Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary

Isaiah 65:6

"Behold, it is written before Me, I will not keep silent, but I will repay; I will even repay into their bosom,
New American Standard Version

Bible Study Resources

Concordances:
Nave's Topical Bible - Children;   Church;   Condescension of God;   Heredity;   Thompson Chain Reference - Retribution;   Reward-Punishment;   Torrey's Topical Textbook - Jews, the;  
Dictionaries:
Fausset Bible Dictionary - Gibeonites;   Holman Bible Dictionary - Lap (Noun);   Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible - Micah, Book of;   Righteousness;   Servant of the Lord;   Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament - Advent (2);   Book of Life;  
Encyclopedias:
International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Bosom;   The Jewish Encyclopedia - High Place;   Resurrection;  
Devotionals:
Daily Light on the Daily Path - Devotion for February 11;  

Adam Clarke Commentary

Behold, it is written before me - Their sin is registered in heaven, calling aloud for the punishment due to it.

I will - recompense into their bosom - The bosom is the place where the Asiatics have their pockets, and not in their skirts like the inhabitants of the west. Their loose flowing garments have scarcely any thing analogous to skirts.

Into their bosom - For על al, ten MSS. and five editions have אל el . So again at the end of this verse, seventeen MSS. and four editions have אל al . - L.

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Clarke, Adam. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "The Adam Clarke Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/isaiah-65.html. 1832.

Albert Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible

Behold, it is written before me - That is, the crimes of which they had been guilty, or the sentence which would be consequent thereon. The allusion is to the custom of having the decrees of kings recorded in a volume or on a table, and kept in their presence, so that they might be seen and not forgotten. An allusion to this custom of opening the books containing a record of this kind on trials, occurs in Daniel 7:10, ‹The judgment was set, and the books were opened.‘ So also Revelation 20:12, ‹And I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God; and the books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life, and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.‘ So here. An impartial record had been made, and God would recompense them according to their deeds.

I will not keep silence - Nothing shall compel me to desist from declaring a sentence which shall be just and right.

But will recompense, even recompense - That is, I will certainly requite them. The word is repeated in accordance with the usual manner in Hebrew to denote emphasis.

Into their bosom - (See Psalm 79:12; Jeremiah 32:18; Luke 6:38). The word bosom, here refers to a custom among the Orientals of making the bosom or front of their garments large and loose, so that articles could be carried in them, answering the purpose of our pockets (compare Exodus 4:6-7; Proverbs 6:27). The sense here is, that God would abundantly punish them for their sins.

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Barnes, Albert. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "Barnes' Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/isaiah-65.html. 1870.

John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible

Behold, it is written before me,.... This account of their sins; it was in his sight and constant remembrance, and punishment for them was determined by him, written in the book of his decrees:

I will not keep silence; but threaten with destruction, and not only threaten, but execute; plead against them really, as well as verbally, with sore judgments:

but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom; full and just recompence of punishment for all their transgressions, as it follows. The Targum is,

"I will recompense to them the vengeance of their sins, and deliver their bodies to the second death.'

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The New John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible Modernised and adapted for the computer by Larry Pierce of Online Bible. All Rights Reserved, Larry Pierce, Winterbourne, Ontario.
A printed copy of this work can be ordered from: The Baptist Standard Bearer, 1 Iron Oaks Dr, Paris, AR, 72855
Bibliographical Information
Gill, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/geb/isaiah-65.html. 1999.

Geneva Study Bible

Behold, [it is] k written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom,

(k) So that the remembrance of it cannot be forgotten.
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Beza, Theodore. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/isaiah-65.html. 1599-1645.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

written before me — “it is decreed by Me,” namely, what follows (Job 13:26), [Maurer]; or, their guilt is recorded before Me (compare Daniel 7:10; Revelation 20:12; Malachi 3:16).

into  …  bosom — (Psalm 79:12; Jeremiah 32:18; Luke 6:38). The Orientals used the loose fold of the garment falling on “the bosom” or lap, as a receptacle for carrying things. The sense thus is: I will repay their sin so abundantly that the hand will not be able to receive it; it will need the spacious fold on the bosom to contain it [Rosenmuller]. Rather it is, “I will repay it to the very person from whom it has emanated.” Compare “God did render the evil of the men of Shechem upon their heads” (Judges 9:57; Psalm 7:16) [Gesenius].

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These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.
Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/isaiah-65.html. 1871-8.

Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom,

Behold — They may think I take no notice of these things; but I will as certainly remember them, as princes or great men that record things in writing which they would not forget.

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These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.
Bibliographical Information
Wesley, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "John Wesley's Explanatory Notes on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/isaiah-65.html. 1765.

John Trapp Complete Commentary

Isaiah 65:6 Behold, [it is] written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom,

Ver. 6. Behold, it is written before me.] Heb., Before my face, as your sins were committed to my face, [Isaiah 65:3] which, therefore, I shall surely remember and punish.

But will recompense, even recompense.] Certo, cite, penitus, - surely, severely, suddenly; you may write upon it.

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Bibliographical Information
Trapp, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". John Trapp Complete Commentary. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jtc/isaiah-65.html. 1865-1868.

Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible

They may think that I take no notice of these things, or if I take any notice, I will forget them, or at least not enter into judgment with them for them; but I as certainly know and will remember them, as princes or great men that record things in writing which they would not forget. And they shall know that I know and take notice of and will remember them; for

I will not keep silence; I will not long neglect the punishment of them, though for a while I have delayed it, like a man who bites in his wrath, for some wise reasons which are known unto himself best, Psalms 50:21.

Will recompense into their bosom; my punishment of them shall be severe and certain, but yet it shall be just, but a giving them what is their own, as they are obnoxious to my justice, Deuteronomy 7:10 Jeremiah 32:18; like the payment of an ox for an ox, Exodus 21:36 (where the same word is used); they have been froward against me and I will show myself froward against them, Psalms 18:26.

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Bibliographical Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/isaiah-65.html. 1685.

Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable

The Lord announced that judgment was sure and inescapable. The people had demanded that He speak, but they did not appreciate that when He spoke, His word would be a word of judgment, not a word of deliverance. His repayment would go to the very center of their lives.

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Constable, Thomas. DD. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "Expository Notes of Dr. Thomas Constable". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/dcc/isaiah-65.html. 2012.

George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Bosom: good measure, Luke vi. 38. Rewards and punishments will be eternal.

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Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/isaiah-65.html. 1859.

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

it is written. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 32:35. Lev 26. Deut 32).

will recompense, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 32:35, the same word, and is unique in its occurrence). App-92.

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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/isaiah-65.html. 1909-1922.

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged

Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom,

Behold, (it is) written before me - it is decreed by me-namely, what follows (Job 13:26) (Maurer); or, their guilt is recorded before me (cf. Daniel 7:10; Revelation 20:12; Malachi 3:16).

I will not keep silence (Psalms 50:3), but will recompense ... into their bosom - (Psalms 79:12; Jeremiah 32:18; Luke 6:38.) The Orientals used the loose fold of the garment falling on "the bosom" or lap as a receptacle for carrying things. The sense thus is, I will repay their sin so abundantly that the hand will not be able to receive it; it will need the spacious fold on the bosom to contain it (Rosenmuller). Rather it is, 'I will repay it to the very person from whom it has emanated.' Compare "God did render the evil of the men of Shechem upon their heads" (Judges 9:57; Ps. 7:19 ) (Gesenius). I prefer combining both ideas, recompense abundantly, and to the very person from whom the evil has come.

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Bibliographical Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfu/isaiah-65.html. 1871-8.

Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers

(6) It is written before me . . .—The thought is that of the great register, the book of God’s remembrance, in which men’s deeds, good and evil, are ever being recorded. (Comp. Jeremiah 17:1; Psalms 56:8; Daniel 12:1; Malachi 3:16.)

But will recompense . . .—Literally, without recompensing, or, except I recompense. Men took the long-suffering of God as if it indicated forgetfulness (Romans 2:4; 2 Peter 3:9). They are told that He will at last requite the impenitent “into their very bosom,” their inmost self, for all the evil they have done.

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Ellicott, Charles John. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/isaiah-65.html. 1905.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Behold, it is written before me: I will not keep silence, but will recompense, even recompense into their bosom,
it is
Exodus 17:14; Deuteronomy 32:34; Psalms 56:8; Malachi 3:16; Revelation 20:12
I will
42:14; 64:12; Psalms 50:3,21
but
Psalms 79:12; Jeremiah 16:18; Ezekiel 11:21; 22:31; Joel 3:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 8:21 - smelled;  Exodus 20:5 - visiting;  Numbers 32:14 - to augment;  Psalm 35:22 - be;  Isaiah 65:7 - therefore;  Ezekiel 9:10 - but;  Zechariah 14:2 - shall not;  Luke 12:45 - to beat

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-65.html.

Calvin's Commentary on the Bible

6.Lo, it is written before me. He alludes to the ordinary custom of judges, who keep before them in writing the processes of investigation regarding any matter, together with the testimonies, acts, and everything of that nature, in order that, when it shall be found necessary to make use of them, the guilt of the culprit may be easily proved; for we write those things which we wish to be remembered by posterity The Lord therefore testifies that these things can never fade into oblivion, because they have been written; for, although for a time he pass them over in silence, yet the wicked shall not escape unpunished, but shall at length feel that he is a righteous judge.

Hence we ought to learn that we must not abuse God’s patience, because he bears with us long, and does not all at once stretch out his hand to punish us; for all our faults are nevertheless written before him, for which we must at length suffer punishment, if we do not repent. (204) True, indeed, the Lord has no need of writing as an aid to memory; but he makes use of this form of expression, that we may not think that he has forgotten anything, when he is slow in executing his judgments. Jeremiah even says expressly, that

“the sin of Judah is written with an iron pen and with the nail of a diamond.”
(
Jeremiah 17:1.)

To recompense into the bosom is a phrase frequently employed in Scripture; for men think either that their sins are concealed, or that they will not be called to account for them; but, hurried along by unbridled lust, or laying the blame on some other person, they drive fear to a distance from them. (Psalms 79:12; Jeremiah 32:18.) On this account the Lord threatens that he will “recompense into their bosom,” that they may consider who is the judge with whom they have to do.

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Calvin, John. "Commentary on Isaiah 65:6". "Calvin's Commentary on the Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/isaiah-65.html. 1840-57.