Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Hebrews 10:13

waiting from that time onward until His enemies be made a footstool for His feet .
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Atonement;   Law;   Offerings;   Quotations and Allusions;   Types;   Thompson Chain Reference - Footstool;   The Topic Concordance - Jesus Christ;   Justification;   Law;   Obedience;   Reconciliation;   Righteousness;   Sacrifice;   Sanctification;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Law of Moses, the;  
Dictionaries:
American Tract Society Bible Dictionary - Abihu;   Law;   Testament;   Bridgeway Bible Dictionary - Consecration;   Enemy;   Jesus christ;   Leviticus;   Priest;   Sacrifice;   Type, typology;   Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Priest, Priesthood;   Charles Buck Theological Dictionary - Atonement;   Covenant;   Peace;   Fausset Bible Dictionary - Atonement, Day of;   Hebrews, the Epistle to the;   Lord's Supper;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Footstool;   Future Hope;   Hebrews;   Reconcilation;   Scapegoat;   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Ascension;   Atonement;   Expect;   Hope;   Sanctification, Sanctify;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Ascension;   Ascension (2);   Attributes of Christ;   Enemies ;   Enmity ;   Hebrews Epistle to the;   Metaphor;   Obedience (2);   Priest (2);   Propitiation (2);   Session;   Waiting;   Morrish Bible Dictionary - Atonement, Day of;   The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary - Christ;   People's Dictionary of the Bible - Law;   Wilson's Dictionary of Bible Types - Footstool;  
Encyclopedias:
Condensed Biblical Cyclopedia - Priesthood, the;   International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Accommodation;   Ascension;   Expect;   Footstool;   Intercession of Christ;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for November 23;   Every Day Light - Devotion for November 26;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Till his enemies be made his footstool - Till all that oppose his high priesthood and sacrificial offering shall be defeated, routed, and confounded; and acknowledge, in their punishment, the supremacy of his power as universal and eternal King, who refused to receive him as their atoning and sanctifying Priest. There is also an oblique reference here to the destruction of the Jews, which was then at hand; for Christ was about to take away the second with an overwhelming flood of desolations.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

From henceforth expecting - Or waiting. He waits there until this shall be accomplished according to the promise made to him that all things shall be subdued under him; see the notes on 1 Corinthians 15:25-27.

Till his enemies - There is an allusion here to Psalm 110:1, where it is said, “The Lord said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand until I make thine enemies thy footstool.” The enemies of the Redeemer are Satan, the wicked of the earth, and all the evil passions of the heart. The idea is, that all things are yet to be made subject to his will - either by a cheerful and cordial submission to his authority, or by being crushed beneath his power. The Redeemer, having performed his great work of redemption by giving himself as a sacrifice on the cross, is represented now as calmly waiting until this glorious triumph is achieved, and this promise is fulfilled. We are not to suppose that he is inactive, or that he takes no share in the agency by which this is to be done. but the meaning is, that he looks to the certain fulfillment of the promise.

His footstool - That is, they shall be thoroughly and completely subdued. The same idea is expressed in 1 Corinthians 15:25, by saying that all his enemies shall be put under his feet. The language arose from the custom of conquerors in putting their feet on the necks of their enemies, as a symbol of subjection; see Joshua 10:24; notes, Isaiah 26:5-6.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/hebrews-10.html. 1870.

Coffman Commentaries on the Bible

Henceforth expecting until his enemies be made the footstool of his feet.

Both Bruce and Clarke saw in these words a warning to the readers of this epistle.

There may be an implied warning here to his readers not to let themselves be numbered among the enemies of the exalted Christ, but rather to be reckoned among his friends and companions by preserving their fidelity to the end.[18]

There is also here an oblique reference to the destruction of the Jews, which was then at hand; for Christ was about to "take away the first" with an overwhelming flood of desolations.[19]SIZE>

The message trumpeted by this verse is not merely that Christ is preparing to reign but that he is already doing so. See 1 Corinthians 15:22ff. Those who fondly wait and expect that Christ shall come back to earth literally and take vengeance upon his enemies overlook the fact that this is being done now. How? The very sins that people commit destroy them; and, although that cannot be the manner of death's ultimate destruction, it certainly applies to all of Christ's other enemies. Christ needs only to wait until the rebellious and sinful course of people has spent itself like a burnt-out rocket. And when God's patience has ended, and the last precious fruit of earth shall have been gathered, Christ will loose Satan for a little season (Revelation 20:3ff); and that disaster shall give the human race experimental knowledge of just what the service of Satan actually means. The consummation of all things shall speedily follow.

[18] F. F. Bruce, op. cit., p. 240.

[19] Adam Clarke, op. cit., p. 755.

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Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. All other rights reserved.
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Coffman, James Burton. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Coffman Commentaries on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/hebrews-10.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. 1983-1999.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

From henceforth expecting,.... According to God's promise and declaration to him, Psalm 110:1.

Till his enemies be made his footstool; see Gill on Hebrews 1:13.

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
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Gill, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/hebrews-10.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

4 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

(4) He prevents a private objection, that is, that yet nonetheless we are subject to sin and death, to which the apostle answers, that the full effect of Christ's power has not yet shown itself, but shall eventually appear when he will at once put to flight all his enemies, with whom we still struggle.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/hebrews-10.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

expecting — “waiting.” Awaiting the execution of His Father‘s will, that all His foes should be subjected to Him. The Son waits till the Father shall “send Him forth to triumph over all His foes.” He is now sitting at rest (Hebrews 10:12), invisibly reigning, and having His foes virtually, by right of His death, subject to Him. His present sitting on the unseen throne is a necessary preliminary to His coming forth to subject His foes openly. He shall then come forth to a visibly manifested kingdom and conquest over His foes. Thus He fulfills Psalm 110:1. This agrees with 1 Corinthians 15:23-28. He is, by His Spirit and His providence, now subjecting His foes to Him in part (Psalm 110:1-7). The subjection of His foes fully shall be at His second advent, and from that time to the general judgment (Revelation 19:1-20:15); then comes the subjection of Himself as Head of the Church to the Father (the mediatorial economy ceasing when its end shall have been accomplished), that God may be all in all. Eastern conquerors used to tread on the necks of the vanquished, as Joshua did to the five kings. So Christ‘s total and absolute conquest at His coming is symbolized.

be made his footstool — literally, “be placed (rendered) footstool of His feet.”

his enemies — Satan and Death, whose strength consists in “sin”; this being taken away (Hebrews 10:12), the power of the foes is taken away, and their destruction necessarily follows.

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament

Henceforth expecting (το λοιπον εκδεχομενοςto loipon ekdechomenos). “For the rest” or “for the future” (το λοιπονto loipon accusative of extent of time). The expectant attitude of Christ here is that of final and certain victory (John 16:33; 1 Corinthians 15:24-28).

Till his enemies be made (εως τετωσιν οι εχτροι αυτουheōs tethōsin hoi echthroi autou). Purpose and temporal clause with εωςheōs and the first aorist passive subjunctive of τιτημιtithēmi He quotes Psalm 110:1 again.

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The Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. Copyright Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. All rights reserved. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board)
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Robertson, A.T. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/hebrews-10.html. Broadman Press 1932,33. Renewal 1960.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

Psalm 110:1.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
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Wesley, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/hebrews-10.html. 1765.

Abbott's Illustrated New Testament

Expecting till, &c.; looking forward to the time when, &c.

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Abbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Abbott's Illustrated New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/hebrews-10.html. 1878.

William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation

In verse 13, we find Him henceforth expecting till His enemies be made the footstool of His feet. But this, according to all prophecy, was to follow His one sacrificial work--as it will indeed--and, we today believe, follow swiftly.

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Newell, William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wnc/hebrews-10.html. 1938.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

13 From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

Ver. 13. Expecting till his enemies] Admire and imitate his patience. The God of peace shall tread Satan and the rest under our feet shortly, Romans 16:20.

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Trapp, John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/hebrews-10.html. 1865-1868.

Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary

13.] henceforth waiting (this sense of ἐκδέχομαι is said to belong exclusively to later Greek: but not altogether accurately, cf. Soph. Phil. 123, κεῖνον ἐνθάδʼ ἐκδέχου. It is, however, much more frequent in the later classics. We have ἐκδέχ. ἕως ἄν in Dion. Hal. vi. 67) until his enemies be placed as footstool of his feet (the ἕως construction is adopted for the sake of preserving the words of Psalms 110:1.

I cannot see how Bleek and Lünem. can find any real discrepancy between this passage and 1 Corinthians 15:23-26. If this seems to date the subjection of all to Christ before the second advent, and that places it after the same event, we may well say, that the second advent is not here taken into account by the Writer, whose object is the contrast between the suffering and triumphant Christ, as it is by St. Paul, who is specially giving an account of the resurrection which is so inseparably bound up with that παρουσία. The second advent is no break in Christ’s waiting till his enemies be subdued to him, but it is the last step but one of that subjection; the last of all being the subjection of Himself, and his mystical body with him, to Him that did put all things under him. For among the enemies are His own elect, who were enemies: and they are not thoroughly subject to Him, till He with them is subject to the Father, the mediatorial veil being withdrawn, and the One God being all in all).

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Alford, Henry. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/hebrews-10.html. 1863-1878.

Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament

Hebrews 10:13. τὸ λοιπόν] henceforth, sc. from the time of His sitting down at the right hand of God. What is meant is the time yet intervening before the coming in of the Parousia. The taking of τὸ λοιπόν in the relative sense: “as regards the rest, concerning the rest” (Kurtz), is, on account of the close coherence with ἐκδεχόμενος ἕως, unnatural, for which reason also the passages adduced by Kurtz as supposed parallels, Ephesians 6:10, Philippians 3:1; Philippians 4:8, 1 Thessalonians 4:1, 2 Thessalonians 3:1, do not admit of comparison.

The object of the waiting is expressed by our author in the language of Psalms 110:1.

The ἐκάθισεντὸ λοιπὸν ἐκδεχόμενος ἕως … involves for the rest the supposition that the destruction of the enemies of Christ is to be looked for even before His Parousia. The author accordingly manifests here, too, a certain diversity in his mode of viewing the subject from that of the Apostle Paul, since the latter (comp. 1 Corinthians 15:22-28) anticipates the destruction of the anti-Christian powers only after the time of Christ’s Parousia. The supposition, which de Wette holds possible for the removal of this difference, that the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews “thought only of the triumph of the gospel among the nations, even as Paul also expected the universal diffusion of the gospel and the conversion of the Jews before the appearing of Christ,” has little probability, considering the absolute and unqualified character of the expression here chosen: οἱ ἐχθροὶ αὐτοῦ.

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Meyer, Heinrich. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hmc/hebrews-10.html. 1832.

Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament

Hebrews 10:13. ἐκδεχόμενος, expecting) By this word the knowledge of our exalted Lord is not denied, Revelation 1:1 : comp. Mark 13:32 : but His subjection to the Father is intimated; Acts 3:20. Sitting and at rest, He expects.— οἱ ἐχθροὶ αὐτοῦ, His enemies) whose strength consists in sin.

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Bengel, Johann Albrecht. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jab/hebrews-10.html. 1897.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

That which remaineth he expecteth, even the fulfilling of his Father’s promise to him, Psalms 110:1, patiently waiting, earnestly looking, for what is most certain, and wherein he cannot be disappointed; for in respect of himself. His enemies cannot infest him more, being entirely vanquished already; but in respect of his administration, he waits till all that oppose his royal priesthood, as the devil and his angels, sin, the curse, death, and the world, with which he conflicts as a Priest to destroy them with his own blood, as his members do by it, Revelation 12:11. Having given them their death’s wound by his own death, he sits down, and waits in the successive ages of his church, until upon his elect it be made good, putting all under his own and church’s feet, so to overcome and trample on them, as men on their footstools: see Hebrews 2:8 1 Corinthians 15:26.

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Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/hebrews-10.html. 1685.

Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture

подножие ног См. пояснение к 1:13. Еще одна ссылка на Пс. 109:1. Это предсказание будет исполнено, когда Христос вернется, и все творение признает Его господство, склонившись у Его ног (Флп. 2:10).

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MacLaren, Alexander. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mac/hebrews-10.html.

Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament

Hebrews 10:13. Not a second time can He suffer: Only waiting as he now is till, in fulfilment of the Divine promise (Psalms 110:1), his enemies be made the footstool of his feet. The Jewish priest stood fearful and uneasy in the holy place—hastening to depart when the service was done as from a place to which he had only temporary access. Christ sits as at home, having completed His work and now awaiting His full reward.

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Schaff, Philip. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/hebrews-10.html. 1879-90.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

expecting. Greek. ekdechomai. See Acts 17:16. Compare Hebrews 9:28.

His footstool = footstool of His feet. The seventh reference to Psalms 110:1 in the NT See Hebrews 1:13.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/hebrews-10.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

Expecting, [ ekdechomenos (Greek #1551)] - the Son 'awaiting' the fulfillment of the divine promise (Psalms 110:1) until the Father shall 'send Him forth to triumph over all His foes.' He is now sitting at rest (Hebrews 10:12), invisibly reigning, having His foes virtually, by right of His death, subject. This is a necessary preliminary to His coming forth to His visibly manifested kingdom and conquest over his foes. He is, by His Spirit and His providence, now subjecting them in part, The subjection fully shall be at His second advent, and from that time to the general judgment (Revelation 19:1-21; Revelation 20:1-15); then comes the subjection of Himself, as Head of the Church, to the Father (the Mediatorial economy ceasing when its end shall have been accomplished), that God may be all in all. Eastern conquerors used to tread on the necks of the vanquished, as Joshua did to the five kings. So Christ's absolute conquest is symbolized.

His enemies - Satan and Death, whose strength consists in 'sin:' this being taken away (Hebrews 10:12), their power is taken away; their destruction necessarily follows.

Be made his footstool - literally, 'be put footstool of His feet.'

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Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/hebrews-10.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(13) Expecting.—This word belongs to the contrast just mentioned. He does not minister and offer His sacrifice again, but waits for the promised subjection of His foes. Once before in this context (Hebrews 9:28) our thought has been thus directed to the future consummation. There it consists in the second coming of Christ for the salvation of “them that wait for Him;” here it is He Himself who is “waiting,” and the end is the attainment of supreme dominion. (See Hebrews 1:3; Hebrews 1:13.)

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/hebrews-10.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.
1:13; Psalms 110:1; Daniel 2:44; Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:43; Acts 2:35; 1 Corinthians 15:25
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:8 - thy hand;  Isaiah 1:24 - Ah;  Zechariah 6:13 - a priest;  Mark 16:19 - he was;  Luke 19:27 - GeneralRomans 6:9 - Christ

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Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-10.html.

E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament

From henceforth expecting signifies that He expects to remain on the right hand of God till his enemies are made his footstool. ( 1 Corinthians 15:25-26.)

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Zerr, E.M. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/hebrews-10.html. 1952.

Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews

From henceforth expecting till his enemies be made his footstool.

From henceforth...—All power in heaven and in earth is given to Him. He is exalted a Prince and a Savior, to give repentance to Israel, and the remission of sins. The Father judgeth no Prayer of Manasseh, but hath committed all judgment to the Son. All the dispensations of Providence are under His complete control; all the angels of God are subject to Him, and are employed as ministering spirits, sent forth to minister to them that shall be heirs of salvation. Hence the Apostle says to believers, "All things are yours." The unlimited power of their elder Brother is the security of all things working together for their good. They are not, indeed, exempted from the troubles of life. "Whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom He receiveth." Never was sorrow like to that sorrow wherewith their elder Brother was afflicted while a pilgrim upon earth; their afflictions are a part of their fellowship with Christ. He drank of the brook in the way; therefore He lifted up His head; and they must suffer with Him, that they may also reign with Him. The glory in which He is enthroned is the pledge of their sharing it with Him. He that sanctifieth and they that are sanctified are all of one; and as all Joseph's power in Egypt was employed for the benefit of his brethren, so is the glory of Christ in his exaltation, the prelude of the entrance of all His people into the everlasting mansions.

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Haldane, Robert. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/hebrews-10.html. 1835.

Whedon's Commentary on the Bible

13.Expecting—Awaiting the promised time, according to <19B001>Psalms 110:1. This process of bringing all in subjection to Christ is, we hold, now in historical progress, and will be completed by the work of the judgment-day at the second advent, according to 1 Corinthians 15:24-28, where see notes.

 

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Whedon, Daniel. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/hebrews-10.html. 1874-1909.

The Bible Study New Testament

13. There he now waits. “Until God destroys his enemies!” See Hebrews 1:13and note. This means: “Christ must rule the universe until God crushes all his enemies!” Compare Judges 1:14-15; 1 Corinthians 15:25.

 

 

 

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Ice, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Hebrews 10:13". "The Bible Study New Testament". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/hebrews-10.html. College Press, Joplin, MO. 1974.