Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Hebrews 10:11

Every priest stands daily ministering and offering time after time the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins;
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Atonement;   Law;   Offerings;   Priest;   Types;   Thompson Chain Reference - Dedication;   Offerings;   Sin;   The Topic Concordance - Jesus Christ;   Justification;   Law;   Obedience;   Reconciliation;   Righteousness;   Sacrifice;   Sanctification;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - High Priest, the;   Law of Moses, the;   Priests;   Sacrifices;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abihu;   Law;   Testament;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Consecration;   Day of atonement;   Leviticus;   Priest;   Sacrifice;   Type, typology;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Church, the;   Sanctification;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Atonement;   Covenant;   Peace;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Hebrews, the Epistle to the;   Lord's Supper;   Minister;   Sacrifice;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Forgiveness;   Hebrews;   Reconcilation;   Religion;   Scapegoat;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ascension;   Atonement;   Hebrews, Epistle to;   Minister;   Sanctification, Sanctify;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ascension;   Day of Atonement ;   Guilt (2);   Hebrews Epistle to the;   Minister Ministry;   Minister, Ministration;   Obedience (2);   Priest;   Priest (2);   Propitiation (2);   Sacrifice;   Sacrifice (2);   Session;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Atonement, Day of;   Hebrews, Epistle to the;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Christ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Law;   Offering;   Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary - Hebrews;   Sacrifice;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Melchizedek;   Priesthood, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Accommodation;   Hebrews, Epistle to the;   Priesthood in the New Testament;  
Devotionals:
Every Day Light - Devotion for November 26;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Every priest standeth - The office of the Jewish priest is here compared with the office of our High Priest. The Jewish priest stands daily at the altar, like a servant ministering, repeating the same sacrifices; our High Priest offered himself once for all, and sat down at the right hand of God, as the only-begotten Son and Heir of all things, Hebrews 10:12. This continual offering argued the imperfection of the sacrifices. Our Lord's once offering, proves his was complete.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

And every priest standeth daily ministering - That is, this is done every day. It does not mean literally that every priest was daily concerned in offering sacrifices, for they took turns according to their courses, (notes on Luke 1:5), but that this was done each day, and that every priest was to take his regular place in doing it; Numbers 28:3. The object of the apostle is to prove that under the Jewish economy sacrifices were repeated constantly, showing their imperfection, but that under the Christian economy the great sacrifice had been offered once, which was sufficient for all.

And offering oftentimes the same sacrifices - The same sacrifices were offered morning and evening every day.

Which can never take away sins - notes, Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/hebrews-10.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

And every priest indeed standeth day by day ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, the which can never take away sins; but he, when he had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever, sat down on the right hand of God.

These, and through Hebrews 10:18, are the final summation and shout of victory. Christ is all and in all. Nothing in the old institution is any better than a feeble shadow of the riches and glory in Christ; and a few choice comparisons are reserved for this concluding thrust of the author's overwhelming presentation. The old priests STOOD, as servants; Jesus SITS, enthroned. They repeated over and over the same rites; Jesus made one perfect offering for ever. They served; Christ reigns. They could not procure forgiveness; Christ removes our sins even from the memory of God! They offered enough blood during the long centuries of Judaism to have washed away a city; but the blood of Christ is more efficacious than an ocean of such blood.

Milligan's quotation from Menkin contrasts the respective attitudes of sitting and standing.

The priest of the Old Testament stands timid and uneasy in the Holy Place, anxiously performing his awful service there, and hastening to depart when the service is done, as from a place where he has no free access, and can never feel at home; whereas Christ sits down in everlasting rest and blessedness at the right hand of the Majesty in the Holy of Holies, his work accomplished, and he himself awaiting his reward.[15]

Christ has not ceased from all work; because he intercedes, reigns, sustains all things by the word of his power, and administers the whole creation from the throne of God. Despite this, there is a sense in which Christ's work was done when he ascended on high; it was the work of providing the atonement for man's redemption. Again from Milligan, who said,

Not that he has ceased to work for the redemption of mankind, for he must reign, and that too, with infinite power and energy, until the last enemy, death, shall be destroyed (1 Corinthians 15:25,26; Revelation 19:11-21). But his sacrificial work was done."[16]

THE BLOOD OF CHRIST

The fantastic burden of importance which this epistle places upon the blood of Christ as the means, and the only means, of human redemption calls for a more detailed exploration of this subject at this juncture in Hebrews. In New Mexico and Colorado, one of the most spectacular and beautiful mountain ranges on earth is called the "Sangre de Cristo Range," that is, "The Blood of Christ Range"! It is a tribute to the faith and perception of the Conquistadors that they named the most beautiful mountains they had ever seen after that which they valued most, "the blood of Christ." For one who truly understands and appreciates the blood by which we are sanctified, the commemorative naming of every good and beautiful thing on earth could not do sufficient honor to the blood of Christ. Spiritual dwarfs in our own secular age may not properly appreciate the blood of the covenant; but make no mistake about this, "without the shedding of blood there is no remission," in our own dispensation, or in that.

Lenski said:

This is the climax. The whole will of God and the whole sacrifice of (Christ's) death is the removal of our sins. Freed of these, heaven is ours. Without Christ's expiation there are no remission and deliverance from sin. This is the heart of all Scripture. Those who removed this heart because they regard it as "the old blood theology" have left only a hopeless corpse.[17]

It is a mystery, of course, how the blood of Christ saves us; and there are doubtless many who do not understand it. Perhaps, in a sense, no one can fully understand all that is in it. Once, on a train south from St. Louis, this writer fell into conversation with a professor in a great university. He said, "You Christians have your arithmetic all wrong. How can the blood of one man atone for the sins of a billion people? and as for God's putting all the blame on one good little Johnny, that would not be fair! If one of our teachers gave all the demerits to one student, the PTA would be up in arms." Such sophistry, of course, is grounded in ignorance, regardless of the attainments of the person who may hold such a view. To be sure, the blood of one man, if only a man, would be insufficient to save any man, not even the man who might offer it. It was who Christ WAS AND IS that makes all the difference. As a member of the Godhead, Christ's death was of sufficient consequence to save all on our poor earth or a million other worlds all together. The identity of Christ also resolves the other quibble. It was not so much a question of God's laying all the sins upon Christ (although this he did); but it was a matter of God's laying the sum total of all human wickedness upon his own great heart in the person of Christ. Remember that "God was in Christ" reconciling the world unto himself (1 Corinthians 5:19). "God so loved the world that he gave his only begotten son that whosoever believeth on him should not perish but have eternal life" (John 3:16).

People may object; they may rip all reference to the blood from their hymn-books and banish the mention of it from sophisticated pulpits; but if such is done, the sentence of God's rejection falls upon them that do it, even as Christ said of others who rejected him, "Behold your house is left unto you desolate" (Matthew 23:38).

[15] R. Milligan, op. cit., p. 273.

[16] Ibid.

[17] R. C. H. Lenski, op. cit., p. 333.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/hebrews-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

And every priest standeth daily ministering,.... The Alexandrian copy, one of Stephens's, the Complutensian edition, the Syriac and Ethiopic versions, read, "every high priest"; who might minister daily, if he would; but since the daily sacrifice was generally offered by the common priests, these are rather designed. The apostle passes from the anniversary sacrifices offered by the high priest on the day of atonement, having shown the insufficiency and imperfection of them, to the lambs of the daily sacrifice, which were offered morning and evening, and whatsoever else might be daily offered on other accounts; and which he also shows are equally ineffectual to take away sin; almost every word he uses shows the imperfection of the priesthood of Aaron, and serves to illustrate the priesthood of Christ. When he says "every priest", it supposes there were more than one, as indeed there were many, not only in succession to one another, but together, having different parts of service to perform; and everyone of them "standeth" at the altar, showing that his work was not done; and the present tense is used, because sacrifice in fact had not ceased at the writing of this epistle, though of right it ought to have done; and he stood "daily ministering"; every day, and sometimes often in a day, and always morning and night, Exodus 29:38 The priest always stood to minister, Deuteronomy 18:5. Hence the Jews sayF20Jarchi in Deut. xviii. 5. Maimon. Biath Hamikdash, c. 5. sect. 16. , there is no ministration or service, אלא מעומד, "but standing"; and perhaps some reference may be had to מעמדות, the "stations"F21Misn. Taanith, c. 4. sect. 2. , or stationary men, who were always upon the spot at Jerusalem, to offer for such as were at a distance.

And offering oftentimes the same sacrifices; as a lamb in the morning, and another at evening; and if it was a burnt offering, or a sin offering, or an offering for the purification of a woman, or for the cleansing of the leper, they were always the same: and this frequent offering, and the offering of the same things, show that they were such

which can never take away sins; for notwithstanding these many and repeated offerings, even the sins of Old Testament saints remained to be atoned for by Christ; see Romans 3:25.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/hebrews-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

3 And every priest standeth e daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

(3) A conclusion, with the other part of the comparison: The Levitical high priest repeats the same sacrifices daily in his sanctuary: upon which it follows that neither those sacrifices, nor those offerings, nor those high priests could take away sins. But Christ having offered one sacrifice once for the sins of all men, and having sanctified his own for ever, sits at the right hand of the Father, having all power in his hands.

(e) At the altar.

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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/hebrews-10.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

And — a new point of contrast; the frequent repetition of the sacrifices.

priest — The oldest manuscripts read, “high priest.” Though he did not in person stand “daily” offering sacrifices, he did so by the subordinate priests of whom, as well as of all Israel, he was the representative head. So “daily” is applied to the high priests (Hebrews 7:27).

standeth — the attitude of one ministering; in contrast to “sat down on the right hand of God,” Hebrews 10:12, said of Christ; the posture of one being ministered to as a king.

whichGreek, “the which,” that is, of such a kind as.

take away — utterly; literally, “strip off all round.” Legal sacrifices might, in part, produce the sense of forgiveness, yet scarcely even that (see on Hebrews 10:4); but entirely to strip off one‘s guilt they never could.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Standeth (εστηκενhestēken). Perfect active indicative of ιστημιhistēmi (intransitive), vivid picture.

Ministering and offering (λειτουργων και προσπερωνleitourgōn kai prospherōn). Present active participles graphically describing the priest.

Take away
(περιελεινperielein). Second aorist active infinitive of περιαιρεωperiaireō old verb to take from around, to remove utterly as in Acts 27:20.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/hebrews-10.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

Every priest ( πᾶς )

Suggesting many priests. Comp. Hebrews 7:23.

Standeth ( ἕστηκεν )

Servile attitude, contrasted with that of the exalted Savior, Hebrews 1:3.

Daily - often - the same

The wearisome round of daily offerings, always the same, contrasted with the one offering, once for all.

Take away ( περιελεῖν )

Only here in connection with sin. See on 2 Corinthians 3:16. The verb literally means to strip off all round. See Genesis 41:42(of a ring): Genesis 38:14; Deuteronomy 21:13(of clothes). Comp. εὐπερίστατος , Hebrews 12:1, see note, and περίκειται ἀσθένειαν iscompassed about with weakness, Hebrews 5:2. See also clothed with shame, and with cursing, Psalm 35:26; Psalm 109:18.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/hebrews-10.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

Every priest standeth — As a servant in an humble posture.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/hebrews-10.html. 1765.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

И всякий священник. Вывод, сделанный из всего рассуждения: священству Христову чужд обычай ежедневного приношения. Посему после Его пришествия утратили полномочия левитские священники, причина поставления которых заключалась в ежедневных приношениях. Такова природа взаимно исключающих друг друга вещей: при поставлении одного уничтожается другое. До сих пор апостол усердно старался утвердить священство Христово, значит, древнему священству, которое не соответствует новому, остается лишь исчезнуть. Ибо все святые обрели полное освящение в единственном приношении Христовом. Хотя слово τετελείωκε, переведенное мною «освятил», можно перевести и «усовершил». Но мне больше нравится первый перевод, поскольку сейчас речь идет о жертве. Говоря же: тех, кто освящается, – апостол имеет в виду всех детей Божиих и увещевает, что напрасно просить благодать освящения откуда-то еще. Но чтобы люди не воображали, будто Христос сидит на небесах праздным, апостол снова повторяет: Он сидит одесную Отца. Этим выражением (как видно из другого места) означаются власть и могущество. Посему не надо бояться, что Тот, кто живет для того, чтобы силой Своей наполнить небо и землю, позволит Своей смерти утратить действенность и оставаться бесплодной. Затем апостол поучает из слов псалма, сколь долго должно длится это состояние. А именно: доколе Христос не повергнет всех Своих врагов. Значит, если вера наша ищет Христа одесную Бога, и спокойно уповает на это Его восседание, мы в конец концов обретем плод Его победы, когда в единстве с нашим Главой, ниспровергнув врагов, сатану, грех, смерть и весь мир, восторжествуем, совлекшись плотского тления.

 

 

 

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/hebrews-10.html. 1840-57.

William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation

In this passage we have seven elements: (1) The standing priests. (2) The day-by-day repeated sacrifices, utterly unable to take away sins. (3) Christ's offering one sacrifice for sins forever. (4) His sitting down on the right hand of God. (5) His "expecting" His coming triumph over His foes in His millennial kingdom. (6) The inspired witness of the Holy Spirit to Christ's blessed work, No more offering for sin (vs. 18). (7) His one offering perfected the saints forever!

The central words in all this passage are one sacrifice, expecting, perfected, sat down. We draw especial attention to the words sat down. A seated priest argues a completed work.

* Contrast the blasphemous performances of the Romish "priests": you never heard one of them preaching on the finished work of Christ, the One Sacrifice, and our Lord's session at God's right hand in view of it. But there is always some so-called "priestly" activity on the part of these Judaeo-pagan pope-appointed "priests." They are always standing gabbing in Latin, an unknown tongue; or fiddling about their Satanic invention of the "unbloody sacrifice of the Mass."

Scripture (Rev. 1:5) gives glory unto our blessed Lord thus: "Unto Him that loved us, and loosed us from our sins by His blood; and He made us to be a kingdom, to be Priests unto His God and Father; to Him be the glory and the dominion for ever and ever. Amen."

Yea, all believers are priests, and this only is Scriptural.

The Pope-appointed "priests" make "signs" of the Cross, but never preach the work of Christ finished there!

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Newell, William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wnc/hebrews-10.html. 1938.

Scofield's Reference Notes

sins

Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Hebrews 10:11". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/hebrews-10.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

Ver. 11. Take away sin] Separando auferre, sunder it from the soul, strike a parting blow betwixt them, περιελειν, Undique tollere.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/hebrews-10.html. 1865-1868.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Hebrews 10:11. And every priest standeth, &c.— "And this agrees with what I observed before to be the property of a true and effectual atonement: for, indeed, every priest of the Mosaic law standeth daily ministering, and offering the same sacrifices often; which, as appears from that very circumstance of the repetition of them, can never avail to take away the guilt of sins. But he, our Lord Jesus Christ, having offered, &c. Hebrews 10:12."

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/hebrews-10.html. 1801-1803.

Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament

Our apostle still proceeds upon his former argument, namely, to assign a farther difference between Christ and the Levitical priests.

1. The Levitical priesthood consisted of a plurality of persons; the priests were many; by reason of death they had many successors; but the evangelical priesthood consisted by of one single person, the Lord Jesus, called here, this man.

2. The Levitical priesthood consisted of a plurality of sacrifices; there were also many, many in number, and many in kind, bulls, lambs, goats, &c. but the sacrifice which Christ offered was but one, as to the kind namely, That body which was prepared, ver. .

3. The Levitical sacrifices were oft-times offered, ver. . But the sacrifice of Christ was but once offered.

4. The Levitical sacrifices could never take away sin; but Christ by the sacrifice of his death took away sin for ever, fully and everlastingly.

5. The Levitical priests stood and ministered, ver. . "Every priest standeth daily." This is the posture of servants; but Christ sits, which is the posture of a Lord; This man after he had offered, sat down.

6. They stood daily ministering and offering, because their sacrifices could not take away sin; but Christ did his work fully by one offering, and after that sits or rests forever in heaven.

Learn hence, 1. That Christ crucified is the only divine and proper sacrifice under the gospel.

Divine, because its institution and appointment was of God:

proper, because all the essential properties of an expiatory sacrifice were found in this.

It was a living creature offered by a priest; it was offered to God, and it was a sweet savour unto him; and it is the only proper sacrifice of the gospel: Doing good is called a sacrifice, Hebrews 13:16. Righteousness is called a sacrifice, Psalms 4:5 but not properly, but allusively and metaphorically only.

Learn, 2. That the sacrifice of Christ is but of one kind, and was but once offered; yet it is of such unspeakable value, and everlasting efficacy, as to take away sin fully and finally, and to perfect all them that are or shall be sanctified to the end of the world. The virtue of this sacrifice reacheth backward as far as Adam, and reacheth forward to the last believer springing from Adam:

And as it reacheth backward and forward to all believers, in former, present, and future ages, so to all the sins of all believers, which are fully purged and expiated by it; the design and end of this oblation being to atone, pacify, and reconcile God, by giving a full and adequate compensation and satisfaction to the justice of God, for the wrong done to the holiness of his law. Thus our Jesus, by one offering, has perfected forever them that are sanctified.

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Burkitt, William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wbc/hebrews-10.html. 1700-1703.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

11.] And ( καί introduces a new particular of contrast: ‘and besides’) every high priest (much has of late been said by Delitzsch against the reading ἀρχιερεύς, as bringing in an inaccuracy which our Writer could not be guilty of, seeing that the high priests did not officiate in the daily sacrifice. But all such arguments are worthless against preponderating evidence, and rather tend the other way, viz. to shew how natural it was to alter ἀρχιερεύς to ἱερεύς, on account of this very difficulty. So that on the “procliviori præstat ardua” principle as well, we are bound I conceive to retain ἀρχιερεύς. And with regard to the alleged inaccuracy, I really think that if closely viewed, it will prove rather to be a fine and deep touch of truth. The High-priesthood of our Lord is to be compared with that of the Jewish legal high priests. On the one side is Jesus, alone in the glory of his office and virtue of his sacrifice; on the other is the Jewish high-priesthood, not one man but many, by reason of death; represented in all its acts, personal or delegated, by its holder for the time, by πᾶς ἀρχιερεύς, offering not one, but many sacrifices. This ἀρχιερεύς is the representative of the whole priesthood. Whether he ministered in the daily service of the temple himself or not, it is he who embodies the acts and sufferings of Israel in his own person. How Delitzsch can say that such an idea is foreign alike to the Bible and the Jewish mind, I am at a loss to understand, considering the liberation at the death of the high priest, not to insist on the ceremonies themselves at the day of atonement, when he was clearly the centre and representative of the priesthood, and indeed of all Israel. In treating of the Head of so compact a system as the Jewish priesthood it is clearly allowable, if any where, to bring in the principle, “qui facit per alterum, facit per se.” See ch. Hebrews 7:27, where the very same καθʼ ἡμέραν is predicated of the ἀρχιερεύς) standeth (see reff. No priest nor other person might sit in the inner court of the temple, except the king. There is perhaps more than a fortuitous contrast to ἐκάθισεν below. So Œc. and Thl., aft. Chrys.: ἄρα τὸ ἑστάναι σημεῖόν ἐστι τοῦ λειτουργεῖν, τὸ δὲ καθῆσθαι, ὥσπερ ὁ χριστὸς ἐκάθισεν ἐν δεξιᾷ τοῦ πατρός, σημεῖόν ἐστι τοῦ λειτουργεῖσθαι οἷα θεὸν ὄντα. The vulgate rendering, “præsto est,” is clearly wrong) day by day ministering (see note, ch. Hebrews 8:2), and ( καί brings out that in the λειτουργία, which the Writer wishes most to emphasize) often offering the same sacrifices, the which (i. e. of a sort which, such as) can never take away (lit. ‘strip off all round:’ so of a ring, Genesis 41:42; Esther 3:10; Jos. Antt. xix. 2. 3: Ælian V. H. i. 21: Herod. iii. 41: of clothes from the body, Genesis 38:14; Deuteronomy 21:13; Jonah 3:6; 2 Maccabees 4:38. See reff.: and many more examples in Bleek. And such a word is peculiarly fitting to express the removal of that of which it is said, ch. Hebrews 5:2, αὐτὸς περίκειται ἀσθένειαν, and which is called, ch. Hebrews 12:1, ἡ εὐπερίστατος ἁμαρτία. The sacrifice might bring sense of partial forgiveness: but it could never denude the offerer of sinfulness—strip off and take away his guilt) sins:

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/hebrews-10.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Hebrews 10:11. καὶ πᾶς] καί is the explanatory: and indeed. It develops the ἐφάπαξ, Hebrews 10:10, and belongs equally to Hebrews 10:12 as to Hebrews 10:11.

ἀρχιερεύς] comp. the critical remark.

καθʼ ἡμέραν] see at Hebrews 7:27.

περιελεῖν] stronger than ἀφαιρεῖν, Hebrews 10:4. Literally: take away round about.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

Having proved, that not the yearly repeated legal sacrifices could perfect a sinner, but only the sacrifice of Christ, the Spirit proceeds to prove, that the daily legal sacrifices can do as little for this work as the annual; and therefore these Hebrews ought to desert all these, and depend only upon Christ’s, Hebrews 10:11-18.

And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices: every priest in Aaron’s family in his course daily ministering, stood at the altar, and performed the service appointed him by God, offering often the same bloody sacrifices to God, of bulls, goats, sheep, fowl, many times in one day, and for many days together, Hebrews 7:27.

Which can never take away sins; these were not available either to the priests offering, or those who brought them to be offered, for the spiritual and eternal expiation of their sins, as to their guilt, stain, power, or punishment, not any, nor all of these, none could do it at any time: see Hebrews 10:4.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/hebrews-10.html. 1685.

Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament

Oftentimes; morning and evening daily.

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Edwards, Justin. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Family Bible New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/fam/hebrews-10.html. American Tract Society. 1851.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

daily. Greek. kath" (App-104.) hemeran.

ministering. Greek. leitourgeo App-190.

take away. Greek. periaireo. See Acts 27:20.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:

And. A new contrast: the frequent repetition of the sacrifices.

Priest. So 'Aleph (') Delta f, Vulgate. But A C, 'high priest.' Though he did not in person stand "daily" offering sacrifices, he did so by the subordinate priests of whom, as of all Israel, he was the representative. So "daily" of the high priests, Hebrews 7:27.

Standeth the attitude of one ministering: in contrast to (Christ) "sat down on the right hand of God" (Heb Standeth - the attitude of one ministering: in contrast to (Christ) "sat down on the right hand of God" (Hebrews 10:12): the posture of one ministered to as a king.

Which, [ haitines (Greek #3748)] - 'the which;' i:e., of such a kind as.

Take away - utterly [ perielein (Greek #4014): strip off all round]. Legal sacrifices could scarcely, in part, produce the sense of forgiveness (note, Hebrews 10:4); but could never entirely strip off guilt.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(11) The last was a verse of transition. Naturally following from and completing the previous argument, it leads in the words “once for all” to a new thought, or rather prepares the way for the resumption of a subject to which in an earlier chapter marked prominence was given. If the sanctifying work of the true High Priest has been accomplished “once for all,” such ministry remains for Him no longer (Hebrews 10:12-14). Here, then, the writer brings us back to Hebrews 8:1-2—to that which he there declared to be the crowning point of all his words.

And every priest.—Some ancient MSS. and versions read “high priest,” but the ordinary text is in all probability correct. (With the other reading the work of the priests in their daily ministrations is ascribed to the high priest, whose representatives they were.) Hitherto the thought has rested almost entirely on the ceremonial of the Day of Atonement; there is therefore new significance in the contrast between Jesus and “every priest” in all His ministrations. On “standeth” see the Note on Hebrews 8:1. The accumulation of words which point to the ceaseless repetition of the offerings of the law (Hebrews 10:1) is very noteworthy. The last words point to Hebrews 10:4.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/hebrews-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins:
daily
7:27; Exodus 29:38,39; Numbers 28:3,24; 29:6; Ezekiel 45:4; Daniel 8:11; 9:21,27; Daniel 11:31; 12:11; Luke 1:9,10
which
4; Psalms 50:8-13; Isaiah 1:11
Reciprocal: Exodus 29:36 - every day;  Leviticus 1:5 - the priests;  Leviticus 8:34 - GeneralNehemiah 10:33 - the continual burnt;  Acts 13:39 - from which;  1 Corinthians 15:3 - Christ;  Ephesians 5:2 - as;  Hebrews 1:14 - ministering;  Hebrews 5:1 - every;  Hebrews 7:26 - such;  Hebrews 9:9 - that could;  Hebrews 10:1 - with;  Hebrews 11:40 - they without

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-10.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

This is explained by the comments at verse4 ( Hebrews 10:4).

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/hebrews-10.html. 1952.

Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews

—And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins.

Every priest in Israel stood daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never expiate guilt. The daily and yearly sacrifices were appointed by Divine authority; but, as it had been already proved by their constant repetition, they could not take away sins. Indeed, it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sin, and nothing can satisfy the conscience but what satisfies Divine justice.

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Haldane, Robert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/hebrews-10.html. 1835.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

11.Every priest—A balance of authorities reads here, Every high priest. Alford prefers this reading on the ground that it involves a difficulty, and so would not be introduced by a copyist. The difficulty is, that the high priest did not sacrifice daily, but only annually, on the day of atonement. This difficulty Alford evades by maintaining that the priests were really all agents, through whom the high priest performed all the sacrifices. Delitzsch rejects Alford’s evasion, and decides that the reading, high priest, is a mere copyist’s correction of this text drawn from Hebrews 5:1; Hebrews 8:3 and Hebrews 9:25.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/hebrews-10.html. 1874-1909.

The Expositor's Greek Testament

Hebrews 10:11. introduces a new aspect of the finality of Christ’s sacrifice, to wit, that “whereas every priest stands daily ministering and often offering the same sacrifices,—inasmuch as they are such as never can take sins away—this man having offered one sacrifice for sins for ever sat down on God’s right hand, henceforth waiting till his enemies be set as a footstool for his feet. For by one offering He hath perfected for ever the sanctified.” The argument is in this statement advanced a step. For although the three points urged in Hebrews 10:1-4 are here still in view, viz., that “the Levitical service consists of repeated acts ( , ) and these the same ( ) and essentially ineffective ( , . . ), yet it is now the action of the priest rather than the nature of the sacrifice that comes to the front, and the finality of Christ’s offering is argued from the historical fact that He was not any longer standing ministering but had sat down as one who had quite finished His work. Therefore in Hebrews 10:14 takes the place of of Hebrews 10:10. Nothing further requires to be done to secure in perpetuity the fellowship of man with God. In the one sacrifice of Christ there is cleansing which fits men to draw near to God, to enter into covenant with Him, and there is also ground laid for their continuance in that fellowship. The future ( ) is provided for as well as the past. Limborch quoted by Bleek says “perficit, i.e., perfecte et plene a peccatorum reatu liberavit, ita ut in perpetuum sanctificati sint et ulteriore aut nova oblatione non indigeant”. “His one offering gathers up into itself both the sacrifice that inaugurates the covenant, and all the many sacrifices offered year by year to maintain it and to realise it; it reaches the idea which they strove towards in vain, and by reaching it for ever sets them aside” (Davidson).

In Hebrews 10:11 the more expressive replaces of Hebrews 10:4. It means “to take away something that is all round” as , a garment, the covering of a letter. In Genesis 41:42 it is used of Pharaoh taking off his ring. The phrase therefore suggests that man is enwrapped in sin; or if this is to press too hard the etymological meaning, it at least suggests complete deliverance. cf.Hebrews 3:3 and Hebrews 8:3. cannot be construed with but must be taken with . “To say of the Levitical priests that they (Hebrews 10:1) is appropriate; to say of Christ that He . is almost a self-contradiction” (Vaughan). balances , and cf. especially Hebrews 1:3. No doubt the usual position of is after the word it qualifies, Hebrews 10:1-14 and Hebrews 7:3. . has no time reference, cf.Hebrews 2:11.

 

 

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Nicol, W. Robertson, M.A., L.L.D. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". The Expositor's Greek Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/hebrews-10.html. 1897-1910.

The Bible Study New Testament

11. Every Jewish priest. “You can plainly see the futility of the sacrifices of the Law!”

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/hebrews-10.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

11.And every priest, etc. Here is the conclusion of the whole argument, — that the practice of daily sacrificing is inconsistent with and wholly foreign to the priesthood of Christ; and that hence after his coming the Levitical priests whose custom and settled practice was daily to offer, were deposed from their office; for the character of things which are contrary is, that when one thing is set up, the other falls to the ground. He has hitherto labored enough, and more than enough, in defending the priesthood of Christ; the conclusion then is, that the ancient priesthood, which is inconsistent with this, has ceased; for all the saints find a full consecration in the one offering of Christ. At the same time the word τετελείωκεν, which I render “has consecrated,” may yet be rendered “has perfected;” but I prefer the former meaning, because he treats here of sacred things. (167)

By saying, them who are sanctified, he includes all the children of God; and he reminds us that the grace of sanctification is sought elsewhere in vain.

But lest men should imagine that Christ is now idle in heaven, he repeats again that he sat down at God’s right hand; by which phrase is denoted, as we have seen elsewhere, his dominion and power. There is therefore no reason for us to fear, that he will suffer the efficacy of his death to be destroyed or to lie buried; for he lives for this end, that by his power he may fill heaven and earth. He then reminds us in the words of the Psalm how long this state of things is to be, even until Christ shall lay prostrate all his enemies. If then our faith seeks Christ sitting on God’s right hand, and recumbs quietly on him as there sitting, we shall at length enjoy the fruit of his victory; yea, when our foes, Satan, sin, death, and the whole world are vanquished, and when corruption of our flesh is cast off, we shall triumph for ever together with our head.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:11". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/hebrews-10.html. 1840-57.