselves available in order to receive the king’s commissions, possibly having been advised about them beforehand by the king. In view of the importance of a decree from the king both may well have seen it as necessary to be present at the negotiations with Israel’s representatives as they worked out together how they should be fulfilled. Alternately one of them might have been a visiting satrap from another satrapy who took part in the official ceremony, even possibly as a twofold witness (we can compare how, in Acts, when King Agrippa was visiting Festus he took part in the trial of Paul - Acts 25). But the two are mentioned because that is the number of satraps that Israel’s representatives saw, not necessarily because there were two official satraps of Beyond the River.

‘And they furthered the people and the house of God.’ This may refer to the satraps, and the governors of administrative districts within the satrapy, in that they expeditiously fulfilled the requirements of the decree. Or it may refer to the leading men of Israel as they carried out their part in the fulfilling of the decree. Indeed it may refer to both. Whichever way it is the point being made is that the Persian rulers did what was right by God’s people, in enhancing the Temple, and ensuring that it fully fulfilled its purpose in encouraging the worship of God, whilst the leaders of Israel played their part in ensuring the same.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/ezra-8.html. 2013.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

36.Lieutenants — Hebrew, achash-darpenim; satraps. “The genuine form of this name, which has lately been found in the inscriptions of ancient India, is ksatrapa, that is, warrior of the host.” — Gesenius. In the Behistun inscription it is written khshatrapava. These were among the highest officers of the Persian government, and in their several provinces were representatives of the king. Governors, like Tatnai, (see note on Ezra 5:3,) were rulers and superintendents of smaller districts under the satraps.

They furthered the people — Literally, lifted them, or as we say, gave them a lift. They not only gave them no opposition, but even showed them favour, and helped them in their work.

And the house of God — This had been finished and dedicated, (Ezra 8:15-17,) but doubtless needed still much in the way of beautifying and adorning.

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/ezra-8.html. 1874-1909.

Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments

Ezra 8:36. They delivered the king’s commissions to the lieutenants, and they furthered the people — Even the enemies of the Jews became their friends, yielded to Ezra’s commission, and, instead of hindering the people of God, furthered them, purely out of complaisance to the king. When he appeared moderate, they all coveted to appear so too. And the house of God — The completion of which they furthered, adorning and furnishing it with these vessels and other conveniences, and promoting God’s worship and service therein.

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Benson, Joseph. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". Joseph Benson's Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rbc/ezra-8.html. 1857.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Lords, (satrapis.) 3 Esdras, "to the royal officers and governors of Cœlosyria and Phenicia; and they glorified," &c. --- Furthered, by their assistance (Haydock) and praise. They formed their sentiments, as is usual, by those of the king. (Calmet)

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/ezra-8.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

commissions = Royal decrees. Hebrew. dath.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/ezra-8.html. 1909-1922.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(36) And they delivered the king’s commissions.—First came sacrifices of burnt offering to God (Ezra 8:35); then, having rendered to God the things which were God’s, they render to Cæsar the things of Cæsar. They delivered the king’s commission, or firman, to the lieutenants or satraps in military authority, and to the governors, or pechahs, or pashas, in civil authority under them. The firman was of course accepted and acted upon: “they furthered the people.”

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/ezra-8.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And they delivered the king's commissions unto the king's lieutenants, and to the governors on this side the river: and they furthered the people, and the house of God.
the king's commissions
7:21-24
lieutenants
4:7-23; 5:6-17
they furthered
6:13; Isaiah 56:6,7; Acts 18:27; Revelation 12:16 Reciprocal: Esther 9:3 - the rulers

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezra 8:36". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezra-8.html.