Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Hebrews 10:14

For by one offering He has perfected for all time those who are sanctified.
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Atonement;   Jesus, the Christ;   Law;   Offerings;   Perfection;   Sanctification;   Types;   The Topic Concordance - Jesus Christ;   Justification;   Law;   Obedience;   Reconciliation;   Righteousness;   Sacrifice;   Sanctification;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Atonement, the;   High Priest, the;   Law of Moses, the;   Second Coming of Christ, the;   Witness of the Holy Spirit;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abihu;   Law;   Testament;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Assurance;   Consecration;   Jesus christ;   Leviticus;   Priest;   Sacrifice;   Sanctification;   Type, typology;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Offerings and Sacrifices;   Sanctification;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Atonement;   Covenant;   Peace;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Atonement, Day of;   Ezekiel;   Hebrews, the Epistle to the;   High Priest;   Jesus Christ;   Lord's Supper;   Meribah;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Expiation, Propitiation;   Hebrews;   Perfect;   Reconcilation;   Sanctification;   Scapegoat;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ascension;   Atonement;   Church;   Eucharist;   Jeremiah;   Law;   Perfection;   Priest;   Sanctification, Sanctify;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Guilt (2);   Hebrews Epistle to the;   Holiness;   Justification;   Obedience (2);   Priest;   Priest (2);   Propitiation (2);   Regeneration;   Righteous, Righteousness;   Sacrifice;   Sacrifice (2);   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Atonement, Day of;   Numbers as Symbols;   Perfect;   Sanctification;   Sprinkling;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Christ;   Feasts;   Jephtha;   Priest;   Red heifer;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Altar;   Law;   Lord (2);   Priest;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Priesthood, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Accommodation;   Intercession of Christ;   Priest, High;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for July 22;   Every Day Light - Devotion for November 26;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

For by one offering - His death upon the cross.

He hath perfected for ever - He has procured remission of sins and holiness; fur it is well observed here, and in several parts of this epistle, that τελειοω, to make perfect, is the same as αφεσιν ἁμαρτιων ποιεω, to procure remission of sins.

Them that are sanctified - Τους ἁγιαζομενους· Them that have received the sprinkling of the blood of this offering. These, therefore, receiving redemption through that blood, have no need of any other offering; as this was a complete atonement, purification, and title to eternal glory.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

For by one offering - By offering himself once on the cross. The Jewish priest offered his sacrifices often, and still they did not avail to put away sin; the Saviour made one sacrifice, and it was sufficient for the sins of the world.

He hath perfected forever - He hath laid the foundation of the eternal perfection. The offering is of such a character that it secures their final freedom from sin, and will make them forever holy. It cannot mean that those for whom he died are made at once perfectly holy, for that is not true; but the idea is, that the offering was complete, and did not need to be repeated; and that it was of such a nature as entirely to remove the penalty due to sin, and to lay the foundation for their final and eternal holiness. The offerings made under the Jewish Law were so defective that there was a necessity for repeating them every day; the offering made by the Saviour was so perfect that it needed not to be repeated, and that it secured the complete and final salvation of those who availed themselves of it.

Them that are sanctified - Those who are made holy by that offering. It does not mean that they are as yet “wholly” sanctified, but that they have been brought under the influence of that gospel which sanctifies and saves; see Hebrews 2:11; Hebrews 9:14. The doctrine taught in this verse is, that all those who are in any measure sanctified will be perfected forever. It is not a temporary work which has been begun in their souls, but one which is designed to be carried forward to perfection. In the atonement made by the Redeemer there is the foundation laid for their eternal perfection, and it was with reference to that, that it was offered. Respecting this work and the consequences of it, we may remark, that there is:

(1)perfection in its nature, it being of such a character that it needs not to be repeated;

(2)there is perfection in regard to the pardon of sin - all past sins being forgiven to those who embrace it, and being forever forgiven; and

(3)there is to be absolute perfection for them forever.

They will be made perfect at some future period, and when that shall take place it will be to continue forever and ever.

(The perfection, in this place, is not to be understood of the perfection of grace or of glory. It is perfection, in regard to the matter in hand, in regard to what was the chief design of sacrifices, namely, expiation and consequent pardon and acceptance of God. And this indeed is the Τελειωσις Teleiōsisof the Epistle to the Hebrews generally, Hebrews 7:11; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1. Perfect moral purity and consummate happiness will doubtless follow as consequences of the sacrifice of Christ, but the completeness of his expiation, and its power to bring pardon and peace to the guilty and trembling sinner, to justify him unto eternal life, is here, at all events, principally intended. The parties thus perfected or completely justified, are τους ἁγιαζομενους tous hagiazomenousthe “sanctified.” Ἁγιαζω , however, besides the general sense of “sanctify” has in this Epistle, like τελειοω teleioōits sacrificial sense of cleansing from guilt. “Whether ceremonially, as under the Levitical dispensation; Hebrews 9:13; comp, Leviticus 16:19; or really and truly, by the offering of the body of Christ; Hebrews 10:10, Hebrews 10:14, Hebrews 10:29; compare Hebrews 10:2, and Hebrews 2:11; Hebrews 9:14.” - Parkhurst‘s Greek Lexicon. The meaning, then, may be, that they who are purged or cleansed by this sacrifice, in other words, those to whom its virtue is applied, are perfectly justified.

Wherever this divine remedy is used, it will effectually save. By one offering Christ hath forever justified such as are purged or cleansed by it. This could not be said of those sanctified or purged by the legal sacrifices. Mr. Scott gives the sacrificial sense of the word, but combines with it the sense of sanctifying morally, in the following excellent paraphrase. “By his one oblation he hath provided effectually for the perfect justification unto eternal life, of all those who should ever receive his atonement, by faith springing from regeneration, and evidenced ‹by the sanctification of the Spirit unto obedience,‘ and who were thus set apart and consecrated to the service of God.”)

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/hebrews-10.html. 1870.

The Biblical Illustrator

Hebrews 10:14

Perfected for ever them that are sanctified

Perfection in faith

I.
THE CHILDREN OF GOD ARE HERE INTENDED, UNDER THE TERM “SANCTIFIED”; they are described as sanctified persons. There are two meanings to the term “sanctified.” One is, “set apart.” God has set apart His people from before the foundation of the world, to be His chosen and peculiar inheritance. We are sanctified by God the Father. There is a second signification, which implies not the decree of the Father, but the work of the Holy Spirit. But the word here, I think, includes both of these senses; and I must try to find a figure which will embrace them both. And what is the apostle speaking about? In the ninth chapter he is speaking about the tabernacle, and the candlestick, and the table, and the shewbread, and the sanctuary, and the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid with gold, and the pot of manna; he is talking about priests, and holy things; and he is declaring that all these things of which he speaks were sanctified things, but that though they were sanctified things, they wanted to be made perfect by the sprinkling of blood, Now I believe the sanctification of our text is to be understood in this sense.

II. IN WHAT SENSE ARE WE TO UNDERSTAND THAT CHRIST HAS PERFECTED THESE THAT ARE SANCTIFIED? When the golden vessels were brought into the temple or into the sanctuary, they were sanctified the very first moment that they were dedicated to God. No one dared to employ them for anything but holy uses. But they were not perfect. What did they need, then, to make them perfect? Why, to have blood sprinkled on them; and, as soon as the blood was sprinkled on them, those golden vessels were perfect vessels, officially perfect. God accepted them as being holy and perfect things, and they stood in His sight as instruments of an acceptable worship. Just so was it with the Levites and the priests. As soon as ever they were set apart to their office; as soon as ever they were bern, in fact, they were consecrated, they belonged to God; they were His peculiar priesthood. But they were not perfect until they had passed through divers washings, and had the blood sprinkled upon them. Then God looked upon them in their official priestly character, as being perfect persons. Here is one sense of the text. The apostle says that we who are the priests of God have a right as priests to go to God’s mercy-seat that is within the veil; but it were to our death to go there unless we were perfect. But we are perfect, for the blood of Christ has been sprinkled on us, and, therefore, our standing before God is the standing of perfection. Our standing, in our own conscience, is imperfection, just as the character of the priest might be imperfect. But that has nothing to do with it. Our standing in the sight of God is a standing of perfection; and when He sees the blood, as of old the destroying angel passed over Israel, so this day, when He sees the blood, God passes over our sins, and accepts us at the throne of His mercy, as if we were perfect. Therefore, let us come boldly; let us “draw near with a true heart in frill assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience, and our bodies washed with pure water.” And now we will have one more thought, and then I shall have given you the full meaning of the text. In the seventh chapter, the nineteenth verse, there is a word that is a key to the meaning of my text, and that helped me all through it. “For the law made nothing perfect, but the bringing in of a better hope did, by the which we draw nigh unto God.” Then with this, compare the tenth chapter and first verse, “The law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things, can never with those sacrifices which they offered year by year, continually make the comers thereunto perfect.” There is the word “perfect”; and we have it in the text; “for then,” says he, if they had been perfect, “would they not have ceased to be offered.” Why offer any more, if you are a perfect man? “If the sacrifice made is perfect, the worshippers, once purged, should have had no more conscience of sin.” Now mark. The Jewish sacrifice was never intended to make the Jew’s moral character any better, and it did not; it had no effect upon what we call his sanctification; all the sacrifice dealt with was his justification, and the perfection would be sought after; the perfection is not of sanctification, but of official standing, as he stood justified before God. Now that is the meaning of the word “perfect” here. It does not mean that the sacrifice did not make the man perfectly holy, and perfectly moral, and so forth; the sacrifice had no tendency to do that; it was quite another matter. It means that it did not perfectly make him justified in his own conscience and in the sight of God, because he had to come and offer again. But now behold the glory of Christ Jesus as revealed to us in our text. “Those sacrifices could not make the comers thereunto perfect.” They could not feel in their own conscience that they were perfectly justified, and they wanted fresh offerings; but I see the slaughtered Lamb on Calvary. Years ago I sought Him and I found Him. I do not want another Lamb; I do not want another sacrifice. I can still see that blood flowing, and I can feel continually that I have no more conscience of sin. (C. H. Spurgeon.)

The one perfect offering

1. The act is to perfect, which may be to a thing perfect; and seeing the end of Christ’s sacrifice is man’s full happiness, therefore to perfect is to make us perfectly and fully happy.

2. The subject of this consecration are the sanctified.

3. The effect is glorious and most excellent, and includes regeneration, justification, reconciliation, adoption with the inferior degrees of them all, and also the resurrection and eternal glorification. And surely so rare an effect must have some excellent cause; and so it hath, and that is, that one offering of Christ. (G. Lawson.)

Perfected:

The word “perfected” falls with a strange sound on those who are experiencing daily their sad imperfections. But the Christian is a strange paradox. We are unknown, yet well known; chastened, yet not killed; dying, and, behold, we live; poor, yet making many rich; having nothing, yet possessing all things. Let me speak to you then of this twofold aspect of the Christian. You may be caught up into the third heaven, and yet the abundance of thin revelation will not burn up the dross that is within you, or kill the old man, the flesh which warreth against the spirit. We have died once in Christ, and in Christ are accepted and perfect; but our old nature is not dead, the flesh in us is not annihilated, there is still within us that which has no pleasure in the will and ways of God. Painful this struggle will ever be, though God is with us, and our joy is greater than our pain. We have in us the death of Adam, and we have in us the resurrection of Jesus Christ. By the one we are broken and tormented through sin, and darkness, and sluggishness, and earthliness, and gloom; by Christ we are raised, and strengthened, and comforted. We sin, we fall, we carry about with us a mind resisting God’s will, criticising it, and rebelling; and we shall experience to the very last breath we draw on earth, that there is a conflict, and that we must strive and suffer in order to be faithful unto death. (A. Saphir.)

Importance of the death of Christ:

Speculate on it how we may, the death of the Lord Jesus Christ is presented to us in the New Testament as the everlasting reason of every happy relation between sinful man and the moral government of God. (R. W. Dale, LL. D.)

By one offering:

As our burnt-offering, Christ became our righteousness in full consecration; as our peace-offering, our life; as our sin-offering, the expiation for our sins; as our guilt-offering, He made satisfaction and’ plenary reparation in our behalf to the God on whose inalienable rights in us, by our sins we had trespassed without measure. (S. H. Kellogg, D. D.)

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Exell, Joseph S. "Commentary on "Hebrews 10:14". The Biblical Illustrator. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/hebrews-10.html. 1905-1909. New York.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

This summation clincher, as to the superiority of Christ's sacrifice, exploits the fact that he needed only ONE offering to accomplish everything that millions of offerings under the law could not do, namely, provide forgiveness of sins.

Them that are sanctified are not to be identified as those who have by means of personal devotion, prayer and study, achieved some more than ordinary holiness, but as encompassing all the redeemed of all the ages who, through Christ alone, have received all that is necessary to be set apart unto eternal life. The greatness of that one sacrifice received further emphasis under "The Blood of Christ," above.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/hebrews-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

For by one offering,.... The same as before; himself, body and soul; this is a reason why he is set down, and will continue so for ever, and why he expects his enemies to be made his footstool; because by one sacrifice for sin, which he has once offered,

he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified; that is, who are sanctified by God the Father, Judges 1:1 or, who are set apart by him in eternal election, from the rest of the world, for his own use, service, and glory, to a state of grace and holiness here, and happiness hereafter; for this is not to be understood either of their being sanctified in Christ, though the Syriac version reads, "that are sanctified" in him, or by his Spirit, though both are true of the same persons; these Christ, by his sacrifice, has perfected, and has perfectly fulfilled the law for them; he has perfectly expiated their sins; he has obtained the full pardon of all their sins, and complete redemption; he has perfectly justified them from all things, and that for ever; which shows the continued virtue of Christ's sacrifice, in all generations, to all the elect of God, and the fulness and duration of their salvation; and so Christ by his one sacrifice did what the law, and all its sacrifices, could not do, Hebrews 10:1.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/hebrews-10.html. 1999.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

For — The sacrifice being “for ever” in its efficacy (Hebrews 10:12) needs no renewal.

them that are sanctified — rather as Greek, “them that are being sanctified.” The sanctification (consecration to God) of the elect (1 Peter 1:2) believers is perfect in Christ once for all (see on Hebrews 10:10). (Contrast the law, Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1). The development of that sanctification is progressive.

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This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

He hath perfected (τετελειωκενteteleiōken). Perfect active indicative of τελειοωteleioō He has done what the old sacrifices failed to do (Hebrews 10:1).

Them that are sanctified (τους αγιαζομενουςtous hagiazomenous). Articular participle (accusative case) present passive of αγιαζωhagiazō (note perfect in Hebrews 10:10) either because of the process still going on or because of the repetition in so many persons as in Hebrews 2:11.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/hebrews-10.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Vincent's Word Studies

He hath perfected forever ( τετελείωκεν εἰς τὸ διηνεκές )

Note the continued emphasis upon the τελείωσις perfection. Comp. Hebrews 7:11, Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 12:2. No more sacrifices are needed. The reign of the Great High Priest is not to be interrupted by the duty of sacrifice.

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Vincent, Marvin R. DD. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Vincent's Word Studies in the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/vnt/hebrews-10.html. Charles Schribner's Sons. New York, USA. 1887.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

He hath perfected them for ever — That is, has done all that was needful in order to their full reconciliation with God.

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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/hebrews-10.html. 1765.

William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation

For by one offering He hath perfected (in standing) forever them that are sanctified (made to be saints): When the heart realizes that sin has all been put away forever, the conscience becomes "perfected," in the language of Hebrews (10:1, 14), and then, and not until then, does the thought of an ever-continuing High Priest become a delight. (See again comment on vs. 14 under vs. 10).

*A "perfect" conscience in Hebrews does not mean that of a perfected, or fullgrown, believer. A babe in Christ might learn that his sins had been put forever away: he might believe the Word of God in 1 Pet. 2:24: "Who His own self bare our sins in His body upon the Tree"; he would have many things to learn, and indeed he might be at that time in ignorance doing that with which God was not pleased. But that is not the question. The minute he should see that Christ bore his sins and by His blood put them away before God, his conscience would be at rest.

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Newell, William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wnc/hebrews-10.html. 1938.

Scofield's Reference Notes

perfected

(See Scofield "Matthew 5:48").

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Scofield, C. I. "Scofield Reference Notes on Hebrews 10:14". "Scofield Reference Notes (1917 Edition)". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/srn/hebrews-10.html. 1917.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

14 For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

Ver. 14. He hath perfected] tie would not off the cross till all was finished.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/hebrews-10.html. 1865-1868.

Sermon Bible Commentary

Hebrews 10:14

Christ our Priest.

The Epistle to the Hebrews represents Christ as our High Priest, and His office as a priesthood; as a priesthood in the two great parts of the priestly character, sacrifice and intercession or mediation. And it declares, also, that this is the only priest, and the only priesthood which the gospel acknowledges.

I. Christ, then, by one offering, hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified. By one offering, namely, the offering of Himself upon the cross, for the sins of the whole world. By this offering we are perfected, and without it we were lost. Undoubtedly these few words are the very sum and substance of the gospel. Every heart, however constituted, with all our manifold varieties of power and disposition, can yet find in Christ that which will better suit its peculiar nature than anything to be found elsewhere; all of us, if we could truly believe in Christ should assuredly find that our faith had saved us.

II. He has perfected us; that is, the work is complete, if we would but believe it; but till we do believe it, it is in us not completed. It is complete in us when our hearts are softened, and God and Christ and our own sin are fully before us; but as they pass away, so it becomes again undone. It becomes undone, because then we do not believe. Another belief is ruling in our hearts; the belief that we may follow our own ways, and live safely without God. But when we believe in God, the Father of Christ, we shall know and feel what is meant by infinite holiness and infinite love; and by the one offering of our High Priest once offered, we shall feel that we who were dead are made alive—that we are now for ever perfected.

T. Arnold, Sermons, vol. iii., p. 78.


References: Hebrews 10:14.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. v., No. 232; Clergyman's Magazine,-vol. iv.,p. 224; vol. vi.,p. 153. Hebrews 10:15-18.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xii., No. 714; Homiletic Quarterly, vol. iii., p. 47. Hebrews 10:17.—Spurgeon, Sermons, vol. xxviii., No. 1685. Hebrews 10:19.—Preacher's Monthly, vol. viii., p. 361. Hebrews 10:19, Hebrews 10:20.—Bishop Thorold, Church of England Pulpit, vol. i., p. 81; Clergyman's Magazine, vol. x., p. 144. Hebrews 10:19-22.—H. W. Beecher, Christian World Pulpit, vol. xi., p. 266; Homiletic Quarterly, vol. iii., p. 463.

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Nicoll, William R. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Sermon Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/sbc/hebrews-10.html.

Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible

Hebrews 10:14. For by one offering, &c.— "For by that one offering up of himself, concerning which we have been speaking, he hath made an expiation, which avails perpetually to render all those who partake of the virtue of it, completely qualified for the spiritual worship and service of God; and has rendered all true believers acceptable to God; and has made effectual provision for raising those sanctified and faithful ones to a state of the most consummate holiness, felicity, and glory; (Hebrews 10:15.) And of this the Holy Ghost assures us, fully attesting what has been said."

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Coke, Thomas. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". Thomas Coke Commentary on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/hebrews-10.html. 1801-1803.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

14.] And He need not renew his sacrifice: For by one offering (we might read also μία γὰρ προσφορά, nominative: and Bengel prefers this, from the fact that in Hebrews 10:11 the sacrifices are the subject, αἵτινες οὐδέποτε δύνανται κ. τ. λ. But here more probably Christ is the subject throughout, and therefore the dative is better: there being no relative to connect with θυσίαν, as there) He hath perfected for ever them who are being sanctified (“The Writer says not τοὺς τελειωμένους, but τοὺς ἁγιαζομένους. Sanctification, i. e. the imputed and implanted purification from sins (for both these are alike contained in the idea), is the way whereby the objective perfection already provided in the self-sacrifice of Christ gradually renders itself subjective in men.” Delitzsch).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/hebrews-10.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Hebrews 10:14. Proof of the possibility of the εἰς τὸ διηνεκὲς ἐκάθισεν ἐν δεξιᾷ τοῦ θεοῦ, Hebrews 10:12, from the needlessness for a fresh sacrifice, since Christ has already, by the sacrifice once offered, brought in perfect sanctification for His believers.

The accentuation: μιᾷ γὰρ προσφορᾷ, merits the preference to μιὰ γὰρ προσφορά, to which Bengel is inclined, and which has been followed by Ewald, since by the former the words acquire an immediate reference to Christ.

τοὺς ἁγιαζομένους] them that are sanctified, sc. as regards the decree of God. The participle present is used substantively, as Hebrews 2:11, without respect to time.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Hebrews 10:14. ΄ιᾷ γὰρ προσφορᾷ, for by one offering) Or should we rather read μία γὰρ προσφορὰ, for one offering?(63) For the language is framed (moves on) in the abstract also in Hebrews 10:11; and with the same verb τελειοῦν, to perfect, which here sustains the Apodosis, it was similarly framed, ch. Hebrews 7:19, Hebrews 9:9, Hebrews 10:1.— γὰρ, for) The assigning of a reason (Ætiology, Append.) is to be referred to (has reference to) Hebrews 10:12.— τοὺς ἁγιαζομένους, those who were sanctified) A participle of the imperfect tense. For this sanctification was accomplished in the very act of offering the sacrifice, Hebrews 10:10.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/hebrews-10.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

For by one offering: for here gives the reason of the precedent effect, and it is opposed to the reason of the legal offerings’ defect; their sacrifices multiplied could not perfect sinners, but this one doth it fully.

He hath perfected for ever: Christ, God-man, the gospel High Priest, by the one offering of himself a sacrifice for sin to God his Father, and once performed by him, hath secured perfection of justification, sanctification, and blessedness, perpetually to be continued, whereby the persons interested in it are qualified and consecrated to be priests to God and his Father, (as the Aaronical priests were by the sacrifice of the ram of consecration, Exodus 29:22,24), to serve in their proportion here, but especially after the completion of it by their resurrection, they shall perfectly serve him before his throne in the holy of holiest for ever, 1 Peter 2:9 Revelation 1:6 5:10 20:6.

Them that are sanctified; the renewed souls by the Holy Ghost, such whose consciences he hath sprinkled with the blood of Jesus, and by it freed them from the guilt of sin and its punishment, and whose natures he regenerates and sanctifieth, freeing them from their evil habits, and making them inherently holiness unto the Lord, Psalms 110:3 1 Corinthians 6:11.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/hebrews-10.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

совершенными См. пояснение к ст. 1. Означает совершенное положение перед Богом в праведности Христа (см. пояснения к Рим. 3:22; Флп. 3:8, 9). освящаемых См. пояснение к ст. 10.

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/hebrews-10.html.

Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible

‘For by one offering he has perfected for ever those who are sanctified.’

For by one offering He has fully achieved His aim, He has perfected for ever (perfected in the past so that the benefit continues to the present day) those who are being sanctified (are in the process of having their sanctification, provided for them in Hebrews 10:10, made into a reality through and through). That is, He has made them be seen as continually perfect in the sight of God, clothing them with His own perfection, with a view to them being made perfect through the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit.

‘Perfected for ever.’ Made perfect in Him once-for-all and in continuing fashion (perfect tense) with a view to the fact that one day, through the sanctifying work of the Holy Spirit, they may be presented to Him without spot or wrinkle or any such thing, but that they might be holy and without blemish (Ephesians 5:27). Through His death He has wrought a perfect salvation for all who are His.

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Pett, Peter. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Peter Pett's Commentary on the Bible ". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pet/hebrews-10.html. 2013.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Hebrews 10:14. For by one offering he hath perfected for ever, in unbroken continuance, them that are being sanctified. Here the word used is the present participle—not as in Hebrews 10:10, the perfect—and calls attention to the progressive purification that belongs to the redeemed. The word ‘sanctified’ implies both the imputed and the imparted righteousness of Christ. When the perfect is used, and we are said to be sanctified in Christ, imputed purification from the guilt of sin is the predominant thought; when the present is used, it points rather to the subjective process whereby Christ’s work is realized in the peace and holiness of believers.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/hebrews-10.html. 1879-90.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

By one oblation (5) he hath perfected or consummated for ever them that are sanctified, or justified, because this one oblation was sufficient to sanctify all men. He repeats this, to shew them the excellency of Christ's sacrifice above those of the former law. (Witham)

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[BIBLIOGRAPHY]

Una oblatione, &c. Greek: mia prosphora. See St. John Chrysostom (Greek: log. iz. p. 523. lin. 20. et seq.) Greek: ti oun emeis kath ekasten emeran ou prospheromen; prospheromen men, all anamnesin poioumenoi tou thanatou autou. kai mia estin aute, kai ou pollai....ton gar auton aei prospheromen....osper pollachou prosphomenos en soma esti. kai ou polla somata, outo kai mia thusia (et unum, sive idem sacrificium) o Archiereus emon ekeinos esti, o ten thusian kathaiousan zmas prosnegkon. ekeinen prospheromen kai non, ten tote prosenechtheisen, &c.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/hebrews-10.html. 1859.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

For. The sacrifice being "forever" in its efficacy (Hebrews 10:12) needs no renewal. "For," etc.

Them that are sanctified, [ hagiazomenous (Greek #37)] - 'them that are being sanctified.' The sanctification (consecration to God) of the elect (1 Peter 1:2) is perfect in Christ once for all (note, Hebrews 10:10). (Contrast the law, Hebrews 7:19; Hebrews 9:9; Hebrews 10:1.) The development of that sanctification is progressive.

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(14) No repetition of His offering is needed, for by one offering He hath brought all unto “perfection,” and that “for ever.” In Hebrews 7:11 we have read that “perfection” did not come through the Levitical priesthood or through the law (Hebrews 10:19); the object of man’s hopes and of all priestly service has at last been attained, since through the “great High Priest” “we draw nigh to God” (Hebrews 7:19). In this is involved salvation to the uttermost (Hebrews 7:25). The last word of this verse has occurred before, in Hebrews 2:11. As was there explained, it literally means those who are being sanctified, all those who, from age to age, through faith (Hebrews 10:22) receive as their own that which has been procured for all men.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/hebrews-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.
he
1; 7:19,25; 9:10,14
them
2:11; 6:13,14; 13:12; Acts 20:32; 26:13; Romans 15:16; 1 Corinthians 1:2; Ephesians 5:26; Jude 1:1
Reciprocal: Exodus 12:7 - GeneralLeviticus 4:31 - a sweet;  Leviticus 8:28 - Moses;  Leviticus 15:14 - GeneralLeviticus 16:34 - once a year;  Leviticus 23:28 - GeneralIsaiah 53:5 - But he was;  Daniel 9:24 - and to;  Acts 26:18 - sanctified;  Romans 8:3 - For what;  Romans 10:4 - Christ;  Colossians 1:28 - perfect;  Hebrews 10:10 - the offering;  Hebrews 10:18 - GeneralHebrews 12:2 - finisher

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-10.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

This is equivalent to Hebrews 9:26; and verse12in this chapter ( Hebrews 10:12).

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/hebrews-10.html. 1952.

Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible

Hebrews 10:14

"For by one offering he has perfected forever those who are sanctified." Hebrews 10:14

To be "sanctified" is to be made a partaker of that holiness, without which no man shall see the Lord; to be made a new creature; to "put on the new Prayer of Manasseh, which after God is created in righteousness and true holiness;" in a word, to be "made a partaker of the divine nature," and thus have the holiness of God breathed into and communicated to the soul. Without this inward sanctification, none can enter the gates of heaven. To be made fit, therefore, for the heavenly inheritance, you must have a heavenly heart and a praising, adoring, loving spirit; you must delight yourself in the Lord as being so holy and yet so gracious, so pure and yet so loving, so bright and glorious and yet so condescending and sympathizing.

Now this fitness for the holiness, happiness, and employments of heaven is communicated at regeneration, in which the new man of grace, though weak, is still perfect. Look at the thief upon the cross—what an instance is he how the Spirit of God can in a moment make a man fit for heaven! Here was a vile malefactor, whose life had been spent in robbery and murder, brought at last to suffer the just punishment of his crimes; and as we are told that "they who were crucified with him reviled him," we have reason to believe that at first he joined his fellow malefactor in blaspheming the Redeemer. But sovereign grace, and what but sovereign grace? touched his heart, brought him to see and feel what he was as a ruined sinner, opened his eyes to view the Son of God bleeding before him, raised up faith in his soul to believe in his name, and created a spirit of prayer that the Lord of heaven and earth would remember him when he came into his kingdom—perhaps the greatest act of faith we have recorded in all Scripture, almost equal if not superior to the faith of Abraham when he offered up Isaac on the altar.

The dying Redeemer heard and answered his cry, and said to him, "Today shall you be with me in paradise." Spirit and life accompanied the words, and raised up at once in his soul a fitness for the inheritance, and before the shadows of night fell, his happy spirit passed into paradise, where he is now singing the praises of God and of the Lamb. Many a poor child of God has gone on almost to his last hours on earth without a manifestation of pardoning love and the application of atoning blood; but he has not been allowed to die without the Holy Spirit revealing salvation to his soul, and attuning his heart to sing the immortal anthem of the glorified spirits before the throne.

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Philpot, Joseph Charles. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". Commentary by J.C.Philpot on select texts of the Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jcp/hebrews-10.html.

Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews

For by one offering he hath perfected for ever them that are sanctified.

See on ver10. Here, again, the word "perfect" occurs. The sanctified are those who are chosen in Christ before the foundation of the world, that they might be holy and without blame before Him in love; who are redeemed, not with corruptible things, such as silver and gold, but with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot; whose sins are forgiven for His name's sake; who are brought within the bond of the new covenant, and who are going up through the wilderness, leaning upon Him who has undertaken to guide them by His counsel and afterwards receive them to His glory. His one offering has made them perfect. God sees no iniquity in Jacob, nor perverseness in Israel. He is well pleased for His righteousness' sake. They are washed, and sanctified, and justified in the name of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God. Such are the effects of His one offering. He stood as the head of His body, the Church, and they are complete in Him. So glorious is His offering, that there is no spot in His redeemed. They are clothed in a garment in which God's omniscient eye discerns no flaw. They are complete in Christ. They have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.

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Haldane, Robert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/hebrews-10.html. 1835.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

14.Perfected for ever’ sanctified—He has once, fully and forever, potentially and conditionally, perfected all; but the full reality takes effect only in those who are sanctified through faith in him.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/hebrews-10.html. 1874-1909.

The Bible Study New Testament

14. With one sacrifice. “This one act of God in Christ is the perfect antidote to the guilt of sin and the fear of punishment. It is available to everyone who will reach out through faith to seize it and make themselves part of it!!! He has made perfect forever those who are clean from sin because they participated in His sacrifice (Romans 6:3-11and notes).”

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:14". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/hebrews-10.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.